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Chancellor To Fuhrer
 

Chancellor To Fuhrer

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    Chancellor To Fuhrer Chancellor To Fuhrer Presentation Transcript

    • NAZI CELEBRATION IN BERLIN 30 JANUARY 1933
    • How did Hitler become Chancellor in 1933? Germany 1930-32- a state of confusion . The key point here is the sequence of events. Hitler didn’t come to power overnight- his support increased as the economy got worse and as the other political parties failed to solve Germany’s problems.
    •  
      • OPPONENTS WEAKNESSES
      • Failure to deal with the Depression
      • Failure to cooperate with one another
      • Attitudes of Germans to democracy and democratic parties
      • OTHER FACTORS
      • Weaknesses of the Weimar Republic
      • Scheming of von Papen (and Hindenburg)
      • The impact of the Depression
      • The Treaty of Versailles
      • Memories of the problems of 1923
      How did Hitler become Chancellor in 1933?
      • NAZI STRENGTHS
      • Hitler’s speaking skills
      • Propaganda campaigns
      • Violent treatment of their opponents
      • Their criticisms of the Weimar system of government
      • Popular Nazi policies
      • Support from business men (eg Hugenburg cinema owner)
      • 1. Legal elections
      • 1930
      • June 1932- 230 seats (37% of vote)& biggest party
      • November 1932
      • March 1933
      • 2.Effects of the Depression
      • Social misery
      • Economic catastrophe
      • Political confusion & weakness
      • 3. Germany did not have a strong government
      • unable to cope with the crisis
      • 4.Nazi dirty tricks
      • SA provoking violence
      • 5. Politicians plotting
      • President Hindenburg, von Papen & von Schleicher thought they could control Hitler
      • 6. Strong organisation of the Nazi Party
      • Nazi party in every town
      • SA
      • Nazi leaders (Goebbels etc)
      • 7. The appeal of the Nazis
      • army officers, industrialists, nationalists, & all those unhappy with Weimar Government
    • HOW DID HITLER BECOME FUHRER OF GERMANY?
    •  
    • By 1934 Hitler was the Fuhrer with complete control over the German people Knowledge & Understanding 1. Describe the ways in which Hitler gained total power in Germany. 8
      • Evidence:
      • Nazi success in elections
      • von Papen convinces Hindenburg to make Hitler Chancellor
      • Hitler becomes Chancellor in January 1933
      • Reichstag fire
      • banning/ arrest of Communists
      • fundamental laws suspended
      • Enabling Laws passed
      • all opposition parties banned
      • Trade Unions banned
      • Night of the Long Knives
      • Army Oath of Allegiance
      • use of propaganda
      • control of media
      • concentration camps
      • work of Gestapo/ SS
    • After Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, he moved quickly to make himself dictator. 6. Explain how Hitler established his rule in Germany 1933- 1934. 5 marks