SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Leadership concepts and theories

A
A

cdfcsdv

Leadership concepts and theories

1 of 25
Download to read offline
LEADERSHIP
What Is Leadership?
Leadership
The ability to influence a
group toward the
achievement of goals.

Management
Use of authority inherent
in designated formal rank
to obtain compliance from
organizational members.
LEADERSHIP THEORIES

• TRAIT THEORY


• BEHAVIOURAL THEORIES


• CONTINGENCY THEORIES
1, Trait Theories
Traits Theories of
Leadership                      Leadership Traits:

Theories that consider          • Ambition and energy
personality, social, physic     • The desire to lead
al, or intellectual traits to
                                • Honest and integrity
differentiate leaders from
nonleaders.                     • Self-confidence
                                • Intelligence
                                • High self-monitoring
                                • Job-relevant knowledge
Trait Theories


Limitations:
• No universal traits found that predict leadership in
  all situations.
• Unclear evidence of the cause and effect of
  relationship of leadership and traits.
2. Behavioral Theories
Behavioral Theories of Leadership
Theories proposing that specific behaviors
differentiate leaders from nonleaders.



 • Trait theory:
   Leaders are born, not made.
 • Behavioral theory:
   Leadership traits can be taught.

Recommended

Concept of leadership
Concept of leadershipConcept of leadership
Concept of leadershipTarun Gehlot
 
Behavioral Theories Of Leadership PowerPoint Presentation Slides
Behavioral Theories Of Leadership PowerPoint Presentation SlidesBehavioral Theories Of Leadership PowerPoint Presentation Slides
Behavioral Theories Of Leadership PowerPoint Presentation SlidesSlideTeam
 
What is Charismatic Leadership
What is Charismatic LeadershipWhat is Charismatic Leadership
What is Charismatic Leadershipwww.technofunc.com
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Leadership
LeadershipLeadership
LeadershipPhama
 
Keys To Success Effective Leadership
Keys To Success Effective  LeadershipKeys To Success Effective  Leadership
Keys To Success Effective LeadershipDivaone
 
Leadership and leadership approaches
Leadership and leadership approachesLeadership and leadership approaches
Leadership and leadership approachesAMALDASKH
 
Leadership in Organizations
Leadership in OrganizationsLeadership in Organizations
Leadership in Organizationshutchison_susie
 
Leadership Style, Theory & Qualities
Leadership Style, Theory & QualitiesLeadership Style, Theory & Qualities
Leadership Style, Theory & QualitiesBivas Joydhar
 
Types of Leaders
Types of LeadersTypes of Leaders
Types of LeadersGlance Ruiz
 
Theories of leadership
Theories of leadershipTheories of leadership
Theories of leadershipKesari Nandan
 
Leadership theories and studies
Leadership theories  and studiesLeadership theories  and studies
Leadership theories and studiesMariyam Aziz
 
Leadership Powerpoint Presentation Slides
Leadership Powerpoint Presentation SlidesLeadership Powerpoint Presentation Slides
Leadership Powerpoint Presentation SlidesSlideTeam
 
Leadership styles and theories
Leadership styles and theoriesLeadership styles and theories
Leadership styles and theoriesKarthikaeya P
 

What's hot (20)

Leadership theories
Leadership theories Leadership theories
Leadership theories
 
leadership
leadershipleadership
leadership
 
Leadership
LeadershipLeadership
Leadership
 
Leadership
LeadershipLeadership
Leadership
 
Keys To Success Effective Leadership
Keys To Success Effective  LeadershipKeys To Success Effective  Leadership
Keys To Success Effective Leadership
 
Leadership
LeadershipLeadership
Leadership
 
Leadership and leadership approaches
Leadership and leadership approachesLeadership and leadership approaches
Leadership and leadership approaches
 
Behavioral theories
Behavioral theories Behavioral theories
Behavioral theories
 
Leadership in Organizations
Leadership in OrganizationsLeadership in Organizations
Leadership in Organizations
 
Leadership Style, Theory & Qualities
Leadership Style, Theory & QualitiesLeadership Style, Theory & Qualities
Leadership Style, Theory & Qualities
 
Types of Leaders
Types of LeadersTypes of Leaders
Types of Leaders
 
Theories of leadership
Theories of leadershipTheories of leadership
Theories of leadership
 
Leadership
LeadershipLeadership
Leadership
 
Leadership Style
Leadership StyleLeadership Style
Leadership Style
 
Leadership theories and studies
Leadership theories  and studiesLeadership theories  and studies
Leadership theories and studies
 
Leadership Powerpoint Presentation Slides
Leadership Powerpoint Presentation SlidesLeadership Powerpoint Presentation Slides
Leadership Powerpoint Presentation Slides
 
