TOURING ANCIENT ROME Ancient Civilization | Chapter Eight, Section Three | 6 th  Grade
BACKGROUND ON ARCHITECTURE <ul><li>Some Roman Architecture was taken from the Greeks. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Columns </li><...
BACKGROUND ON ARCHITECTURE <ul><li>By using arches, domes, vaults, and light-weight concrete the Romans could build huge s...
THE CITY WALLS OF ROME <ul><li>SERVIAN WALL </li></ul><ul><li>Named after the 6 th  Roman King: Survius Tullius. </li></ul...
THE CITY WALLS OF ROME <ul><li>AURELIAN WALL </li></ul><ul><li>Built during the reign of Emperor Aurelian. </li></ul><ul><...
ALL ROADS LEAD TO ROME <ul><li>VIA APPIA </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as the Appian Way. </li></ul><ul><li>Built in 312 B....
THE PANTHEON The Pantheon: Reconstruction The Pantheon: As it looks today.
THE PANTHEON <ul><li>The word Pantheon means: “Of all the Gods.” </li></ul><ul><li>Built to honor all of the Roman gods. <...
ROMAN FORUM <ul><li>Also known as the Forum Romanum. </li></ul><ul><li>Nobles and emperors built palaces next to this cent...
ROMAN FORUM Roman Forum as seen today.
BATHS OF CARACALLA <ul><li>Roman public baths. </li></ul><ul><li>Contained shops and a library. </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 2...
CIRCUS MAXIMUS <ul><li>Used for chariot racing. </li></ul><ul><li>The largest building ever put up for entertainment purpo...
CIRCUS MAXIMUS Circus Maximus as seen today. Circus Maximus: Aerial View.
THE COLOSSEUM <ul><li>Real name is the Flavian Amphitheatre. </li></ul><ul><li>Vespasian began construction around 70 A.D....
INSIDE THE COLOSSEUM <ul><li>Could seat around 70,000 people. </li></ul><ul><li>During shows a metal mesh carried on poles...
BENEATH THE COLOSSEUM
GLADIATOR: THE MOVIE
CLASSWORK/HOMEWORK <ul><li>First  Put Your NAME and CLASS PERIOD on the worksheet. </li></ul><ul><li>Do Section A. </li></...
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Touring Roma

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Touring Roma

  1. 1. TOURING ANCIENT ROME Ancient Civilization | Chapter Eight, Section Three | 6 th Grade
  2. 2. BACKGROUND ON ARCHITECTURE <ul><li>Some Roman Architecture was taken from the Greeks. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Columns </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Others were taken from the Etruscans. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rounded Arches </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. BACKGROUND ON ARCHITECTURE <ul><li>By using arches, domes, vaults, and light-weight concrete the Romans could build huge structures. </li></ul><ul><li>Every Roman City had the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bath-houses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arenas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>City Walls </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. THE CITY WALLS OF ROME <ul><li>SERVIAN WALL </li></ul><ul><li>Named after the 6 th Roman King: Survius Tullius. </li></ul><ul><li>Finished around 380 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>First stone wall to protect the city. </li></ul><ul><li>Surrounded almost 700 acres of land. </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE CITY WALLS OF ROME <ul><li>AURELIAN WALL </li></ul><ul><li>Built during the reign of Emperor Aurelian. </li></ul><ul><li>Finished around 274 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Served as the city’s limits up until the 20 th century. </li></ul>
  6. 6. ALL ROADS LEAD TO ROME <ul><li>VIA APPIA </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as the Appian Way. </li></ul><ul><li>Built in 312 B.C. for military transportation. </li></ul><ul><li>Later used as the main trading route between Rome and Southern Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 400 miles long. </li></ul>
  7. 7. THE PANTHEON The Pantheon: Reconstruction The Pantheon: As it looks today.
  8. 8. THE PANTHEON <ul><li>The word Pantheon means: “Of all the Gods.” </li></ul><ul><li>Built to honor all of the Roman gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Original temple destroyed by fire in 80 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Best known for its Dome ceiling. </li></ul>The Pantheon as seen from a satellite.
  9. 9. ROMAN FORUM <ul><li>Also known as the Forum Romanum. </li></ul><ul><li>Nobles and emperors built palaces next to this center of political, social, and religious life. </li></ul>
  10. 10. ROMAN FORUM Roman Forum as seen today.
  11. 11. BATHS OF CARACALLA <ul><li>Roman public baths. </li></ul><ul><li>Contained shops and a library. </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 2,000 Romans visited every day. </li></ul><ul><li>An aqueduct channeled water into this popular building. </li></ul>
  12. 12. CIRCUS MAXIMUS <ul><li>Used for chariot racing. </li></ul><ul><li>The largest building ever put up for entertainment purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>Could hold up to 300,000 spectators. </li></ul><ul><li>Middle barrier was known as a spina . </li></ul>
  13. 13. CIRCUS MAXIMUS Circus Maximus as seen today. Circus Maximus: Aerial View.
  14. 14. THE COLOSSEUM <ul><li>Real name is the Flavian Amphitheatre. </li></ul><ul><li>Vespasian began construction around 70 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>First opened by Titus in 80 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Crowds would come to watch gladiators fight wild beasts and each other. </li></ul>
  15. 15. INSIDE THE COLOSSEUM <ul><li>Could seat around 70,000 people. </li></ul><ul><li>During shows a metal mesh carried on poles and spiked with elephant tusks and ivory rollers was used. </li></ul><ul><li>Metal mesh kept animals from climbing out of the arena. </li></ul><ul><li>Gladiator fights banned in 438 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Last show was held in 523 A.D. </li></ul>
  16. 16. BENEATH THE COLOSSEUM
  17. 17. GLADIATOR: THE MOVIE
  18. 18. CLASSWORK/HOMEWORK <ul><li>First Put Your NAME and CLASS PERIOD on the worksheet. </li></ul><ul><li>Do Section A. </li></ul><ul><li>On the backside of the worksheet do Section B. </li></ul><ul><li>Hand it in when completed. </li></ul><ul><li>If it is not completed by the end of class, finish it for homework and hand it in on Tuesday. </li></ul>
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