Adolescents, Young Adults, and Adults Chapter 8
Introduction <ul><li>Adolescents and young adults (15-24) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adolescence generally regarded as puberty ...
Adolescents and Young Adults <ul><li>Represent the future of the nation </li></ul><ul><li>Adolescence is difficult stage; ...
Demography <ul><li>Numbers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peaked in 1979 at 21% of population; now ~14% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Livi...
 
 
Mortality <ul><li>Significant decline in death rates over past several decades; mostly due to advances in medicine and inj...
Death Rates by Leading Causes, Ages 15-24
Mortality <ul><li>1/4 of all deaths in age group from motor vehicle injuries; alcohol contributing factor </li></ul><ul><l...
Morbidity <ul><li>Communicable diseases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measles immunizations important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S...
 
 
Health Behaviors and Lifestyle Choices of High School Students <ul><li>Unintentional injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Violence <...
 
Health Behaviors and Lifestyle Choices of College Students <ul><li>Unintentional injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Violence </li>...
Figure 06A: Cigarette: trends in 30-day prevalence among college students versus others one to four years beyond high school
Figure 06B: Cigarette: trends in 30-day prevalence among male versus female college students
 
Figure 07A: Alcohol: trends in 30-day prevalence among college students versus others one to four years beyond high school.
Figure 07B: Alcohol: trends in two-week prevalence of five or more drinks in a row among male and female college students.
Community Health Strategies <ul><li>Main factors affecting community health with age group are social and cultural factors...
Adults <ul><li>Ages 25-64 </li></ul><ul><li>Represent more than half of U.S. population </li></ul>
Health Profile <ul><li>Mortality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mainly from chronic diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many associ...
 
Adult Death Rates
Cancer <ul><li>#1 cause of death for adult age group in recent decades </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Males – prostate, lung, and c...
Cardiovascular Disease <ul><li>Age-adjusted mortality rates dropped over past 60 years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly due to...
Health Behaviors and Lifestyle Choices <ul><li>Risk factors for chronic disease </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most significant for...
Obesity Trends - Adults
 
Community Health Strategies <ul><li>Emphasis on individual responsibility for health </li></ul><ul><li>Primary, secondary,...
Discussion Questions <ul><li>Why are lifestyle and health behaviors significant for the adult age group compared to other ...
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  • Figure 06A: Cigarette: trends in 30-day prevalence among college students versus others one to four years beyond high school
  • Figure 06B: Cigarette: trends in 30-day prevalence among male versus female college students
  • Figure 07A: Alcohol: trends in 30-day prevalence among college students versus others one to four years beyond high school.
  • Figure 07B: Alcohol: trends in two-week prevalence of five or more drinks in a row among male and female college students.
  • Figure 10: Age-adjusted percentage of U.S. adults who had diagnosed diabetes, 1999 and 2008.
  • 90110 pp tx_ch08

    1. 1. Adolescents, Young Adults, and Adults Chapter 8
    2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Adolescents and young adults (15-24) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adolescence generally regarded as puberty to maturity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adults (25-64) </li></ul><ul><li>15-64 some of the most productive, or most productive, years of people’s lives </li></ul><ul><li>Most enjoy the best health of their lives </li></ul><ul><li>Shape health through lifestyle and health behavior for later years </li></ul>
    3. 3. Adolescents and Young Adults <ul><li>Represent the future of the nation </li></ul><ul><li>Adolescence is difficult stage; period of transition from childhood to adulthood </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Comfort and security to complex and challenging situations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Young adults complete physical growth; experience significant life changes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leave home, join military, begin careers, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Many health beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors are adopted and consolidated </li></ul>
    4. 4. Demography <ul><li>Numbers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peaked in 1979 at 21% of population; now ~14% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Living arrangements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1/3 live in single parent families </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Employment status </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation in labor force has remained fairly constant in recent decades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disparities by race </li></ul></ul>
    5. 7. Mortality <ul><li>Significant decline in death rates over past several decades; mostly due to advances in medicine and injury and disease prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Male mortality rate higher than female </li></ul><ul><li>Most threats stem from behavior rather than disease </li></ul><ul><li>Unintentional injuries (46.5%), homicide (16%), suicide (12%) </li></ul>
    6. 8. Death Rates by Leading Causes, Ages 15-24
    7. 9. Mortality <ul><li>1/4 of all deaths in age group from motor vehicle injuries; alcohol contributing factor </li></ul><ul><li>Homicide and suicide rates up 200-300% over last 50 years </li></ul><ul><li>Significant racial disparities among race and leading causes of death </li></ul>
    8. 10. Morbidity <ul><li>Communicable diseases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measles immunizations important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sexually transmitted diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This age group acquires nearly half of all new STDs in the U.S. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some effects can last a lifetime </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 13. Health Behaviors and Lifestyle Choices of High School Students <ul><li>Unintentional injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco use </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol and other drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual behaviors – unintended pregnancies and STDs </li></ul><ul><li>Physical activity </li></ul><ul><li>Overweight and weight control </li></ul>
    10. 15. Health Behaviors and Lifestyle Choices of College Students <ul><li>Unintentional injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco use </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol and other drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual behaviors – unintended pregnancies and STDs </li></ul>
    11. 16. Figure 06A: Cigarette: trends in 30-day prevalence among college students versus others one to four years beyond high school
    12. 17. Figure 06B: Cigarette: trends in 30-day prevalence among male versus female college students
    13. 19. Figure 07A: Alcohol: trends in 30-day prevalence among college students versus others one to four years beyond high school.
    14. 20. Figure 07B: Alcohol: trends in two-week prevalence of five or more drinks in a row among male and female college students.
    15. 21. Community Health Strategies <ul><li>Main factors affecting community health with age group are social and cultural factors and community organizing </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol use a main problem </li></ul>
    16. 22. Adults <ul><li>Ages 25-64 </li></ul><ul><li>Represent more than half of U.S. population </li></ul>
    17. 23. Health Profile <ul><li>Mortality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mainly from chronic diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many associated with unhealthy behaviors and poor lifestyle choices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lifestyle improvements and public health advances have led to decline in death rate for adults </li></ul></ul>
    18. 25. Adult Death Rates
    19. 26. Cancer <ul><li>#1 cause of death for adult age group in recent decades </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Males – prostate, lung, and colorectal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Females – breast, lung, and colorectal </li></ul></ul>
    20. 27. Cardiovascular Disease <ul><li>Age-adjusted mortality rates dropped over past 60 years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly due to public health efforts related to smoking cessation, increased physical activity, and nutrition </li></ul></ul>
    21. 28. Health Behaviors and Lifestyle Choices <ul><li>Risk factors for chronic disease </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most significant for adults – smoking, lack of exercise, BMI, alcohol </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Risk factors for personal injury </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motor vehicle safety – seatbelts and alcohol use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Awareness and screening of certain conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypertension, diabetes, cholesterol </li></ul></ul>
    22. 29. Obesity Trends - Adults
    23. 31. Community Health Strategies <ul><li>Emphasis on individual responsibility for health </li></ul><ul><li>Primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention efforts for adults </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary – exercise and nutrition programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary – self and clinical screenings to identify and control disease processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tertiary – medication compliance </li></ul></ul>
    24. 32. Discussion Questions <ul><li>Why are lifestyle and health behaviors significant for the adult age group compared to other age groups? </li></ul><ul><li>How can community health efforts affect leading causes of death for the adolescent and young adult age group? </li></ul>
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