Outline I. Outline II. Introduction- Talk about history behind renaissance and the religious beliefs during that time. Queen Elizabeth I ’s Renaissance and religious beliefs during her rein. III. Catholicism A. Roman Catholics/ Catholicism B. Beliefs C. Jesuit IV. D. King Edward VI(1547-1553), Queen Mary I(1553-1558),Queen Elizabeth(1558-1603) E. The Catholic Churches rebellion F. Effects that happened to Catholic Churches during the time of Queen Elizabeth I’s rein V. Judaism VI. Work Cited (MLA)
Renaissance/Elizabethan England <ul><li>The Word Renaissance comes from a Latin word that pertains to the act of being reborn, or born again. The Renaissance began in Northern Italy and spread throughout Europe around the 1400-1600. During the renaissance, people began to ponder and study the world around them. People were more open to freedom of speech. The Renaissance influenced the rebirth of architecture, painting, religion, and more. The Renaissance emphasized the great dignity of humanity and the beauty of life and of earth. It had good and bad effects on Catholicism and Judaism. When Queen Elizabeth I began her rein as queen, she had a different idea of how to rule her country. Under her brother Edward VI ‘s rein, she was a practicing Protestant ( any religion other than Catholicism). Under her sister Mary I’s rein, she attended Catholic mass, but it did not intrigue her. Her personal religion was a simple belief that did not go to either Catholic or Protestant extremes. This religious approach was from the uncertainty which Elizabeth lived under with both Edward and Mary. When Elizabeth came into power, she inherited problems between Catholic and Protestants that caused many problems in the society. Her first goal was to eliminate religious problems. She was not a religious fanatic like her brother and sister. Her lack of religiousness helped her to devise a compromise that reinstated Henrectian reforms. </li></ul>
Catholicism <ul><li>The Roman Catholic Church traces its beginnings to around 30 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>For Catholics religion means a devouted acceptance of God’s revelation </li></ul><ul><li>A Catholics faith in God is expressed in certain teachings. </li></ul><ul><li>These teachings, based on the bible, are found in declarations of church </li></ul><ul><li>councils and popes and in short statements of faith called creeds. </li></ul><ul><li>Reformation is a religious revolution that created Protestantism in the1500. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result of reformation, Europe became divided between Roman Catholic </li></ul><ul><li>and Protestant countries. </li></ul><ul><li>During the end of the 1500’s the reformation had separated Western Europe </li></ul><ul><li>into Protestant and Catholic land </li></ul><ul><li>Catholicism was weakened mainly to the Mediterranean countries, as well as </li></ul><ul><li>hungry, Poland, and small sections inside of the Holy Roman Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>The start of the 1500’s, Catholic missionaries transformed many people in </li></ul><ul><li>Africa, Asia </li></ul>
Catholicism (cont.) <ul><li>England was a Roman Catholic county until the time of Queen Elizabeth I ‘s father, Henry VIII. During that time the Catholic church was withdrawn from England after King Henry VIII applied to the Pope to have his marriage to Catherine of Argon annulled, since she did not bare a son to be the next heir. His third wife gave birth to Edward VI. During the rein of Elizabeth's brother, parliament and the government began to change the faith of the English Church from Roman Catholic to Protestantism. </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth’s sister Mary I, who was queen from 1553 to 1558, was a devout Roman Catholic. She changed the church back to Roman Catholic again during her rein. </li></ul><ul><li>When Elizabeth became queen she changed the Church of England to Protestant once more. When this was done many Catholics considered her to be a heretic. </li></ul><ul><li>Catholics planned to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I or declare her deposed from the throne. After changing the Church of England into a Protestant church. </li></ul><ul><li>The consequences to the rebellion were as followed: </li></ul><ul><li>Each person who participated or where thought to have been a factor in the rebellion was heavily fined and their land was taken away. </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth declared that their mass be forbidden, even in secret. </li></ul><ul><li>They were considered to be traitors. </li></ul><ul><li>During the Catholic rebellion the Jesuit or Society of Jesus was formed. Jesuit, founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1540, is a religious order . </li></ul><ul><li>The Jesuit would be hunted down and executed for treason during to rebellion against Queen Elizabeth. </li></ul>
