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Children with autism often have difficulty organizing sensory input. Responses to sensory input can range from an overload sensory response (hypersensitive) to an underload sensory response (hyposensitive). These responses occur as a result of the child experiencing difficulty trying to interpret their environment. Because children with autism have difficulty processing sensory stimuli, hyposenstivity or hypersentivity of sensory input can cause stress, anxiety, and confusion.
Types of sensory input to be aware of in the classroom- auditory, visual, tactile, smell, taste and movement
It is especially important to be aware of possible sensitivies in the classroom environment as difficulty organizing sensory input can markedly decrease a child’s ability to sustain focused attention.