Calendar of the Comenius Project "Friends around Europe"


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This is the calendar of the festivities of all the partners from the Comenius Project "Friends around Europe". The countries represented are Catalonia/Spain, Estonia, France, Hungary, Italy, Poland & Wales/UK.
There is one festivity from each country and each term.

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Calendar of the Comenius Project "Friends around Europe"

  2. 2. MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY SUNDAY1 2 3 45 6 7 8 9 10 1112 13 14 15 16 17 1819 20 21 22 23 24 2526 27 28 29 30
  3. 3. MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY SUNDAY1InternationalMusic Day23 4 5 6 7 8 910 11 12 13 14 15 1617 18 19 20 21 22 2324 25 26 27 28 29 3031Castanyada
  4. 4. 1st October - International Music DayThe teachers perform songs to children. They singthe songs and play upon flute.31st October - La castanyadaIn Catalonia every autumn, we celebrate a traditionalholiday named “LA CASTANYADA”( = The chesnutDay).A long time ago, on 31st October night, familiesgathered together by the fireplace and told deadpeople stories, because the All Saints‟ Eve.In this celebration we cook a kind of sweet littlecakes (PANELLETS) and toast chesnuts and sweetpotatoes.In our school we participate in a Panellets workshop,autumn crafts, and afternoon festival with dances andsongs. There are others schools that also cookchesnuts.This is our PANELLETS RECIPE.Ingredients:1 kg almond flour1 kg (or 900gr) sugar.200 gr boiled potatoe (with the skin).2-3 lemon (grated).Mix almond flour and sugar.Add the potatoe peeled and a bit hot.Mix again.Add grated lemon to flavour and mix.Make the little balls with your hands. Decorate them with a syrup cherry or almonds or coconutor pine nuts or melted chocolate. Bake them in the over 10minutes, 180° C. Let cool.
  5. 5. MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY SUNDAY1 2 3 4 5Guy Fawkesnight67 8 9 10Martinmas11S.Martino12 1314 15 16 17 18 19 2021 22 23 24 25SaintCatherinesday26 2728Advent29Andrzejki30
  6. 6. 5th November - Guy Fawkes NightIt is also known as Bonfire Nightand Firework Night. Its historybegins with the events of 5thNovember 1605, when Guy Fawkes, amember of the Gunpowder Plot, wasarrested while guarding explosivesthe plotters had placed beneath theHouse of Lords. Celebrating thefact that King James I had survivedthe attempt on his life, people lit bonfires around London, and months later theintroduction of the Observance of 5thNovember of 5thNovember Act enforced an annual public day of thanksgiving for the plot‟sfailure.10thNovember - St. Martin’s Day (Martinmas)St. Martin‟s Day (Martinmas) is celebrated in Estonia on Nov. 10th. One of the most important and cherished days in Estonianfolk calendar. It celebrates the end of the field work and beginning of winter period. On Martinmas Eve, Nov. 9th, childrendisguise themselves as men wearing dark clothing and masks and go from door to door in a similar way to Halloween trick-or-treating, singing songs, telling jokes and distributing good wishes. In return, they are given small gifts such as nuts, candies,apples, cookies and coins.11 thNovember S.MartinIn Italy 11thNovember there is a seasonal event in honour of Saint Martin Bishop of Tours. In the evening, after dinner, familieshave toasted or boiled chestnuts with some new wine so as so to see if it is ready to drink or not. This event signes also thecoming of the winter; infact according to an old legend the last warm sunbites are those we can enjoy during 3 days before orafter 11thNovember. In some little villages in the Abruzzo region, in the evening people gather all together in the centre of thevillage, usually a square, to cook chestnuts on a big and crackling fire singing and dancing old traditional songs accompanied by atypical instrument called “organetto”. In our Infant school on 11thNovember we had a typical “castagnata” (chestnut party). Thechildren brought some chestnuts from home and the bus driver helped the teachers to cook them on the fire, in the schoolgarden, while the children were singing some autumnal songs and they were saying some typical poems in Italian and in out dialect.This is our Taralli di San Martino receipe: 1 glass of white wine; 1 glass of olive oil; 1 glass of sugar; a certain amount of flour soas to have a soft mixture.Mix the ingredients all together in a bowl, and when the mixture is ready make some strips, then give them the shapes of bigrings. Spread some sugar on and under the big rings. Cook them into the oven for 10 minutes at 180°. After that let them cool.
