Roger Roberts – RTBF/DGTE – rro@rtbf.be
AXIS-CRM
If you don’t know where you’re going, no road is right!
Blind Insignifica...
The representation is not the object!
Where is the meaning ? In the object, in the representation ?
The structural layers in information:
<name>pipe</name>
“FLAT” models
(based on
Cataloguing rules and
Data Records)
“SEMAN...
The semantic gap : La pierre de Rosette
The relation signifier/signified is arbitrary!
The semantic gap: the view from the machine!
Information Management:
resource – property - relation
Presentation:
• The interoperability challenge in Media production
• The complexity of the data interchange !
• Knowledge ...
Presentation:
• The interoperability challenge in Media production
• The complexity of the data interchange !
• Knowledge ...
Organizational Operability
Semantic Operability
Syntaxic Operability
Technical Operability
ITU : 4 Different levels of int...
ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute) distinguishes four layers:
• Technical interoperability associated ...
• Why is interoperability important?
– Interchange, Persistence & Migration
– Open exploitation: in production and distrib...
Presentation:
• The interoperability challenge in Media production
• The complexity of the data interchange !
• Knowledge ...
Projecting Acquiring Authoring Expressing
Supporting Archiving
The concept of “Inter-Operability Window” :
(IOW) for Media...
Projecting
Acquiring
Authoring
Expressing
Supporting
Archiving
OBJECTS in evidence
EVENTS in evidence
Representations of
C...
Presentation:
• The interoperability challenge in Media production
• The complexity of the data interchange !
• Knowledge ...
Semantic Web
• Excellent precision
• Very scalable
• Dynamic
Thesauri and taxomonies
• Very high precision
• Expensive to ...
The epistemological representations mode:
Human oriented Computer processable
Navigation
Presentation:
• The interoperability challenge in Media production
• The complexity of the data interchange !
• Knowledge ...
P
E
R
F
O
R
M
I
N
G
A R T S
Birth of the modern newspaper:
early 17th century!
Le 31 Mai 1631, Théophraste Renaudot lance :
«La Gazette».
http://www.m...
F
I
L
M
Birth of the Film industry: end of the 19th century!
Birth of Radio: early 20th century!
N E T W O R K
Television: mid of the 20th century!
W.W.W.@ I
The internet: end of the 20th century!
Media: audio – video – picture & text
• Performing arts: a relationship to space/time, content
and audience
• Newspaper (p...
Performing Arts
MEDIA
Annotation
Gladiator parts
SequenceSequence
hasSubPart
Physical
Person
buys
displays
IsAbout
Video P...
Presentation:
• The interoperability challenge in Media production
• The complexity of the data interchange !
• Knowledge ...
The modelling of a editorial object:
Editorial
Object Sheet
(or Annotation)
Digital
Resource
ContentShape
(or ContentObjec...
Editorial
Script
TV Project team
Web project team
USE USE USE
Shooting team Derushing
Editing
Exploitation
USE USE USE
Ope...
Semantic middleware SaaS
(Software as a Service)
 represents the relations: relations need to be qualify in order to classify and browse
links,
 link actors: each actor ...
Presentation:
• The interoperability challenge in Media production
• The complexity of the data interchange !
• Knowledge ...
Semantic valorisation:
• RTBF: GEMS
• Radio France
GEMS case
Open Semantic Bus workers
Chain
Ingest_Tramontane
Service
Transcoding
Service
Enhance_Program
Service
Enrichment...
Sports Ontology
Sports Ontology
Presentation:
• The interoperability challenge in Media production
• The complexity of the data interchange !
• Knowledge ...
WEB
=
NETWORK
SEMANTIC
=
KNOWLEDGE
Main CONCLUSIONS
 Going to SEMANTICS cannot be avoided
 The technologies of the SEMANTICS are ready , powerful and
easy ...
• The predictable bidirectional compatibility with the ‘Flat’ models
• The predictable persistence & OAIS adherence
• The ...
https://tech.ebu.ch/docs/techreports/tr019.pdf#!
Project
partners
WARM SEMANTIC THANKS
I would like to express my semantic thanks to all the persons and organizations having
contributed di...
Organizadores Sponsor platinum
Sponsor Gold Con el apoyo de Socio tecnológico
Nicolas Moulard, Director de Actuonda
moular...
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No more BITS - Blind Insignificant Technologies ands Systems by Roger Roberts of RTBF TITAN at Big Media by Actuonda

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No more BITS - Blind Insignificant Technologies ands Systems by Roger Roberts of RTBF TITAN

Primer encuentro BIG MEDIA
Conectando Media, Audiencia y Publicidad con Datos
24 de junio 2014, Madrid
• Sponsor Platinum : Perfect Memory
• Sponsor Gold : Stratio, Paradigma
• Con el apoyo de : Big Data Spain, Medios On
• Socio tecnológico : Agora News
• Organizadores : Actuonda y Cátedra Big Data UAM-IBM
• Contacto : Nicolas Moulard (Actuonda) moulard@actuonda.com @Radio_20
www.bigmediaconnect.es

