I day 3-policy on dm-moha


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Nepal Presentations at Regional DP / DRR Workshop Biratnagar July 14-15, 2010

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I day 3-policy on dm-moha

  1. 1. Policies Related to Disaster Management in Nepal Presented by: Disaster Management Section Ministry of Home Affairs WWW.DRRGON.GOV.NP
  2. 2. Major Policy Related To Disaster Management <ul><li>Natural Calamity Rescue Act, 1982 </li></ul><ul><li>Centre Natural Disaster Rescue Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister Natural Calamity Rescue Fund </li></ul><ul><li>Three Year Interim Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sectoral Policies: Environment Policy, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>National Strategy for DRM 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Draft of New Disaster Management Act </li></ul>
  3. 3. National Calamity Act, 1982 <ul><li>Preamble of the National Calamity Act, 1982 </li></ul><ul><li>Where as it is expedient to make arrangement for the operation of relief work and the maintenance of people’s convenience with a view to protect the life and property of the people. </li></ul><ul><li>The Act was enacted on the advice and with the consent of the then parliament in 2039 BS (1982 AD). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Natural Disaster Relief work means: <ul><li>Any relief work to be carried out in the area affected or </li></ul><ul><li>Likely to be affected </li></ul><ul><li>In order to remove the grief and inconvenience caused to the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation of the disaster victims. </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of the life and property of the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention measures and advance preparation. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Government Institution, Partners, Procedures <ul><li>The Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) is designated as the lead agency responsible for implementation of the Natural Calamity (Relief) Act, 1982. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently, Various agencies of Government of Nepal are assigned with different aspects of Disaster Risk Management. </li></ul><ul><li>Central Natural Disaster Rescue Committee is chaired by the Home Minister. This committee is accountable for preparing National Policies and ensuring its implementation. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Government Institution, Partners (Contd.) <ul><li>MoHA is also responsible for Rescue and Relief Works, Data Collection and Dissemination of Funds and resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing involvement of the Academicians, researchers, UN agencies, INGOs, Local Bodies and civil societies in the Disaster Response. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Govt. Institutional Arrangement Cabinet (Policy, Budget, Emergency Declaration) Central Natural Disaster Rescue Committee (Home Minister-Chairperson including members of all key Ministries, Departments, NRCS, etc.) (Coordination, Response, Rescue, Relief) Regional Natural Disaster Rescue Committee (Regional Resource Mobilization, direction) District Disaster Rescue Committee (Policy/program Execution, Rescue & Relief, Data)
  8. 8. <ul><li>Close down of the governmental or non governmental offices, educational institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibition of the activities in disaster area that may cause adverse effect on relief work. </li></ul><ul><li>Deputation of the employees of governmental or non governmental offices or of institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation or cause to be evacuated the people from the affected area to the areas of safety. </li></ul>In order to carry out relief works the govt. may give orders to any one concerned to undertake any or all the following works:
  9. 9. <ul><li>Requisition of the movable and unmovable property of any individual or institution on temporary basis for a prescribed period, if such property is required to be used for the purpose of relief works. </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation or cause to be evacuated the goods and commodities from the affected area to the areas of safety. </li></ul><ul><li>Requisition and use of the means of transportation owned by non governmental offices, association and individuals of the concerned District for fixed period of time. </li></ul>In order to carry out relief works (Contd.)
  10. 10. <ul><li>Requisition of the food grains, clothes, medicine, construction materials and other items belonging to non governmental offices, institutions and individuals of the concerned district and distribute it to the victims. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to save the real estates, factories, temples, shrines, and religious places including other significant objects and places. </li></ul><ul><li>Constitute and operate the aid groups. </li></ul>In order to carry out relief works (Contd.)
  11. 11. <ul><li>Take other necessary security measures for the safe guard of the life and property of the common people. </li></ul><ul><li>Other essential tasks specified. </li></ul><ul><li>Control over foreigner entry. </li></ul>In order to carry out relief works (Contd.)
