How Did The Role Of Women Change In Nazi Germany SummaryPresentation Transcript
How did the Nazis try to direct the role of women ? “ Take hold of kettle, broom and pan, Then you’ll surely get a man! Shop and office leave alone, Your true life work lies at Home.” Who could have written this? What are they aiming for?
"The mission of women is to be _________ and to bring _______ into the world. This is not at all as.........unmodern as it sounds. The female bird pretties herself for her mate and hatches eggs for him. In exchange, the male takes care of gathering _____, and stands guard and wards off the ______." ______________, writing in 1929. beautiful Children food enemy Joseph Goebbels
SOURCE 35 2. What methods do the Nazis use to show the ideal German family in this Poster? 1. What do you think they were aiming to achieve? (purpose)
Understand how the Nazis tried to use the women to their advantage.
Understand why they did this.
The Nazis were very male-dominated and sexist. Nazi ideas saw the role of women as child-bearers and creator of the family.
The Law for the Encouragement of Marriage gave newly-wed couples a loan of 1000 marks.
They were allowed to keep 250 marks for each child they had.
Mothers who had more than 8 children were given a gold medal, silver for six and bronze for four children.
Lebensborn - Spring of Life
Participants in Lebensborn
A Lebensborn child today As the war progressed the Lebensborn programme increased with the Nazis taking children.
The League of German Maidens
Stay home! Have more babies! Have healthier babies! Traditional balance Grow the population Aryan Race Create employment Gain supporters Sense of order
Divorce was made easier for childless couples. Married women were excluded from the civil service and other professions. Abortion was restricted and the use of birth control for Aryans was condemned. Advice was given on which types of partners women should marry. Aryan women given a marriage loan of 1000 marks to stay at home. 250 did not have to be paid back with each child. Lebensborn porgramme : SS men fertilised young women so they could ‘donate a baby to the fuhrer’. Employers were encouraged to employ men in favour of women Mother Cross Numbers of women allowed into university restricted Motherhood skills were taught by women’s enterprise (DFW) Sterilisation Law (1933) resulted in 320,000 being neutered due to mental deficiency / hereditary disease There were generous welfare payments for mothers. Kinder, Kirche, Kuche Make up and high heels discouraged
Create work as women left jobs to take traditional role
How successful were their policies?
Successful – Nazi View
Many women agreed with Hitler and the Nazis particularly in rural areas
Women no longer kept men out of jobs
Increased birth rate
Working class girls and women gained the chance to travel thorough Nazi organisations
Unsuccessful – Female View
Opportunities limited for women
Civil rights restricted
Women struggled with demands of work and family when they were needed later in the war
Could not serve in armed forced
Nazi policy of traditional balance clashed with their needs after 1942.