0
GETTING STARTED
WITH RDO

Dan Radez
Sr. Software Engineer, Red Hat
dradez@redhat.com
irc: radez
What is OpenStack?
●

Cloud/Virtualization Platform

●

Designed for standard hardware

●

OpenSource
Overview
PackStack: Installation
Red Hat developed OpenStack installer
Deployment options

Features

●

Interactively

●

Single-ho...
PackStack: Installation
Install Defaults
●

MySQL

●

Qpid

●

Swift Not Installed

●

Neutron
PackStack: Installation

Install OpenStack
Red Hat's Community OpenStack

openstack.redhat.com
Killing time while PackStack works magic
Relationship between OpenStack services
Killing time while PackStack works magic
Relationship between OpenStack services
Killing time while PackStack works magic
Relationship between OpenStack services
Killing time while PackStack works magic
Relationship between OpenStack services
Killing time while PackStack works magic
Relationship between OpenStack services
Killing time while PackStack works magic
Relationship between OpenStack services
Killing time while PackStack works magic
Relationship between OpenStack services
Killing time while PackStack works magic
Relationship between OpenStack services
Dashboard: Web Interface
Dashboard: Web Interface
●

web-based interface for managing OpenStack services

●

modular design for interfacing with ot...
Dashboard: Web Interface
Dashboard: Web Interface
Dashboard: Web Interface

Login to the Dashboard
http://192.168.122.101/dashboard/
Help!
$ keystone help
$ keystone help user-create
$ glance help
$ glance help image-create
$ nova help
$ nova help boot
Keystone: Identity Management
Keystone: Identity Management
●

centralized identity service

●

central catalog of services

Multiple forms of authentic...
Keystone: Identity Management
Login as admin
[root@control ~]# cat keystonerc_admin
export OS_USERNAME=admin
export OS_TEN...
Keystone: Identity Management
Get a token / troubleshooting auth
[root@control ~(keystone_admin)]# keystone token-get
+­­­...
Keystone: Identity Management
Add a User
[root@control ~]# keystone user-create --name radez
--pass supersecretpass
id: 84...
Keystone: Identity Management
Add a User
[root@control ~]# keystone user-role-add
--user-id radez --role-id role1 --tenant...
Keystone: Identity Management
Login as user
[root@control ~]# cp keystonerc_admin keystonerc_radez
export OS_USERNAME=rade...
Keystone: Identity Management

Add a user
Glance: Image Management
Glance: Image Management
●

registry for virtual machine images

●

images used as templates for new servers

Add an image...
Glance: Image Management
Image Building
●

Oz

●

appliance-creator

●

Native glance builder in the works

●

Manually (l...
Glance: Image Management

Add an image
Neutron: Networking
Neutron: Networking
●

networking as a service

●

built in modular architecture

Features
●

Single or Multiple host depl...
Neutron: Networking

Add a network
Nova: Instance Management
Nova: Instance Management
●

manages virtual machines on nodes

●

provides virtual servers on demand

Design Features
●

...
Nova: Instance Management
Boot an instance
[root@control ~]# nova flavor-list
[root@control ~]# nova keypair-add --pub-key...
Nova: Instance Management

Boot an Instance
Nova: Instance Management
Communicate with the instance
[root@control ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
DE...
Nova: Instance Management
Communicate with the instance
[root@control ~]# ovs-vsctl add-port br-ex eth0 &&
service network...
Nova: Instance Management
Communicate with the instance
[root@control ~]# ping 192.168.122.3
PING 192.168.122.3 (192.168.1...
Nova: Instance Management

Allow external access
Cinder: Block Storage
Cinder: Block Storage
●

manages persistent block storage volumes

●

snapshots can be taken

Create and attach a volume
[...
Cinder: Block Storage
Mount a volume
[root@control ~]# ssh -i .ssh/id_rsa root@192.168.122.3
my_instance$ sudo -i
my_insta...
Cinder: Block Storage