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No more BITS - Blind Insignificant Technologies ands Systems by Roger Roberts of RTBF TITAN at Big Media by Actuonda

  1. 1. Roger Roberts – RTBF/DGTE – rro@rtbf.be AXIS-CRM If you don’t know where you’re going, no road is right! Blind Insignificant Technologies and Systems www.titan.be No more BITS
  2. 2. The representation is not the object! Where is the meaning ? In the object, in the representation ?
  3. 3. The structural layers in information: <name>pipe</name> “FLAT” models (based on Cataloguing rules and Data Records) “SEMANTIC” • Ontology based • Linked Open Data • Object oriented • Native persistent R E P R E S E N T A T I O N M E A N I N G “L I V E” (in evidence)
  4. 4. The semantic gap : La pierre de Rosette The relation signifier/signified is arbitrary!
  5. 5. The semantic gap: the view from the machine!
  6. 6. Information Management: resource – property - relation
  7. 7. Presentation: • The interoperability challenge in Media production • The complexity of the data interchange ! • Knowledge representation for human and machine • The definition of a M E D I A • The Modeling of a Media (container) and the production network chain (SOA) • Use cases • Conclusions
  8. 8. Presentation: • The interoperability challenge in Media production • The complexity of the data interchange ! • Knowledge representation for human and machine • The definition of a M E D I A • The Modeling of a Media (container) and the production network chain (SOA) • Use cases • Conclusions
  9. 9. Organizational Operability Semantic Operability Syntaxic Operability Technical Operability ITU : 4 Different levels of interoperability:
  10. 10. ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute) distinguishes four layers: • Technical interoperability associated with the hardware components / software, systems and platforms that enable machine to machine communication. This layer is centered on communication protocols and infrastructure needed to operate these protocols. • Syntaxic interoperability associated with the formats and models of data representation. • Semantic interoperability associated with the meaning of the content, and therefore relates to human interpretation of the content, not the machines. Interoperability at this level implies that there is a common understanding of the meaning of the content exchanged. • Organizational interoperability associated with the ability of organizations to communicate effectively. Builds on the previous 3 layers. May depend on the culture of the organization. ITU : 4 Different levels of interoperability:
  11. 11. • Why is interoperability important? – Interchange, Persistence & Migration – Open exploitation: in production and distribution processes – Search: ability to conduct research on several different sets of metadata in order to obtain meaningful results (OAI-PMH and Z39.50 protocols) and crosswalk., Merging catalogs (Catalogs Union) , Cross search (Cross-system search) – Navigation between objects • How to ensure the interoperability of metadata? ITU : 4 Different levels of interoperability:
  12. 12. Presentation: • The interoperability challenge in Media production • The complexity of the data interchange ! • Knowledge representation for human and machine • The definition of a M E D I A • The Modeling of a Media (container) and the production network chain (SOA) • Use cases • Conclusions
  13. 13. Projecting Acquiring Authoring Expressing Supporting Archiving The concept of “Inter-Operability Window” : (IOW) for Media Exchange in a Network! Sharing a common data model ! Mapping the inputs and outputs to that model ! IOW External acquiring IOW External delivering
  14. 14. Projecting Acquiring Authoring Expressing Supporting Archiving OBJECTS in evidence EVENTS in evidence Representations of Concepts / Facts / Instructions Activated Processes The complexity of managing “Information/datas in applications!
  15. 15. Presentation: • The interoperability challenge in Media production • The complexity of the data interchange ! • Knowledge representation for human and machine • The definition of a M E D I A • The Modeling of a Media (container) and the production network chain (SOA) • Use cases • Conclusions
  16. 16. Semantic Web • Excellent precision • Very scalable • Dynamic Thesauri and taxomonies • Very high precision • Expensive to maintain • Not scalable • Inertia Plain text • Fundamental capacity of expression for humans • No loss of information • Poor suitability for computers (aka searches) Tagging • Low treshhold • Good enough for a single user (delicious) • Moderate precision on large databases • Visibility depends on popularity The epistemological representations mode:
  17. 17. The epistemological representations mode: Human oriented Computer processable Navigation
  18. 18. Presentation: • The interoperability challenge in Media production • The complexity of the data interchange ! • Knowledge representation for human and machine • The definition of a M E D I A • The Modeling of a Media (container) and the production network chain (SOA) • Use cases • Conclusions
  19. 19. P E R F O R M I N G A R T S
  20. 20. Birth of the modern newspaper: early 17th century! Le 31 Mai 1631, Théophraste Renaudot lance : «La Gazette». http://www.museerenaudot.com/imprim.htm
