Spoken & Pronunciation Course 85
Part 01 Pronunciation skills
The true ‘T’ and the Flap ‘T’
Rule: 1- Flap ‘T’ between vowel sounds
Rule: 2- Flap ‘T’ with /
After / Before / Before & After /
Artist Daughter Quarter
Rule: 3 - With double ‘T’
Rule: 4- Before
Spoken & Pronunciation Course 86
Rule: 5- Between words
I bought a CD of lessons
It’ll be useful
Oh no! Where did I put it?
Identify the word with a flap T
Identify the entire flap ‘T’
From the beginning it’s been a very bitter winter.
Back in December we had a terrible ice storm and many families mine
included, lost electricity.
Today is the little warmer than usual.
But I know colder temperatures will return.
I’ll try to say warm. You do same.
This lesson focused on the flap T, but the voiced tap is not limited to words spelled with a
T or a double T. You will often hear the same sound in words spelled with a D or a double
Spoken & Pronunciation Course 87
Plosive sound ‘T’
In order to produce an American T sound, the tip of the BOTTOM ridge of your upper
GUMS, unlike the tip touching in the center of your upper bard pattle like for the
Bangladeshi ‘t’ sound.
Let’s try this now, TEEE
Say this 5 times. Now not only 5 times say this more than 5 times if you need to do.
Now with some words:
Tomorrow Time Tennis Tour Tournament
Table Tune Tongue Tap Type
Terrific Terrible Turn Trial Teenage
Tough Tiny Terminate
Now with some American Names:
Tony Thomas Todd Teresa
Tyrene Tom Taylor
Plosive sounds ‘T’ Rules
Rule-1: If T is the beginning of a word: Plosive T is ALL the cases.
It took Tim ten times to try the telephone stop touching Ted’s toes.
Turn towards Stella and study her contact together.
Control your terms.
It’s Tommy’s turn to tell the teacher the truth
Timothy and Todd told Teresa, their secretary to total up their accounts.
Spoken & Pronunciation Course 88
If T is in the middle of two vowels a soft‘d’ should not be mistaken with an exact D
sound. Otherwise, that would be quite heavy. For the soft‘d’ sound your tongue
needs to flap up to the BOTTOM ridg of upper GUMS. This is same position as the
plosive American T sounds. However, in this case all you need to do is flap at that
position and not apply any effort.
Better, Computer, Matter, Water, Waiter, Later, Saturday, positive, Pattern, Bottle.
What a good idea.
Put it in a bottle.
Write it in a letter
Set it on the metal gutter.
Put all the data in the computer.
Insert a quarter in the meter.
Get a better water heater.
Let her put a smarter or Betty’s at the meeting.
It’s getting hotter and hotter.
Petty ought to write a better letter.
Frieda had a little metal battle.
Betty bought a bit of better butter.
Pat ought to sit on a lap.
Spoken & Pronunciation Course 89
If T is at the end of a word: Held‘t’
In this case the‘t’ sound is almost silent, but exactly silent. For this the tip of
your tongue needs to touch on the FRONT WALL of your upper GUMS. It
needs to be more like a resting position, that is why it is called a held‘t’.
There no effort at the end, so thee’s No sound either.
Here is a list of sentences with T sound at the end.
It’s what they want to get.
Put them back in the pot.
Set the clock back at the event.
What did you find at that site?
Rule: 4- T before the N is also a ‘held T’ sound. But in this case the
flapping motion is more in use.
We need to shorten the kindergarten class.
Coventney had written about the fountain of youth.
The sumo wrestlers had eaten well to fatten up.
Whitney’s rotten kitten has bitten mortal.
They have eaten a lot of chartny in Britain.
The molten law poured down the mountain.
We’re certain that the saten mitten is near the cartain.
Spoken & Pronunciation Course 90
Rule: 5- The last rule five is also about N in the word, but here the ‘T’ follows N
If the N is before the T then the T goes silent.
Practice with sentence:
He interrupted twenty interviews in Toronto.
There was a large percentage of international students.
He won’t even interfere with the interaction.
We took full advantage of the internet.
He drove interested through to Alkanet.
He’s at the international hotel.
He wasn’t even helping out.
He hasn’t bothered you much, has he?
We won’t always do it, believe me.
Patty was good right, wasn’t he?
Listen to the audio reading out a passage for the T sound. You should first find out which
of the five rules apply to the T sounds given in the passage.
