SHiFT 2010, Lisbon: Personal Fabrication

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  • 1. Personal Fabrication Erik de Bruijn Siert Wijnia
  • 2. Personal Fabrication, RepRap derivatives and enablers of open hardware
  • 3. Two categories http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g8SewJ2lyf4
  • 4. But, that is just content! What about real innovation? What is innovation? My definition: Invention + Diffusion diffusion can occur through commercialization...
  • 5. fab@home
  • 6. What's the RepRap? A "3D printer" or "object fabricator" Prints in (bio)plastics (currently) Makes objects on- demand of arbitrary shape. Movie / Demo
  • 7. Nature • Grows • Regenerates (heals) • Evolves
  • 8. Reprap Darwin - version 1.0
  • 9. Reprap Mendel - version 2.0
  • 10. RepRap version 3.0? Video
  • 11. Self assembly Download: www.thingiverse.com/thing:978 Video RepRap version 4.0?
  • 12. RepRap
  • 13. Evolving mechanics Print yourself: 50 cents vs. 88 euros commercially
  • 14. Evolving electronics Version 2.3 Reprap Stepper Q1 2009 Driver version 1.2) Q2 2008
  • 15. Evolving software Parametric design (OpenSCAD)
  • 16. Evolving software Parametric design (OpenSCAD) thingiverse.com/thing:591
  • 17. Evolving output quality
  • 18. Evolving output quality 2006 2008
  • 19. New materials & scales Pottery 2.0 Grootschaliger printen Complete meubels
  • 20. Digital pottery
  • 21. Evolving infrastructure Thingiverse
  • 22. Evolving infrastructure Thingiverse
  • 23. Collaboration
  • 24. "Physical content-reuse" • Arduino Popular open source microcontroller tool chain • Sanguino Arduino compatible system created for the RepRap project • Now used in dozens of other projects!
  • 25. Hybrid between project and company
  • 26. Apple Acquires Makerbot Introducing the: iMake
  • 27. Apple Acquires Makerbot Sorry, that hasn't happened (yet)
  • 28. The story [graph] 2008 sales of all additive manufacturing entire market: ~ 5000 units (Source: Wohlers Report 2009) Half a years' sales of Makerbot: ~250 units Run by ~ 3 people. Scaling very well.
  • 29. User innovation in open source, commercial products • Their 'customers' are modifying and improving 'their' product, • adding extensions, • making software tools, • generating printable content, • testing materials, • trying out innovative applications
  • 30. Conventional Making • Mostly inefficient. • Quality is lacking! Non-replicable. • Do's and Don't of Making!
  • 31. Conventional Making • Mostly inefficient. • Quality is lacking! Non-replicable.
  • 32. Do Don't!
  • 33. Do Don't! thing://1672
  • 34. Making: Replacements or extensions
  • 35. Question: Wikipedia • Who of you ever created or edited a Wikipedia page? • Who of you have ever read an article and used its information?
  • 36. Disintermediation scenario • Raw materials to homes • Manufacturing at home • Domestic level fabrication (fully distributed) • Plausible?
  • 37. Spare parts Threat or opportunity?
  • 38. Replacement parts schaakstuk kwijt? onderdeel stuk?
  • 39. Thingiverse.com • Sustainable source of innovative, user generated products • Challenges
  • 40. The commons repositories Examples: • Wikipedia.org > Knowledge • Youtube > Information and entertainment • Thingiverse.com > Things Features: • User-generated • Consolidation and codification of knowledge • Reduces duplication of effort • Non-restrictive nature maximizes value creation
  • 41. Content or innovations?
  • 42. Content or innovations?
  • 43. Toys
  • 44. Content or innovations? Coffee belt clip iPhone tripod mount
  • 45. Web 2.0 Mashups are soo 2006!
  • 46. Content or innovations? Robot modules or even complete robots Micro 'factories' and complete 3D printers Personal 3D Printer
  • 47. Content or innovations? Parts for self assembling systems that can be 3D printed
  • 48. Open Source Fusion powered by 3D printed parts
  • 49. • Online proposal for an open source standard construction kit • Extruded aluminium beam • Suitable for mass production: high up-front costs • Crowdfunded by 132 people • > 17k in pledges received in months
  • 50. Thank you!
  • 51. References • Discussion • Further infomation o My blog: http//erikdebruijn.nl o p2pfoundation.org o RepRap project: www.RepRap.org o RepLab.org - creating open replicable FabLab's o Democratizing Innovation (By Eric von Hippel) and user innovation literature o Kerstin Balka - On the open design of tangible goods o Thingiverse objects:  Personal 3D printer (thing:815) mail-me@ErikDeBruijn.nl
  • 52. Modify Sensing Control Life Energy