LEADERSHIP
LEADERSHIPLEADERSHIP
LEADERSHIP
 
Leadership styles and theories
Leadership styles and theoriesLeadership styles and theories
Leadership styles and theories
 
Leadership
Leadership Leadership
Leadership
 
Leadership
LeadershipLeadership
Leadership
 

Viewers also liked

Presentation on leadership
Presentation on leadershipPresentation on leadership
Presentation on leadershipsd college
 
Leadership Styles with Examples
Leadership Styles with ExamplesLeadership Styles with Examples
Leadership Styles with Exampleschintu83
 
Leadership styles
Leadership stylesLeadership styles
Leadership stylesMohini Sahu
 
Leadership ppt presentation
Leadership ppt presentationLeadership ppt presentation
Leadership ppt presentationGayatri Shelke
 
Leadership ppt
Leadership pptLeadership ppt
Leadership pptDivya Rani
 
Leader Member Exchange Theory
Leader  Member Exchange TheoryLeader  Member Exchange Theory
Leader Member Exchange TheoryAlok Mahajan
 
Basic Leadership Training Lesson 1
Basic Leadership Training Lesson 1Basic Leadership Training Lesson 1
Basic Leadership Training Lesson 1Jerry Smith
 
S'adapter aux realites bâtiment totem
S'adapter aux realites   bâtiment totemS'adapter aux realites   bâtiment totem
S'adapter aux realites bâtiment totemRieul Techer
 
Oportunidad Negocio (2 )
Oportunidad Negocio (2 )Oportunidad Negocio (2 )
Oportunidad Negocio (2 )HERBALIFE
 
Productos HERBALIFE
Productos HERBALIFEProductos HERBALIFE
Productos HERBALIFEHERBALIFE
 
Chapter 4 leadership in org
Chapter 4 leadership in orgChapter 4 leadership in org
Chapter 4 leadership in orgsamarajaved55
 
Steve jobs, Leadership model
Steve jobs, Leadership modelSteve jobs, Leadership model
Steve jobs, Leadership modelaymanhamza
 
Gardner's 9 Tasks adapted for Christian Leadership
Gardner's 9 Tasks adapted for Christian LeadershipGardner's 9 Tasks adapted for Christian Leadership
Gardner's 9 Tasks adapted for Christian Leadershipmgjohnson23
 
Want to be a Good Leader???? Follow this.......
Want to be a Good Leader???? Follow this.......Want to be a Good Leader???? Follow this.......
Want to be a Good Leader???? Follow this.......Manikandan Dhanasekaran
 
Bill Gates VS Steve Jobs
Bill Gates VS Steve JobsBill Gates VS Steve Jobs
Bill Gates VS Steve JobsDedi Supardi
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Presentation on leadership
Presentation on leadershipPresentation on leadership
Presentation on leadership
 
Leadership Styles with Examples
Leadership Styles with ExamplesLeadership Styles with Examples
Leadership Styles with Examples
 
Leadership styles
Leadership stylesLeadership styles
Leadership styles
 
Leadership ppt presentation
Leadership ppt presentationLeadership ppt presentation
Leadership ppt presentation
 
Leadership ppt
Leadership pptLeadership ppt
Leadership ppt
 
Leadership Ppt
Leadership PptLeadership Ppt
Leadership Ppt
 
Effective Leadership
Effective LeadershipEffective Leadership
Effective Leadership
 
Leader Member Exchange Theory
Leader  Member Exchange TheoryLeader  Member Exchange Theory
Leader Member Exchange Theory
 
Basic Leadership Training Lesson 1
Basic Leadership Training Lesson 1Basic Leadership Training Lesson 1
Basic Leadership Training Lesson 1
 
S'adapter aux realites bâtiment totem
S'adapter aux realites   bâtiment totemS'adapter aux realites   bâtiment totem
S'adapter aux realites bâtiment totem
 
Oportunidad Negocio (2 )
Oportunidad Negocio (2 )Oportunidad Negocio (2 )
Oportunidad Negocio (2 )
 
Productos HERBALIFE
Productos HERBALIFEProductos HERBALIFE
Productos HERBALIFE
 
Bienvenidos!!
Bienvenidos!!Bienvenidos!!
Bienvenidos!!
 
Chapter 4 leadership in org
Chapter 4 leadership in orgChapter 4 leadership in org
Chapter 4 leadership in org
 
Leadership for quality
Leadership for qualityLeadership for quality
Leadership for quality
 
Delegation and empowerment
Delegation and empowermentDelegation and empowerment
Delegation and empowerment
 
Steve jobs, Leadership model
Steve jobs, Leadership modelSteve jobs, Leadership model
Steve jobs, Leadership model
 
Gardner's 9 Tasks adapted for Christian Leadership
Gardner's 9 Tasks adapted for Christian LeadershipGardner's 9 Tasks adapted for Christian Leadership
Gardner's 9 Tasks adapted for Christian Leadership
 
Want to be a Good Leader???? Follow this.......
Want to be a Good Leader???? Follow this.......Want to be a Good Leader???? Follow this.......
Want to be a Good Leader???? Follow this.......
 