  7. 7. 25th November - Saint Catherines daySaint Catherines day in Vesoul is still a hugetraditional fair on 25th November which hasexisted since 1295. At that time thepeasants used to come and sell one part oftheir harvest and to buy the little pig theywould feed during the winter time. This fair,which used to be an agriculture occasion atfirst, is still popular nowadays with a hugemarket and a lot of little pigs made ofgingerbread with chocolate and ahandwritten name on it. You can see some young ladies with incredible hand made blue andyellow hats, 25 and single, who take part in a competition. Its also the recommended time to buy a tree because a french idiom said “On SaintCatherines day all trees grow well”.28thNovember – AdventEmotional preparation for Christmas. The candle burns every weekfrom 1 to 4. This period creates warm atmosphere - we beautify thekindergarten with children, and organize playhouse with parents thisis handicraft afternoon. After the 4th candle the children get toysas present – this present is not personal this is for group, it will bestay in kindergarten.29thNovember – AndrzejkiIn autumn, on the eve of St. Andrew‟s Day (November 29th), wecelebrate ANDRZEJKI (Andrews). In Poland we believe, that the nightbefore St Andrew‟s Day is the night of magic. Young women can learnwho their future husband is going to be, or, with a little help of magic,they can bind a husband to them.So, on the night of November 29th, young women put pieces of paper(on which they have written the name of the boys they like) under thepillow and first thing in the morning, they take one out. The boy whosename they take out on the morning of St.Andrew‟s Day, is going to betheir husband.In the evening people throw parties, during which they:pour hot wax from a candle through a key hole into cold water. Theshape of the resulting piece is going to be the girl‟s future husband‟sjobeat special cakes, inside which they hide names of boys written on slipsof paper. The name of the boy a girl gets in a cake, is the name of herfuture, play and have fun!ANDRZEJKI is one of our favourite national celebrations!
  8. 8. MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY SUNDAY1 2 3 45 6Santa Claus7 8Faugni9 10 1112 13Saint LlúciaFair14 15 16 17 1819Advent20 21St. Thomas’day22 23 24Wigilia25Christmas26 27 28 29 30 31
  9. 9. 6thDecember - Santa ClausSanta Claus puts present at the window. The present is apocket of chocolate. The children sing songs and say nurseryrhymes for him.8thDecember - The FaugniThe Faugni (from the Latin “ign is fauns” Faun‟s fire) has a Pagan origin . In ancient time farmers, before thewinter solstice, lit fires in honour of Faunuus, the protector of the earth, animals and agriculture. After, with theadvent of Christianity, the festival became Catholic, that is the fire meant to purify people from sins.Today in Atri, on December 7thin the evening the priest of the cathedral blesses the fire which will serve to litthe faugni (long burning canes). At dawn on 8thDecember, the burning canes will be carried along the streets ofAtri. The tour will end in the beautiful Piazza Duomo (The Dome Square), where the canes will form a hugebonfire.21stDecember - St. Thomas’ DayIn the Estonian folk calendar St. Thomas‟ Day marks the beginning of Yuletide. Traditionally, on St. Thomas‟ DayEstonians did a thorough pre-Christmas cleaning of their homes and also killed a pig for Christmas feast. Men started tobrew Christmas beer and women started to cook Christmas dishes.Cleaning chores included cleaning hearths and making the whole house tidy. It was called driving Sooty Thomas out. Onthat occasion in some places a doll was made from old clothes and filled with straw and rags. Then under the cover ofnight it was carried into another household. If the appearance of Sooty Thomas was not noticed and it was not takenaway, then it meant that filth, untidiness and other bad things would befall the household.13thDecember - Saint Llúcia FairPeople start to prepare Christmasand buy ornaments, trees,mistletoe, holly, wreaths, nativityfigures and the “Tió” (a log).
  10. 10. Christmas in……Catalonia …EstoniaAt Christmas, in Catalonia, the main events are:the preparation of “El Pessebre” (The Nativity), “ElTió” (The Log) and the preparation of theChristmas meal.In December all children in Estonia put their slipperson the window sill. At night the little dwarfs put asweet in it. The Christmas tree is in everyhousehold. On Christmas Eve people go to church ,have a big Christmas meal (potatoes, meat, blackpudding, pickled cabbages, pumpkin salad). In someplaces Santa Claus comes, to get the presentchildren have to read a poem or sing a song.…France …ItalyOn Christmas Eve, after "Le reveillon" which isa very late supper, the children leave theirshoes by the fireplace or under the popularChristmas tree to be filled with gifts from“Père Noel”. Nearly every French home atChristmastime displays a Nativity scene orcrèche which is often peopled with little clayfigures called santons or "little saints.At Christmas, in Italy, the main traditions are:the crib, the Chirstmas tree, the ChristmasMass; after the Mass, families gather to eat theChristmas meal.
