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  • 1. A Midsummer Night’s DreamBy William Shakespeare
  • 2. A Midsummer Night’s Dream- Key Facts• Author · William ShakespeareGenres• Comedy, fantasy, romance, farceDate of first publication• 1600Time and place• written · London, 1594 or 1595 2
  • 3. Characters 3
  • 4. Puck• Also known as Robin GoodfellowPlay’s Protagonist (?)• His enchanting, mischievous spirit pervades the atmosphere, and his antics are responsible for many of the complications in the play.• He is the closest this the play has to a protagonist. 4
  • 5. Most famous quote:• Lord, what fools these mortals be!Oberon’s Jester• I am that merry wanderer of the night. I jest to Oberon and make him smileHe has the last line in theplay:• So, good night unto you all. Give me your hands, if we be friends, And Robin shall restore amends. 5
  • 6. Oberon- The king of thefairies• Oberon - Oberon is angry with his wife, Titania, because she refuses to give up control of a young Indian prince whom he wants for a knight.Nature is distraught becauseOberon and Titania are fighting• And this same progeny of evils comes From our debate, from our dissension; We are their parents and original.• And this same progeny of evils comes From our debate, from our dissension; We are their parents and original. 6
  • 7. Titania - The beautifulqueen of the fairies• Titania resists the attempts of her husband, Oberon, to make a knight of the young Indian prince that she has been given to raise.Wife of Oberon• She has a quick temper and a fierce loyalty. 7
  • 8. They fight overthe child…“Andnow they nevermeet in grove orgreenBy fountainclear, orspangledstarlight sheen,But they dosquare (fight)”. 8
  • 9. Lysander - A youngman of Athens• At the beginning of the play, he is in love with Hermia.Secret Love• He cannot marry Hermia because Egeus, her father, wishes her to wed another man named Demetrius. 9
  • 10. Demetrius - A youngman of AthensFickle Heart• He is now in love with Hermia but used to be in love with Helena.Men rule!• He has won the heart of Hermia’s father and therefore, Hermia has no choice but to marry Demetrius or be put to death (or become a nun). 10
  • 11. Hermia - Egeus’s daughter• A young woman of Athens.• Hermia is in love with Lysander and is a childhood friend of Helena.Goes Against her Father• Hermia must face a horrible choice, either marry Demetrius, her father’s choice, or run away and marry Lysander in secret. 11
  • 12. Helena - A young woman .of Athens• She is in love with Demetrius.Helena + Demetrius• Demetrius and Helena were once betrothed, but when Demetrius met Helena’s friend Hermia• He fell in love with her and abandoned Helena.Won’t let him go.• She is determined to win him back. 12
  • 13. Egeus - Hermia’s father.He brings a complaint againsthis daughter to Duke Theseus:• Egeus has given Demetrius permission to marry Hermia, but Hermia, in love with Lysander, refuses to marry Demetrius.Marry him or Die! 13
  • 14. Theseus - The heroic duke ofAthens• Theseus was a famous Greek King who was credited with killing the minotaur.Engaged to Hippolyta.• Theseus represents power and order throughout the play.Represents order and royalhierarchy.• He appears only at the beginning and end of the story, removed from the dreamlike events of the forest. 14
  • 15. Hippolyta - The legendaryqueen of the Amazons• She is engaged to Theseus. Like Theseus, she symbolizes order.Queen of the Amazons• She was once the proud queen of the Amazons, a warrior race of women, andTheseus won her in battle• After he beat her in battle, he won her heart, and they will soon be married. 15
  • 16. Nick Bottom - Theoverconfident weaver .• He is chosen to play Pyramus in the craftsmen’s play for Theseus’s marriage celebration.He is turned into a half-man– half-donkey.• Bottom is full of advice and self- confidence but frequently makes silly mistakes and misuses language. 16
  • 17. MagicalForces at work• Titiana is tricked by a love potion into loving a drastically changed, Bottom! 17
  • 18. The playwithin a play.•The Athenian workman want to put on a play called Pyramus and Thisbe
  • 19. Peter Quince - Acarpenter.• He is the leader of the craftsmen’s attempt to put on a play for Theseus’s marriage celebration.Plays second fiddle toBottom.• Quince is often shoved aside by the abundantly confident Bottom. During the craftsmen’s play, Quince plays the Prologue. 19
  • 20. Francis Flute - Thebellows-mender• He is chosen to play Thisbe in the craftsmen’s play for Theseus’s marriage celebration.No women allowedon stage !• Forced to play a young girl in love, the bearded craftsman determines to speak his lines in a high, squeaky voice. 20
  • 21. Robin Starveling - The tailor• He is chosen to play Thisbe’s mother in the craftsmen’s play for Theseus’s marriage celebrationThe Man in theMoon• He ends up playing the part of Moonshine. 21
  • 22. Tom Snout - Thetinker• He is chosen to play Pyramus’s father in the craftsmen’s play for Theseus’s marriage celebration.Just another brickin the wall…• However, he ends up playing the part of Wall, dividing the two lovers. 22
  • 23. Snug - The joiner.• He is chosen to play the lion in the craftsmen’s play for Theseus’s marriage celebration.Kind-hearted lion.• Snug worries that his roaring will frighten the ladies in the audience. 23
