Growing up meaning deaf, meaning blind, & disconnected from body by Donna Williams www.donnawilliams.net
Sensory & perceptual disorders in the context of Donna Williams ‘Fruit Salad’ model of ‘Autism’ Info Processing: Health Issues Dyspraxias Aphasias Agnosias Emotional dysregulation Anxiety Impulse Control Environment Learned Helplessness Cat vs Dog Mourning Social Isolation Personality traits and their associated disorder extremes Mood Attention Deficits Psychosis Psychiatric Co Morbids Attachment Disorders
Sensory versus Sensory Perceptual (not always even related)
Sensory integration (incl Dyspraxia)
Nutrition & sensitivity
Personality &traits sensitivity
Agnosias (meaning deafness, meaning blindness, body disconnectedness
Visual thinkers will not have significant visual perceptual disorders.
Those who can fluently visualise speech will not have significant visual and verbal processing disorders.
Those with visual or verbal processing disorders may be unable to internally mentalise so this will need to be done externally – hands on, representational objects, gestures, characterisations, mind maps, lists, rote, hand over hand patterning etc.
Those with body agnosias may be unable to transfer the visual to the physical and need to physically pattern new activities.
Reduce unnecessary sensory bombardment but don't pander.
Work to the person's strengths.
Don't take their perceptual deficits personally.
Use respectful strategies aimed specifically at each issue not one-size-fits all approaches thrown at 'the autism'.
Respectfully help them with self advocacy and build their sense of equality.
No matter how disabling the challenges appear, always see the person, not just the disability. Then they might too.
For more information see the books Autism; An Inside Out Approach or The Jumbled Jigsaw and visit www.donnawilliams.net also more info at http://www.autismhangout.com/education/details.asp?id=32 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agnosia