Cooking materials (3)


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Cooking materials (3)

  1. 1. Cooking Materials
  2. 2. Aluminum is the best for all-around use. It is the most popular, lightweight, attractive and less expensive. Stainless Steel is the most popular material used for tools and equipment, but it is more expensive..
  3. 3. Glass is good for baking but not practical for top or surface cooking. Great care is needed to ensure for long shelf life. Cast Iron is sturdy but must be kept oiled to avoid rusting.
  4. 4. Ceramic and heat-proof glass are used especially for baking dishes, casseroles, and measuring cups. Teflon is a special coating applied inside of aluminum or steel pots and pans.
  6. 6. A baster is handy for returning some of the meat or poultry juices from the pan, back to the food. Cans, bottles, cartoons opener use to open a food tin, preferably with a smooth operation, and comfortable gripand turning knob.
  7. 7. Colanders also called a vegetable strainer are essential for various tasks from cleaning vegetables to straining pasta or tin contents. Dredgers – are used to shake flour, salt, and pepper on meat, poultry, and fish.
  8. 8. Emery boards/sharpening steel – is used to sharpen long knives. Garlic Press is a kitchen tool which is specifically designed for the purpose of pulping garlic.
  9. 9. Graters are used to grate, shred, slice and separate foods such as carrots, cabbage and cheese. Handy Poultry and roasting tools make it easier to lift a hot roasted turkey from the roaster to the serving platter, without it falling apart.
  10. 10. Kitchen shears they are practical for opening food packages, cutting tape or string or simply to remove labels or tags from items. Pasta spoon or server is used to transfer a little or a lot of pasta to a waiting plate, without mess.
  11. 11. Potato masher is used for mashing cooked potatoes, turnips, carrots or other soft cooked vegetables. Rotary egg beater – used for beating small amount of eggs or batter. The beaters should be made of stainless steel.
  12. 12. Scraper- a rubber or silicone tool to blend or scrape the food from the bowl, metal, silicone or plastic egg turners or flippers Serving spoons- utensils consisting of a small, shallow bowl on a handle used in preparing, serving, or eating food.
  13. 13. Serving tongs enable you to more easily grab and transfer larger food items, poultry or meat portions to a serving platter, to a hot skillet or deep fryer, or to a plate. Soup ladle is used for serving soup or stews, but can also be used for gravy, dessert sauces or other foods.
  14. 14. Spatula – is used to level off ingredients when measuring, and to spread frostings and sandwich fillings. Spoons – solid, slotted, or perforated. Made of stainless steel or plastic, the solid ones are used to spoon liquids over foods and to lift foods, including the liquid out of the pot.
  15. 15. Two-tine fork – used to hold meats while slicing, and to turn solid pieces of meat while browning or cooking Made of stainless steel and with heat-proof handle. Wooden spoons are used for creaming, stirring, and mixing. They should be made of hard wood.
  16. 16. Scoops or dippers – are used to measure serving of soft foods, such as fillings, icecream, and mashed potato. Kitchen knives often referred to as cook's or chef's tools, knives are a must for all types of kitchen tasks, from peeling an onion and slicing carrots, to carving a roast or turkey.
  17. 17. Vegetable peeler is used to scrape vegetables, such as carrots and potatoes, and to peel fruits. Refrigerators/freezers are necessary in preventing bacterial infections from foods.
  18. 18. Oven- a chamber or compartment used for cooking, baking, heating, or drying. Blenders are used to chop, blend, mix, whip, puree, grate, and liquify all kinds of food. A blender is a very useful appliance.
  19. 19. Q and A
  20. 20. Entrance Ticket What do I know about the materials and equipment needed in cooking? Exit Ticket What are the three best things I learned today?
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