BUILDING HIGHWAYS IN THE INFORMATICS LANDSCAPE
Ed Baker 10.6084/m9.figshare.749699
We need to move from this…
…to this
HOW?
All of these systems:
• Have different data models
• Are written in different programming languages
• Are mutually incompa...
How do we make these systems talk?
Requirements
How do we make these systems talk?
Requirements
Each pair can define a
way of
communicating with
each other
How do we make these systems talk?
Requirements
How do we make these systems talk?
Requirements
We need a lingua franca of biodiversity informatics
Requirements
We need a lingua franca of biodiversity informatics
Requirements
Any language that is widely used
as a means of communicat...
Requirements
Common Intermediary
Easily understood
• People
• Machines
Easy to share
• Using existing technology and infrastructure
Requirements
Easily understood
• People
• Machines
Easy to share
• Using existing technology and infrastructure
Can read in Excel
Requi...
Easily understood
• People
• Machines
Easy to share
• Using existing technology and infrastructure
Can read in Excel
Every...
Easily understood
• People
• Machines
Easy to share
• Using existing technology and infrastructure
Can read in Excel
Every...
Core File
(classification)
Core File
(classification)
Images
Literature
Specimens
Taxonomic
treatments
Core File
(classification)
Images
Literature
Specimens
Taxonomic
treatments
Core File
(classification)
Images
Literature
Specimens
Taxonomic
treatments
STAR SCHEMA
Core File
(classificati
on)
Images
Literature
Specimens
Taxonomic
treatments
Meta.xml
Core File
(classificati
on)
Images
Literature
Specimens
Taxonomic
treatments
Meta.xml
What is each file?
What does each co...
Core File
(classificati
on)
Images
Literature
Specimens
Taxonomic
treatments
Meta.xml
dwca.zip
dwca.zip
dwca.zip
dwca.zip
WHAT’S THE BENEFIT?
dwca.zipdwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip
dwca.zipdwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip
dwca.zipdwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip
?
These images came from the
Scratchpad
These images came from the
Scratchpad
So did this description
This map didn’t
Aggregators allow us to…
• provide a single user interface to many
different systems.
• search easily across multiple data...
You can also share data with …
You can also share data with …
ANY OF THE INCREASING NUMBER OF
PEOPLE WHO SUPPORT THE STANDARD
Building highways in the informatics landscape
Building highways in the informatics landscape
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Building highways in the informatics landscape

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Building highways in the informatics landscape

  1. 1. BUILDING HIGHWAYS IN THE INFORMATICS LANDSCAPE Ed Baker 10.6084/m9.figshare.749699
  2. 2. We need to move from this…
  3. 3. …to this
  4. 4. HOW?
  5. 5. All of these systems: • Have different data models • Are written in different programming languages • Are mutually incompatible
  6. 6. How do we make these systems talk? Requirements
  7. 7. How do we make these systems talk? Requirements Each pair can define a way of communicating with each other
  8. 8. How do we make these systems talk? Requirements
  9. 9. How do we make these systems talk? Requirements
  10. 10. We need a lingua franca of biodiversity informatics Requirements
  11. 11. We need a lingua franca of biodiversity informatics Requirements Any language that is widely used as a means of communication among speakers of other languages.
  12. 12. Requirements Common Intermediary
  13. 13. Easily understood • People • Machines Easy to share • Using existing technology and infrastructure Requirements
  14. 14. Easily understood • People • Machines Easy to share • Using existing technology and infrastructure Can read in Excel Requirements
  15. 15. Easily understood • People • Machines Easy to share • Using existing technology and infrastructure Can read in Excel Everything precisely defined Requirements
  16. 16. Easily understood • People • Machines Easy to share • Using existing technology and infrastructure Can read in Excel Everything precisely defined Standard formats: csv, zip Standard delivery: via the web Requirements
  17. 17. Core File (classification)
  18. 18. Core File (classification) Images Literature Specimens Taxonomic treatments
  19. 19. Core File (classification) Images Literature Specimens Taxonomic treatments
  20. 20. Core File (classification) Images Literature Specimens Taxonomic treatments STAR SCHEMA
  21. 21. Core File (classificati on) Images Literature Specimens Taxonomic treatments Meta.xml
  22. 22. Core File (classificati on) Images Literature Specimens Taxonomic treatments Meta.xml What is each file? What does each column in a file contain?
  23. 23. Core File (classificati on) Images Literature Specimens Taxonomic treatments Meta.xml dwca.zip
  24. 24. dwca.zip
  25. 25. dwca.zip
  26. 26. dwca.zip
  27. 27. WHAT’S THE BENEFIT?
  28. 28. dwca.zipdwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip
  29. 29. dwca.zipdwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip
  30. 30. dwca.zipdwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip dwca.zip ?
  31. 31. These images came from the Scratchpad
  32. 32. These images came from the Scratchpad So did this description
  33. 33. This map didn’t
  34. 34. Aggregators allow us to… • provide a single user interface to many different systems. • search easily across multiple datasets simultaneously (and combine results).
  35. 35. You can also share data with …
  36. 36. You can also share data with … ANY OF THE INCREASING NUMBER OF PEOPLE WHO SUPPORT THE STANDARD
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