How to Learn English as a Foreign Language Confidently Presenter: Lin, Shin-Chung Ph.D. Chair of Applied Foreign Languages...
<ul><li>Why are you going to learn English as a foreign language?   </li></ul><ul><li>Why so many learners are suffering f...
1. Why are you going to learn English as a foreign language?   <ul><li>For what purpose are you going to learn English as ...
A. Instrumental motivation   <ul><li>(1) To get a better job or a promotion.  </li></ul><ul><li>(2) To pass a required exa...
B. Integrative motivation <ul><li>(1) To be interested in integrating into the  </li></ul><ul><li>target language group. <...
C. The facts about English I <ul><li>(1) 80% of the world’s electronically stored  </li></ul><ul><li>information is in Eng...
C. The facts about English II <ul><li>(5) English has official or special status in at least 75/  </li></ul><ul><li>195 co...
2. Why are so many learners suffering from learning English? <ul><li>A. The different processes in first and second  </li>...
A. The different processes in first and second language acquisition.   <ul><li>(1) Exposure time  </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Fo...
<ul><li>Ex1: The different usage of interrogative sentences </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Are you a student? </li></ul><ul><li>2. ...
<ul><li>Ex: The different usage of tenses </li></ul><ul><li>1.  當他來的時候,我正在看電視。  </li></ul><ul><li>2.  明天這個時候你將會做什麼? </li><...
<ul><li>Answers to the usage of tenses </li></ul><ul><li>When he came, I was watching TV. </li></ul><ul><li>What will you ...
B. The different nature of  Chinese and English.   <ul><li>(1)  Ideographic language ( 表意文字語言 ) vs.  </li></ul><ul><li>alp...
<ul><li>Asking boy under pine tree. </li></ul><ul><li>Saying master going picking up herb medicine.  </li></ul><ul><li>In ...
<ul><li>The possibly acceptable translation   </li></ul><ul><li>I  asked  a  boy under  the  pine tree.  </li></ul><ul><li...
C. The conflict between English learning and expectation   <ul><li>(1) Learning English is to pass the exams not to use  <...
<ul><li>取材自全民英檢初級 </li></ul><ul><li>PLEASE WAIT BEHINE WHITE LINE </li></ul><ul><li>What does this sign mean? </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>取材自國中學力測驗 </li></ul><ul><li>In summer it is ______ to stay in my parents’ room because it is air-conditioned. </li...
<ul><li>取材自國中學力測驗 </li></ul><ul><li>Read Amy’s diary and answer the questions.  </li></ul><ul><li>May 30, 2003 </li></ul><...
<ul><li>取材自大學學測 </li></ul><ul><li>As the tallest building in the world, Taipei 101 has become a new ______ of Taipei City....
4.  雖然 Lily 生來又瞎又聾,但她從來不氣餒。 5.  她的故事證明了,我們只要努力必能成功。 <ul><li>Although Lily was born blind and deaf, she  never felt discour...
D. The impractical orientation of language learning <ul><li>( 1) The starting age mystery. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Language ...
3. How to learn English as a foreign language confidently—independent learning concerned ? <ul><li>A. Phonetics, phonology...
A. Phonetics, Phonology, and Phonics   <ul><li>(1) Phonetics ( 語音學 ): The study of the speech  </li></ul><ul><li>sounds th...
Letter ‘o’ and the Sound it Represents  I [d C E]   [n A t]   [n o ] [ D v] [ ' w 0 m0n]     [ 'w ? mDn]   ['m K MQ]   dog...
Quiz for you 1. How do you pronounce ‘Yots’—the last name of  an American friend? 2. Answer 1. It is pronounced the same a...
The combined ways entrepreneur  phonetics  [`AntrDprD'n&quot;]  企業家   phonics  entrepreneur
Learning vowels I   [  A  e  i  o  u  ]   [  D  G  0  C  ?  ]
Learning vowels I   I [  A  e  i  o  u  ] [ K  D  Q  &quot;  $  G  0  C  ?  ]  [ a0  a?  C0  ]
Learning consonants   H   n m Nasals   l Lateral   w j r Glides   tN dI   Affricates h N I   s z L M   f v Fricatives K g ...
