Spoken & prounuciation lesson 06


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Spoken & prounuciation lesson 06

  1. 1. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 85 Part 01 Pronunciation skills Pronunciation ‘T’ The true ‘T’ and the Flap ‘T’ Rule: 1- Flap ‘T’ between vowel sounds Biting Heating Waiting Inviting Water Auto Rule: 2- Flap ‘T’ with / After / Before / Before & After / Artist Daughter Quarter Hearty Waiter Thirty Water Forty Rule: 3 - With double ‘T’ Batter Ditto Bitter Kitto Butter Motto Latter Lettuce Litter Rule: 4- Before   Battle Bottle Hospital Little Mortal
  2. 2. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 86 Rule: 5- Between words I bought a CD of lessons It’ll be useful Oh no! Where did I put it? Exercise: Identify the word with a flap T Hotel Bottle Tattoo Photo Peter Petite Fatter Faster Identify the entire flap ‘T’  Automatic  Mentality  Potato  Starting  Total  From the beginning it’s been a very bitter winter.  Back in December we had a terrible ice storm and many families mine included, lost electricity.  Today is the little warmer than usual.  But I know colder temperatures will return.  I’ll try to say warm. You do same. Final note: This lesson focused on the flap T, but the voiced tap is not limited to words spelled with a T or a double T. You will often hear the same sound in words spelled with a D or a double D
  3. 3. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 87 Plosive sound ‘T’ In order to produce an American T sound, the tip of the BOTTOM ridge of your upper GUMS, unlike the tip touching in the center of your upper bard pattle like for the Bangladeshi ‘t’ sound. Let’s try this now, TEEE Say this 5 times. Now not only 5 times say this more than 5 times if you need to do. Now with some words: Tomorrow Time Tennis Tour Tournament Table Tune Tongue Tap Type Terrific Terrible Turn Trial Teenage Tough Tiny Terminate Now with some American Names: Tony Thomas Todd Teresa Tyrene Tom Taylor Plosive sounds ‘T’ Rules Rule-1: If T is the beginning of a word: Plosive T is ALL the cases.  It took Tim ten times to try the telephone stop touching Ted’s toes.  Turn towards Stella and study her contact together.  Control your terms.  It’s Tommy’s turn to tell the teacher the truth  Timothy and Todd told Teresa, their secretary to total up their accounts.
  4. 4. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 88 Rules: 2: If T is in the middle of two vowels a soft‘d’ should not be mistaken with an exact D sound. Otherwise, that would be quite heavy. For the soft‘d’ sound your tongue needs to flap up to the BOTTOM ridg of upper GUMS. This is same position as the plosive American T sounds. However, in this case all you need to do is flap at that position and not apply any effort. For example: Better, Computer, Matter, Water, Waiter, Later, Saturday, positive, Pattern, Bottle. Example: Sentence-  What a good idea.  Put it in a bottle.  Write it in a letter  Set it on the metal gutter.  Put all the data in the computer.  Insert a quarter in the meter.  Get a better water heater.  Let her put a smarter or Betty’s at the meeting.  It’s getting hotter and hotter.  Petty ought to write a better letter.  Frieda had a little metal battle.  Betty bought a bit of better butter.  Pat ought to sit on a lap.
  5. 5. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 89 Rule: 3- If T is at the end of a word: Held‘t’ In this case the‘t’ sound is almost silent, but exactly silent. For this the tip of your tongue needs to touch on the FRONT WALL of your upper GUMS. It needs to be more like a resting position, that is why it is called a held‘t’. There no effort at the end, so thee’s No sound either. Here is a list of sentences with T sound at the end.  Take it.  It’s what they want to get.  Put them back in the pot.  Set the clock back at the event.  What did you find at that site? Rule: 4- T before the N is also a ‘held T’ sound. But in this case the flapping motion is more in use. For example: Shorten Written Fountain Mountain Rotten Eaten Sentence Practice:  We need to shorten the kindergarten class.  Coventney had written about the fountain of youth.  The sumo wrestlers had eaten well to fatten up.  Whitney’s rotten kitten has bitten mortal.  They have eaten a lot of chartny in Britain.  The molten law poured down the mountain.  We’re certain that the saten mitten is near the cartain.
