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Pro 415 Physical Abuse

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  • 1. Physical Abuse
    • Group 12
    Done by: Dawn Hu, Samantha Chia, Chua Peilin, Tiffany Lim, Tan Yi Ni & Fazelah Bakar
  • 2. Role Play
  • 3. Definition of Physical Abuse
    • As a general rule, physical child abuse is a form of physical force on children by a caregiver under circumstances which indicate that the child's health or welfare is harmed or threatened or impairs the child's physical or emotional well-being.
  • 4. Articles
    • Couple Charged With Torturing Adopted Children
    • John and Linda Dollar abused and tortured their five children out of seven, ranging from ages 12 to 17. The children received electric shocks, spanking, feet were hit with hammer, chained up and also had their toenails pulled out with pilers.
    • Findings showed that Linda Dollar was abused during her childhood and first marriage. The Dollars were sentenced to 15 years in prison and another 15 years of probation.
  • 5. Articles
    • Girl acting as victim ignored, even accidentally kicked
    • The experiment was conducted by a social service group. MCYS and organised by two family violence specialist centres - Centre for Promoting Alternatives to Violence (Pave) and SAFE@TRANS.
    • Amidst the high traffic flow in the shopping centre, the 'actors' were ignored, one child was accidentally kicked and only 20 came forward to check out on the child.
  • 6. Articles
    • To cane or not to cane...
    • About half out of 100 parents felt that caning is an acceptable form of punishment to be used on their children.
    • A severe case of parents used caning to punish their child which resulted him to be hospitalized for eight days.
    • Parents are still adults with a much larger strength while the child is one who has no ability to protect himself from the pain.
  • 7. Effects of physical abuse (PIES)
    • Unusual physical development, stunted growth and even developmental delays such as motor (movement), emotional, speech, language, social, cognition, vision and hearing. (MCYS, 2009).
    • Physical
    • bruises and welts
    • scratches, burns and scalds.
    • head injuries and
    • fractured or broken
    • drowsy and tired
    • physical abuse may result to death.
    Loop mark bruises inflicted by a doubled-over cord. Bruises inflicted at different times on the buttocks. Bruising of the ear from being "boxed."
  • 8. Effects of physical abuse (PIES)
    • Social Emotional
    • Anger, hostility, fear, anxiety, humiliation, lowered self-esteem and inability to express feelings.
    • Accept challenges and fear failure. Poor social skills, poor cognitive and language skills, distrust of others, issues with authority figures,
    • Tendency to solve interpersonal problems with aggression. Child may act out against someone else.
    • Exaggerated politeness to people as to pretend and hide their emotions
  • 9. Impact on Microsystems and Mesosystem
    • Being fearful and is constantly avoiding their parents.
    • Child may not be able to establish trust and may either display “withdrawn or aggressiveness” (Barriare, 2009) towards everyone including parents and teachers.
    • Child’s performance in school, as the child will have difficulties making friends and concentrating in classrooms.
    • Child may seek inappropriate avenues of escaping punishments and consequences, such as lying and stealing.
  • 10. Impact of social cost of physical abuse child
    • Deem themselves as a contributor of problems to the community.
    • Financial cost of welfare interventions will be implicated. Physical abuse child may develop mental illness, crime and unemployment.
    • Child may grow up to abuse his or her own children. This in turn will be the “social cost to our community problems” (SECASA, 2007).
  • 11. Effects of Physical Abuse in Childcare
    • Display of Aggressive Behavior- Kicking, Hitting, Punching
    • Assume that aggression is acceptable and that it is all right for them to inflict pain to others whenever they feel like it since they were being treated the same way.
    • Withdrawn and Anti Social- Plays by himself, does not participate in Group Activity
    • Find it hard to develop and maintain friendship since they are unable to trust the people around them since they were hurt by the people whom they trusted .
    • Fearful of physical contact
    • Flashbacks of being abused thus they are afraid that they might be abused.
    • The child may resort to aggressive behaviors to protect himself when somebody touches him.
  • 12. How is Physical Abuse Stress to a Child
    • Stress occurs when the child feels overwhelmed and lacks the coping mechanism to overcome it.
    • Sources of Stress:
    • Physical trauma and after effects
    • Poor cognitive skills
    • Emotional disturbance
    • Lack of social skills
  • 13. Implications for Teachers
    • “ Child abuse thrives in the shadows of privacy and secrecy; it lives by inattention” (Bakan, 1971)
    • Teachers need to take note of:
    • Physical Indicators
    • Behavior Indicators
    • Reporting of abuse cases is MANDATORY
  • 14. Intervention Acknowledge Providing Comfort for the Victim Reporting Looking for Signs and Symptoms H ear: Listen to your friend.           Tell your friend: "I believe you." E ncourage; empathize Tell your friend: "I'm sorry this happened to you. " A ffirm; acknowledge Tell your friend: "It's not your fault." "I'm glad you told me. R eport; refer; reassure Tell your friend: "Together we're going to get some help.
  • 15. Intervention
    • S elf-care            
    • Disclosures of child abuse and neglect can be very stressful. Take care of yourself afterward.
    • 3 Bs of self-care:                  
    • Breathe (easy to forget to do when under stress)                 
    • Boom-box (listen to great music)                 
    • Bubble bath (when I get home)
  • 16. Thank you!