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I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
I day 3-policy on dm-moha
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I day 3-policy on dm-moha

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Nepal Presentations at Regional DP / DRR Workshop Biratnagar July 14-15, 2010

Nepal Presentations at Regional DP / DRR Workshop Biratnagar July 14-15, 2010

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  • 1. Policies Related to Disaster Management in Nepal Presented by: Disaster Management Section Ministry of Home Affairs WWW.DRRGON.GOV.NP
  • 2. Major Policy Related To Disaster Management
    • Natural Calamity Rescue Act, 1982
    • Centre Natural Disaster Rescue Committee
    • Prime Minister Natural Calamity Rescue Fund
    • Three Year Interim Plan
    • Sectoral Policies: Environment Policy, etc.
    • National Strategy for DRM 2009
    • Draft of New Disaster Management Act
  • 3. National Calamity Act, 1982
    • Preamble of the National Calamity Act, 1982
    • Where as it is expedient to make arrangement for the operation of relief work and the maintenance of people’s convenience with a view to protect the life and property of the people.
    • The Act was enacted on the advice and with the consent of the then parliament in 2039 BS (1982 AD).
  • 4. Natural Disaster Relief work means:
    • Any relief work to be carried out in the area affected or
    • Likely to be affected
    • In order to remove the grief and inconvenience caused to the people.
    • Rehabilitation of the disaster victims.
    • Protection of the life and property of the people.
    • Prevention measures and advance preparation.
  • 5. Government Institution, Partners, Procedures
    • The Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) is designated as the lead agency responsible for implementation of the Natural Calamity (Relief) Act, 1982.
    • Currently, Various agencies of Government of Nepal are assigned with different aspects of Disaster Risk Management.
    • Central Natural Disaster Rescue Committee is chaired by the Home Minister. This committee is accountable for preparing National Policies and ensuring its implementation.
  • 6. Government Institution, Partners (Contd.)
    • MoHA is also responsible for Rescue and Relief Works, Data Collection and Dissemination of Funds and resources.
    • Increasing involvement of the Academicians, researchers, UN agencies, INGOs, Local Bodies and civil societies in the Disaster Response.
  • 7. Govt. Institutional Arrangement Cabinet (Policy, Budget, Emergency Declaration) Central Natural Disaster Rescue Committee (Home Minister-Chairperson including members of all key Ministries, Departments, NRCS, etc.) (Coordination, Response, Rescue, Relief) Regional Natural Disaster Rescue Committee (Regional Resource Mobilization, direction) District Disaster Rescue Committee (Policy/program Execution, Rescue & Relief, Data)
  • 8.
    • Close down of the governmental or non governmental offices, educational institutions.
    • Prohibition of the activities in disaster area that may cause adverse effect on relief work.
    • Deputation of the employees of governmental or non governmental offices or of institutions.
    • Evacuation or cause to be evacuated the people from the affected area to the areas of safety.
    In order to carry out relief works the govt. may give orders to any one concerned to undertake any or all the following works:
  • 9.
    • Requisition of the movable and unmovable property of any individual or institution on temporary basis for a prescribed period, if such property is required to be used for the purpose of relief works.
    • Evacuation or cause to be evacuated the goods and commodities from the affected area to the areas of safety.
    • Requisition and use of the means of transportation owned by non governmental offices, association and individuals of the concerned District for fixed period of time.
    In order to carry out relief works (Contd.)
  • 10.
    • Requisition of the food grains, clothes, medicine, construction materials and other items belonging to non governmental offices, institutions and individuals of the concerned district and distribute it to the victims.
    • Try to save the real estates, factories, temples, shrines, and religious places including other significant objects and places.
    • Constitute and operate the aid groups.
    In order to carry out relief works (Contd.)
  • 11.
    • Take other necessary security measures for the safe guard of the life and property of the common people.
    • Other essential tasks specified.
    • Control over foreigner entry.
    In order to carry out relief works (Contd.)
  • 12. b}jL k|sf]k p4f/ P]gsf] s]Gb|ljGb'M k|ltsfo{ Focus of the Act: Response
  • 13. Three Year Interim Plan (Major Policy)
    • 3-Year Interim Plan (2007-2010) recognizes disasters as one of the major impediments of national development process , and tries to address DRM tasks by devoting one separate chapter on DRM (Chapter 26)
    • The Plan recognizes for DRM the need to foster collaboration and coordination among key players and institutions active in different sector of national economy
  • 14. Sectoral Policies Related To Disaster Management
    • Health
    • Water Energy
    • Forest
    • Environment Policy, etc.