  6. 6. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 90 Rule: 5- The last rule five is also about N in the word, but here the ‘T’ follows N immediately. If the N is before the T then the T goes silent. Internet Interact Interview International Percentage Advantage Practice with sentence:  He interrupted twenty interviews in Toronto.  There was a large percentage of international students.  He won’t even interfere with the interaction.  We took full advantage of the internet.  He drove interested through to Alkanet.  He’s at the international hotel.  He wasn’t even helping out.  He hasn’t bothered you much, has he?  We won’t always do it, believe me.  Patty was good right, wasn’t he? Practice: Listen to the audio reading out a passage for the T sound. You should first find out which of the five rules apply to the T sounds given in the passage. Trevor, Todd and Teresa would tie up together every night, and go for the movies, their favorite movie was “The teacher taught the truth to Tony” . todd and Teresa were quite fond of tourism, in fact they thought of touring together to twenty different tourist spots. Trevor however was a typical untidy person ___ so for him packing for a tour seemed terrible.
  7. 7. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 91 Tongue twister for getting fluency Peter piper picked a pack of pickled peppers. Did peter piper pick a pack of pickled peppers? If peter piper picked a pack of pickled peppers, Where’s the pack of pickled peppers peter piper picked. Betty Botter had some butter, “But” she said “this butter’s bitter, If I back this bitter butter, It would make my butter bitter. But a bit of bitter butter that would make my batter better So she bought a bit of butter And she backed it in her batter And the batter was not bitter So ‘twas better Betty Botter Bought a bit of better butter Names of department Word Transcription Word Transcription Arabic  History   English  Botany   Law  Philosophy  Mathematics   Geography  Economics  Science  Sociology  Physics  Political Science   Management  Chemistry  Accounting  Biology  Marketing  Computer   Zoology  Finance  Psychology  Social Science   
  8. 8. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 92 Lesson 1.2 Pronunciation Tips Suffix ment †K Avgiv mvavibZ Ò†g›UÓ pronounce Kwi| But the correct sound will be /mnt/ Word Transcription Word Transcription Advertisement  Commitment  Achievement  Assessment  Agreement  Development  Apartment  Government   Appointment  Movement  Argument  Punishment  Arrangement  Treatment  Part 02 Spoken Skills (Fluency Process) Lesson 2.1 More about WH: Questions (You) Answers (your partner) 1. What is this?  This is a table. 2. What is that?  That is a chair. 2. What’s this?  It’s a pen 3. What’s that?  It’s an apple. 4. What are these?  These are pencils. 5. What are those?  Those are books. 6. Where is Mr. Runny?  He is over there. 7. How is the food?  It’s delicious.
  9. 9. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 93 Asking for Information with pictures What’s this? What’s this How is the apple? What are these? What's that? What’s this? Who is he? What are those? It’s a pen.
  10. 10. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 94 Lesson 2.2 More about WH Questions What What wK? For what wK Rb¨? About what wK m¤§‡Ü? From what wK †_‡K ? On what wK‡mi Dci ? After what wK‡mi c‡i? Before what wK‡mi c~‡e©? Without what wK Qvov? What about wK Ae¯’v? What if wK n‡e? What type of wK ai‡bi ? What kind of wK cÖKv‡ii? What number of KZ ¸‡jv? What time KZ mgq? What color wK is? What else Avi wK? How How wKfv‡e? How about †Kgb nZ? How many KZ ¸‡jv? How much KZ UzKz? How long KZ¶b? How far KZ `yi? How high KZ DPz? How wide KZ cÖk¯—? How deep KZ Mfxi? How loudly KZ D”P k‡ã? How tall KZ j¤^v? How thick KZ †gvUv?
  11. 11. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 95 How fat KZ †gvUv? How thin KZ cvZjv? How slim KZ cvZjv? How often KZ evi? How else Avi wKfv‡e? Whom Whom Kv‡K? To whom Kvi Kv‡Q? For whom Kvi Rb¨? With whom Kvi mv‡_? From whom Kvi KvQ †_‡K? About whom Kvi m¤§‡Ü? By whom Kvi Øviv? Before whom Kvi Av‡M? After whom Kvi c‡i? When When KLb? From when KLb †_‡K? When else Avi KLb? Where ‡Kv_vq? From where †Kv_v †_‡K? Where else Avi †Kv_vq? Which Which ‡KvbwU? Which book †Kvb eBvU? In which book †Kvb eBwUi g‡a¨? On which table †Kvb †Uwej wUi Dci? Under which table ‡Kvb †UwejwUi wb‡P? For which course †Kvb †Kvm©wUi Rb¨? About which department †Kvb wWcvU©g¨v›U m¤ú‡K©? From which novel †Kvb Dcb¨vm †_‡K? Which novel of Nazrul bRi“‡ji †Kvb Dcb¨vm wU?
