A Midsummer Night\'s Dream by William Shakespeare

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Introduction, summary, general analysis of the principal themes, a little text example of \"A Midsummer Night\'s Dream\" by William Shakespeare.

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A Midsummer Night\'s Dream by William Shakespeare

  1. 1. Presented by Erika Asperges & Cristina de Pascale
  2. 2. . INDEX . Introduction The Plot Themes <ul><li>Love </li></ul><ul><li>Dreams </li></ul><ul><li>Magic </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of Individuality </li></ul>Skills of the Text
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Written in occasion of two weddings; </li></ul><ul><li>Dated 1595, performed at The Globe, published in The First Folio; </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired by Chaucer and mythological tales; </li></ul><ul><li>Romantic comedy, in opposition with the tragedy “Romeo and Juliet”. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The plot Magic Fairy world: Oberon, Titania and Puck D Realistic Artisans play C Romantic Four Athenian Lovers B Classic Marriage between Theseus and Hyppolita Framework A Type Description Plot
  5. 5. <ul><li>Hermia refuses to marry Demetrius </li></ul><ul><li>She escapes in the wood with her lover Lysander </li></ul><ul><li>Demetrius follows them, and Helena follows Demetrius. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Oberon and Titania argue. </li></ul><ul><li>Oberon wants to punish her. </li></ul><ul><li>He asks for help to Puck to make her fall in love with a vile creature, thanks to his magical juice. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Oberon orders Puck to spread the juice into Demetrius’s eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>Puck accidentally puts the elisir on Lysander’s eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>Lysander falls in love with Helena. </li></ul><ul><li>The four lovers argue. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The artisans go into the wood to rehearse the play for Theseus’s wedding. </li></ul><ul><li>Puck transforms Bottom’ head in the one of an ass. </li></ul><ul><li>Titania falls in love with him and forgives Oberon. </li></ul><ul><li>Puck removes the magic from everyone except for Demetrius. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The fairies disappeared and Theseus and Hyppolita come into the wood. </li></ul><ul><li>They meet the lovers and wake them. </li></ul><ul><li>The lovers decide that the night’s event should be a dream. </li></ul><ul><li>They all get married and the artisans perform their play. </li></ul><ul><li>Oberon and Titania bless the newlyweds and Puck does a soliloquy. </li></ul>
  10. 10. . Themes. <ul><li>Love </li></ul>Identity Magic Dreams
  11. 11. Love <ul><li>Two types of love: </li></ul><ul><li>Rational love: represented by the marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Irrational love: the most important in the play </li></ul>
  12. 12. Irrational love <ul><li>Inspired by the midsummer days (spent in the wood), the moment of changes and sexual love. </li></ul><ul><li>The night and the wood are symbol of unreason, mistakes and of the dreams; this is the background for the lovers. </li></ul><ul><li>In each couple the magical changes reveal a dark side ok love. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Magic <ul><li>It’used to create hilarious situations in the play </li></ul><ul><li>It represents </li></ul><ul><li>The misuse of magic causes chaos but it also resolves the play’s tensions </li></ul>the supernatural power of love the surreal world of fairies
  14. 14. Dreams <ul><li>The play alternates dreams and reality </li></ul><ul><li>The characters explain the strange event of the night by believing it was a dream. </li></ul><ul><li>The author uses the dreams to avoid to explain the innatural. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of the play, Puck suggests to the public to consider the play just a dream. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>There’s a mess between reality and fairy world: the public can’t understand what is real and what is not. </li></ul><ul><li>The plot develops around the lack of recognition that brings to the essential action: the transformation of Bottom or the failure of Puck are the principal events. </li></ul>Loss of individual indentity
  16. 16. Skills of the Text The play within the play Text: An ass head
  17. 17. The play within the play <ul><li>The plot includes the staging of a play acted and watched by the actors themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>The p.w.p. is acted by the craftsmen for the newlyweds. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a parody of the lovers’ story: </li></ul><ul><li>they’re obstruct by parents </li></ul><ul><li>they escape into the wood in the night </li></ul><ul><li>they’re victim of an illusion </li></ul>
  18. 18. Text: An ass head <ul><li>[Enter PUCK, and BOTTOM with an ass's head.] </li></ul><ul><li>BOTTOM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>'If I were fair, Thisby, I were only thine' </li></ul></ul><ul><li>QUINCE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>O monstrous! O strange! we are haunted. Pray, masters! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fly, masters! Help! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>[Exeunt ARTISANS.] </li></ul><ul><li>PUCK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I'll follow you; I'll lead you about a round, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Through bog, through bush, through brake, through brier; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometime a horse I'll be, sometime a hound, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A hog, a headless bear, sometime a fire; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And neigh, and bark, and grunt, and roar, and burn, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Like horse, hound, hog, bear, fire, at every turn. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>[Exit.] </li></ul><ul><li>BOTTOM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why do they run away? This is a knavery of them to make </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>me afeard. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>[Enter SNOUT.] </li></ul><ul><li>SNOUT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>O Bottom, thou art changed! What do I see on thee? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BOTTOM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you see? you see an ass-head of your own, do you? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[Exit SNOUT - enter QUINCE.] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>QUINCE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bless thee, Bottom! bless thee! thou art translated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[Exit.] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BOTTOM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I see their knavery: this is to make an ass of me; to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fright me, if they could. But I will not stir from this </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>place, do what they can: I will walk up and down here, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and I will sing, that they shall hear I am not afraid. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>[Sings.] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ousel cock, so black of hue, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With orange-tawny bill, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The throstle with his note so true, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The wren with little quill. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TITANIA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[Waking.] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What angel wakes me from my flowery bed? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BOTTOM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[Sings.] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The finch, the sparrow, and the lark, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The plain-song cuckoo gray, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whose note full many a man doth mark, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And dares not answer nay; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for, indeed, who would set his wit to so foolish a bird? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who would give a bird the lie, though he cry 'cuckoo' never so? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TITANIA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I pray thee, gentle mortal, sing again; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mine ear is much enamour'd of thy note. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>So is mine eye enthralled to thy shape; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And thy fair virtue's force perforce doth move me, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On the first view, to say, to swear, I love thee. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BOTTOM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Methinks, mistress, you should have little reason for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>that: and yet, to say the truth, reason and love keep little </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>company together now-a-days: the more the pity that some honest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>neighbours will not make them friends. Nay, I can gleek upon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>occasion. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TITANIA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thou art as wise as thou art beautiful. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Characters: the artisans , Bottom and Titania </li></ul><ul><li>Setting: the wood </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques: Dialogue and a little monolgue </li></ul><ul><li>Does Bottom realise his condition? </li></ul><ul><li>How do the artisans react to him? </li></ul><ul><li>What does he do, and how does Titania feel? </li></ul><ul><li>Do their behaviour contrast? </li></ul><ul><li>Themes: </li></ul>(Irrational Love) Love Magic Loss of Identity
  20. 20. Sources <ul><li>Lit & Lab, volume 1- Spiazzi, Tavella – Zanichelli </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wikipedia.it/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.it </li></ul><ul><li>Fairies images: http://magiadellefate.splinder.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures by J.H. Füssli, J.N. Paton, Landseer… </li></ul>
  21. 21. The end

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