  11. 11. …Hungary …PolandWe have PLAYHOUSE – children, parents andteachers together make handmade things forChristmas. The “Bird Christmas” it is specialactivity for animal protection. The childrendecorate pinewood with eatable ornaments.We are waiting for upcoming Christmas withsongs, and nursery rhymes. The children getpresents for their class at 4th candle.On the last day before Christmas break (22ndDecember) Polish children come to school todecorate a Christmas table together, then weshare a holy wafer while wishing each othermerry Christmas, get presents from SantaClaus and have Christmas lunch together.Finally we watch Nativity play prepared by ourDrama Group.…WalesChristmas for us is a very busy time of year. We celebrate in many different ways. Some eventshave a Christian ethos and other events are traditional. The youngest children usually performthe nativity in front of the rest of the school and parents. We have at least two Carol Services,where the children sing in the local community. The school year ends with a whole school partyand a visit from „Father Christmas.‟
  12. 12. MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY SUNDAY2 3 4 5 6La Fête desroisEpiphanyDia de Reis7 19 10 11 12 13 14 8WOŚP16 17St. Anthony’sday18 19 20 21 1523 24 25 26 27 28 2230PeaceDay31 29
  13. 13. 6thJanuary - Epiphany, La fête des RoisEpiphany (la fête des Rois) is the 6th of January, but in France it isnt a bank holidayso we usually celebrated the first Sunday afterJanuary 1st. In France people eat gâteau des Rois inProvence (made of brioche) or the galette des Rois(puff pastry with almond cream) in the northernhalf of France . This is a kind of king cake, with acharm, usually a porcelain figurine hidden inside.This year, Epiphany falls on Friday, January 6, 2012.At school, we made the special cakes called “galettes des rois” for the kings celebration. Those cakes are round, flat andgolden brown. One of the children went under a table and I asked him” Whose part is it?”He gave each first-name ofthe pupils. The child who gets the piece of cake with the charm becomes "king" for the day; he or she choose a kingor a queen. Everybody get a hand made krone with golden drawings.6thJanuary - Epiphany,In Italy, on January 6th,we celebrateEpiohany. Catholic Church remembers thevisit of the Magi to the Holy Child. OnEpiphany Eve (the night of January 5th)theBefana, an old woman who looks like a witch,delivers gifts to children throughout Italy ina similar way to Saint Nicholas or Santa Claus.6thJanuary – Dia de Reis – The Wise Men ParadeAll the towns and villages, the 3 Wise Men arrive on 5th January. Children give them the present list and theyget a lot of sweets during the Parade. The Mayor of the town gives them the key to open all house doors in orderto leave the presents that night. Children leave water for their camels and food for the Kings in the balconies.Families open their presents that night or next morning and we celebrate The Epiphany, we eat a typical cake “eltortell de Reis” with a hidden bean and a little king inside.8thJanuary - WOŚPIn winter, on the first or second Sunday of January, Polish people celebrateWIELKA ORKIESTRA ŚWIĄTECZNEJ POMOCY - WOŚP for short. The Englishname of this celebration is The Great Orchestra of Christmas Charity. it is a one-day long, nationwide, money-raising event. Volunteers from all around Poland go outon the streets and collect money in special cans which are labeled with a red heartand text: Wielka OrkiestraŚwiątecznej Pomocy Everyone whogives the volunteers any money, getsa red heart sticker in return. During this one day, huge parties arethrown around the country (and at other places where Polish people live).These are organized by volunteers. At 8 p.m. firework show is set inevery city as so called light to heaven. Throughout twenty GrandFinales, the Foundation collected over $160 million for cardio-surgery,neonatology, pediatric oncology, kidney diseases, congenital defects,newborns and children under 5 years of age. Wielka OrkiestraŚwiątecznej Pomocy was founded in 1993 by Jurek Owsiak, who has beenits conductor ever since. Jurek is the most famous conductor in Poland. Every year, he plays for WOŚP wearing redtrousers, a yellow shirt and red glasses. Thanks to this great man and his wonderful ideas, Poland has become a greatpower in treating ill children. Jurek says, that his orchestra is going to play till the end of the world and one daylonger! And we believe him.