Create, attach and mount a volume
Swift: Object Storage
Swift: Object Storage
●

allows users to store and retrieve files

●

distributed architecture to allow for horizontal sca...
Swift: Object Storage
Upload an object
[root@control ~]# swift stat
[root@control ~]# swift list
[root@control ~]# swift u...
Swift: Object Storage

Create a container & upload an object
Review
OpenStack: The Future
Ceilometer
Heat
OpenStack-m
Triple-O (OpenStack on OpenStack)
GlusterFS
OpenShift (PaaS)
Resources
●

●

RDO: openstack.redhat.com
https://access.redhat.com/knowledge/docs/enUS/Red_Hat_OpenStack

●

OpenStack.or...
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Getting started with RDO Havana

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Getting started with RDO on Fedora 19. A presentation on installing and configuring OpenStack using RDO Havana

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  • Name, title, role
    5 years, Raleigh HQ.
    - Mysterious
    - complex
    - make simple
    lecture/exercise
    questions any time
    Lots content
    take notes
  • - attend earlier?
    - know
    - used, using
  • PackStack is suitable for deploying both single node proof of concept installations and more complex multi-node installations
  • - attend earlier?
    - know
    - used, using
  • Existing admin and member roles
  • Important: The image must be sealed
    Static Ips
    MAC references
    Hostname
    SSH host keys
    SSL Certificates
    Kerb Keytabs
    RHN System ID
    One method: firstboot + reconfigSys
  • built in a modular architecture to allow advanced network services (open and closed source) plug into Openstack tenant networks.
  • built in a modular architecture to allow advanced network services (open and closed source) plug into Openstack tenant networks.
  • data replication is managed by software, allowing greater scalability and redundancy than dedicated hardware.
  • data replication is managed by software, allowing greater scalability and redundancy than dedicated hardware.
  • Action/Remember: Now you have installed and configured OpenStack. Use these directions to do it again.
  • Transcript of "Getting started with RDO Havana"

