Historic findings reveal that leaders and followers vary by - intelligence - dominance - self-confidence - level of energy and activity - task-relevant knowledge
Contemporary findings show that - people tend to perceive that someone is a leader when he or she exhibits traits associated with intelligence, masculinity, and dominance - people want their leaders to be credible - credible leaders are honest, forward-looking, inspiring, and competent
Leadership Traits : represent the personal characteristics that differentiate leaders from followers.
Skills and Best Practices: Tips for Improving Leader Effectiveness Behavior Recommended Behaviors Listen Intensely listen to what others have to say. Determine the true cause of performance problems. Examine Think through problems from all perspectives. Do not play favorites and find solutions that benefit everyone involved. Assist Help others to learn from mistakes and errors. Develop Explain the rationale for decisions and implement fair policies and procedures. Encourage Provide employees with the resources needed to do a job. Gently push people to advance into more demanding roles. Recognize Praise people for their good work. Focus on the positive whenever possible.
Successful leadership depends more on appropriate behavior and actions , and less on personality traits. Behavior can be learned and changed whereas traits remain more or less fixed. Thus this school of thought suggest that “LEADERS ARE NOT BORN BUT THEY HAVE TO BE DEVELOPED”.