Learning the conformation of  the phonemes   Note.  V = vowel C = consonant Syllable Combination in English Syllable Combi...
<ul><li>Exercise 1: One syllable </li></ul><ul><li>1. [t a0m ] 時間   2. [h G lp]  幫助  </li></ul><ul><li>3. [ w &quot; k ]  ...
Good morning? How are you? What is it? Where are you? Where is John?  Exercise 4: Intonation of the sentences 1. [hw A t  ...
Spelling and pronunciation <ul><li>Exercise 1: Diphthongs and vowel letters  </li></ul><ul><li>1.[let]  l __ te  2. [ Miz ...
B. Syntax I <ul><li>(1) Moods </li></ul><ul><li>a. Imperative mood.  </li></ul><ul><li>(Stand up. / Open your book. / Let’...
B. Syntax II   <ul><li>(2) Nine primary sentence patterns of indicative mood.  </li></ul><ul><li>a. S + be + N / Adj / Adv...
B. Syntax  III <ul><li>(3) Tenses </li></ul><ul><li>Simple present / past / future tense </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive pre...
B. Syntax IV <ul><li>(4) Tenses and the meaning of subjunctive mood </li></ul><ul><li>Simple present / past / future tense...
Ex:  假如我有時間,我會去看你。 假如我是你,我不會給他錢。 假如你昨天在家讀書 (study) ,你就不會  在街上遇到 (meet) 她。 If I’ve time, I will visit you. If I had time, I...
C. Usage  I <ul><li>(1) Can I use the credit card? </li></ul><ul><li>(2) We are peace maker. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) May I b...
C. Usage  II <ul><li>(8)  The department store is on sale. </li></ul><ul><li>(9)  She pregnant. </li></ul><ul><li>(10) Did...
4. How to learn English as a foreign language Confidently—life-time learning concerned? <ul><li>E.  Jot down what you read...
5. Conclusion   <ul><li>Learning English is like playing a sport,  </li></ul><ul><li>or singing a song. It takes time and ...
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How to learn english confidently

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  • Here is a good video on basic English Grammar - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Yu57ikKRiM&amp;list=PLpmfCxNlPvp2JlYa0vwxdyvaJfk-f7Qm3&amp;index=1
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How to learn english confidently

  1. 1. How to Learn English as a Foreign Language Confidently Presenter: Lin, Shin-Chung Ph.D. Chair of Applied Foreign Languages National Pingtung Institute of Commerce Address: 51 Min Sheng E. Road, Pingtung900 Tel: (08)7238700-3300 Fax: (08)7239277 E-mail: linsc@npic.edu.tw October. 06, 2004
  2. 2. <ul><li>Why are you going to learn English as a foreign language? </li></ul><ul><li>Why so many learners are suffering from learning English? </li></ul><ul><li>How to learn English as a foreign language confidently—independent study concerned? </li></ul><ul><li>How to learn English as a foreign language confidently—life-time learning concerned? </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Why are you going to learn English as a foreign language? <ul><li>For what purpose are you going to learn English as a foreign language? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Instrumental motivation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Integrative motivation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. The facts about English </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. A. Instrumental motivation <ul><li>(1) To get a better job or a promotion. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) To pass a required examination. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) To study in an English-speaking country. </li></ul><ul><li>(4) To present a research paper in an </li></ul><ul><li>international conference. </li></ul><ul><li>(5) To help your students learn English well. </li></ul>
  5. 5. B. Integrative motivation <ul><li>(1) To be interested in integrating into the </li></ul><ul><li>target language group. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) To know more about the culture of the </li></ul><ul><li>target language group. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) To be able to know another quarter of the </li></ul><ul><li>population in the world. </li></ul>