    • Established a DRM Focal Points in Different Ministries including PM Office and NPC
  • 15. ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /fli6«o /0fgLlt NSDRM 2009
  • 16. cjwf/0ff
    • ljsf; k|lqmofdf hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf] cjwf/0ffnfO{ d"nk|jfxLs/0f
    • k|sf]kx¿af6 kg]{ k|lts"n k|efjsf] cNkLs/0f (mitigation), k"j{ tof/L (preparedness) tyf k|efjsf/L k|ltsfo{ (Response)
    • (Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015) nfO{ d"n cfwf/ dfgL cGo cGt/f{li6«o Pj+ If]qLo dfGotf Pj+ dfkb08sf] ;d]t cWoogsf cfwf/df o; lhDd]jf/LnfO{ sfo{¿kdf kl/0ft ug{ Pp6f 7f];, ;f/e"t Pj+ PsLs[t b:tfj]hsf] cfjZostf dx;"; eO{ k|:t't /0fgLlt th'{df u/L hf/L ul/Psf] xf] .
  • 17. ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg sfo{sf dfu{lgb]{zs l;4fGtx¿
    • ! ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf] cjwf/0ffnfO{ ljsf; of]hgfx¿df d"nk|jfxLs/0f ug]{
    • @ ;'/lIft hLjg / ;fdflhs ;'/Iffsf] k|Tofe"lt lbg],
    • # n}lËs tyf ;fdflhs ;dfj]zLs/0fnfO{ hf]8 lbg]
    • $ ljs]lGb|t sfof{Gjog k|lqmof cjnDag ug{]
    • % PsLs[t k|0ffnL (Holistic Approach) ckgfpg],
    • ^ sd{rf/Lx¿sf] ;'/Iff (Staff Safety and Security) nfO{ k|fyldstfsf ¿kdf lng],
    • & ;d"xut cjwf/0ff (Cluster Approach) sf] cfwf/df sfo{;+rfng ug],{ /
    • * ;xeflutfd"ns, cGt/lqmofTds / ;dGjofTds k|of;sf] efjgfg'¿k sfo{ ug]{ .
  • 18. k|d'v /0fgLltut k|fyldstf
    • ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fnfO{ lbuf] ljsf;sf /0fgLltx¿ tyf of]hgf th'd{f PsLs/0f ug]{ .
    • k|sf]kx¿af6 pTyfgzLntf (resilience) sf] ljsf; ug{sf nflu ;+:yf, ;+oGq tyf Ifdtfx¿sf] ljsf; tyf ;'b[9Ls/0f ug]{, /
    • hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL cjwf/0ffx¿nfO{ cfkTsfnLg k"j{–tof/L (Preparedness), k|ltsfo{ (Response) tyf k'gnf{e (Recovery) ;DaGwL sfo{qmddf Jojl:yt ¿kdf ;dfj]z ug]{ .
  • 19. ljkb Joj:yfkgsf nflu k|:tfljt ;Ë7gfTds ;+/rgf
    • /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg kl/ifb
    • /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg k|flws/0f (National Disaster Management Authority - NDMA)
    • If]qLo, lhNnf / :yfgLo ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldltx¿
  • 20. k|:tfljt ;+/rgf /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg kl/ifb /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg k|flws/0f If]qLo ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldlt lhNnf ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldlt :yfgLo ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldlt K|ffljlws ;ldltx? != k"j{tof/L Joj:yfkg @=p4f/ tyf /fxt Joj:yfkg #=k'g{:yfkgf tyf k'gMlgdf{0f
  • 21. /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg kl/ifbsf] sfd–st{Jo
    • !· ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg;DjGwL gLltx¿sf] cg'df]bg ug]{ .
    • @· /fli6«o ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg;DaGwL of]hgf tyf o:t} If]qut of]hgfx¿ :jLs[t ug]{ .
    • #· ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f, k"j{–tof/L, ;xof]u tyf k'gnf{e (recovery) sf nflu cfly{s ;|f]tsf] Joj:yf ldnfpg] tyf /]vb]v ug]{ .
    • $· ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf If]qx¿df låkIfLo, pkIf]qLo, If]qLo tyf cGt/f{li6«o ;xof]usf nflugLltut lgbz]{g lbg] .=
  • 22. /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg k|flws/0fsf sfd–st{Jox¿
    • != ljkb Joj:yfkg;DaGwL :jLs[t gLlt, of]hgf tyf sfo{qmdx¿ sfof{Gjog ug]{] .
    • @= :yfgLo:t/sf sfo{qmdx¿nfO{ ;d]t ;d]6L lhNnf:t/af6 k]z e} cfPsf of]hgfx¿nfO{ cfjZostf cg';f/ kl/dfh{g u/L :jLs[lt k|bfg ug]{ / ;f]sf] sfof{Gjogsf nflu cfly{s tyf k|fljlws ;xof]u ug]{ .
