Transcript of "Exploring folktales of some English speaking countries"
Exploring folktales of some English speaking countries Carolina Stancati, Elizabeth Favoreto and Sandra Johns de Oliveira
<ul><li>The term “folktale” is used for several related kinds of stories. Most narrowly, a folktale is a traditional story that has been passed on by word of mouth-told from parent to child over many generations or passed on by countless storytellers. No one knows who the original author was, and there are usually different versions of the same story. </li></ul>FOLKTALE What’s a folktale? By Eric K. Taylor told from parent to child different versions author unknown oral stories
<ul><li>Special features: </li></ul><ul><li>good stories, literature, moral teaching, frequent repetition and social and cultural expressions; </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural elements: </li></ul><ul><li>cultural bridge between their own culture and the culture of the language target. </li></ul><ul><li>a natural context for discussing cultural similarities and differences, </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom Activities: </li></ul><ul><li>a wide range classroom from beginners to advanced. </li></ul>Language teaching and the cultural elements
<ul><li>Aesop (also spelled Æsop or Esop , from the </li></ul><ul><li>Greek — Aisōpos ) , known for the genre of fables </li></ul>Aesop's Fables or Aesopica refers to a collection of fables credited to Aesop, a slave and story-teller who lived in ancient Greece between 620 and 560 BC. His fables are some of the most well known in the world. The fables remain a popular choice for moral education of children today. AESOP
ENGLAND England has a rich and varied culture which has both influenced and been influenced by other cultures in the UK, Europe and the world. England thrives with folklore in all forms such as the traditional semi-mystical Arthurian legends and semi-historical Robin Hood tales, to contemporary urban legends .
Aboriginal people have lived in Australia for tens of thousands of years. During that time, some aspects dating from extreme antiquity, was passed down through the generations in the form of spoken allegories, myths, and songs. AUSTRALIA
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Old Mississipi River USA American culture encompasses traditions, ideals, customs, beliefs, values, arts, and innovations developed both domestically and imported via colonization and immigration from many countries around the world . Mississipi river is considered a cultural melting pot, because it helped the integration between French, Latin, Spanish and African cultures.
<ul><li>Canadian culture has historically been influenced by British, French, and indigenous cultures and traditions. Many North American Indigenous words, inventions and games have become an everyday part of Canadian language and use. </li></ul>CANADA
SCOTLAND The culture of Scotland refers to the patterns of human activity and symbolism associated with Scotland and the Scottish people. Scottish culture is also represented at interceltic festivals of music and culture worldwide. The C elts considered the moon as important as the sun, which is her complementary opposite. As the sun rules the day, the moon rules the night.
Maori voyagers reached the islands of New Zealand some time before 1300 and their culture diverged from its Polynesian roots. Regular European contact began approximately 200 years ago, and British immigration proceeded rapidly during the nineteenth century. The British colonists had a dramatic effect on the indigenous Maori, bringing religion, technology, and the English language. NEW ZEALAND
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IRELAND Ireland's culture comprises elements of the culture of ancient immigration and influences as well as participation in a broader European culture. The leprechaun is a type of fairy in Irish folklore, usually taking the form of an old tiny littleman, in a red or green coat, who spends all his time busily making shoes, and storing away all his coins in a hidden pot of gold at the end of the rainbow.
<ul><li>Repetition (reinforce new vocabulary and grammar); </li></ul><ul><li>Natural rhythmic qualities (stress – rhythm – intonation); </li></ul><ul><li>Easier to understand than other types of literature; </li></ul><ul><li>Their goals are plain and concrete; </li></ul><ul><li>Provide material for all levels; </li></ul><ul><li>Useful for developing cognitive and academic skills; </li></ul><ul><li>We can predict what its coming (because of repetition and moral value); </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete vocabulary (feel, taste, touch, smell, see); </li></ul><ul><li>The four skills can be used; </li></ul><ul><li>Have simple grammar; </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural awareness (explore cultural similarities, differences and values). </li></ul>Characteristics of folktales Adapted from Using Folktale – Eric K. taylor
<ul><li>Do not try to memorize the story; </li></ul><ul><li>If you have never told the story before, make a brief outline; </li></ul><ul><li>Write down your opening sentence and your final sentence; </li></ul><ul><li>If there is a repeated refrain or short segment where exact wording is critical, write these words down; </li></ul><ul><li>Think about how the different characters are feeling at different points in the story; </li></ul><ul><li>Think about ways to get students involved. </li></ul>Before you go into the classroom Adapted from Using Folktale – Eric K. taylor
<ul><li>Time-ordered story structure; </li></ul><ul><li>Repetition and redundancy; </li></ul><ul><li>Predictability; </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively simple grammar; </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete vocabulary; </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete ideas; </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrations that provide support and context for the text; </li></ul><ul><li>A unique reader-writer relationship. </li></ul>Characteristics that contribute to easy reading and listening Adapted from Using Folktale – Eric K. taylor