Personal Fabrication
     Erik de Bruijn
      Siert Wijnia
Personal Fabrication,
      RepRap
         derivatives
            and
 enablers of open hardware
Two categories
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g8SewJ2lyf4
fab@home
What's the
RepRap?

   A "3D printer"
          or
 "object fabricator"

Prints in (bio)plastics
     (currently)

 Makes ...
Nature

• Grows

• Regenerates
  (heals)

• Evolves
Reprap Darwin - version 1.0
Reprap Mendel - version 2.0
RepRap
version 3.0?




      Video
Self assembly
Download: www.thingiverse.com/thing:978          Video

                                            RepRap
 ...
RepRap
Evolving mechanics




         Print yourself: 50 cents
       vs. 88 euros commercially
Evolving electronics




                            Version 2.3
Reprap Stepper               Q1 2009
Driver version 1.2)
...
Evolving software
Parametric design
    (OpenSCAD)
Evolving software
                                    Parametric design
                                        (OpenSCAD)...
Evolving output quality
Evolving output quality




2006                      2008
Digital pottery
Evolving infrastructure   Thingiverse
Evolving infrastructure

Thingiverse
Collaboration
"Physical content-reuse"
• Arduino
  Popular open source
  microcontroller tool
  chain

• Sanguino
  Arduino compatible
 ...
Hybrid between project and company
Apple Acquires Makerbot
                          Introducing the:

                                   iMake
Apple Acquires Makerbot

Sorry, that hasn't happened (yet)
The                                      story

                 [graph]
2008 sales of all additive manufacturing
        ...
User innovation
    in open source, commercial products

• Their 'customers' are modifying and
  improving 'their' product...
Conventional Making
• Mostly inefficient.
• Quality is lacking! Non-replicable.
• Do's and Don't of Making!
Conventional Making
• Mostly inefficient.
• Quality is lacking! Non-replicable.
Do   Don't!
Do                  Don't!




     thing://1672
Question: Wikipedia

• Who of you ever created or edited a Wikipedia page?
• Who of you have ever read an article and used...
Disintermediation
scenario

•   Raw materials to homes
•   Manufacturing at home
•   Domestic level
    fabrication
    (f...
Spare parts
Threat or opportunity?
Replacement parts
   schaakstuk kwijt?




    onderdeel stuk?
Thingiverse.com
• Sustainable source of innovative, user
  generated products
• Challenges
The commons repositories

Examples:
• Wikipedia.org > Knowledge
• Youtube > Information and entertainment
• Thingiverse.co...
Content or innovations?
Content or innovations?
Toys
Content or innovations?

Coffee belt clip   iPhone tripod mount
Web 2.0 Mashups are soo 2006!
Content or innovations?
Robot modules or even complete robots




Micro 'factories' and complete 3D printers




         ...
Content or innovations?
Parts for self assembling systems that can be 3D printed
Open Source Fusion
       powered by
    3D printed parts
• Online proposal for an open
  source standard construction kit
• Extruded aluminium beam
• Suitable for mass production:...
Thank you!
References

• Discussion
• Further infomation
   o My blog: http//erikdebruijn.nl
   o p2pfoundation.org
   o RepRap proje...
Modify

                     Sensing

         Control




  Life
                   Energy
SHiFT 2010, Lisbon: Personal Fabrication
SHiFT 2010, Lisbon: Personal Fabrication
SHiFT 2010, Lisbon: Personal Fabrication
SHiFT 2010, Lisbon: Personal Fabrication
SHiFT 2010, Lisbon: Personal Fabrication
SHiFT 2010, Lisbon: Personal Fabrication
SHiFT 2010, Lisbon: Personal Fabrication
SHiFT 2010, Lisbon: Personal Fabrication
SHiFT 2010, Lisbon: Personal Fabrication
SHiFT 2010, Lisbon: Personal Fabrication
SHiFT 2010, Lisbon: Personal Fabrication
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SHiFT 2010, Lisbon: Personal Fabrication