Bill Gates VS Steve Jobs
Bill Gates VS Steve JobsBill Gates VS Steve Jobs
Bill Gates VS Steve Jobs
 

Similar to Leadership concepts and theories

Leadershipconceptsandtheories 120810034143-phpapp01
Leadershipconceptsandtheories 120810034143-phpapp01Leadershipconceptsandtheories 120810034143-phpapp01
Leadershipconceptsandtheories 120810034143-phpapp01IT
 
C12 13 leadership
C12 13 leadershipC12 13 leadership
C12 13 leadershipBadinpress
 
Organization Leadership by Helen & Aurelia (Group 8)
Organization Leadership by Helen & Aurelia (Group 8)Organization Leadership by Helen & Aurelia (Group 8)
Organization Leadership by Helen & Aurelia (Group 8)Jay Gonzales
 
Computer service team
Computer service teamComputer service team
Computer service teamSsu Ying Chen
 
C12_13_leadership.ppt
C12_13_leadership.pptC12_13_leadership.ppt
C12_13_leadership.pptsouravB3
 
Leadership in an Organisation
Leadership in an OrganisationLeadership in an Organisation
Leadership in an OrganisationSANAL C.WILSON
 
Leadership Concept, Theories and Styles
Leadership Concept, Theories and StylesLeadership Concept, Theories and Styles
Leadership Concept, Theories and StylesDr. Abzal Basha H S
 
7leadership 120611134559-phpapp02(1)
7leadership 120611134559-phpapp02(1)7leadership 120611134559-phpapp02(1)
7leadership 120611134559-phpapp02(1)Farliana
 
Basic approaches to leadership mz 03
Basic approaches to leadership mz 03Basic approaches to leadership mz 03
Basic approaches to leadership mz 03Krishna Veeni
 
Major Theories Of Leadership
Major Theories Of LeadershipMajor Theories Of Leadership
Major Theories Of LeadershipTuhin Parves
 
Inb220 tt week 2 ch 3 leadership
Inb220 tt week 2  ch 3 leadershipInb220 tt week 2  ch 3 leadership
Inb220 tt week 2 ch 3 leadershipBhupesh Shah
 

Similar to Leadership concepts and theories (20)

Leadershipconceptsandtheories 120810034143-phpapp01
Leadershipconceptsandtheories 120810034143-phpapp01Leadershipconceptsandtheories 120810034143-phpapp01
Leadershipconceptsandtheories 120810034143-phpapp01
 
Leadership ppt
Leadership pptLeadership ppt
Leadership ppt
 
C12 13 leadership
C12 13 leadershipC12 13 leadership
C12 13 leadership
 
Organization Leadership by Helen & Aurelia (Group 8)
Organization Leadership by Helen & Aurelia (Group 8)Organization Leadership by Helen & Aurelia (Group 8)
Organization Leadership by Helen & Aurelia (Group 8)
 
leadership
leadershipleadership
leadership
 
Computer service team
Computer service teamComputer service team
Computer service team
 
C12_13_leadership.ppt
C12_13_leadership.pptC12_13_leadership.ppt
C12_13_leadership.ppt
 
Leadership in an Organisation
Leadership in an OrganisationLeadership in an Organisation
Leadership in an Organisation
 
7 leadership
7 leadership7 leadership
7 leadership
 
Manager as a leader
Manager as a leader Manager as a leader
Manager as a leader
 
Leadership Concept, Theories and Styles
Leadership Concept, Theories and StylesLeadership Concept, Theories and Styles
Leadership Concept, Theories and Styles
 
Leadership
LeadershipLeadership
Leadership
 
7leadership 120611134559-phpapp02(1)
7leadership 120611134559-phpapp02(1)7leadership 120611134559-phpapp02(1)
7leadership 120611134559-phpapp02(1)
 
Leadership
LeadershipLeadership
Leadership
 
Leadership
LeadershipLeadership
Leadership
 
Basic approaches to leadership mz 03
Basic approaches to leadership mz 03Basic approaches to leadership mz 03
Basic approaches to leadership mz 03
 
Major Theories Of Leadership
Major Theories Of LeadershipMajor Theories Of Leadership
Major Theories Of Leadership
 
Inb220 tt week 2 ch 3 leadership
Inb220 tt week 2  ch 3 leadershipInb220 tt week 2  ch 3 leadership
Inb220 tt week 2 ch 3 leadership
 
