Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Hindu literature ppt


Published on

Hindu Literature ppt
by Shara Anacay
BSE - English
Submitted to:
Professor Sharon Delos Reyes

Published in: Education
  • Login to see the comments

Hindu literature ppt

  1. 1. by: Shara May M. Anacay BSE - English
  2. 2.  World’s 7th largest country located in South Asia.  India and Bharat are both official names.  Derives from Indus river used by Greek.  India civilization grew up in the Indus Valley 4000 to 2500 BC.
  3. 3. 1. Himalayan Mountain system on the north 2. Northern plain drained by the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers in North Central India. 3. Peninsular India in the South. The earliest Indians may have migrated from Australia and Pacific Islands. Language: more than 200 languages are spoken in India.
  4. 4. 1. Indo-Arab – branch of the Indo-European group (the major linguistic family in Europe). 2. Dravidian language group 3. Hindi – the fourth most widely spoken language in the world 4. Indo-Aryan language.
  5. 5. 1. Hinduism – adherent to the proscription against violence toward living things can escape from the cycle of rebirth and the doctrine also form a basis for vegetarian.
  6. 6. 2. Jainism – Non-violence is a core religious duty and followed so strictly that the most Orthodox devotes cover their faces with mask to prevent accidentally harming insect.
  7. 7. 3. Buddhism – non-violence is manifest in the Buddha’s emphasis on compassion and is also part of the faith’s moral codes.
  8. 8. 4. Sikhism - a monotheistic religion, and the basic Sikh belief is represented in the phrase Ik Onkar meaning “One God”. - was founded in the Punjab region in India in the 15th century by Guru Nanak Dev.
  9. 9. 1. Brahmins - priests, the highest caste 2. Kshatriyas – warriors and kings 3. Vaishyas – merchants 4. Shudras – manual labourers Dalits or untouchables – they have traditionally been tasked with work such as cleaning streets and working with human and animal corpses and waste. They are also known as Harijans.
  10. 10.  Born in Pobandan India on October 2, 1869  His father was a chief minister.  Their family came from traditional caste of grocers and moneylenders.  They are under the Vaishyas system or group.  His mother was a devout adherent Jainism  He married by arrangement at 13  He went to London to study law when he was 18.  He fought to improve the status of the lowest classes of society, the untouchables, whom he called Harijans.
  11. 11. Sanskrit Literature – holy text Mahabharata and Ramayana –two great books
  12. 12.  Michael Madhusudan Dutt and Jayashankar Prasad – introduced the black verse in sonnet into Indian poetry.  Aranucala Kavi – developed a utilitarian prose style  Madhusudan Dutt – wrote the 1st plays modeled on Western Drama.  Sir Rabindranath Tagore - introduces the short story to vernacular writing in India  Iqbal – major poets of the period
  13. 13. 1. The Vedic period 2. Sanskrit period Religious works • Poetry o The Rig Veda – sacred hymns o The Yajur Veda – knowledge and melodies o The Sama Veda – sacrifice o The Atharva Veda – magic spells and other folk knowledge
  14. 14.  Secular works • Epics o The Mahabharata o Bhagavad gita o Nala and Damayanti o The Ramayana
  15. 15.  The toy clay cart  Sakuntala or The Fatal Ring  The Jatakas  The Pachantantara  Romanorum  The Hitopdesa  The Sukasaptati
  16. 16.  Looks like an elephant  also known as Ganapati, is immediately recognizable as the elephant-headed god.  He is the god of wisdom and learning
  17. 17.  Creator  the creator god in the Trimurti of Hinduism.  He has four faces.  Brahma is also known as Svayambhu (self-born), Vāgīśa (Lord of Speech), and the creator of the four Vedas, one from each of his mouths
  18. 18. Shiva - destroyer Vishnu - preserver
  19. 19.  Reincarnation – belief that the soul repeatedly goes through a cycle of being born into a body, dying, being reborn again in a new body.  Karma – a force that determines the quality of each life, depending on how well one behaved in a past life.  Hinduism says we create karma by our actions on earth. If we live a good life, you create good karma. If you live a bad life, you create bad karma.
  20. 20.  Each time a Hindu soul is born into a better life, it has the opportunity to improve itself further, and get closer to ultimate liberation.  The ones who reach this state no longer struggle with the cycle of life and death.  The way to get Moksha is that do not create any karma.
  21. 21.  Vedas – collections of Sanskrit hymns  Upanishads - inner or mystic teaching that were passed down from guru (teacher) to disciple (student).
  22. 22.  Mahabharata, Sanskrit for Great story , is one of the great epic poems of ancient India.  The story is about the battle of one family over a kingdom in northern India.  The Bhagavad Gita (Song of God) – contained in the Mahabharata. It is a dialouge between Krishna and the hero Arjuna on the meaning of life.
  23. 23.  Ramayana was written in 3rd century, and tells a story of Rama, and his wife, Sita.  Rama and Sita are generally seen as ideal examples of great manly heroism and wifely devotion.
  24. 24.  Hinduism is about the sort of life one should lead in order to be born into a better life next time and ultimately achieve liberation.  4 Legitimate goals in life: 1. Dharma (appropriate living) 2. Artha (the pursuit of material gain by lawful means) 3. Kama ( delight of the senses) 4. Moksha ( release from rebirth)
  25. 25.  4 Daily duties: 1. Revere deities 2. Respect ancestors 3. Respect all beings 4. Honor all humankind
  26. 26.  Mahabharata  Pachantantra  Pachantantra stories  Bhagavad Gita  Rabindranath Tagore  Gitanjali  kalidasa