  6. 6. C. The facts about English I <ul><li>(1) 80% of the world’s electronically stored </li></ul><ul><li>information is in English. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Three-quarters of the world’s mail is written in </li></ul><ul><li>English. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) 80% of Internet users communicate in English. </li></ul><ul><li>(4) English is the main language of books, </li></ul><ul><li>newspapers, airports, and air-traffic control, </li></ul><ul><li>international business and technology, diplomacy, </li></ul><ul><li>sport, international competitions, pop music, and </li></ul><ul><li>advertising. </li></ul>
  7. 7. C. The facts about English II <ul><li>(5) English has official or special status in at least 75/ </li></ul><ul><li>195 countries, with a total population of over 2 </li></ul><ul><li>billion. </li></ul><ul><li>(6) English is spoken as a first language by around </li></ul><ul><li>345 million, and as a second language by around </li></ul><ul><li>300 million people in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>From the British Council Website English Worldwide </li></ul>
  8. 8. 2. Why are so many learners suffering from learning English? <ul><li>A. The different processes in first and second </li></ul><ul><li>language acquisition. </li></ul><ul><li>B. The different nature of Chinese and English. </li></ul><ul><li>C. The conflict between English learning and </li></ul><ul><li>expectation. </li></ul><ul><li>D. The impractical orientation of language </li></ul><ul><li>learning. </li></ul>
  9. 9. A. The different processes in first and second language acquisition. <ul><li>(1) Exposure time </li></ul><ul><li>(2) For surviving / as a tool only </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Effort and effortless </li></ul><ul><li>(4) First language interferes the acquisition of second </li></ul><ul><li>language </li></ul><ul><li>a. Interfered by different sound systems. Tones / </li></ul><ul><li>stress / ending consonants / intonation </li></ul><ul><li>b. Interfered by different language functions. </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary / transitive V / adj clause / wh-movement </li></ul><ul><li>/ tense etc. </li></ul><ul><li>c. Interfered by different usage. ( 用、借、開 etc.) </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Ex1: The different usage of interrogative sentences </li></ul><ul><li>1. Are you a student? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Is your father a doctor? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Were you there? </li></ul><ul><li>4. Was he angry? </li></ul><ul><li>5. Do you watch TV everyday? </li></ul><ul><li>6. Did you watch the TV program “Sex and the City” </li></ul><ul><li>last night? </li></ul><ul><li>7. Does he walk to school everyday? </li></ul><ul><li>8. Have you done your homework? </li></ul><ul><li>9. Will you have done your homework by then? </li></ul><ul><li>10. Had he been waiting for you long before you </li></ul><ul><li>met him? </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Ex: The different usage of tenses </li></ul><ul><li>1. 當他來的時候,我正在看電視。 </li></ul><ul><li>2. 明天這個時候你將會做什麼? </li></ul><ul><li>3. 我等了你大約有二十分鐘了。 </li></ul><ul><li>4. 我遇見她的時候,她已經等你很久了。 </li></ul><ul><li>5. 當他到達的時候,我們練習將滿兩個小時。 </li></ul><ul><li>6. 昨晚九時孩子們全都睡了。 </li></ul><ul><li>Only 46.8% passed the test. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Answers to the usage of tenses </li></ul><ul><li>When he came, I was watching TV. </li></ul><ul><li>What will you be doing at this time tomorrow? </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve been waiting for you about 20 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>When I met her, she had been waiting for you a long time. </li></ul><ul><li>When he arrives, we’II have been practicing for two hours. </li></ul><ul><li>The children had all gone to bed at nine last night. </li></ul>