  • 24. Philostrate - Theseus’sMaster of Ceremonies• He is responsible for organizing the entertainment for the duke’s marriage celebration.• He advises Theseus not hear the craftsman’s play because he thinks it is awful. 24
  • 25. Mote• The four fairies are ordered by Titania to attend to Bottom after she falls in love with him.Cobweb• ―I shall desire you of more acquaintance, good Master Cobweb. If I cut my finger, I shall make bold with you.‖Mustardseed• ―I promise you your kindred hath made my eyes water ere now. I desire you of more acquaintance, good Master Mustardseed.‖Peaseblossom• Good Master Peaseblossom, I shall desire you of more acquaintance too. 25
  • 26. Symbols• Symbols are objects, characters, figures, and colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts. 26
  • 27. Theseus and Hippolyta• The Duke and the Duchess, Theseus and Hippolyta, appear in the daylight at both the beginning and the end of the play’s main action.• They disappear, in the middle of Act I, and don’t reappear until Act IV, as the sun is coming up to end the magical night in the forest.Royal Bookends• Shakespeare uses Theseus and Hippolyta, the ruler of Athens and his warrior bride, to represent order and stability, to contrast with the uncertainty, instability, and darkness of most of the play. 27
  • 28. The Love Potion• The love potion is made from the juice of a flower that was struck with one of Cupid’s misfired arrows; it is used by the fairies to wreak romantic havoc throughout the play.The Power of Love• The love potion becomes a symbol of the unreasoning, fickle, erratic, and undeniably powerful nature of love, which can lead to inexplicable and bizarre behavior and cannot be resisted. 28
  • 29. The Craftsmen’s Play• The play-within-a-play that takes up most• of Act V is used to represent many of the important ideas and themes of the main plot.Bumbling Actors• Because the craftsmen are such bumbling actors, their performance satirizes the melodramatic Athenian lovers and gives the play a purely joyful, comedic ending.Comedy at its best.• The craftsmen’s play is a kind of symbol for A Midsummer Night’s Dream itself: a story involving powerful emotions that is made hilarious by its comical presentation. 29
  • 30. Motifs• Motifs are recurring structures, contrasts, and literary devices that can help to develop and inform the text’s major themes. 30
  • 31. Contrasting Ideas• The idea of contrast is the basic building block of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. The entire play is constructed around groups of opposites and doubles.Like night and day.• Every scene represents a contrast. Helena is tall, Hermia is short; Puck plays pranks, Bottom is the victim of pranks; Titania is beautiful, Bottom is grotesque.Love and Hate• Like Demetriuss whipped spaniel, Helena grows fonder from mistreatment. 31
  • 32. More Contrasts• Theseus woos Hippoyta "with his sword". On opposite sides in battle, they fall in love. Enemies become friends (the mismatched lovers, the families of Pyramis and Thisbe.)Love and Hate• Helenas affection for Demetrius seems to make him hate her. Hermias hatred seems to make him love her.• In the dream world of the forest, deer chase tigers as Helena pursues Demetrius. 32
  • 33. Themes•Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. 33
  • 34. The Difficulties of• ―The course of true love never did run smooth,‖ comments Lysander, articulating one of A Midsummer Night’s Dream’s most important themes—that of the difficulty of love (I.i.134).It all works out in the end.• The tone of the play is so lighthearted that the audience never doubts that things will end happily, and it is therefore free to enjoy the comedy without being caught up in the tension of an uncertain outcome. 34
  • 35. Magic• The fairies’ magic, which brings about many of the bizarre and hilarious situations in the play, is another part of the fantastic atmosphere of A Midsummer Night’s Dream.• Shakespeare uses magic both to portray the almost supernatural power of love (symbolized by the love potion) and to create a surreal world. 35
  • 36. The Nature of Dreams• As the title suggests, dreams are an important theme in A Midsummer Night’s Dream.• The theme of dreaming recurs when characters attempt to explain the strange events of one night in the forest: ―I have had a dream, past the wit of man to say what / dream it was.• Man is but an ass if he go about t’expound this dream,‖ says Bottom the morning after the events of the play. 36
  • 37. Dreaming…• ...Are you sure That we are awake? It seems to me that yet we sleep, we dream. 37
  • 38. Setting – The Clearing in theForest• All three of the major plot elements come together in a clearing in the forest.• The Craftsman use the clearing as a place to practice their play.• The lovers (Hermia, Helena, Lysander and Demetrius) use the clearing as a meeting place.• The Fairies use the clearing to perform ancient ceremonies 38
  • 39. ...where often you and IUpon faint primrose-beds were wont tolie,Emptying our bosoms of their counselsweet 39
  • 40. THE ENDImages found at:http://classics.freehomepage.com/midsummer/acttwo.html 40