A Midsummer Night’s Dream

11,164 views

Published on

High School, ESL, Midsummer Night's Dream, William Shakespeare,

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

A Midsummer Night’s Dream

  1. 1. A Midsummer Night’s Dream A Comedy by William Shakespeare Ms. Aixa B. Rodriguez ESL Teacher High School for World Cultures Bronx, NY
  2. 2. What is A Midsummer Night’s Dream about? <ul><li>Themes are universal and fundamental ideas in a work of literature . </li></ul><ul><li>Themes in this play include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulty of Love- jealousy, arranged marriage, parental approval, competition, imbalance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magic- fairies, love potions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dreams- within the play and the play itself. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is A Midsummer Night’s Dream all about? <ul><li>Motifs are recurring structures that inform themes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrasts or opposites- tall and short, ugly and beautiful, serious and happy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Symbols are objects, colors and figures used to represent ideas or concepts in a work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Theseus and Hippolyta: represent order and stability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Love Potion: unreasoning and fickle nature of love </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Craftsman’s play : represents the themes of the Midsummer Night’s dream revisited. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Who are the characters in this play? The Fairies <ul><li>Puck -  Oberon’s jester, a mischievous fairy who delights in playing pranks on mortals. </li></ul><ul><li>Oberon  -  The king of the fairies, </li></ul><ul><li>Titania  -  The beautiful queen of the fairies </li></ul><ul><li>Peaseblossom, Cobweb, Mote, and Mustardseed  -  The fairies ordered by Titania to attend to Bottom after she falls in love with him. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Who are the characters in this play? Mortals: The Lovers <ul><li>Lysander  - in love with Hermia </li></ul><ul><li>Demetrius  -  initially in love with Hermia and ultimately in love with Helena. </li></ul><ul><li>Hermia  -  Egeus’s daughter, in love with Lysander, a childhood friend of Helena. </li></ul><ul><li>Helena -   in love with Demetrius to whom she was once engaged, but then was abandoned for Hermia. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Who are the characters in this play ? Mortals: Athenians <ul><li>Egeus  -  Hermia’s father, has given Demetrius permission to marry Hermia </li></ul><ul><li>Theseus  - duke of Athens, engaged to Hippolyta. </li></ul><ul><li>Hippolyta  -  The legendary queen of the Amazons, engaged to Theseus. </li></ul><ul><li>Philostrate  - party planner responsible for organizing the entertainment for Theseus’ wedding. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Who are the characters in this play ? Mortals: The Craftsmen <ul><li>Nick Bottom  -  weaver chosen to play Pyramus in the craftsmen’s play </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Quince  -  carpenter plays the Prologue. </li></ul><ul><li>Francis Flute  -  bellows-mender plays Thisbe in the craftsmen’s play </li></ul><ul><li>Robin Starveling  -  tailor chosen to play the part of Moonshine. </li></ul><ul><li>Tom Snout  -  tinker who ends up playing the part of Wall, dividing the two lovers. </li></ul><ul><li>Snug  -  joiner chosen to play the lion </li></ul>
  8. 8. Act I : Exposition <ul><li>Theseus, duke of Athens, is preparing for his marriage to Hippolyta. </li></ul><ul><li>Egeus comes to Theseus with his daughter, Hermia, and two young men, Demetrius (who loves Hermia) and Lysander (who Hermia loves). </li></ul><ul><li>Egeus wishes Hermia to marry Demetrius and asks for the full penalty of law to fall on Hermia’s head if she disobeys. </li></ul><ul><li>Theseus warns her that disobeying her father could result in her being sent to a convent or killed. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Inciting Incident <ul><li>Hermia and Lysander plan to escape Athens the following night and marry in the house of Lysander’s aunt. </li></ul><ul><li>They tell Hermia’s friend Helena, who was once engaged to Demetrius. </li></ul><ul><li>Helena tells Demetrius of the lovers’ plans. Demetrius goes into the woods after Hermia and Helena follows him. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Hoping to regain his love, Helena tells Demetrius of Lysander and Hermia’s plans and follows him into the woods
  11. 11. Rising Action <ul><li>Fairies, including Oberon, the fairy king, and Titania, his queen, and a group of Athenian craftsmen rehearsing a play are also in this forest. </li></ul><ul><li>Oberon and Titania are fighting over a young Indian prince given to Titania by the prince’s mother. </li></ul><ul><li>The boy is so beautiful that Oberon wishes to make him a knight, but Titania refuses. </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking revenge, Oberon sends his merry servant, Puck, to acquire a magical flower, the juice of which can be spread over a sleeping Titania to make her fall in love with the first thing she sees upon waking. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The boy is so beautiful that Oberon wishes to make him a knight, but Titania refuses.
  13. 13. Rising Action: Complications and Suspense <ul><li>Puck gets the flower </li></ul><ul><li>Oberon, having seen Demetrius act cruelly toward Helena, orders Puck to spread some of the juice on the eyelids of a young Athenian man. </li></ul><ul><li>Puck mistakes Lysander for Demetrius and puts the love potion on his eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>Lysander sees Helena and falls deeply in love with her, abandoning Hermia. </li></ul><ul><li>Titania wakes, the first person she sees is Bottom, whose head Puck has transformed into that of a donkey. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Titania wakes, the first person she sees is Bottom, whose head Puck has transformed into that of a donkey.
  15. 15. Conflict and Climax <ul><li>Puck has to undo his mistake </li></ul><ul><li>Lysander and Demetrius both end up in love with Helena, who believes that they are making fun of her. </li></ul><ul><li>Hermia becomes jealous and challenges Helena to a fight. </li></ul><ul><li>Demetrius and Lysander nearly do fight over Helena’s love, but Puck confuses them by mimicking their voices. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Demetrius and Lysander nearly do fight over Helena’s love, Hermia becomes jealous.
  17. 17. Hermia becomes jealous and challenges Helena to a fight
  18. 18. Falling Action <ul><li>Oberon obtains the Indian boy </li></ul><ul><li>Puck spreads the love potion on Lysander’s eyelids, and by morning all is well. </li></ul><ul><li>Theseus and Hippolyta discover the sleeping lovers in the forest and take them back to Athens to be married </li></ul><ul><li>Demetrius now loves Helena, and Lysander now loves Hermia. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Resolution <ul><li>After the wedding, the couples watch the craftsmen perform their play, a fumbling, hilarious version of the story of Pyramus and Thisbe. </li></ul><ul><li>The lovers go to bed; the fairies bless the sleeping couples and then disappear. </li></ul><ul><li>Puck remains, to ask the audience for its forgiveness and approval and to urge it to remember the play as though it had all been a dream. </li></ul>
  20. 20. A play within a play The couples watch the craftsmen perform their play, a fumbling, hilarious version of the story of Pyramus and Thisbe.
  21. 21. References <ul><li>SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on A Midsummer Night’s Dream.” SparkNotes.com. SparkNotes LLC. 2002. Web. 7 Dec. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures from a Google search “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” </li></ul>

×