  13. 13. B. The different nature of Chinese and English. <ul><li>(1) Ideographic language ( 表意文字語言 ) vs. </li></ul><ul><li>alphabetic language ( 字母拼音語言 ). </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Limited vs. increasing number of the words. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency </li></ul><ul><li>syndrome) / tofu / kung fu / Internet / e-mail </li></ul><ul><li>愛滋病 ( 後天性免疫不全症候群 ) / 叩應 / </li></ul><ul><li>電腦 / 手機 / 轟趴 </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Advanced vs. primary </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Asking boy under pine tree. </li></ul><ul><li>Saying master going picking up herb medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>In the mountains. </li></ul><ul><li>Covering under heavy clouds, don’t know where. </li></ul><ul><li>(22 words used , 56% spared ) </li></ul>松下問童子 言師採藥去 只在此山中 雲深不知處
  15. 15. <ul><li>The possibly acceptable translation </li></ul><ul><li>I asked a boy under the pine tree. </li></ul><ul><li>He said that his master is going picking </li></ul><ul><li>up herb medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>He is in the mountains. </li></ul><ul><li>Because the mountains are covered </li></ul><ul><li>under the heavy clouds, He doesn’t </li></ul><ul><li>know where his master is . </li></ul><ul><li>(39 words used) </li></ul>
  16. 16. C. The conflict between English learning and expectation <ul><li>(1) Learning English is to pass the exams not to use </li></ul><ul><li>the language </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Learning English is a subject not a language </li></ul><ul><li>per se. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Daily language is hard to be learned in a classroom </li></ul><ul><li>setting and tested. </li></ul><ul><li>(4) It costs too much to have a test in speaking ability. </li></ul><ul><li>* The following is what you are going to be tested. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>取材自全民英檢初級 </li></ul><ul><li>PLEASE WAIT BEHINE WHITE LINE </li></ul><ul><li>What does this sign mean? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Stay on the line. B. Drive inside the line. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Keep the line straight. D. Stand in back of the line </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible and friendly high school or college student is needed to baby-sit active five-year-old on weekends. </li></ul><ul><li>Call 2943-6262 after 6:00 </li></ul><ul><li>Where might a person see this? </li></ul><ul><li>A. On a menu. B. On street sign. </li></ul><ul><li>C. In a newspaper. D. In a telephone book. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>取材自國中學力測驗 </li></ul><ul><li>In summer it is ______ to stay in my parents’ room because it is air-conditioned. </li></ul><ul><li>A. comfortable B. gentle C. impossible D. serious </li></ul><ul><li>Mother makes me ______ my homework every day before I can play video games. </li></ul><ul><li>A. finish B. finished C. finishing D. to finish </li></ul><ul><li>Elsa: Did Eric buy any vegetables in the market? </li></ul><ul><li>Bob: No, he didn’t, but he bought ______ fish. </li></ul><ul><li>A. no B. any C. some D. both </li></ul><ul><li>Rose: It’s time to go to bed. You have to get up early tomorrow, ___? </li></ul><ul><li>Nina: Yes, my class is going hiking tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>A. can’t you B. don’t you C. aren’t you D. haven’t you </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>取材自國中學力測驗 </li></ul><ul><li>Read Amy’s diary and answer the questions. </li></ul><ul><li>May 30, 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Today I met an American on my way home. He asked me some </li></ul><ul><li>questions in English, but I couldn’t understand him. I was nervous and </li></ul><ul><li>couldn’t say a word. </li></ul><ul><li>I felt so depressed . </li></ul><ul><li>I study English very hard and I usually get the best grades on the </li></ul><ul><li>English tests. I am always looking for opportunities to practice speaking </li></ul><ul><li>English. But when the opportunity comes, I can’t do anything. I think I have </li></ul><ul><li>to study English much harder. </li></ul><ul><li>What does depressed mean in the letter? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Sad. B. Bored. C. Lucky. D. Excited </li></ul><ul><li>What can we learn from Amy’s experience? </li></ul><ul><li>A. It is dangerous to talk to strangers on the streets. </li></ul><ul><li>B. English is the most difficult subject for most students. </li></ul><ul><li>C. People who get nervous easily cannot get good grades in English. </li></ul><ul><li>D. Getting good grades in English does not mean we can use English well. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>取材自大學學測 </li></ul><ul><li>As the tallest building in the world, Taipei 101 has become a new ______ of Taipei City. </li></ul><ul><li>A. incident B. geography </li></ul><ul><li>C. skylight D. landmark </li></ul><ul><li>Jane usually buys things on ______. Her purchases seem to be driven by some sudden force or desire. </li></ul><ul><li>A. accident B. compliment </li></ul><ul><li>C. justification D. impulse </li></ul><ul><li>If people keep polluting the rivers, no fish there will survive ______. </li></ul><ul><li>A. at all cost B. for a long while </li></ul><ul><li>C. in the long run D. by no means </li></ul>
  21. 21. 4. 雖然 Lily 生來又瞎又聾,但她從來不氣餒。 5. 她的故事證明了,我們只要努力必能成功。 <ul><li>Although Lily was born blind and deaf, she never felt discouraged. </li></ul><ul><li>Her story has proved that we can succeed so long as we make efforts. </li></ul>
  22. 22. D. The impractical orientation of language learning <ul><li>( 1) The starting age mystery. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Language is learned effortless. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Picked up vs. learned process. </li></ul><ul><li>(4) The chagrin of environment </li></ul>
  23. 23. 3. How to learn English as a foreign language confidently—independent learning concerned ? <ul><li>A. Phonetics, phonology, and phonics </li></ul><ul><li>B. Syntax: pedagogical grammar </li></ul><ul><li>C. Usage: habit formation </li></ul>
  24. 24. A. Phonetics, Phonology, and Phonics <ul><li>(1) Phonetics ( 語音學 ): The study of the speech </li></ul><ul><li>sounds that occur in all human language to </li></ul><ul><li>represent meanings is called phonetics. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Phonology ( 音韻學 ): The study of sound </li></ul><ul><li>patterns in language or as the sound </li></ul><ul><li>patterns themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Phonics ( 聲學,自然發音學 ): A method of </li></ul><ul><li>teaching beginners to read and pronounce </li></ul><ul><li>words by learning the phonetic value of </li></ul><ul><li>letters, letter groups, and especially syllables. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Letter ‘o’ and the Sound it Represents I [d C E] [n A t] [n o ] [ D v] [ ' w 0 m0n] [ 'w ? mDn] ['m K MQ] dog not no of women woman mother Phonetics Represented “ o’ in Words
  26. 26. Quiz for you 1. How do you pronounce ‘Yots’—the last name of an American friend? 2. Answer 1. It is pronounced the same as ‘ yachts’. 3. Answer 2. [j A ts] 4. How do you pronounce ‘entrepreneur’ 5. Answer (looking in a dictionary for [`AntrDprD'n&quot;])
  27. 27. The combined ways entrepreneur phonetics [`AntrDprD'n&quot;] 企業家 phonics entrepreneur
  28. 28. Learning vowels I [ A e i o u ] [ D G 0 C ? ]
  29. 29. Learning vowels I I [ A e i o u ] [ K D Q &quot; $ G 0 C ? ] [ a0 a? C0 ]
  30. 30. Learning consonants H n m Nasals l Lateral w j r Glides tN dI Affricates h N I s z L M f v Fricatives K g t d p b Stops Glottal Velar Alveo-palatal Alveolar Inter-dental Labio-dental Bilabial
  31. 31. Learning the conformation of the phonemes Note. V = vowel C = consonant Syllable Combination in English Syllable Combination in Chinese springs CCCVCC plant CCVCC what CCVC cat CVC qua CCV 跨ㄎㄨㄚ ˋ CCV tea CV 替ㄊㄧ ˋ CV eye V 愛ㄞ ˋ V Examples English Examples Chinese
