Planning Your Search Strategy:Keywords, Synonyms, and Search Tools
Keywords Using your research question, find the important terms. Should hate speech on the internet be protected by the First Amendment?
KeywordsShould hate speech on the internet be protected by the First Amendment?
SynonymsDetermine variations of your keywords and similar terms for your search query.Should hate speech on the internet be protected by the First Amendment?Defamation PreventionHate Crime RegulateWeb ConstitutionOnline Freedom of Speech
Broader and Narrower TermsAs your search progresses, you may need to change your query to get more or fewer results. Broader and narrower terms can be useful for this purpose. Should hate speech on the internet be protected by the First Amendment? Broader Terms: Libel, slander, civil rights, freedom of expression Narrower Terms: Racism, homophobia, xenophobia
Boolean LogicA method of searching, utilized by catalogs, databases, and online search tools, that allow searchers precision in their research. AND OR NOT
Boolean Logic: AND Narrows your women search query = Fewer results Islam
Boolean Logic: OR Expands your college search query = More results university
Boolean Logic: NOT Narrows your search query = Java Fewer results Indonesia
TruncationShortens a word to find various spellings, word endings religio* = religion, religions, religious, religiously AVOID OVER-TRUNCATION:Ag* = agriculture, agricultural, aggravate…
Quotation MarksUsed when searching proper names or phrases, keeps all search terms together. “John Edwards” “weapons of mass destruction”“The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.”
NestingUsing parentheses to organize a complex search query which would include multiple keywords, Boolean and other search tools. (Richard OR Dick) Cheney “identity theft” AND (web OR internet)“civil war” NOT (america? OR United States)
Using Keywords, Boolean,Truncation & Nesting What is the relationship between teen drug use and delinquency?TEEN DRUG USE DELINQUENCYTeen* Drug* Delinquen*Adolescen* Marijuana Crim*Youth Meth* Felon*High School* “Prescription Drug*”
Using Keywords, Boolean,Truncation & Nesting What is the relationship between teen drug use and delinquency?(teen* OR adolescen* OR youth OR “high school*”) AND (drug* OR marijuana OR meth* OR “prescription drug*”) AND (delinquen* OR crim* or felon*)