  21. 21. F I L M Birth of the Film industry: end of the 19th century!
  22. 22. Birth of Radio: early 20th century!
  23. 23. N E T W O R K
  24. 24. Television: mid of the 20th century!
  25. 25. W.W.W.@ I The internet: end of the 20th century!
  26. 26. Media: audio – video – picture & text • Performing arts: a relationship to space/time, content and audience • Newspaper (print Media): support • Cinema: formalization of writing, storage, commercialization (cinema) • Radio: invention of “live”, radio news, games, .... and a network! • Television: images ... • Internet: interactivity in all dimensions • Digital convergence (multimedia, transmedia, rich- media) - processes (transformation) - interfaces (View): roles/skills/entity
  27. 27. Performing Arts MEDIA Annotation Gladiator parts SequenceSequence hasSubPart Physical Person buys displays IsAbout Video Picture isComposedOf isComposedOf Networks Interactivity uses uses Newspapers Television hasDescription Radio Text isComposedOf isComposedOf Audio displays displays displays Film Rights has uses The definition of a media (machine view)
  28. 28. Presentation: • The interoperability challenge in Media production • The complexity of the data interchange ! • Knowledge representation for human and machine • The definition of a M E D I A • The Modeling of a Media (container) and the production network chain (SOA) • Use cases • Conclusions
  29. 29. The modelling of a editorial object: Editorial Object Sheet (or Annotation) Digital Resource ContentShape (or ContentObject) Editorial Structure Editorial Description Content Material Manifestation Audio Video SegmentPictureContent Audio Media Image Media isComposedOf Sound Annotation Picture Annotation hasDescription hasPrescription hasRealisation hasSource hasSource Text rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:subClassOf
  30. 30. Editorial Script TV Project team Web project team USE USE USE Shooting team Derushing Editing Exploitation USE USE USE Open Semantic BUS Prescription Shooting Post-production Editorial intention + Role & Skills Editorial intention + Role & Skills Editorial intention + Role & Skills Editorial intention + Role & Skills Editorial intention + Role & Skills Editorial intention + Role & Skills Standards Teams Semantic The semantic modelling of media in the audiovisual process:
  31. 31. Semantic middleware SaaS (Software as a Service)
  32. 32.  represents the relations: relations need to be qualify in order to classify and browse links,  link actors: each actor has his own specific view on the editorial object. It means adjusting the views to the relations and to the actor that handles them (role and qualifications),  monitor actions: a contextual GUI helps to filter and to optimize the management and the configuration of the process. Semantic middleware: the Intranet & the Open Linked data Knowledge
  33. 33. Presentation: • The interoperability challenge in Media production • The complexity of the data interchange ! • Knowledge representation for human and machine • The definition of a M E D I A • The Modeling of a Media (container) and the production network chain (SOA) • Use cases • Conclusions
  34. 34. Semantic valorisation: • RTBF: GEMS • Radio France
  35. 35. GEMS case Open Semantic Bus workers Chain Ingest_Tramontane Service Transcoding Service Enhance_Program Service Enrichment_Program Service Record
  36. 36. Sports Ontology
  37. 37. Sports Ontology
  38. 38. Presentation: • The interoperability challenge in Media production • The complexity of the data interchange ! • Knowledge representation for human and machine • The definition of a M E D I A • The Modeling of a Media (container) and the production network chain (SOA) • Use cases • Conclusions
  39. 39. WEB = NETWORK SEMANTIC = KNOWLEDGE
  40. 40. Main CONCLUSIONS  Going to SEMANTICS cannot be avoided  The technologies of the SEMANTICS are ready , powerful and easy to use  Modeling SEMANTIC objects is easy and funny  Retrieving & exploiting SEMANTIC objects is easy The EMPOWERMENT of your assets can be made in a quasi automatic way!  Progressively, ‘born digital’ works will be created SEMANTICALLY modeled
  41. 41. • The predictable bidirectional compatibility with the ‘Flat’ models • The predictable persistence & OAIS adherence • The predictable interoperability & isolation of ‘proprietary’ features • Powerful contextual searches & exploitation opportunities • Compatibility with the existing metadata • Easy presence on aggregation portals The EMPOWERMENT of your assets gives you:
  42. 42. https://tech.ebu.ch/docs/techreports/tr019.pdf#!
  43. 43. Project partners
  44. 44. WARM SEMANTIC THANKS I would like to express my semantic thanks to all the persons and organizations having contributed directly or indirectly to this presentation : The MEDIAMAP+ Consortium : SGT, Radio-France, Perfect Memory, RTBF, Limecraft, Kane, … TITAN: For the organization of the “European Media Wrapper Round Table” PROSI: in particular M. Guy Marechal And for their major contributions on standards: ISO (for OAIS); W3C; SNIA, IASA, SMPTE, EBU, ..
  45. 45. Organizadores Sponsor platinum Sponsor Gold Con el apoyo de Socio tecnológico Nicolas Moulard, Director de Actuonda moulard@actuonda.com Tel : +34 699 248 200 @Radio_20 www.bigmediaconnect.es

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