Stephen leadership
Stephen leadershipStephen leadership
Stephen leadership
 
Man101 Chapter11
Man101 Chapter11Man101 Chapter11
Man101 Chapter11
 

Leadership concepts and theories

  • 2. What Is Leadership? Leadership The ability to influence a group toward the achievement of goals. Management Use of authority inherent in designated formal rank to obtain compliance from organizational members.
  • 3. LEADERSHIP THEORIES • TRAIT THEORY • BEHAVIOURAL THEORIES • CONTINGENCY THEORIES
  • 4. 1, Trait Theories Traits Theories of Leadership Leadership Traits: Theories that consider • Ambition and energy personality, social, physic • The desire to lead al, or intellectual traits to • Honest and integrity differentiate leaders from nonleaders. • Self-confidence • Intelligence • High self-monitoring • Job-relevant knowledge
  • 5. Trait Theories Limitations: • No universal traits found that predict leadership in all situations. • Unclear evidence of the cause and effect of relationship of leadership and traits.
  • 6. 2. Behavioral Theories Behavioral Theories of Leadership Theories proposing that specific behaviors differentiate leaders from nonleaders. • Trait theory: Leaders are born, not made. • Behavioral theory: Leadership traits can be taught.
  • 7. a. Ohio State Studies Initiating Structure The extent to which a leader is likely to define and structure his or her role and those of sub- ordinates in the search for goal attainment. Consideration The extent to which a leader is likely to have job relationships characterized by mutual trust, respect for subordinate’s ideas, and regard for their feelings.
  • 8. b. University of Michigan Studies Employee-Oriented Leader Emphasizing interpersonal relations; taking a personal interest in the needs of employees and accepting individual differences among members. Production-Oriented Leader One who emphasizes technical or task aspects of the job.
  • 9. c. The Managerial Grid (Blake and Mouton) EXHIBIT 11–1
  • 11. a. Fiedler’s Model: Defining the Situation Leader-Member Relations The degree of confidence, trust, and respect subordinates have in their leader. Task Structure The degree to which the job assignments are procedurized. Position Power Influence derived from one’s formal structural position in the organization; includes power to hire, fire, discipline, promote, and give salary increases.
  • 13. b. Hersey and Blanchard’s Situational Leadership Theory Situational Leadership Theory (SLT) A contingency theory that focuses on followers’ readiness. Unable and Unable but Able and Able and Unwilling Willing Unwilling Willing Follower readiness: ability and willingness Leader: decreasing need for support and supervision Directive High Task and Relationship Supportive Monitoring Orientations Participative
  • 14. Leadership Styles and Follower Readiness (Hersey and Blanchard) Follower Unwilling Willing Readiness Able Supportive Monitoring Participative Leadership Styles High Task Unable Directive and Relationship Orientations
  • 15. c.Leader–Member Exchange Theory Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) Theory Leaders create in-groups and out-groups, and subordinates with in-group status will have higher performance ratings, less turnover, and greater job satisfaction.
  • 18. Leadership styles • Autocratic Management Style • Democratic Management Style • Laissez Faire Management style Transactional Leadership Transformational Leadership
  • 19. Autocratic Management Style • an autocratic manager dictates orders to their staff and makes decisions without any consultation. • The leader likes to control the situation they are in. • Decision are quick . • This type of management style can decrease motivation and increase staff turnover
  • 20. Democratic or participative style • A democratic manager delegates authority to the staff, giving them responsibility to complete the task. • Staff will complete the tasks using their own work methods on time. • Employees are involved in decision making giving them a sense motivating individuals. • Increases job satisfaction by involving employees or team members . • Slow decision making process.
  • 21. Laissez Faire Management style • A laissez faire manager sets the tasks and gives staff complete freedom to complete the task as they see fit. “leave it be”. • It works for teams in which the individuals are very experienced and skilled self-starters. • There is minimal involvement from the manager. • The manager coaches or supply information if required. • Benefits - staff are developed to take responsibility . • Staff feel lost and not reach the goals set within the time frame
  • 22. Employee Control Leaders control Autocratic Laissez - Faire
  • 23. Transactional and Transformational Leadership Transactional Leaders Leaders who guide or motivate their followers in the direction of established goals by clarifying role and task requirements. Transformational Leaders Leaders who provide individualized consideration and intellectual stimulation, and who possess charisma.
  • 24. Characteristics of Transactional Leaders Contingent Reward: Contracts exchange of rewards for effort, promises rewards for good performance, recognizes accomplishments. Management by Exception: Watches and searches for deviations from rules and standards, takes corrective action.
  • 25. Characteristics of Transformational Leaders Idealized Influence: Provides vision and sense of mission, instills pride, gains respect and trust. Inspiration: Communicates high expectations, uses symbols to focus efforts, expresses important purposes in simple ways. Intellectual Stimulation: Promotes intelligence, rationality, and careful problem solving. Individualized Consideration: Gives personal attention, treats each employee individually, coaches, advises.