  12. 12. b}jL k|sf]k p4f/ P]gsf] s]Gb|ljGb'M k|ltsfo{ Focus of the Act: Response
  13. 13. Three Year Interim Plan (Major Policy) <ul><li>3-Year Interim Plan (2007-2010) recognizes disasters as one of the major impediments of national development process , and tries to address DRM tasks by devoting one separate chapter on DRM (Chapter 26) </li></ul><ul><li>The Plan recognizes for DRM the need to foster collaboration and coordination among key players and institutions active in different sector of national economy </li></ul>
  14. 14. Sectoral Policies Related To Disaster Management <ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Water Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Forest </li></ul><ul><li>Environment Policy, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Established a DRM Focal Points in Different Ministries including PM Office and NPC </li></ul>
  15. 15. ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /fli6«o /0fgLlt NSDRM 2009
  16. 16. cjwf/0ff <ul><li>ljsf; k|lqmofdf hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf] cjwf/0ffnfO{ d&quot;nk|jfxLs/0f </li></ul><ul><li>k|sf]kx¿af6 kg]{ k|lts&quot;n k|efjsf] cNkLs/0f (mitigation), k&quot;j{ tof/L (preparedness) tyf k|efjsf/L k|ltsfo{ (Response) </li></ul><ul><li>(Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015) nfO{ d&quot;n cfwf/ dfgL cGo cGt/f{li6«o Pj+ If]qLo dfGotf Pj+ dfkb08sf] ;d]t cWoogsf cfwf/df o; lhDd]jf/LnfO{ sfo{¿kdf kl/0ft ug{ Pp6f 7f];, ;f/e&quot;t Pj+ PsLs[t b:tfj]hsf] cfjZostf dx;&quot;; eO{ k|:t't /0fgLlt th'{df u/L hf/L ul/Psf] xf] . </li></ul>
  17. 17. ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg sfo{sf dfu{lgb]{zs l;4fGtx¿ <ul><li>! ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf] cjwf/0ffnfO{ ljsf; of]hgfx¿df d&quot;nk|jfxLs/0f ug]{ </li></ul><ul><li>@ ;'/lIft hLjg / ;fdflhs ;'/Iffsf] k|Tofe&quot;lt lbg], </li></ul><ul><li># n}lËs tyf ;fdflhs ;dfj]zLs/0fnfO{ hf]8 lbg] </li></ul><ul><li>$ ljs]lGb|t sfof{Gjog k|lqmof cjnDag ug{] </li></ul><ul><li>% PsLs[t k|0ffnL (Holistic Approach) ckgfpg], </li></ul><ul><li>^ sd{rf/Lx¿sf] ;'/Iff (Staff Safety and Security) nfO{ k|fyldstfsf ¿kdf lng], </li></ul><ul><li>& ;d&quot;xut cjwf/0ff (Cluster Approach) sf] cfwf/df sfo{;+rfng ug],{ / </li></ul><ul><li>* ;xeflutfd&quot;ns, cGt/lqmofTds / ;dGjofTds k|of;sf] efjgfg'¿k sfo{ ug]{ . </li></ul>
  18. 18. k|d'v /0fgLltut k|fyldstf <ul><li>ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fnfO{ lbuf] ljsf;sf /0fgLltx¿ tyf of]hgf th'd{f PsLs/0f ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>k|sf]kx¿af6 pTyfgzLntf (resilience) sf] ljsf; ug{sf nflu ;+:yf, ;+oGq tyf Ifdtfx¿sf] ljsf; tyf ;'b[9Ls/0f ug]{, / </li></ul><ul><li>hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f;DaGwL cjwf/0ffx¿nfO{ cfkTsfnLg k&quot;j{–tof/L (Preparedness), k|ltsfo{ (Response) tyf k'gnf{e (Recovery) ;DaGwL sfo{qmddf Jojl:yt ¿kdf ;dfj]z ug]{ . </li></ul>
  19. 19. ljkb Joj:yfkgsf nflu k|:tfljt ;Ë7gfTds ;+/rgf <ul><li>/fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg kl/ifb </li></ul><ul><li>/fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg k|flws/0f (National Disaster Management Authority - NDMA) </li></ul><ul><li>If]qLo, lhNnf / :yfgLo ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldltx¿ </li></ul>
  20. 20. k|:tfljt ;+/rgf /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg kl/ifb /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg k|flws/0f If]qLo ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldlt lhNnf ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldlt :yfgLo ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldlt K|ffljlws ;ldltx? != k&quot;j{tof/L Joj:yfkg @=p4f/ tyf /fxt Joj:yfkg #=k'g{:yfkgf tyf k'gMlgdf{0f
  21. 21. /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg kl/ifbsf] sfd–st{Jo <ul><li>!· ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg;DjGwL gLltx¿sf] cg'df]bg ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>@· /fli6«o ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg;DaGwL of]hgf tyf o:t} If]qut of]hgfx¿ :jLs[t ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>#· ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f, k&quot;j{–tof/L, ;xof]u tyf k'gnf{e (recovery) sf nflu cfly{s ;|f]tsf] Joj:yf ldnfpg] tyf /]vb]v ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>$· ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf If]qx¿df låkIfLo, pkIf]qLo, If]qLo tyf cGt/f{li6«o ;xof]usf nflugLltut lgbz]{g lbg] .= </li></ul>