  14. 14. 17thJanuary - Sant’Antony’s dayJanuary 17 Italians celebrate the Festa diSant‟ Antonio Abate, feast day of SaintAnthony the abbot. This festival is celebratedthroughout Italy but is especially colourful insouthern and central Italy. The focus of SaintAnthonys day is usually a huge bonfire,probably because this saint is supposed toprotect against skin diseases like shingles,called fuoco di Sant‟Antonio or fire of Saint Anthony in Italy. Hes also patronsaint of domestic animals so theres usually a mass that includes pets and farmanimals. As with most Italian festivals, there may be music and processions, too. The typical pastries are“Uccelletii” that is small birds, they are crisp pastry puffs with a soft filling of grape jam. Their name derives fromtheir shape which resembles a small bird. A sheet of puff pastry is rolled out to a thickness of about half acentimetre, before being cut into squares and spoonful of jam is placed in the centre of each one, the pastry is thenfolded over to make a triangle. The two opposite corners form the bird‟s head and tail, then the pastries are bakedat 160° C for about 20 minutes.30thJanuary – The Peace DayEvery 30th January we celebrate the InternationalPeace and non Violence Day. At school we work onthe importance of living in peace and the way we canbuild a better world. We remember Gandhi and hismessage. Every year we have a different theme , thisyear we are learning a song to help us think and shareideas about peace (“Tenim veu”–We have a voice- byJordi Tonietti). We ask our parents to participateand fill out a questionnaire. The question was aboutWhat families can teach at home in order to build abetter and more just world. The answers were read during the celebration by parents andchildren.Then we listened to Pau Casals‟ music piece and danced. We finished by releasing a white balloon. After thecelebration, our messages were attached to umbrellas and hung in the corridors.
  15. 15. MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY SUNDAY1 2 3 4 56 7 8 9 10 11 1213 14St.Valentine’sday15 16 17 18 1920 21CarnivalShroveTuesday22 23 24 25 2627 28 29
  16. 16. 14thFebruary - Saint Valentine‟s DaySaint Valentine‟s Day - is an annual commemoration celebrating love and affection.The day is named after one or more earlyChristian martyrs named Saint Valentine, and wasestablished by Pope Gelasius I in 496 AD. It istraditionally a day on which lovers express theirlove for each other by presenting flowers,offering confectionery, and sending greetingcards (known as "valentines"). The day firstbecame associated with romantic love in the circle of Geoffrey Chaucer in theHigh Middle Ages, when the tradition of courtly love flourished.21stFebruary – CarnivalCarnevale, also known as carnival or mardi gras, is celebrated in Italy and many places around the world 40 daysbefore Easter, a final party before Ash Wednesday and the restrictions of Lents. In Italy is a huge winter festivalcelebrated with parades, masquerade balls, entertainment, music, and parties.Children throw confetti at each other. Mischief and pranks are also common duringCarnevale, hence the saying “A Carnevale Ogni Scherzo Vale”, anything goes atcarnival.Carnevale comes with an arrays of sweets to bemade just for the occasion. Each region has his ownrecipe and name for it. The typical Abruzzi sweetfor Carnival is called Chiacchere,Ingredients: 200 g (7oz) all-purpose flour plusextra for dusting 1 whole egg and 1 egg yolk 2 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil 50 g (13/4 oz) sugar 1 small glass of dry white wine Oil for frying Powdered .21stFebruary - Carnival in HungaryIn Hungary Carnival as known is “Farsang”. Hungarians celebrate this festivals with food, special carnival doughnuts,as well as with parties and costumes. Carnival season is bringing the fun timefor children with masks, rhymes and songs.We decorate the classes with colourful andfun festoons. The teachers organize veryplayfully programs, and dance house withtraditional Hungarian folk music adaptationfor children. The children show their fancydresses to the classmates.Shrove Tuesday (between February 3 and March 9).Shrove Tuesday is a moving holiday. Since during Lent amusements and rich foodwere forbidden, people used Shrove Tuesday as their last chance to have a properfeast and to have some fun. The traditional Shrove Tuesday food in Estonia is peaor bean soup and pig‟s feet and at more recent times,buns with whipped cream. Estonian Shrove Tuesdaytraditions include sledging and sliding down the hill.In old times people went on sleigh-rides with horsesand rode down the hill on big sleighs. Nowadayspretty much everything is used – plastic bags, allkinds of sledges, slide boards. On this day everybody tries to go down the hill to getthe longest slide. In the 19th and 20th century it was supposed to provide you withgreat growth and harvest of flax, nowadays it is just a saying
  17. 17. MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY SUNDAY1Dydd GwylDewi2 3 45 6 7 8 9 10 1112 13 14 15 16 17 1819Father’sday20 21The Drowingof MarzannaSpringgreen-branchwalk22 23 24 2526 27 28 29 30 31
