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Adolf Hitler 1889-1945


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A comprehensive and precise account of Adolf Hitler's life and his role during ww2

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Adolf Hitler 1889-1945

  1. 1. First Attempt to Over Through Govt: • Also known as the Munich Putsch • A failed attempt by the Nazi Party leader to seize power in Munich, Bavaria, during 8–9 November 1923  Beer Hall Putsch • Hitler’s arrest and charges of high treason • Remain imprisoned for a year • Wrote his Autobiography “MEIN KAMPF”. March towards Beer Putsch Hall
  2. 2. MEIN KAMPF • Vol 1 : 1925 A Reckoning • Vol 2 : 1926 The National Socialist Movement  Outlines Hitler’s:The National Socialist Movement  Political Ideology  Future pland for Germany
  3. 3. Rise to Power  The Great Depression: Political Opportunity for opportunist • Poor Bruning Administration  German Referendum, 1929  Election of Sep, 1930 (2nd largest party, 8.3% vote)  Hitler’s promises of Bread and Shelter  1932 Presidential Elections  Industry club speech, 1932  30% vote but lost Hitler with president Paul Von Hindenburg
  4. 4. Rise to Power Appointment as Chancellor • Hitler was appointed as Chancellor of Germany on 30th Jan, 1934. • New cabinet included Herman Goring & Whilhelm Frick  6th March Elections (48% votes) Appointment as Fuhrer (Head of the State)
  5. 5. Domestic Policy
  6. 6. Domestic Policies Political Social Religious Economic
  7. 7. Treaty of Versailles  War Guilt – Article 231 • Declared Germany solely responsible for war. Territorial losses • Alsace , Loraine and Saar to France • France captured Ruhr region of Rhineland – 1923 • Memel and Danzing and Silesia to Poland
  8. 8. Treaty Of Versailles  Indemnity Imposed • 20,000,000,000 Gold marks • Repression committee was formed to calculate further destruction  Disarmament Clause • Hand over all the war ships and ammunition to the allied powers. • Army Reduced to 100,000 men. • Allied forces would stay in Germany until Germany pays off indemnity.
  9. 9. Political Policies Authoritarianism All Parties banned but Nazi party Establishment of S.S, S.A and Gestapo Office of president abolished All power vested in Chancellor Flag Replaced.
  10. 10. Social Policies AIM  RACISM – Purify German Race POLICIES Blood Protection Act The Euthanasia Program
  11. 11. Blood Protection Act • AIM: To purify German Race • MEANS: Persecution and Execution  Homosexuals - sent to concentration camps  Gypsies - sent to concentration camps, shot or gassed  The mentally ill - sent to concentration camps
  12. 12. Religious Policies • Objective: Synchronize religious policies with Nazism • Religious factions: i. Catholics – 1/3 of population ii. Protestants – 2/3 of population • THE CONCORDAT i. Deal with the Catholics Problems ii. Approval through “ German Nazis ’’ ( Protestants)
  13. 13. Economic Situation in 1932 • Back ground  Treaty of Versailles  Unemployment - over 6 million  It required a basket full of marks to buy an apple
  14. 14. Economic Policies • One labor Union – German Workers, under the leadership of Nazi leader – Dr. Ley • Aim  to counter communist influence. Most of the jobs were given in weapon industry ‘’Public works are an acceptable remedy for public distress ’’ – Adolph Hitler
  15. 15. Reduced Inflation Reduced unemployment Strengthened Weapon Industry German economic revival RESULT
  16. 16. Hitler`s Foreign Policy By: Komal Aziz
  17. 17. Aggressive, Expansionist Racist Prepared to use force Wants bigger Germany At the expense of other ‘inferior’ nations Foreign Policy Nature
  18. 18. “ State Boundaries are made by man and changed by man ” Adolf Hitler
  19. 19. • Lebensraum • Anschluss • Repudiation of Treaty of Versailles (TOV) Foreign Policy Aims
  20. 20. Foreign Policy Aims  Lebensraum – The Living space for Germans must be expanded. ( Aimed at invading Russia )  Anschluss – German populated areas must be brought under Reich`s control ( Esp: Austria )  Repudiation of TOV- Get snatched teratory back Raise Military Force Develop Weapon Industry.
  21. 21. Danzing goes Nazi - 1933  Overwhelmingly German in Population  TOV; Free city but economically incorporated with poland.  Formation of Nazi Party in free city of Danzing  Municipal Elections of 1933  Nazi party secured majority of the votes  Formation of Nazi government in Denzing.
  22. 22. Non Aggression pact with Poland-1934  Catalyst for the Polish act : Feared might of the Fuhrer  Catalyst for the Fuhrer : Not in a position of launching offensive attack  Ten Years Non – Aggression Pact between Warsaw and Berlin signed in 1934.