    • #= ;DalGwt k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/Laf6 k|fKt k|ltj]bg cg';f/ ljkb ;DefJoIf]q 3f]if0ff ug{ g]kfn
    • ;/sf/nfO{ l;kmfl/; ug]{ .
    • $= ljkbaf6 ax[ b ¿kdf ke| fljt If]qnfO{{ ;Í6u|:t If]q 3f]if0ff ug { g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{ l;kmfl/; ug,{ .
    • %= ljkb;DaGwL ;Dk0" f { ljj/0fx¿ ;Íng ug] { u/fpg], gbL lgoGq0f, af9L, klx/f], es" Dk, e–" d08nLo pi0fLs/0f, xfjfkfgL kl/jtg{ , e–" pkof]u cflb ljleGg ljifox¿df cg;' Gwfg ug] { u/fpg ] / ljkb;DaGwL s]GbL| o ;f| ]t ;+:yfsf] ¿kdf sfo{ ug{] .
    • ^= s'g} klg lsl;dsf ljkbaf6 x'g;Sg] wghgsf] IfltnfO{ Go"g ug{ k"j{r]tfjgL k|0ffnLsf] Joj:yfug]{, u/fpg] .
    • &= ljkb Joj:yfkgsf ljleGg r/0fx¿df sfo{ ug{ cfjZostf cg';f/ s]Gb|Lo:t/sf] sfo{bn u7g u/L sfo{ ug],{ u/fpg] .
    • *=======================================================
  • 23. If]qLo ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/
    • !· k"j{ tof/Lsf sfo{x¿df lhNnf ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldltx¿sf] aLrdf ;dGjo sfod u/L sfo{;+rfngdf k|efjsfl/tf Nofpg cfjZos ;Nnfx, ;'emfj, cg'udg / d"Nof+sgsf sfo{x¿ ug]{ .
    • @· p4f/ tyf /fxt Joj:yfkgsf sfo{x¿df k|efjsfl/tf Nofpg Pj+ ;+nUg ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿;+u ;dGjo u/L ;xsfo{ u/fpg cfjZos ;xof]u ug]{ .
    • #· k'g:yf{kgf, k'glg{df{0f Pj+ k'g?Tyfgsf sfo{x¿df lhNnf :t/af6 ul/g] sfo{x¿sf] c'gudg, d"Nof+sgsf ;fy} If]q cGtu{tsf lhNnfx¿aLr ;dGjo sfod u/L cfjZos k"j{fwf/x¿nfO{ dd{t ;'wf/ u/fpg cfjZos lgb]{zg lbg] .
    • $· k|flws/0f;Fu k/fdz{ lnO{ If]q cGtu{tsf ljkb Joj:yfkg ;DaGwL ;Dk"0f{ sfo{x¿sf] cg'udgdf lqmofzLn /xg] / d"Nof+sg k|ltj]bg lgoldt ¿kdf /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg k|flws/0fdf k7fpg] .
    • %· k|flws/0fåf/f k|Tofof]hg ul/Psf clwsf/sf] k|of]u ug]{ .
    • ^=====================================
  • 24. lhNnf ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/
    • != lhNnf:t/Lo u}/;/sf/L ;+:yf, ;fd'bflos ;+:yf, ljkbaf6 k|efljt jf ;DefJo k|efljt ;d'bfo, lhNnfl:yt lj1x¿, ;fdflhs sfo{stf{ Pj+ JolQmx¿ ;d]tnfO{ ;+nUg u/L lhNnf:t/Lo ljkb Joj:yfkg of]hgf agfpg] / o:tf of]hgfx¿ sfof{Gjogdf plNnlvt ;j} kIfx¿nfO{ ;+nUg u/fpg] .
    • @· ljkbsf] k"j{tof/L, cNkLs/0f, Go"gLs/0f, p4f/ tyf /fxt, k'g:yf{kgf tyf k'glg{df{0f cj:yfcGtu{t ul/g] ;Dk0" f { sfo{x¿ lhNnf:t/df sfofG{jog ug]{ .
    • #· lhNnfsf] ljkb;DaGwL k"j{r]tfjgL k|0ffnL tyf k"j{tof/L Joj:yfkgh:tf ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf ljleGg kIfsf] cj:yfaf/] kl/ifb fO{ hfgsf/L lbg] .
    • $· ljkb Joj:yfkgsf] l:yltaf/] jflif{s k|ltj]bg kl/ifbdf k7fpg] .
    • %· cfjZostf cg';f/ k|flws/0f / If]qLo ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldlt;Fu k/fdz{ lnO{ lhNnfsf] ef}lts ljkb hf]lvd d"NofÍg of]hgfsf] ;fdlos d"NofÍg u/L kl/ifbdf k7fpg] .=====
    • ^=============================================================================================
  • 25.
    • wGojfb !

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