  18. 18. 1st March- Dydd Gwyl Dewi – [English -Saint David‟s Day]It is the feast day of Saint David, the patron saint of Wales. The date of 1 March was chosen in remembrance of the death ofSaint David. Tradition holds that he died on that day in 589. The date was declared anational day of celebration within Wales in the 18th century. Children in Wales take partin school concerts or Eisteddfod, with recitation and singing being the main activities.Many Welsh people wear one or both of the national emblems of Wales on their lapel tocelebrate St. David: the daffodil or the leek on this day. The association between leeksand daffodils is strengthened by the fact that they have similar names in Welsh,Cenhinen (leek) and CenhinenPedr (daffodil, literally "Petersleek"). Younger girls sometimeswear traditional Welsh costumes toschool. This costume consists of along woollen skirt, white blouse, woollen shawl and a Welsh hat19th March - Father‟s dayIn Italy Father‟s day is on 19th March, which is also St Joseph‟s, Jesus‟ father, the saint of the poor, the orphans, the carpentersand the single women. At first it was a public holiday, today it doesn‟t happen anymore, but we continue to celebrate it withgreetings cards and gifts. In kindergarten and primary school children make gifts whichcontain a letter with a poem for their dads, they alsolearn some songs. In the morning of the festivity thechildren say the poem to their dads and give them thegift. In some regions, for example in Abruzzi, there isa typical cake called “zeppola di San Giuseppe” (StJoseph‟s donut), it is similar to a large cream pufffilled with cream pastry. It can be baked or fried witha cherry on top of it. Families eat the donuts in themidday lunch or dinner.21stMarch - The drowing of Marzanna.In Poland, on 21stMarch, children (usually at school) prepare an effigy of Marzanna.Marzanna is the name of a Slavic goddess associated with death, winter and nightmares.The figure is prepared from various rags and bits of clothing. When the effigy is ready,children carry her to the riverside. Along the way she is dipped in every puddle and pond!After reaching the riverside,children throw Marzanna intothe water. This ritualsymbolizes the end of winterand the welcoming of spring. Ofcourse, there are a lot ofsuperstitions connected with Marzanna, like for example:You cannot touch Marzanna once she is in the water,You cannot look back at her,If you fall down on your way back home, you‟ll have bad luck!And one more thing! If you don‟t have access to water, you can also burn Marzanna. If you don‟t burn or drown her, spring may notcome…21stMarch - Spring green-branch walkThe” green branch walking” is a parade, with singing and dancing, which was playing beforeEaster, to welcome the Spring.The children were marching, and singing, 2 children made a gate from green branch andthe others got through below this gate.
  19. 19. MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY SUNDAY1A fool day2 3 4 5 6 7 8Easter9 10 11 12 13 14 1516SaintReparata17 18 19 20 21 2223SaintGeorge’sDay24 25TheIndependenceDay26 27 28 2930
  20. 20. 1stApril - A fool dayLets fool people. On that special day, in a very seriousway, you can try to fool others in believing big or smalllies. Newspapers, radio are also playing the game. And forthe little ones, hanging a beautiful paper fish they madein the back of their teachers, their parents, their friendswithout them noticing it is great fun.16thApril - Saint ReparataIn Atri, on “Monday in Albis”(the first Monday after the Monday ofEaster) people celebrateSaint Reparata, the SaintPatron who, in ancient times,saved the town of Atri froman earthquake. This feast isvery loved by children,because, on this day, in thecentre of Atri, there is afunfair with a lot ofattractions. In the morning amass is held to honour theSaint. In the afternoon, a procession with the silver statue of SaintReparata starts from the cathedral and crosses the centre of Atri, it is accompanied by a musical band. Later, onmidnight, wonderful fireworks take place.23st April - Diada de Sant Jordi (Saint George‟s Day)St. Georges Day ,April 23rd, has been celebrated since 1436. St. George is thepatron Saint of Catalonia. In Catalonia St. Georges day coincides with the Fair ofthe Book and the Rose. On this day every man offers a rose to his loved one (wifeor fiancée), and in return she gives him a book. The book is in memory ofCervantes (author of "Don Quixote"). And the rose as a symbol of love and thearrival of Spring. On 23rdApril, books are sold in the streets on stalls preparedspecially for this occasion. Many people take advantage of this day, even thoughthey may not normally be regular readers to buy and enjoy a book. It is one wayof encouraging people to read. This is also popular date to launch new novels ontothe market and many authors take advantage of the fact in order topromote their latest book. The 23rd April is a date that has been linkedto literature and popular traditions. The legend that was born isinfamous: St. George fighting the wicked dragon that held the princesscaptive. Finally St. George kills the dragon and on the spot where thedragons blood was spilled a rose grew as a symbol of love and friendship.It is a day for dancing our traditional dance called “La Sardana”. In ourschool, during Saint George‟s week we celebrate our cultural week, withactivities related to reading, listening stories, talks to parents, Saint‟sGeorge legend plays, roses workshops… On Saint George‟s afternoon,school is open for parents. Children give them a book made of themselves,like a present, afterwards they can read nice books altogether, also theycan exchange personal books.25thApril – Italy Indipendence DayIn Italy, on 25th April, people commemorate the liberation of the countryby allied troops in the Second World War. The holiday is meant to honour allthose who died during the war, in particular, we commemorate the memoryof the Italian partisans who have contributed significantly to the liberationof our nation. Every year, In the town of Atri, the City Council organizes aparade that usually starts from our Primary School, it crosses the center ofthe city and gets to the Memorial Church where a mass is held to honor thefallen of World War II and of the heroic partisans killed. At the end of theMass, the Mayor gives a speech, recalling the importance of freedom andcommemorating the citizens of Atri who fought for freedom in Italy.
