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Talk at the Landelijk Architecure Congress (NL)

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This talk was an introduction about open hardware to a audience of enterprise architects

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Talk at the Landelijk Architecure Congress (NL)

  1. 1. Start with a video clip
  2. 2. Jonathan Carter co-organizer of the Amsterdam IoT metup group “sensemakers” co-founder of Glimworm and Glimworm Beacons initiator of the Amsterdam iBeacon and IoT Living Lab “The beacon mile” IoT mentor at Startup Bootcamp “Open Hardware”
  3. 3. Together we will cover • Electric Imp • Kickstarter • Arduino • Raspberry pi • 3d printing • meetup.com • The maker movement • Bluetooth Low Energy • Air quality Egg • LoRaWAN • KEY TIMELINE EVENTS
  4. 4. The Electric imp c.2011
  5. 5. The Genius of Arduino ? ? ? ?
  6. 6. Standardisation Standardised format, voltage, peripheral connections, and programming language 1
  7. 7. Integrated environment Easy to develop, Easy to manage libraries, Same code works on ALL arduinos 2
  8. 8. Completely open source Which leads to many specialised clones being made and sold. This example is of wearable projects 3
  9. 9. Extendable By stacking “sheields” on to the standard arduino you can add features missing from the original 4
  10. 10. Arduino Clone Name : Sparc Core * Much Smaller * Integrated WIFI * funded on Kickstarter
  11. 11. Arduino Clone Name : Digispark * Tiny! * cheap * funded on Kickstarter
  12. 12. Arduino Clone Name : RFDUINO Tiny! Wireless funded on Kickstarter
  13. 13. • My favourite - the SODAQ • Built in SOLAR, Battery, RTC and all possible communications via a BEE slot Arduino Clone Name : SODAQ * Integrated SOLAR + Rechargable battery * plug and play connectors * plug and play communications (WIFI,3G, LoRa, more) * funded on Kickstarter * 100% Dutch
  14. 14. What does this all mean? — well, it’s all about the free market principle of Supply and Demand —
  15. 15. First, lets roll back the clock to 2009/2010 iPhone Fast, affordable mobile bandwidth An audience for your work Result Explosion in talented ‘home’ developers expanding their skills and selling independently + + =
  16. 16. BOOM!!
  17. 17. Are there similar factors driving Open Hardware?
  18. 18. What do you need to make a product? A nicely designed and produced casing , appealing to the eye yet durable 1
  19. 19. Answer - 3D printing There is CHEAP and EXPENSIVE 3d printing. * CHEAP melts plastics and adds them in layers * EXPENSIVE uses powder and lasers * Design software can be free * Professional services like ShapeWays can print the expensive way for you * 3D hubs can connect supply and demand * can also be found at FABLABS
  20. 20. Laser Cutting, CNC milling, Vacuforming 3d Printing is only for small volumes, therefore most people also use : * Laser cutting - cut out blocks of material * CNC milling - to form larger wood structures * Vacuforming - to vacuum over a mould * Found at FABLABS
  21. 21. What do you need to make a product? A circuit board - “The guts”2
  22. 22. Step 1 - Arduino or Single board computer You can prototype all the electronics you need using either an Arduino (or clone) for simpler solutions or a Single Board Computer , such as a raspberry pi or Beaglebone. All these habe “GPIO” which means holes you can plugg in sensors and actuators (sensors read input, actuators do something)
  23. 23. Step 2 - Design your own hardware You can use a “breadboard” , or “large thing with lots of holes” to start with and then design a custom board using Open Source software like “Eagle” Send this off to any one of dozens of companies and receive it back in a few days
  24. 24. Step 2 - Make your own hardware When you have made small volumes you can ask a professional service to manufacture it for you components can be sourced from the exploding number of electronics webshops - or from China via DealExtreme
  25. 25. What do you need to make a product? Add communication protocols - mostly these have to be licensed 3
  26. 26. Answer - use readymade components For communications you normally need to use an existing components. We saw the Electric imp at the start of the presentation but we need more open components - here is a selection which are easy to use Bluetooth Low Energy $6.00 WIFI - $3.50 RF - $1.50 LoRaWAN - $18.00
  27. 27. What do you need to make a product? You need to get some capital together to make a few hundred 4
  28. 28. Answer - Kickstarter Kickstarter allows you to sell your first few hundred items without using your own capital It is also a great platform for publicity SparcCore : goal 10k, raised 567k Digispark : goal 5k, raised 315k RFDuino : goal 5k, raised 352k Air Quality Egg : goal 39k, raised 145k TTN : goal 140k, raised 210k
  29. 29. 2012 2013 2014 2015 BOOM!! 2001 2009 2005 cortex m0+
  30. 30. Conclusion Since 2012 the conditions have been right for the open hardware movement to explode and it has Key challenges still remain in terms of low power operation and security - however most other barriers have been removed If you want to learn , find you nearest FAB LAB, subscribe to MAKE magazine, join a meetup group and GO!

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