  12. 12. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 96 Whose In whose table Kvi †UwejwUi g‡a¨? On whose table Kvi †UwejwUi Dci? Under whose table Kvi †UwejwUi wb‡P? From whose life Kvi wReb †_‡K? Lesson 2.3 Location and Directions  Suchi: I want to go to Airport. Could you please tell me how to get there? Ans: Take the first turning on your left and walk straight on. Go past the police station and you will see a roundabout. The area on the other side is Airport.  Lisa: I have heard a lot about Nandan Park. Can you please tell me its location? Ans: It’s situated in Ashulia. You will have to hire a taxi to take you to Ashulia and on reaching there you will see a large signpost stating its name.  You: Excuse me! Where is the nearest bank? Partner: It’s across the road, over there. You: Thanks a lot. Partner: You are welcome.  You: Sorry to disturb you. Is there any Brack Bank booth near here. Partner: Oh it’s near here. It’s down the street, opposite to the hospital, next to the shoe shop.  You: Excuse me! Could you tell me the way to Asian University of Bangladesh? Partner: Yes, of course. Go along this street, turn left, and keep straight on until you can get to BNS Center. Asian University of Bangladesh will be on your right.
  13. 13. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 97 Location and Directions practice Expressions Meaning How do I get to your office? wKfv‡e Avcbvi Awd‡m †h‡Z cvwi? Can you tell me the best way of getting to your office? Avcbvi Awd‡m hvIqvi fv‡jv iv¯—vwU ej‡eb? What’s the quickest way of getting to your office? Avcbvi Awd‡m hvIqvi `ª“Z iv¯—v ‡KvbwU? It’s much easier if you take the taxi. GUv me‡P‡q mnh hw` Avcwb GKUv †Uw· †bb We are opposite / next to / in front of Uttara University. Avgiv DËiv BDwbfvwm©wUi mvg‡b Go straight on / left/ right at light. ‡mvRv / ev‡g / Wv‡b †h‡Z _vKzb Go past the super market mycvi gv‡K©U cvi n‡q hvb It’s the first turning on the right after the bank. GUv e¨vs‡Ki c‡Ii Wv‡b cÖ_g †gvo You’ll see a large sign / roundabout Zzwg eo GKUv mvBb‡evW© / †MvjPZ¡i ‡`L‡e On your left you’ll see a hospital ‡Zvgvi ev‡g Zzwg GKUv nvmcvZvj †`L‡e Just after the level crossing / shopping mall. ‡j‡fj µwmsUvi c‡iB Go past the garage ‡M‡iR cvi n‡q
  14. 14. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 98 Lesson 2.4 Try to make sentences with 3 tenses by using these verbs Sleep Nygv‡bv slept slept Smell NÖvb †bIqv smelt smelt Spell evbvb Kiv spelt spelt Spoil bó Kiv spoiled spoiled Study Aa¨qb Kiv studied studied Succeed K…ZKvh© nIqv succeeded succeeded Teach wk¶v †`Iqv taught taught Tell ejv told told Travel ågY Kiv traveled traveled Think wPš—v Kiv thought thought Understand eyS‡Z cviv understood understood Walk nuvUv walked walked Want PvIqv wanted wanted Weep Kuv`v wept wept Watch ‡`Lv watched watched Wish B”Qv Kiv wished wished
  15. 15. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 99 Lesson 2.5 Fluency With Structure No English Bangla Words/ Expressions 1. I am able to do Avwg Ki‡Z cvwi/ Avwg Ki‡Z m¶g 2. I didn’t have to do Avgv‡K Ki‡Z nqwb 3. I have the right to do Avgvi Kivi AwaKvi Av‡Q 4. I had the right to do Avgvi Kivi AwaKvi wQj 5. I am supposed to do Avgvi Kivi K_v Av‡Q(cwiKíbvA‡_©) 6. He is supposed to do Zvi Kivi K_v Av‡Q 7. You are supposed to do †Zvgvi Kivi K_v Av‡Q 8. I was supposed to do Avgvi Kivi K_v wQj 9. I need to do Avgvi Kiv `iKvi 10. I don’t need to do Avgvi Kivi `iKvi †bB recite the holy Quran sing a song solve the problem drive car govern you enjoy social benefits think freely vote by my own build my life go home today do the work finish the work by now arrive tonight inform you take a SMART plan sleep now talk to you say this take help from you request him Recite-(Ave„wË Kiv), sing-(Mvb MvIqv), solve-(mgvavb Kiv), drive-(Pvjvb), govern-(kvmb Kiv), enjoy-(Dc‡fvM Kiv), think-(wPš—v Kiv), vote- (†fvU †`Iqv), build- (ˆZix Kiv), finish- (†kl Kiv), arrive-(‡cŠQv), inform-(Rvbvb), take- †bIqv), sleep-(Nygvb), talk-(K_v ejv), say-(ejv), take help-(mvnvh¨ †bIqv), request-(Aby‡iva Kiv)
  16. 16. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 100 Part 03 Practical Session Lesson 3.1 Festivals 1. Say something about festivals? 2. What is the importance of festivals in our lives? 3. Mention some festivals of your country? 4. What is the difference between national festivals and traditional festivals? 5. How do we celebrate our national festivals? 6. What is your favorite festival? 7. What is the significance of this festival? 8. What kind of clothes do we wear on our traditional festivals? 9. What is the effectiveness of festivals? 10. Do you think globalization affects our festivals in any way? 11. Why or why not/ 12. How does it affect 13. What are the different types of food people have in different festivals? 14. What are the differences between religious festivals and national festivals? 15. Why do we celebrate ‘Pahel Baishakh’? 16. What are the specialties of this festivals? 17. What is the significance of Eid-ul-Fitr? 18. What is the significance of Eid-ul-Azha? 19. Are we deviating from our traditional festivals?