  21. 21. Easter in ……WalesIn school the children join in a variety of activities Easterbonnet parade, egg rolling competition and a egg hunt. Thechildren also make Easter cards. Some children celebrateEaster as a Christian celebration, but most children justenjoy the occasion.…PolandFor Polish people Easter is the most important publicholiday. Among typical Polish Easter traditions you canfind: WRITTEN EGGS, which we call PISANKI. Wedecorate eggs withPolish Eastersymbols, then onEaster Saturday wetake them to church,where the priestblesses them, and weeat them on EasterSunday wishing eachother happy Easter.WET MONDAY (LANY PONIEDZIAŁEK). On this day wesprinkle each other with water. It brings good luckthroughout the year.…ItalyLike all holidays in Italy, Easter, Pasqua in Italian, has itsrituals and traditions. The Monday following Easter,“Pasquetta” is also a holiday throughout Italy. While thedays before Easter in Italy include solemn processionsand masses, Easter is a joyous celebration. Solemnreligious processions are held in many towns on the Fridayor Saturday before Easter and sometimes on EasterSunday. At school we make Easter cards, we decorateeggs and the windows of our classrooms. We preparelittle gifts for our families.…HungaryEaster in Szivárvány KindergartenThe Easter is one of the favourite feast of children.After a long winter we can wait for blooming spring, andfor pleasant weather. We follow the tradition ofcolouring hard-boiled eggs and giving basket of candy.The kindergarten teachers teach songs and nursaryrhymes for this celebrate in advance. So the childrenare singing, drawing about bunny and Easter all week.The elder pupils can paint eggs, or make the otherhandicraft things. The children are waiting for theEaster Bunny and they are finding eggs and chocolatesin the garden of our kindergarten.
  22. 22. …FranceEaster in Echenoz la Méline preschool.Usually, the day before the EasterWeek-end, the pupils took part in anEaster egg hunt. They are looking forsmall chocolate eggs in theplayground, they collected them in abasket and then, they shared themvery equitably , one by one. They alsomade some Easter kraft or Springdecoration for their house.…EstoniaIn the Estonian folk calendar Easter is celebrated not onlyas a great church holiday but also as a Spring holiday towelcome the arrival of the lighter and warmer season.Easter decorations: growing grass in pots on the windowsillsand using it as the table decoration for Easter dinner;willow catkins in a vase; coloured eggs and chicks.Traditionally eggs are dyed by boiling them wrapped in thedry outer skin of onions. In every family there is “eggknocking” competition: family members and friends areinvited to join a competition: each has an egg and whoeverbreaks the shell of the competitor‟s egg without crackinghis, will be the winner.…CataloniaIn Catalonia like in the rest of Spain celebrate “La Pasqua”(Easter), but we have diferent vacation days. Children have8 days holidays and the parents that work have 4 days. Theimportant days are Palm Sunday. Saint Friday, ,EasterSunday and Bank holiday (Dia de la Mona). With the passageof time Easter traditions have changed, however, we stillcontinue to hold chanters, „romeries‟ [pilgrimages] and„aplecs‟ [gatherings] which celebrate the return of the goodweather. The main religious Easter event of Catalonia is theblessing of the palms on diumenge de rams (Palm Sunday).Boys carry long wafting palmons, while girls have gracefulpalmes woven into intricate designs. Once home, the palmsare hung on balconies to ward off evil. Nowadays thistradition isn‟t been followed for the new generations. Also people doesn‟t go too much to thedifferent religious acts excepte the traditional processionsalong the streets. One of the Easter traditions in Catalonia isthat on Easter Sunday the Godfather gives his Godchild "LaMona" a special cake decorate it with , an Easter chocolate Egg(symbol of life and fertility) or other chocolate figure andfeathers. In our school the week before Easter holidays, wecelebrate the spring day, doing different activities likeplanting new flowers in our playground, games... From theEnglish classroom we learn Easter poems and decorate thecorridor with eggs, chicks , bunnies and flowers. In someschools children learn how to do the Easter cake “La Mona”,
  23. 23. MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY SUNDAY1 2 3 4 5 67 8 9 10 11 12 1314 15 16 17 18 19 2021 22Saint Rita23 24 25 26 2728 29 30 31
  24. 24. 22ndMay - Saint RitaIn Atri, Saint Rita‟s feast (19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd May) is veryloved by people, because this Saint, in ancient times, did a lot ofmiracles, giving the health to people seriously ill. On 22nd May,people usually go to the Holy Spirit‟s Church to honor the statue ofSaint Rita settled in a gold casket. In this church, a mass is heldto honor Saint Rita, moreover it takes place the ceremony of theblessing of roses,flowers dear toSaint Rita. In theevening a processionwith the statue ofthe saint crossesthe center of Atriaccompanied by three musical bands. On this daymusical shows usually take place (with bands). LikeSaint Reparata‟s feast, this celebration is veryloved by children, because of the funfair hold inthe centre of the town and the midnightfireworks.