    1. 1. GETTING STARTED WITH RDO Dan Radez Sr. Software Engineer, Red Hat dradez@redhat.com irc: radez
    2. 2. What is OpenStack? ● Cloud/Virtualization Platform ● Designed for standard hardware ● OpenSource
    3. 3. Overview
    4. 4. PackStack: Installation Red Hat developed OpenStack installer Deployment options Features ● Interactively ● Single-host install ● Answer file ● Multi-host install ● Quick Start ● RHOS, RDO, EPEL ● All-in-one
    5. 5. PackStack: Installation Install Defaults ● MySQL ● Qpid ● Swift Not Installed ● Neutron
    6. 6. PackStack: Installation Install OpenStack
    7. 7. Red Hat's Community OpenStack openstack.redhat.com
    8. 8. Killing time while PackStack works magic Relationship between OpenStack services
    9. 9. Killing time while PackStack works magic Relationship between OpenStack services
    10. 10. Killing time while PackStack works magic Relationship between OpenStack services
    11. 11. Killing time while PackStack works magic Relationship between OpenStack services
    12. 12. Killing time while PackStack works magic Relationship between OpenStack services
    13. 13. Killing time while PackStack works magic Relationship between OpenStack services
    14. 14. Killing time while PackStack works magic Relationship between OpenStack services
    15. 15. Killing time while PackStack works magic Relationship between OpenStack services
    16. 16. Dashboard: Web Interface
    17. 17. Dashboard: Web Interface ● web-based interface for managing OpenStack services ● modular design for interfacing with other projects ● includes interface for all core components
    18. 18. Dashboard: Web Interface
    19. 19. Dashboard: Web Interface
    20. 20. Dashboard: Web Interface Login to the Dashboard http://192.168.122.101/dashboard/
    21. 21. Help! $ keystone help $ keystone help user-create $ glance help $ glance help image-create $ nova help $ nova help boot
    22. 22. Keystone: Identity Management
    23. 23. Keystone: Identity Management ● centralized identity service ● central catalog of services Multiple forms of authentication ● User name and password ● Token-based systems ● Amazon Web Services style logins
    24. 24. Keystone: Identity Management Login as admin [root@control ~]# cat keystonerc_admin export OS_USERNAME=admin export OS_TENANT_NAME=admin export OS_PASSWORD=5ffbe9d2a38d4a48 export OS_AUTH_URL=http://192.168.122.101:35357/v2.0/ export PS1="[u@h W(keystone_admin)]$ " [root@control ~]# source keystonerc_admin [root@control ~(keystone_admin)]#
    25. 25. Keystone: Identity Management Get a token / troubleshooting auth [root@control ~(keystone_admin)]# keystone token-get +­­­­­­­­­­­+­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­+ |  Property |              Value               | +­­­­­­­­­­­+­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­+ |  expires  |       2013­06­07T19:22:06Z       | |     id    | e50158f737f14791ae7831c955524de2 | | tenant_id | 70784578887b4468adacd92f2f376bc9 | |  user_id  | f4270a7b46af467892173a02d9cd49d4 | +­­­­­­­­­­­+­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­+
    26. 26. Keystone: Identity Management Add a User [root@control ~]# keystone user-create --name radez --pass supersecretpass id: 849616035d654b9b9a8cc38b10284a52 [root@control ~]# keystone role-create --name role1 id: 8ab4a27031084100afbafc0f95a47170 [root@control ~]# keystone tenant-create --name tenant1 Id: 427c01f33fcf4feb930f26dd550a14e0
    27. 27. Keystone: Identity Management Add a User [root@control ~]# keystone user-role-add --user-id radez --role-id role1 --tenant-id tenant1 [root@control ~]# keystone user-list [root@control ~]# keystone role-list [root@control ~]# keystone tenant-list [root@control ~]# keystone user-role-list [root@control ~]# keystone endpoint-list
    28. 28. Keystone: Identity Management Login as user [root@control ~]# cp keystonerc_admin keystonerc_radez export OS_USERNAME=radez export OS_TENANT_NAME=tenant1 export OS_PASSWORD=supersecretpass export OS_AUTH_URL=http://192.168.122.101:35357/v2.0/ export PS1="[u@h W(keystone_radez)]$ " [root@control ~]# source keystonerc_radez [root@control ~(keystone_radez)]# keystone token-get [root@control ~(keystone_radez)]# source keystonerc_admin [root@control ~(keystonerc_admin)]#
    29. 29. Keystone: Identity Management Add a user
    30. 30. Glance: Image Management
    31. 31. Glance: Image Management ● registry for virtual machine images ● images used as templates for new servers Add an image [root@control ~]# glance image-create --name Fedora19 --is-public 1 --disk-format qcow2 --container-format bare --file F19_x86_64.qcow2 id: d3d1f38e-3f2c-4f45-91e1-cb4535f62d10 [root@control ~]# glance image-list
