How many of you have seen cars idling?People idle for many reasonsTo keep heater or a/c onTo warm up the carHabitEntitled to do what they want in their own carAre there reasons that you idle?
There are many costs to idling including worsened air quality and health and wasted fuel.Idling is against the law, but the law is not very well known.NYC - 3-minute idling limit everywhere, except …1-minute limit in school zones
There are over 1100 compounds found in car exhaust including carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxide, and particulate matterThese compounds have both environmental and health effectsAbout these specific compounds:Carbon Dioxide:Replaces oxygen, so we cannot breathCauses cause headaches, drowsiness and loss of ability to maintain concentrationCarbon Monoxide:Hinders oxygen flow to body’s organsEspecially harmful to those suffering from heart or respiratory diseaseCauses visual impairment, headache, & reduced work capacityOver 75% of all carbon monoxide emissions come from on and off road vehiclesHydrocarbons:Cause smog and ground level ozoneCauses difficulty breathing, lung damage, and reduced heart functionLinked to cancerOver 75% of all carbon monoxide emissions come from on and off road vehiclesNitrogen Oxide:Cause smog and ground level ozoneCause “haze” or obstructed viewParticulate Matter:Easily get into body, esp. lungsCause asthma, chronic bronchitis, and possibly cancer
Whenever the visibility or distance from which you can see things is low, that’s because of pollution (think of days you can’t see the empire state, Brooklyn bridge, statue of liberty, ect… very well)Global warming, caused by ground level ozone that forms from these chemicals, effects everyone, changing our weather and environmentA study in the Hudson River found that acid rain caused by this pollution decreased the population of life in the water, incl. fish and algaeDamage to the ozone layer means the we are less protected from the sun.Pollution leaves residues that stick to things outdoors and can cause permanent damage.
40 chemicals from vehicle exhaust are considered hazardous to your health21 of these chemicals are known to or may cause cancerEPA estimates that vehicle pollution causes half of all cancer cases attributed to outdoor toxins.Fume particles are easily absorbed Fumes are hazardous for all lung and heart conditionsChildren are especially vulnerable:Airways are immature and easily affected by environment. Breathing zone is lower and therefore closer to the source of idling fumesOver 1.8 million New Yorkers currently suffer from asthma which is worsened by exposure to Estimates link over 2,000 adult deaths, and 3,500 non-fatal heart attacks to exposure to diesel exhaust
Idle Free Zone
What is Idling? Idling [i’-dling], running the engine of a vehicle while it is not going anywhere.
Presentation OverviewWhy Idling is a ProblemMyths versus RealityThe Benefits of Taking ActionHow We Can Take ActionResources
Why is idling a problem? Idling… • Hurts air quality • Wastes fuel • Happen daily in Sitka • Harms health
Idling & Air Quality Idling releases many hazardous chemicals into the air including:1 • Carbon Dioxide (CO2) • Carbon Monoxide (CO) • Hydrocarbons • Nitrogen Oxide • Particulate Matter
Idling & Air Quality These chemicals cause environmental problems including:2 • Smog/ Haze • Ozone • Global warming/ • Reduced crop yields greenhouse gases • Damage to structures/ • Fewer fish and algae monuments blooms Trucks alone emit 11 million tons of carbon dioxide, 180,000,000 tons of ozone forming gas, and 5, 000 tons of particulate matter every year!2
Idling & Health These chemicals cause various heath conditions including: • Asthma • Prenatal & infant mortality • Cancer • Senior mortality • Cardiovascular disease • Visual Impairment • Respiratory disease • Headache • Allergies
Idling Myth #1 The engine should be warmed up before driving.Reality Idling is not an effective way to warm up your vehicle. Driving your vehicle is the best way to warm it up. 30 seconds of warming up your vehicle on winter days is enough.
Idling Myth #2Idling is good for your engine. Reality An idling engine is not operating at its peak temperature, which means fuel combustion is incomplete. Excessive idling can damage your engine components, including cylinders, spark plugs and the exhaust system.
Idling Myth #3Shutting off and restarting your vehicle is hard on the engine and uses more gas. Reality Frequent restarting has little impact on engine components. More than 10 seconds of idling uses more fuel than restarting the engine.
Idling Myth #4Idling is a good way to stay warm while waiting inside the car Reality So are non polluting options like a hat, gloves and an extra layer Pollutants affect the people inside the vehicle as well as outside of it.
The Benefits of TakingActionNot idling will: Save you money fuel and engine wear and tear Improve the quality of air in Sitka Reduce harmful emissions that contribute to climate change Protect the health of kids and citizens Educate the whole community
What can be done?•Examine the Facts•Talk with others•Adopt a policy *•Educate the whole community