  25. 25. MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY SUNDAY1Sport Day2RepublicDay34 5 6 7 8 9 1011 12 13 14 15 16 1718 19 20 21 22 23KupalaNight24SaintJohn’s Day25 26 27 28 29 30
  26. 26. 1stJune - Sports dayIt is an event staged by schools which people takepart in competitive sporting activities, with the aimof winning trophies or prizes.Schools use a house system where all the children aredivided up into 3 or 4 teams. The competition isinter-school, between houses. Games that are playedon school sports days can be wide and varied. Thereare straight forward sprints and longer races for allage groups as well as egg and spoon races. Three legged races are runas well as sack races and parent and child races.2nd June – Republic Day2nd June is the Republic Day in Italy. It is a publicholiday to commemorate the 2nd June 1946, whenItalians chose, by referendum, they wanted to be arepublic rather than to remain a monarchy. A grandmilitary parade is held in central Rome, presidedover by the President of the Italian Republici, thePrime Minister and other high officers of statealso attend. The protocol of official celebrations provides for the ceremonial laying of a wreath onthe Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the Vittoriano. The ceremony continues in the afternoon with theopening of the gardens of the Quirinale Palace, seat of the President of the Republic and with musicalperformances by the band ensembles of the Italian Army, Italian Navy, Italian Air Force, the "Arma deiCarabinieri", State Police, the "Guardia di Finanza", the Penitentiary Police Corps and the State ForestryCorps.23rd June - Kupala nightIn Poland, on the night of 23rd / 24th June people celebrate KUPALA NIGHT, known as NOC KUPAŁY,NOC ŚWIĘTOJAŃSKA or SOBÓTKA. On this night, young men jump over the flamesof bonfires to prove that they are brave and faithful. Girls float wreaths of flowersoften lit with candles on rivers and men capture the wreaths, in the hope ofcapturing the interest of the woman who floated them. There is an ancient Kupalabelief, that the eve of Ivan Kupala is the onlytime of the year when ferns bloom. Prosperity,luck, discernment and power would befall onwhoever finds a fern flower. Therefore, on thatnight village folks would roam through the forestsin search of magical herbs and especially theelusive fern flower. Traditionally, unmarriedwomen, signified by their garlands on their hair, would be the first toenter the forests. They are followed by young men. Therefore,consequent to the quest in finding herbs and the fern flower may be the blooming of relationshipsbetween pairs of men and women within the forest.