  22. 22. /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg k|flws/0fsf sfd–st{Jox¿ <ul><li>!= ljkb Joj:yfkg;DaGwL :jLs[t gLlt, of]hgf tyf sfo{qmdx¿ sfof{Gjog ug]{] . </li></ul><ul><li>@= :yfgLo:t/sf sfo{qmdx¿nfO{ ;d]t ;d]6L lhNnf:t/af6 k]z e} cfPsf of]hgfx¿nfO{ cfjZostf cg';f/ kl/dfh{g u/L :jLs[lt k|bfg ug]{ / ;f]sf] sfof{Gjogsf nflu cfly{s tyf k|fljlws ;xof]u ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>#= ;DalGwt k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/Laf6 k|fKt k|ltj]bg cg';f/ ljkb ;DefJoIf]q 3f]if0ff ug{ g]kfn </li></ul><ul><li>;/sf/nfO{ l;kmfl/; ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>$= ljkbaf6 ax[ b ¿kdf ke| fljt If]qnfO{{ ;Í6u|:t If]q 3f]if0ff ug { g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{ l;kmfl/; ug,{ . </li></ul><ul><li>%= ljkb;DaGwL ;Dk0&quot; f { ljj/0fx¿ ;Íng ug] { u/fpg], gbL lgoGq0f, af9L, klx/f], es&quot; Dk, e–&quot; d08nLo pi0fLs/0f, xfjfkfgL kl/jtg{ , e–&quot; pkof]u cflb ljleGg ljifox¿df cg;' Gwfg ug] { u/fpg ] / ljkb;DaGwL s]GbL| o ;f| ]t ;+:yfsf] ¿kdf sfo{ ug{] . </li></ul><ul><li>^= s'g} klg lsl;dsf ljkbaf6 x'g;Sg] wghgsf] IfltnfO{ Go&quot;g ug{ k&quot;j{r]tfjgL k|0ffnLsf] Joj:yfug]{, u/fpg] . </li></ul><ul><li>&= ljkb Joj:yfkgsf ljleGg r/0fx¿df sfo{ ug{ cfjZostf cg';f/ s]Gb|Lo:t/sf] sfo{bn u7g u/L sfo{ ug],{ u/fpg] . </li></ul><ul><li>*======================================================= </li></ul>
  23. 23. If]qLo ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ <ul><li>!· k&quot;j{ tof/Lsf sfo{x¿df lhNnf ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldltx¿sf] aLrdf ;dGjo sfod u/L sfo{;+rfngdf k|efjsfl/tf Nofpg cfjZos ;Nnfx, ;'emfj, cg'udg / d&quot;Nof+sgsf sfo{x¿ ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>@· p4f/ tyf /fxt Joj:yfkgsf sfo{x¿df k|efjsfl/tf Nofpg Pj+ ;+nUg ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿;+u ;dGjo u/L ;xsfo{ u/fpg cfjZos ;xof]u ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>#· k'g:yf{kgf, k'glg{df{0f Pj+ k'g?Tyfgsf sfo{x¿df lhNnf :t/af6 ul/g] sfo{x¿sf] c'gudg, d&quot;Nof+sgsf ;fy} If]q cGtu{tsf lhNnfx¿aLr ;dGjo sfod u/L cfjZos k&quot;j{fwf/x¿nfO{ dd{t ;'wf/ u/fpg cfjZos lgb]{zg lbg] . </li></ul><ul><li>$· k|flws/0f;Fu k/fdz{ lnO{ If]q cGtu{tsf ljkb Joj:yfkg ;DaGwL ;Dk&quot;0f{ sfo{x¿sf] cg'udgdf lqmofzLn /xg] / d&quot;Nof+sg k|ltj]bg lgoldt ¿kdf /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg k|flws/0fdf k7fpg] . </li></ul><ul><li>%· k|flws/0fåf/f k|Tofof]hg ul/Psf clwsf/sf] k|of]u ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>^===================================== </li></ul>
  24. 24. lhNnf ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ <ul><li>!= lhNnf:t/Lo u}/;/sf/L ;+:yf, ;fd'bflos ;+:yf, ljkbaf6 k|efljt jf ;DefJo k|efljt ;d'bfo, lhNnfl:yt lj1x¿, ;fdflhs sfo{stf{ Pj+ JolQmx¿ ;d]tnfO{ ;+nUg u/L lhNnf:t/Lo ljkb Joj:yfkg of]hgf agfpg] / o:tf of]hgfx¿ sfof{Gjogdf plNnlvt ;j} kIfx¿nfO{ ;+nUg u/fpg] . </li></ul><ul><li>@· ljkbsf] k&quot;j{tof/L, cNkLs/0f, Go&quot;gLs/0f, p4f/ tyf /fxt, k'g:yf{kgf tyf k'glg{df{0f cj:yfcGtu{t ul/g] ;Dk0&quot; f { sfo{x¿ lhNnf:t/df sfofG{jog ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>#· lhNnfsf] ljkb;DaGwL k&quot;j{r]tfjgL k|0ffnL tyf k&quot;j{tof/L Joj:yfkgh:tf ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf ljleGg kIfsf] cj:yfaf/] kl/ifb fO{ hfgsf/L lbg] . </li></ul><ul><li>$· ljkb Joj:yfkgsf] l:yltaf/] jflif{s k|ltj]bg kl/ifbdf k7fpg] . </li></ul><ul><li>%· cfjZostf cg';f/ k|flws/0f / If]qLo ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldlt;Fu k/fdz{ lnO{ lhNnfsf] ef}lts ljkb hf]lvd d&quot;NofÍg of]hgfsf] ;fdlos d&quot;NofÍg u/L kl/ifbdf k7fpg] .===== </li></ul><ul><li>^============================================================================================= </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>wGojfb ! </li></ul>