Judaism <ul><li>There's far less information about Judaism during the Renaissance than about Catholicism during that time. </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance is not the most suitable characterization of Jewish history, in western and central Europe between 1350-1600. </li></ul><ul><li>From 1348 (plague) until 1555 (ghettoization) european Jewish history was pretty dismal. Migrations, conversions, mass expulsions and persicutions, destroyed old Jewish settlements. </li></ul><ul><li>European Jewish churches were excluded permanently from England in 1290, from France in the 1390’s, from Spain in 1492, from Portugal in 1497, from Province in 1502, from southern Italy in 1541, and in some point from dozens of cities in central Europe. As a result, Europe west of Rhine remained free of the Jewish until the French Revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Resenting the government and feeling out of place was how many Jewish people felt during the fifteenth and sixteenth century as opposed to how earlier historiography characterized “the Jews in the Renaissance”, which was based on personal acquaintance of some Jewish and Christian scholars. </li></ul><ul><li>Jerusalem </li></ul>
Outline <ul><li>Anglicans </li></ul><ul><li>Origin </li></ul><ul><li>Importance during time period </li></ul><ul><li>Practitioners </li></ul><ul><li>Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans </li></ul><ul><li>Origin </li></ul><ul><li>Importance during time period </li></ul><ul><li>Practitioners </li></ul><ul><li>Practices </li></ul>
Origin of Anglicism <ul><li>King Henry VIII was very devoted to the Pope. When he wanted an annulment from his first wife, Catherine if Aragon, the Pope denied him. </li></ul><ul><li>King Henry broke away from the Catholic Church and established the Church of England, or Anglican Church. </li></ul>
Importance of Anglicans during time period <ul><li>The Anglican played a major key in replacing the Catholic Church in England. </li></ul><ul><li>After changing back and forth between Anglicanism and Catholicism, Queen Elizabeth I returned the supremacy to the Anglican Church. </li></ul><ul><li>This church reformed England and empowered the monarchy, allowing them to prosper. </li></ul>
Anglican Practitioners <ul><li>During the Elizabethan time period, the Church of England became the official church in 1588. </li></ul><ul><li>Those who used the Anglican church were the people who remained loyal to the monarchy. </li></ul><ul><li>It was concentrated in England until the settlements in America. Then it spread throughout the newly formed colonies. </li></ul>
Anglican Practices <ul><li>The Anglican Church focuses on the 1928 Book of Common Prayer for lessons. </li></ul><ul><li>This church also uses song and gospel a lot during their sermons. </li></ul>
Origin of Puritans <ul><li>In 1560, the Puritans first began to reform the church to a state of purity to match Christianity in the time of Christ. </li></ul><ul><li>The Puritans moved to what is now Massachusetts in order to gain political voice, make a state that was focused on their own beliefs, and coordinate harmoniously with the Church of England. </li></ul>
Importance of Puritans during time period <ul><li>The Puritans’ goal was to purify the Anglican church. They claimed it was too close to the Catholic church. </li></ul><ul><li>They were very influential in America. </li></ul><ul><li>Their level of interpretation led to the Salem Witch trials. </li></ul><ul><li>They believed religion was complex and intellectual. They did not really associate it with feelings of affection. </li></ul>
Puritan Practitioners <ul><li>They were not popular until the Anglican Church was dominant. </li></ul><ul><li>The term “puritans” was used to refer to those who believed that the English Church was in need of a reform. </li></ul><ul><li>The Puritans were concentrated more in the New Land then in England; their history is often related to the pilgrims’. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the followers did come from England though. </li></ul>
Puritan Practices <ul><li>The Puritans removed ceremonies from their everyday practices. </li></ul><ul><li>They believed that the human state was one of sin. </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to conduct a reformation much like that of John Calvin in Geneva. </li></ul>
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