Growing Fruit in the Mid-Atlantic


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Learn how to grow fruit trees from New York to Georgia. Excellent varieties and top tips for success in the orchard.

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Growing Fruit in the Mid-Atlantic

  1. 1. growing fruitin the mid-atlantic ben kessler
  2. 2. selection tree for the proper place choose the rightHow much space?How much direct sunlight per day, and whattime of day?How cold are winters?What kind of soil?How much time can I devote to care &maintenance?Where are my habitual paths? Otheranimals?What do my family, my neighbors, and I liketo eat?Do I want to eat toxic chemicals? (No.)
  3. 3. asian persimmonHeight: 10 – 15 Spread: 12 – 15Fruits in AutumnVery ProductiveFast Growing TreeFrost-TolerantFew Pests, Fewer DiseasesSelf FertileCultivars: Jiro, Wase Fuyu, Hachiya,Gwang Yang, Tam Kam, Saijo
  4. 4. figHeight: 6 – 15Spread: 10 – 15Fruits in SummerVery ProductiveFast Growing ShrubSucceptible to Frost(Site against South-facingwall)Self-FertileCultivars: Hardy Chicago,Celeste, English BrownTurkey
  5. 5. pomegranateHeight: 5 – 10 Spread: 6 – 12Fruits in AutumnVery ProductiveFast Growing ShrubSelf FertileCultivars: Salavatsky, “Russian”, Austin,Nana Dwarf Black
  6. 6. Height: 10 – 15 Spread: 10 – 13 Fruits in Autumn Native to Eastern US Fast Growing Shrub Thicketing Shade-Tolerant Not Self FertileCultivars: Wild, Select,Mango, Susquehanna, Rappahannock pawpaw
  7. 7. elderberryHeight: 6 – 10 Spread: 10 – 12 Shade-TolerantBlooms in Spring, Fruits in Summer Not Self Fertile: Sambucus nigraMedicinal Fruits & Flowers Sambucus canadensisFast Growing Shrub Cultivars: Johns, Adams, Black Lace, Cut-Leaf
  8. 8. Height: 6 – 40 Spread: 10 – 30Fruits in Early SummerVery ProductiveFast Growing TreeFew Pests, Fewer DiseasesSelf FertileCultivars: Pakistan, Girardi, Collier,Shangri-La mulberry
  9. 9. appleHeight: 10 – 20 Spread: 10 – 15Fruits in AutumnNeeds Full SunLong-Lived Tree(Many) Not Self FertileGood Cultivars: AR Black, Liberty, Enterprise,GoldrushBad Cultivars: Fuji, Delicious, Pink Lady,(anything you would find in a supermarket)
  10. 10. siting pick the proper place for the right treeSE sun preferable to SWProtection from Frost Wind (usually NW)Enough room to walk around maturecanopyPlant trap crops like bush cherries outsideorchard to draw away birdsPlant multiple trees in a Circular orHexagonal pattern instead of RowsKeep clear paths to trunk for harvesting andpruning
  11. 11. planting Plant around First or Last Frost roots before fruits Dig hole as deep as root ball, but 2 – 3 times as wide Keep the Root Crown above the soil line Add no amendments to the hole, only native soil Top dress with 1” compost out to mature canopy line Always mulch! 3”- 5” deep, to mature canopy line Keep mulch least a hands breadth from the trunk Water well for first 2 weeks
  12. 12. companion plants dont plant a tree, plant a gardenBeneficial Insect AttractorsBee BalmQueen Anns LaceAnise HyssopCilantroUmbels & CompositesMineral & Nutrient AccumulatorsComfreyChicoryDandelionLegumesLiving MulchesNasturtiumVetchCloverYarrowChamomile
  13. 13. blueberry Height: 3 – 6 Spread: 4 – 6 Fruits in Summer Very Productive Fast Growing Bush Southern Highbush “Rabbit-eye” Some Self Fertile Requires high organic material and low pH: Amend soil with rotted pine mulch Cultivars: Sunshine, Yadkin, Tifblue, Lenoir, ONeal, Star
  14. 14. goumiHeight: 5 – 8 Spread: 6 – 8Fruits in SummerVery Productive Height: 3 – 6 Spread: 6 – 8Fast Growing Shrub Fruits in SummerNitrogen-fixing Very ProductiveSelf Fertile Vining ShrubNot the same as Autumn Olive(Eleagnus umbellata) Partial Shade Tolerant Self Fertile Prefers Alkaline Soils goji
  15. 15. Height: 3 – 6 Spread: 4 – 5 aroniaFruits in SpringFast Growing BushNot Self Fertile:Lonicera kamtschaticaLonicera caerulea Height: 4 – 6 Spread: 5 – 6Very hardy Fruits in SummerCultivars: Berry Blue, Bluebird,Blue Moon, Blue Velvet Vivid Fall Foliage Very Disease Resistant Fast Growing Bush Self Fertilehoneyberry Cultivars: Viking, Nero
  16. 16. pruning the kindest cut Prune during dormant season Bloom Early, Prune Late Take Out: Dead, Damaged & Decayed Crossing & Weak Limbs Clean Your Tools Between Cuts Take no more than 1/3 of limbs Remove all pruned material
  17. 17. forest gardening putting it all togetherPermacultureNo plant grows alone in the wildWe are living in uncertain timesBiodiversity = Flexibility & ResilienceMulti-species plantings are much moreproductive than monoculturesHealthy Ecosystems are BeautifulWe are planting the old-growth forestsof the future, today
  18. 18. forest gardens
  19. 19. steal these books Gaias Garden – Toby HemenwayAttracting Native Pollinators – Xerces Society Botany in a Day – Thomas Elpel The Apple Grower – Michael Phillips Edible Forest Gardens – Dave Jacke & Eric Tonesmeier
  20. 20. eat your lawn, feed your soul cvillefoodscapes.comSarah Frazer, Ben Kessler, Cake Namdol & Lauren Samay