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Of Charles Dickens
 Biography
 Themes
 Characters
 Summary
 Devices used
Content:
 Commonly known as Charles
Dickens.
 He was born in Portsmouth,
England on February, 7th, 1812.
 A writer and a social ...
 Charles Dickens’ main themes
generally concentrated on famine,
poverty,corruption, family, or in
short social problems.
...
A-Themes
1- Surveillance and Knowledge :
In the story there are characters
who spent time keeping secrets
and hiding their...
A- Themes
2- Fancy Vs. Facts : It is also
illustrated in this novel the
opposition between « Fancy »
and « Facts ».
3- Fid...
 Thomas Gradgrind: an educator
who believes only in facts and
statistics
 Tom & Louisa: Thomas’ children
 Mr.Bounderby:...
 Mrs.Gradgrind
 Mrs.Blackpool
 Mrs.Sparsit(Boundery’s
housekeeper)
III/B-Flat
characters:
 The novel is divided into three
sections
 These are : « Sowing »,
« Reaping », and« Garnering ».
IV- Summary
 Setting:Coketown an imaginary
industrial town.
 Thomas Gradgrind, a teacher,
who is a man of facts and
calculations
 H...
 The workers, or as referred to
in the story « The hands ».
 One of them is very poor
(Stephen Blackpool), unhappily
mar...
 Introduction to James Harthouse, a
wealthy sophisticate from London,
who wants to begin a political
career as a disciple...
 Mrs.Sparsit, Bounderby’s
Housekeeper witnesses Harthouse
declaring his love for Louisa.
 Unable to deal with the situat...
 Stephen hears of the accusations
and decides to go back to
Coketown.
 On his way back he falls into a
mining pit called...
 Mrs.Sparsit:Forbidden to see
Bounderby as she unwillingly
unmasks him as a liar.
 Mr.Gradgrind:Helping the poor
 Bound...
 It is a denunciational novel that
accuses the industrial life and its
effects on the have-nots .
 Its aim consists of t...
In order to strengthen his novel,
Charles Dickens used powerful
devices such as:
 Repetition
 Exagerration (Overstatemen...
THE END
Hard Times
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Hard Times

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A presentation on Charles Dickens' Hard Times

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Hard Times

  1. 1. Of Charles Dickens
  2. 2.  Biography  Themes  Characters  Summary  Devices used Content:
  3. 3.  Commonly known as Charles Dickens.  He was born in Portsmouth, England on February, 7th, 1812.  A writer and a social critic.  Considered as the finest writer in the Victorian era according to the scholars and critics of the 20th century.  He had many successful works such as : David Copperfield, Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol, Hard Times, etc. I-Charles John Huffam Dickens ( 1812-1870 )
  4. 4.  Charles Dickens’ main themes generally concentrated on famine, poverty,corruption, family, or in short social problems. Continuation
  5. 5. A-Themes 1- Surveillance and Knowledge : In the story there are characters who spent time keeping secrets and hiding their history and then there is another set of characters who devoted themselves to researching , analysing, and listening in on the lives of others. II-Hard Times
  6. 6. A- Themes 2- Fancy Vs. Facts : It is also illustrated in this novel the opposition between « Fancy » and « Facts ». 3- Fidelity : This one touches upon the conflicts of personal interests, honesty, and loyalty that occur throughout the novel. II-Hard Times
  7. 7.  Thomas Gradgrind: an educator who believes only in facts and statistics  Tom & Louisa: Thomas’ children  Mr.Bounderby: A wealthy man who claims to be self-made .  Stephen Blackpool: a simple worker in a factury.  Sissy Jupe: a loving, imaginative girl who believes in fancy. III-Main characters:
  8. 8.  Mrs.Gradgrind  Mrs.Blackpool  Mrs.Sparsit(Boundery’s housekeeper) III/B-Flat characters:
  9. 9.  The novel is divided into three sections  These are : « Sowing », « Reaping », and« Garnering ». IV- Summary
  10. 10.  Setting:Coketown an imaginary industrial town.  Thomas Gradgrind, a teacher, who is a man of facts and calculations  He never allows his children ( Tom and Louisa ) to show emotions  Sissy Jupe, one of Gradgrind’s students, whom he doesn’t approve of because of her imaginative ideas, so he takes over her education.
  11. 11.  The workers, or as referred to in the story « The hands ».  One of them is very poor (Stephen Blackpool), unhappily married, and moreover in love with another woman.  Mr.Bounderby, a wealthy businessman who pretends to be a self-made man, declares his intentions to marry Louisa.She accepts passively out of reason.
  12. 12.  Introduction to James Harthouse, a wealthy sophisticate from London, who wants to begin a political career as a disciple to T.Gradgrind.  The workers intend to form a union. Stephen refuses to join and is chased out. Bounderby dismisses him because he refuse to spy on « the hands ».  One day he waits outside the bank for the financial help Tom had promised.  After that Stephen Blackpool leaves Coketown in order to look for a job.  The bank is robbed, and Stephen is suspected
  13. 13.  Mrs.Sparsit, Bounderby’s Housekeeper witnesses Harthouse declaring his love for Louisa.  Unable to deal with the situation she flees to her father’s house.
  14. 14.  Stephen hears of the accusations and decides to go back to Coketown.  On his way back he falls into a mining pit called « Old Hell shaft ».Shortly after this he dies in the arms of Rachael (the woman he loved)  Tom robbed the bank and leaves England out of shame.  The final chapter of the novel details the fates of the characters
  15. 15.  Mrs.Sparsit:Forbidden to see Bounderby as she unwillingly unmasks him as a liar.  Mr.Gradgrind:Helping the poor  Bounderby:Dies after 5 years alone in Coketowns’ streets  Louisa:Learned how to feel sympathy  Sissy Jupe:Marries and finds a loving family
  16. 16.  It is a denunciational novel that accuses the industrial life and its effects on the have-nots .  Its aim consists of the danger of making people like machines. Hard Times in short and its main aim
  17. 17. In order to strengthen his novel, Charles Dickens used powerful devices such as:  Repetition  Exagerration (Overstatement)  Irony  Simile & metaphor  Synchdoche  Dialogue  Tricolon ( A series of three words, clauses, or phrases) V-The main devices used in the novel:
  18. 18. THE END

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