  23. 23. Saar selects Germany - 1935 IMPORTANCE: Major coal – producing field TOV : Handed over to LON for a period of 15 years ( Duration expired in 1935 ) REFRENDUM BY LON : Saar decided to Join Germany. REASON: Promising personality of the Hitler.
  24. 24. Annexing Austria - 1938 • BACKGROUND Formation and Success of Nazi party in Austria, in Elections of 1934. Killed Austrian Chancellor – Dollfuss Hitler refused to support Austrian Nazi party, due to fear of Mussolini • SITUATION IN 1938 Hitler acknowledged Mussolini`s annexation of Ethopia while west did not – “ Relations Recovered ” Hitler annexed Austia in 1938 ---- “ Anschluss Achieved ”
  25. 25. Issue of Polish Corridor and Danzing - 1939 Polish Plunders and Destruction of Danzing Fuhrer forms the idea of desiccating Denzing off Poland Demand of Polish Corridor to Connect western Germany with Eastern Germany. Wanted to establish better communication between Eastern and Western Germany by construction of Highway and Railway Track. Poland , supported by England and France , rejected Fuhrer`s demands
  26. 26. THEN FOLLOWED The Cacophonic Catestrophy Creating Countless Calamities for the Contemporary and Coming generations.
  27. 27. Personality analysis • A different perspective – Hitler a jolly personality.
  28. 28. Religious Tolerance • Yes ! Hitler`s policy was based on Racism, but he was not a Racist – He wanted to revive the lost glory of German race , he did not want the extinction of other races.
  29. 29. International Dimension Why Hitler was Anti – Jew ? ( Holocaust ) Horrors of past : “ Stab in the back ” – Hitler THE DEAL : German Jews promised England to get USA into the war if England promised to get them the land in the middle of Palestine.
  30. 30. Domestic Dimension • Jews were spreading Social evils in to German society Immorality and Dacadance First homosexual Play was made in Berlin in 1920s First Adultery theater play was made in Berlin
  31. 31. “ Hitler is often portrayed as the sole supervisor of the the events that shaped the framework of world war two ” Henry Kissenger , Diplomacy.  Whether it is true or not – is a matter of great debate.  Two Views: i, Was it Hitler`s war ? ii, Was it appeasement led war ?
  32. 32. May be , if we look at his ;  Authoritarianism  Arms and ammunition build up  Military build up  Repudiation of Treaty of Versailles  Expansionism = Lebensraum and Anschluss
  33. 33. • May not be, for the following reasons; • Gustave Stresemann, German Foreign Minister after WW1, had already stated what later on came to be Hitler`s foreign policy principles. • “ There is no justification for the continued existence of Poland, there should be a greater Germany in central Europe ” J. W. Purde , The Origins of the Second World War • So, if not by Hitler then by some one else, but repudiation of TOV was inevitable.
  34. 34. Up till 1939, German Economy was not a war economy In 1936, First step was taken to expand weapon industry. Hitler did not want a world war. PROOF: VIDEO – Secret Documents.
  35. 35. • As it takes two hands to make a clap , similarly it takes two actors to launch a war. The Policy of Appeasement : • “ The policy of appeasement towards Adolf Hitler`s Germany eased the situation for German repudiation of Treaty of Versailles and her ultimate entangling in World War Two. ” Henry Kissinger, Diplomacy.
  36. 36. • ENGLAND  Had no any ally in Pacific region  Could not afford war at any cost • FRANCE  Can be best described as Pessimistic Realist – Didn`t consider TOV as unjust document.  Great Depression 1929 – Economic crisis, Poverty and political instability.
  37. 37.  Poland`s attrocities on Germans of Denzing.  Fuhrer`s demand of Danzing and Polish corridor  Hitler – Stalin pact  Hitler Mussolini pact
  38. 38. CONCLUSION: Whether Hitler OR Appeasement Policy ? • Nicely Defined By J.W.Purde in his Book – Origins Of the Second World War. “ Another German Government would have probably achieved it more slowly. Hitler`s contribution was both to speed up the process, rob it of any shred of diplomatic decency and stumble into war with Britain and France in the Final Stage. ” YES ! He caused the war ; not by his Intentions but my his means to achieve the ends.
  39. 39. THEN FOLLOWED The Cacophonic Catestrophy Creating Countless Calamities for the Contemporary and Coming generations.
  40. 40. Death as Downfall 30th April, 1945 • Allied has entered into the Berlin`s boundaries. • Did not want to be captured by Allied Forces. • Chose the same fate as other Germans has chosen - DEATH