Trevor, Todd and Teresa would tie up together every night, and go for the movies, their
favorite movie was “The teacher taught the truth to Tony” . todd and Teresa were quite
fond of tourism, in fact they thought of touring together to twenty different tourist spots.
Trevor however was a typical untidy person ___ so for him packing for a tour seemed
Spoken & Pronunciation Course 91
Tongue twister for getting fluency
Peter piper picked a pack of pickled peppers.
Did peter piper pick a pack of pickled peppers?
If peter piper picked a pack of pickled peppers,
Where’s the pack of pickled peppers peter piper picked.
Betty Botter had some butter,
“But” she said “this butter’s bitter,
If I back this bitter butter,
It would make my butter bitter.
But a bit of bitter butter
that would make my batter better
So she bought a bit of butter
And she backed it in her batter
And the batter was not bitter
So ‘twas better Betty Botter
Bought a bit of better butter
Names of department
Word Transcription Word Transcription
Spoken & Pronunciation Course 92
Suffix ment †K Avgiv mvavibZ Ò†g›UÓ pronounce Kwi| But the correct sound will be /mnt/
Word Transcription Word Transcription
Part 02 Spoken Skills (Fluency Process)
More about WH:
Questions (You) Answers (your partner)
1. What is this? This is a table.
2. What is that? That is a chair.
2. What’s this? It’s a pen
3. What’s that? It’s an apple.
4. What are these? These are pencils.
5. What are those? Those are books.
6. Where is Mr. Runny? He is over there.
7. How is the food? It’s delicious.
Spoken & Pronunciation Course 93
Asking for Information with pictures
How is the apple?
What are these?
Who is he?
What are those?
It’s a pen.
Spoken & Pronunciation Course 96
In whose table Kvi †UwejwUi g‡a¨?
On whose table Kvi †UwejwUi Dci?
Under whose table Kvi †UwejwUi wb‡P?
From whose life Kvi wReb †_‡K?
Location and Directions
Suchi: I want to go to Airport. Could you please tell me how to
Ans: Take the first turning on your left and walk straight on. Go past the
police station and you will see a roundabout. The area on the other
side is Airport.
Lisa: I have heard a lot about Nandan Park. Can you please tell me its
Ans: It’s situated in Ashulia. You will have to hire a taxi to take you to
Ashulia and on reaching there you will see a large signpost stating its
You: Excuse me! Where is the nearest bank?
Partner: It’s across the road, over there.
You: Thanks a lot.
Partner: You are welcome.
You: Sorry to disturb you. Is there any Brack Bank booth near here.
Partner: Oh it’s near here. It’s down the street, opposite to the hospital, next to
the shoe shop.
You: Excuse me! Could you tell me the way to Asian University of
Partner: Yes, of course. Go along this street, turn left, and keep straight on
until you can get to BNS Center. Asian University of Bangladesh will
be on your right.
Spoken & Pronunciation Course 100
Part 03 Practical Session
1. Say something about festivals?
2. What is the importance of festivals in our lives?
3. Mention some festivals of your country?
4. What is the difference between national festivals and traditional festivals?
5. How do we celebrate our national festivals?
6. What is your favorite festival?
7. What is the significance of this festival?
8. What kind of clothes do we wear on our traditional festivals?
9. What is the effectiveness of festivals?
10. Do you think globalization affects our festivals in any way?
11. Why or why not/
12. How does it affect
13. What are the different types of food people have in different festivals?
14. What are the differences between religious festivals and national festivals?
15. Why do we celebrate ‘Pahel Baishakh’?
16. What are the specialties of this festivals?
17. What is the significance of Eid-ul-Fitr?
18. What is the significance of Eid-ul-Azha?
19. Are we deviating from our traditional festivals?
Spoken & Pronunciation Course 101
Say something about these pictures
This is …………………………………….. before you. I am really pleased to be here in
this beautiful evening. Now I would like to say something about The picture……
Spoken & Pronunciation Course 102
Home work for next class
This is …………………………………….. before you. I am really pleased to
be here in this beautiful evening. Now I would like to say something about
Selected topic. Today my topic is Festival. There are various types of
festivals in our country ……
1. Eid-ul Fitor
2. Eid-ul Azha
3. Eid-e Miladun Nabi
4. Sobe Borat, Sobe
16 December etc.
Birth day, Book fair
Pohela Falgun etc.