  17. 17. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 101 Lesson 3.2 Say something about these pictures Hello friends This is …………………………………….. before you. I am really pleased to be here in this beautiful evening. Now I would like to say something about The picture…… Pic- 01 Pic-02 Pic-03 Pic-04 Pic-05
  18. 18. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 102 Lesson 3.3 Home work for next class Hello friends, This is …………………………………….. before you. I am really pleased to be here in this beautiful evening. Now I would like to say something about Selected topic. Today my topic is Festival. There are various types of festivals in our country …… Religious Others  Star Sunday  Magi purnima  Christmas day Hindus  Durga Puza  Laksmi Puza  Sorosoti Puza  Kali puza Muslims 1. Eid-ul Fitor 2. Eid-ul Azha 3. Eid-e Miladun Nabi 4. Sobe Borat, Sobe Qodor etc. National  21 February  26 March  16 December etc. Social  Marriage day  Birth day, Book fair Cultural  Pohela Baishakh  Valentines day  Pohela Falgun etc. Festivals
  19. 19. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 103 Part 04 Additional Study Materials (Not for class) Lesson 4.1 1.1 Everyday words/Expressions No. Words/Expressions Meaning Make sentences by your own 01. For hours and hours (NÈv ci NÈv) 02. Days after days (w`‡bi ci w`b) 03. Months after months (gv‡mi ci gvm) 04. Years after years (eQ‡ii ci eQi) 05. A mater of public knowledge (me©RbwewaZ welq) 06. In public (cÖKv‡k¨) 07. Public’s demand (RbM‡Yi `vwe) 08. Peace loving people (kvwš—Kvgx gvbyl) 09. Heave a sigh of relief (¯^w¯—i wbtk¦vm †djv) 10. Increase public awareness (MYm‡PZbZv e„w× Kiv) Lesson 4.2 1.2 Expressions for better speaking No. Words/Phrases Meaning Make sentences by your own 01. Good for nothing (AKgb©¨) 02. Full of vanity (AnsKv‡i cwic~Y©) 03. To the last (†kl ch©š—) 04. In full swing (cy‡iv`‡g) 05. For the time being (AvcvZZ) 06. In short (ms‡¶‡c) 07. By turns (cvjvµ‡g) 08. In secret (†Mvc‡b) 09. In a hurry (Zvovûivq _vKv) 10. With a high hand (Rei`w¯— K‡i) 11. Go too far (mxgv Qvwo‡q hvIqv) (Zzwg m`vPi‡Y mxgv Qvwo‡q †M‡Qv) 12. Give out (†kl nIqv) (Avgvi ˆah© †kl n‡Z hv‡”Q)
  20. 20. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 104 Lesson 4.3 Outside world (ewn©wek¦) Sanguinary clash (i³¶qx msNl©) Pledge – bound (cÖwZkÖ“wZe×) Attain desired goal (cÖZ¨vwkZ j¶¨ AR©b Kiv) Outgoing (we`vqx) Outstanding performance (AmvaviY K…wZZ¡) Leading (kxl©¯’vbxq) Sustain heritage (HwZn¨ jvjb Kiv) On the occasion of (Dcj‡¶) Rendering of song (Mvb cwi‡ekb) Take up (nv‡Z †bqv) Weeklong (mßvne¨vcx) Closing ceremony (mgvcbx Awa‡ekb) Expected competency (cÖZ¨vwkZ †hvM¨Zv) At the expense of (wewbg‡q) Worse situation (†kvPbxq Ae¯’v) Adverse impact (weiƒc cÖwZwµqv) Eco-friendly (cwi‡ek mnvqK) Unhygienic (A¯^v¯’¨Ki) Recap