  32. 32. <ul><li>Exercise 1: One syllable </li></ul><ul><li>1. [t a0m ] 時間 2. [h G lp] 幫助 </li></ul><ul><li>3. [ w &quot; k ] 工作 4. [wik] 星期 </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise 2: Two syllables </li></ul><ul><li>5. [ ' p 0 kn 0 k] 野餐 6. [b D' liv] 相信 </li></ul><ul><li>7. [ ' fr 0 zbi] 飛盤 8. [h D' lo] 哈囉 </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise 3: Three or above syllables </li></ul><ul><li>9. ['ta0p` r a0tQ] 打字機 10. [ 'Gvr0`hwGr] 到處 </li></ul><ul><li>11.[ 0m' p C rt D nt] 重要的 12. [ 'G l D f D nt] 象 </li></ul>
  33. 33. Good morning? How are you? What is it? Where are you? Where is John? Exercise 4: Intonation of the sentences 1. [hw A t '0z 0t ↘ ] 2. [hw A t 0z jur 'nem ↘ ] 3. [hw A t 'ta0 0z 0t ] 4. [ Ar Me st K d 0H '0HE l 0N ↗ ] Learning Intonation
  34. 34. Spelling and pronunciation <ul><li>Exercise 1: Diphthongs and vowel letters </li></ul><ul><li>1.[let] l __ te 2. [ Miz ] th __ se </li></ul><ul><li>3. [ka 0 t] k __ te 4. [not] n __ te </li></ul><ul><li>5. [kjut] c __ te </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise 2: Monophthongs and vowel letters </li></ul><ul><li>6. [ st$nd ] st __ nd 7. [p G n] p __ n </li></ul><ul><li>8. [p 0 k] p __ ck 9. [d CE ] d __ g </li></ul><ul><li>10. [b K s] b __ s </li></ul>
  35. 35. B. Syntax I <ul><li>(1) Moods </li></ul><ul><li>a. Imperative mood. </li></ul><ul><li>(Stand up. / Open your book. / Let’s go.) </li></ul><ul><li>b. Indicative mood. </li></ul><ul><li>c. Subjunctive mood. </li></ul>
  36. 36. B. Syntax II <ul><li>(2) Nine primary sentence patterns of indicative mood. </li></ul><ul><li>a. S + be + N / Adj / Adv </li></ul><ul><li>b. S + Linking V + N / Adj </li></ul><ul><li>c. S + Intransitive V </li></ul><ul><li>d. S + Transitive V + O </li></ul><ul><li>e. S + Transitive V + O 1 + O 2 </li></ul><ul><li>f. S + Transitive V + O + OC </li></ul>
  37. 37. B. Syntax III <ul><li>(3) Tenses </li></ul><ul><li>Simple present / past / future tense </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive present / past / future e tense </li></ul><ul><li>Perfect present / past / future tense </li></ul><ul><li>Perfect Progressive present / past / future </li></ul><ul><li>tense </li></ul>
  38. 38. B. Syntax IV <ul><li>(4) Tenses and the meaning of subjunctive mood </li></ul><ul><li>Simple present / past / future tense </li></ul>
  39. 39. Ex: 假如我有時間,我會去看你。 假如我是你,我不會給他錢。 假如你昨天在家讀書 (study) ,你就不會 在街上遇到 (meet) 她。 If I’ve time, I will visit you. If I had time, I would visit you. If I were you, I wouldn’t give him money. If you had studied at home yesterday, you wouldn’t have met her on the street.
  40. 40. C. Usage I <ul><li>(1) Can I use the credit card? </li></ul><ul><li>(2) We are peace maker. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) May I borrow your telephone? </li></ul><ul><li>(4) I will learn more knowledge after I graduate. </li></ul><ul><li>(5) I am glad to have the chance to write for you. </li></ul><ul><li>(6) The birds are on the tree. </li></ul><ul><li>(7) I slept at nine last night. </li></ul>
  41. 41. C. Usage II <ul><li>(8) The department store is on sale. </li></ul><ul><li>(9) She pregnant. </li></ul><ul><li>(10) Did you write your homework? </li></ul><ul><li>(11) Do you like the movie? Yes, I like. </li></ul><ul><li>(12) And thank you for the offering on </li></ul><ul><li>recommendation letter, which I think </li></ul><ul><li>I will be needing it in the future time. </li></ul>
  42. 42. 4. How to learn English as a foreign language Confidently—life-time learning concerned? <ul><li>E. Jot down what you read and heard and make sure that you understand it well. </li></ul>A. Attitude—native like is not possible / you are better than the ones you have to talk in their language if only you can communicate with them. B. Sticks on a TV program or a movie that you like very much. C. Make the note that keeps the track of the usage of the target language. D. Try to have a pen pal who can not read in Chinese to e-mail each other.
  43. 43. 5. Conclusion <ul><li>Learning English is like playing a sport, </li></ul><ul><li>or singing a song. It takes time and </li></ul><ul><li>effort to achieve the goal. </li></ul><ul><li>Methods + achievement + tactics + </li></ul><ul><li>motivation + attitudes + time = success </li></ul>

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