    32. 32. Glance: Image Management Image Building ● Oz ● appliance-creator ● Native glance builder in the works ● Manually (launch installer, import before first boot) Build Notes: ● Include cloudinit for post boot configuration
    33. 33. Glance: Image Management Add an image
    34. 34. Neutron: Networking
    35. 35. Neutron: Networking ● networking as a service ● built in modular architecture Features ● Single or Multiple host deployment ● virtual network, subnet, and port abstractions ● Plugin architecture supports many network technologies
    36. 36. Neutron: Networking Add a network
    37. 37. Nova: Instance Management
    38. 38. Nova: Instance Management ● manages virtual machines on nodes ● provides virtual servers on demand Design Features ● Designed to scale horizontally ● Designed for standard hardware
    39. 39. Nova: Instance Management Boot an instance [root@control ~]# nova flavor-list [root@control ~]# nova keypair-add --pub-key .ssh/id_rsa.pub mykey [root@control ~]# nova keypair-list mykey | 84:6e:28:d3:75:17:ab:25:4d:f3:0d:61:93:55:ee:e2 [root@control ~]# nova image-list [root@control ~]# nova boot --flavor 1 --key_name mykey --image cirros my_instance [root@control ~]# nova list
    40. 40. Nova: Instance Management Boot an Instance
    41. 41. Nova: Instance Management Communicate with the instance [root@control ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 DEVICE=eth0 BOOTPROTO=static NM_CONTROLLED="no" ONBOOT=yes TYPE=Ethernet [root@control ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-br-ex DEVICE=br-ex BOOTPROTO=static IPADDR=192.168.122.101 GATEWAY=192.168.122.1 NETMASK=255.255.255.0 NM_CONTROLLED="no" ONBOOT=no
    42. 42. Nova: Instance Management Communicate with the instance [root@control ~]# ovs-vsctl add-port br-ex eth0 && service network restart [root@control ~]# ovs-vsctl show Bridge br-ex Port br-ex Interface br-ex type: internal Port "eth0" Interface "eth0"
    43. 43. Nova: Instance Management Communicate with the instance [root@control ~]# ping 192.168.122.3 PING 192.168.122.3 (192.168.122.3) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 192.168.122.3: icmp_seq=2 ttl=63 time=0.668 ms [root@control ~]# ssh root@192.168.122.3 The authenticity of host '192.168.122.3 (192.168.122.3)' can't be established. RSA key fingerprint is 38:49:f2:67:80:11:31:84:1f:b1:79:df:5f:e4:e5:f7. Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? Yes Warning: Permanently added '192.168.122.3' (RSA) to the list of known hosts. $
    44. 44. Nova: Instance Management Allow external access
    45. 45. Cinder: Block Storage
    46. 46. Cinder: Block Storage ● manages persistent block storage volumes ● snapshots can be taken Create and attach a volume [root@control ~]# cinder create 1 id: 4d6cbb1f-5873-4357-99c7-8ae0502e6de5 [root@control ~]# nova volume-attach my_instance 4d6cbb1f-5873-4357-99c7-8ae0502e6de5 auto
    47. 47. Cinder: Block Storage Mount a volume [root@control ~]# ssh -i .ssh/id_rsa root@192.168.122.3 my_instance$ sudo -i my_instance# mkfs.ext4 /dev/vdb my_instance# mkdir -p /mnt/volume my_instance# mount /dev/vdb /mnt/volume my_instance# touch /mnt/volume/test.txt my_instance# umount /mnt/volume [root@control ~]# nova volume-detach my_instance 4d6cbb1f-5873-4357-99c7-8ae0502e6de5
    48. 48. Cinder: Block Storage Create, attach and mount a volume
    49. 49. Swift: Object Storage
    50. 50. Swift: Object Storage ● allows users to store and retrieve files ● distributed architecture to allow for horizontal scaling ● provides redundancy as failure-proofing ● data replication is managed by software
    51. 51. Swift: Object Storage Upload an object [root@control ~]# swift stat [root@control ~]# swift list [root@control ~]# swift upload test packstack-answers.txt [root@control ~]# swift list [root@control ~]# swift list test [root@control ~]# swift upload test /etc/motd [root@control ~]# swift list test
    52. 52. Swift: Object Storage Create a container & upload an object
    53. 53. Review
    54. 54. OpenStack: The Future Ceilometer Heat OpenStack-m Triple-O (OpenStack on OpenStack) GlusterFS OpenShift (PaaS)
    55. 55. Resources ● ● RDO: openstack.redhat.com https://access.redhat.com/knowledge/docs/enUS/Red_Hat_OpenStack ● OpenStack.org ● TryStack.org ● Puppetlabs.com ● Djangoproject.com ● Oz: https://github.com/clalancette/oz/ ● https://github.com/redhat-openstack/image-building-poc ● http://radez.fedorapeople.org/MeetupNov2013.pdf
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