1. A backgroundto SiddharthaImportant Information tounderstand the text.
2. Hinduism Religion based on ancient prayers & hymns called Vedas Strict, practice included: prayers, sacrifices, pilgrimages, and bathing in sacred rivers The Upanishads was an ancient text that teaches existence of a universal soul (Individualism)
3. People of the Hindu faith Were born into specific social classes called castes, at the top were Brahman (priests) followed by; nobility, merchants, servants, and at the very bottom, the untouchables Believed individuals must follow their Karma (fate) through reincarnations until united w/ universal soul Must understand Maya (illusion of time and space)
4. Origin of Buddhism Firstappeared in 5th century BC Wealthy man with family name of Prince Siddhartha went on a search for an end to suffering, became known as Gautama Buddha, the enlightened one Through meditation he was able to reach Nirvana The map showsthe spread of theBuddhist religion
5. The Buddhist Religion Differs from Hinduism by offering a code for living, and the promise of eternal salvation Nirvana- “nothingness” or escape from the cycle of rebirths The four noble truths: 1- existing is suffering. 2-suffering comes from desire. 3- suffering endswhen desire ends. 4- the way to end desire is toend the eight-fold path to nirvana:a. right belief b. right resolve c. right speech d.right conduct e. right occupation f. right effort g.right contemplation h. right ecstasy
6. Buddhism & the novel Siddhartha Part one of the novel has four chapters to it, parallel to the four Noble Truths Part two of the novel has eight chapter, just as the Eight-Fold path to nirvana Hesse presents Buddhism as a guideline to his novel as well as a starting point to seeking out peace
7. Names in the novel ant theirmeanings Siddhartha –he who attains his goal Govinda –keeper of cows Kamala -lotus blossom Kamaswami –love, owner/master Vasudeva- one who abides in all things Om – this word represents creation, preservation, and destruction