BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Clinical microbial rev,2004 oct:17(4):863-93 NAME AND YEAR STUDY RESULT Kampf G,Kramer A 2004 Epidemologic Background of hand hygiene & evaluation of the most important agents for rubs and scrubs The best antimicrobial activity can be achieved with ethanol(60-85%), isopropanol(60-80%) & n-propanol(60-80%) and the activity is broad and immediate.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY cont. Med Princ Pract,2005 sep-oct:14(5):313-7 NAME AND YEAR STUDY RESULT Karabay O et.al. 2005 Compliance and efficacy of handrubbing during in-hospital practice. METHOD Hand cultures were taken before and after procedure. N=35 Handrubbing with alcohol based solutions significantly reduced the bacterial contaminationof the nurses more than handwashing (54 and 27%respectively). Compliance was also better in the handrubbing group than the handwashing group(72.5% and 15.4% respectively;p value=0.001)