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A background to siddhartha

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  • 1. A backgroundto SiddharthaImportant Information tounderstand the text.
  • 2. Hinduism Religion based on ancient prayers & hymns called Vedas Strict, practice included: prayers, sacrifices, pilgrimages, and bathing in sacred rivers The Upanishads was an ancient text that teaches existence of a universal soul (Individualism)
  • 3. People of the Hindu faith Were born into specific social classes called castes, at the top were Brahman (priests) followed by; nobility, merchants, servants, and at the very bottom, the untouchables Believed individuals must follow their Karma (fate) through reincarnations until united w/ universal soul Must understand Maya (illusion of time and space)
  • 4. Origin of Buddhism Firstappeared in 5th century BC Wealthy man with family name of Prince Siddhartha went on a search for an end to suffering, became known as Gautama Buddha, the enlightened one Through meditation he was able to reach Nirvana The map showsthe spread of theBuddhist religion
  • 5. The Buddhist Religion Differs from Hinduism by offering a code for living, and the promise of eternal salvation Nirvana- “nothingness” or escape from the cycle of rebirths The four noble truths: 1- existing is suffering. 2-suffering comes from desire. 3- suffering endswhen desire ends. 4- the way to end desire is toend the eight-fold path to nirvana:a. right belief b. right resolve c. right speech d.right conduct e. right occupation f. right effort g.right contemplation h. right ecstasy
  • 6. Buddhism & the novel Siddhartha Part one of the novel has four chapters to it, parallel to the four Noble Truths Part two of the novel has eight chapter, just as the Eight-Fold path to nirvana Hesse presents Buddhism as a guideline to his novel as well as a starting point to seeking out peace
  • 7. Names in the novel ant theirmeanings Siddhartha –he who attains his goal Govinda –keeper of cows Kamala -lotus blossom Kamaswami –love, owner/master Vasudeva- one who abides in all things Om – this word represents creation, preservation, and destruction