  1. 1. Personal Fabrication Erik de Bruijn Siert Wijnia
  2. 2. Personal Fabrication, RepRap derivatives and enablers of open hardware
  3. 3. Two categories http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g8SewJ2lyf4
  4. 4. But, that is just content! What about real innovation? What is innovation? My definition: Invention + Diffusion diffusion can occur through commercialization...
  5. 5. fab@home
  6. 6. What's the RepRap? A "3D printer" or "object fabricator" Prints in (bio)plastics (currently) Makes objects on- demand of arbitrary shape. Movie / Demo
  7. 7. Nature • Grows • Regenerates (heals) • Evolves
  8. 8. Reprap Darwin - version 1.0
  9. 9. Reprap Mendel - version 2.0
  10. 10. RepRap version 3.0? Video
  11. 11. Self assembly Download: www.thingiverse.com/thing:978 Video RepRap version 4.0?
  12. 12. RepRap
  13. 13. Evolving mechanics Print yourself: 50 cents vs. 88 euros commercially
  14. 14. Evolving electronics Version 2.3 Reprap Stepper Q1 2009 Driver version 1.2) Q2 2008
  15. 15. Evolving software Parametric design (OpenSCAD)
  16. 16. Evolving software Parametric design (OpenSCAD) thingiverse.com/thing:591
  17. 17. Evolving output quality
  18. 18. Evolving output quality 2006 2008
  19. 19. New materials & scales Pottery 2.0 Grootschaliger printen Complete meubels
  20. 20. Digital pottery
  21. 21. Evolving infrastructure Thingiverse
  22. 22. Evolving infrastructure Thingiverse
  23. 23. Collaboration
  24. 24. "Physical content-reuse" • Arduino Popular open source microcontroller tool chain • Sanguino Arduino compatible system created for the RepRap project • Now used in dozens of other projects!
  25. 25. Hybrid between project and company
  26. 26. Apple Acquires Makerbot Introducing the: iMake
  27. 27. Apple Acquires Makerbot Sorry, that hasn't happened (yet)
  28. 28. The story [graph] 2008 sales of all additive manufacturing entire market: ~ 5000 units (Source: Wohlers Report 2009) Half a years' sales of Makerbot: ~250 units Run by ~ 3 people. Scaling very well.
  29. 29. User innovation in open source, commercial products • Their 'customers' are modifying and improving 'their' product, • adding extensions, • making software tools, • generating printable content, • testing materials, • trying out innovative applications
  30. 30. Conventional Making • Mostly inefficient. • Quality is lacking! Non-replicable. • Do's and Don't of Making!
  31. 31. Conventional Making • Mostly inefficient. • Quality is lacking! Non-replicable.
  32. 32. Do Don't!
  33. 33. Do Don't! thing://1672
  34. 34. Making: Replacements or extensions
  35. 35. Question: Wikipedia • Who of you ever created or edited a Wikipedia page? • Who of you have ever read an article and used its information?
  36. 36. Disintermediation scenario • Raw materials to homes • Manufacturing at home • Domestic level fabrication (fully distributed) • Plausible?
  37. 37. Spare parts Threat or opportunity?
  38. 38. Replacement parts schaakstuk kwijt? onderdeel stuk?
  39. 39. Thingiverse.com • Sustainable source of innovative, user generated products • Challenges
  40. 40. The commons repositories Examples: • Wikipedia.org > Knowledge • Youtube > Information and entertainment • Thingiverse.com > Things Features: • User-generated • Consolidation and codification of knowledge • Reduces duplication of effort • Non-restrictive nature maximizes value creation
  41. 41. Content or innovations?
  42. 42. Content or innovations?
  43. 43. Toys
  44. 44. Content or innovations? Coffee belt clip iPhone tripod mount
  45. 45. Web 2.0 Mashups are soo 2006!
  46. 46. Content or innovations? Robot modules or even complete robots Micro 'factories' and complete 3D printers Personal 3D Printer
  47. 47. Content or innovations? Parts for self assembling systems that can be 3D printed
  48. 48. Open Source Fusion powered by 3D printed parts
  49. 49. • Online proposal for an open source standard construction kit • Extruded aluminium beam • Suitable for mass production: high up-front costs • Crowdfunded by 132 people • > 17k in pledges received in months
  50. 50. Thank you!
  51. 51. References • Discussion • Further infomation o My blog: http//erikdebruijn.nl o p2pfoundation.org o RepRap project: www.RepRap.org o RepLab.org - creating open replicable FabLab's o Democratizing Innovation (By Eric von Hippel) and user innovation literature o Kerstin Balka - On the open design of tangible goods o Thingiverse objects:  Personal 3D printer (thing:815) mail-me@ErikDeBruijn.nl
  52. 52. Modify Sensing Control Life Energy

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