  27. 27. 24th June - Sant Joan (Saint John‟s Day)Since pre-Roman times, the arrival of the summer solstice hasbeen a motive for celebration. We mark this astronomicalphenomenon by lighting magical bonfires that “give strength to thesun” and to keep away the spirits that come out in the shortest nightof the year. We finish school the 22ndof June ,so we celebrate thisfestivity with our family and friends in the streets, squares andhomes. In Catalonia, the first day of summer (23rd June) it‟sthe Festival of Saint John. La “Revetlla de Sant Joan”, also known asla” Nit del Foc I de les Bruixes” (Night of Fire and Witches) is apopular and magical celebration that evokes ancient festivals that honored the sun. We celebrate partiesand participate in festivals around a bonfire to commemorate the arrival of summer. The festival fills thenight with light, colour and sound, thanks to fireworks and firecrackers that children and adults launchinto the sky. Traditionally, the celebrations begin with the lighting of the flame of Canigó, a holy mountainpeak in the Pyrenees. From there, the flame spreads down to bonfires, fire pits, and candles throughoutthe Catalonian regions of Spain and France. There are Some customs during this event. For example,as fire symbolizes purity, and since it is such a big part of thecelebrations, it is said that those who burn items in a Sant Joanfire will be cleansed of all past sins, also the brave people jumpacross the fire. The water of “Sant Joan” is said to be symbolic ofhealing, and to hold remedial powers which can cure all ailmentsand illnesses, (a lot of people dip in the Mediterranean sea latenight) The “Coca de Sant Joan”, is a traditional Catalan cake, it canbe found on every table on 23rdJune Eve, and June 24th, the actualday of Sant Joan. It is a sweet flat bread, topped with pine nuts , candied fruits or cream.24th June - Jaanipäev (St. Johns Day)….is an Important National Cultural Holiday Aside from ChristmasMidsummer Eve and St Johns Day are the most important daysin the Estonian calendar. The short summers with brief nightshold special significance for the people of Estonia. Jaanipäevfollows the longest day (21 June) of the year, or the SummerEquinox, when night seems to be non-existent.St. Johns Day marks a change in the farming year, specificallythe break between the completionof spring sowing and the hard workof summer hay-making. Some of the rituals of Jaanipäev have very strongfolkloric roots. The best-known Jaanik or midsummer, ritual is the lightingof the bonfire and the jumping over it. This is seen as a way of guaranteeingprosperity and avoiding bad luck. The fire also frightened away mischievousspirits who avoided it at all costs, thus ensuring a good harvest.Midsummers eve is important for lovers. In Estonian fairy tales there isthe tale of two lovers, Koit (dawn) and Hämarik (dusk). These two lovers seeeach other only once a year and exchange the briefest of kisses on theshortest night of the year. Earth-bound lovers go into the forest lookingfor the flower of the fern which is said to bloom only on that night. Also onthis night, single people can follow a detailed set of instructions to see whom they are going to marry.
  28. 28. MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY SUNDAY12 3 4 5 6 7 89 10 11 12 13 14NationalHoliday1516 17 18 19 20 21 2223 24 25 26 27 28 2930 31
  29. 29. Le 14 Juillet: National HolidayThe national holiday of France takes place on July 14th.It was established by the law in 1880, in reference todouble date, that of July 14th, 1789, date of the stormingof the Bastille, The royal jail in Paris , symbolic day of theend of the Monarchy and that of July 14th, 1790, day ofnational union during the Party of the Federation.It is a holiday in France.July 14th gives rise to a parade of the troops on Champs-Elysées of Paris in front of a crowd very numerous and infront of the president of the Republic. Military ceremoniestake place in most of the municipalities and in fireworks.Balls or concerts are also organized on July 14th.
  30. 30. MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY SUNDAY1 2 3 4 56 7 8 9 10 11 1213 14 15Ferragosto16 17 18 1920 21 22 23 24 25 2627 28 29 30 31
  31. 31. FerragostoFerragosto is a typical Italian holiday celebrated onAugust 15th. The term Ferragosto derives from theLatin expression feriae Augusti (Augustus rest)indicating a festivity set up by the emperorAugustus in 18 BC. The ancient Ferragosto had thepurpose of linking the main August festivities toprovide a suitable period of rest, also calledAugustali, necessary after the hard labour of theprevious weeks. During the Roman empire thiscelebration was for Diana. The Catholic Churchcelebrates this date to commemorate theAssumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the real physical elevation of Her sinless soul andincorrupt body into Heaven.Nowadays, Ferragosto is mainly a short holiday.During Ferragosto Italian people have fun thanks to huge tables of “sharing food” they are ableto create on the beaches, in the mountains, on the boats with lasagne, grilled fish, mussels and,naturally, a big slice of watermelon added to good company, wines, sun and relax, from moon untilmidnight.On Ferragosto afternoon, in Atri, people enjoy thetraditional parade of wagons, from the fourteenth-century Dukes Acquaviva‟s Palace to the cathedral ofthe Assumption of the Virgin Mary, in Romanesque-Gothic style. The wagons are painted, pulled by oxenand laden with singing groups and dancers in costume.This parade is one of the most famous summer eventsof Teramo province and one of the oldestexpressions of the Abruzzi folklore.Last but not least, fireworks on Ferragosto night!Amazing!So think about for next summer …...Ferragosto, 15thAugust 2013 in Italy!Buon Ferragosto!