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HSC Core 1: Health Priorities in Australia                                  S
Priority Areas for improving              health• There are national health priority areas for Australia• They contribute ...
Cardiovascul ar Disease• One of the leading  causes of sickness  and death (36% of  deaths in 2004).• Males more likely th...
Nature of CVD
Extent of CVD
Extent of CVD
Risk Factors
ModifiableRisk Factors
Groups at risk                             Tobacco        SES groups                             SmokersMales             ...
Nature of Cancer  • Refers to a   diverse group of   diseases with a   common feature-   uncontrollable   growth and   spr...
Extent of Cancer
Extent of Cancer
Extent of Cancer
Extent of Cancer
Extent of Cancer
Risk Factors•   Lung Cancer:- Smoking- Occupation- Air Pollution
Groups at risk: Lung Cancer       ‘Blue Collar’    Occupational       occupations        hazards                       (en...
Risk Factors•   Breast Cancer:-   Family History-   Poor Diet-   Obesity
Groups at risk: Breast Cancer                   Women who         Family                   have never         History     ...
Risk Factors•   Skin Cancer:-   Fair skin that burns-   To much sun exposure-   Number and types of moles
Groups at RiskPeople who     People in don’t use        low protection    latitudesPeople with              People with ou...
Injury•   It affects all age groups•   Places high burden on    economic, social and    physical aspects on both    indivi...
Extent of Injury
Extent of Injury
Extent of Injury
Risk Factors           Social    Competing           groups     objective Social and                           Complacency...
Mental Health•   Previously peoples level of    health and wellbeing was    underestimated•   Its not until recently that ...
Extent of Mental Health
Extent of Mental Health
Extent of Mental Health
Risk Factors: Suicide         Social isolation         Depression   Marginalisation                                      M...
Groups at risk: Suicide      Young gay                    People with      or lesbian                    depression       ...
Diabetes• A conditional affecting  the body’s ability to  take glucose from the  bloodstream to use it  for energy. We nee...
Extent of Diabetes
Extent of Diabetes
Risk Factors: Type 2 Diabetes                    45 years         Family                    old with         History      ...
Groups at riskS Being over 35 and being an Aboriginal and Torres Strait  Islander.S Being over 35 and having a Pacific isl...
Asthma•   Is a chronic disease of the    respiratory systems.•   It affects a person’s ability    to carry air in and out ...
Extent of Asthma
Extent of Asthma
Risk FactorsColds and Flu
Risk FactorsTobacco Smoke
Risk FactorsInhaled allergenssuch aspollens, animalhair, dust mites
Risk FactorsAir Pollution
Risk FactorsFood preservatives
Risk FactorsExercise
Arthritis andMusculoskeleta l conditions  •   Refers to a number of      conditions that affect the      joints of the bod...
Extent of Arthritis
Risk FactorsRepetitive use of a     Age   joint Obesity     Gender
PDHPE Core 1 pp
PDHPE Core 1 pp
PDHPE Core 1 pp
PDHPE Core 1 pp
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PDHPE Core 1 pp

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PDHPE Core 1 pp

  1. 1. HSC Core 1: Health Priorities in Australia S
  2. 2. Priority Areas for improving health• There are national health priority areas for Australia• They contribute significantly to the burden of illness in the community.• We can identify the risk factors and determinants, and modify behaviours to reduce the prevalence of these illnesses or conditions.
  3. 3. Cardiovascul ar Disease• One of the leading causes of sickness and death (36% of deaths in 2004).• Males more likely then females to die from CVD.• Can modify risk factors to reduce risk of CVD.
  4. 4. Nature of CVD
  5. 5. Extent of CVD
  6. 6. Extent of CVD
  7. 7. Risk Factors
  8. 8. ModifiableRisk Factors
  9. 9. Groups at risk Tobacco SES groups SmokersMales Family History Ageing HypertensionPopulation Sufferers Poor nutrition
  10. 10. Nature of Cancer • Refers to a diverse group of diseases with a common feature- uncontrollable growth and spread of abnormal body cells.
  11. 11. Extent of Cancer
  12. 12. Extent of Cancer
  13. 13. Extent of Cancer
  14. 14. Extent of Cancer
  15. 15. Extent of Cancer
  16. 16. Risk Factors• Lung Cancer:- Smoking- Occupation- Air Pollution
  17. 17. Groups at risk: Lung Cancer ‘Blue Collar’ Occupational occupations hazards (environment) Cigarette Over the age Smokers of 50
  18. 18. Risk Factors• Breast Cancer:- Family History- Poor Diet- Obesity
  19. 19. Groups at risk: Breast Cancer Women who Family have never History given birth Women Obese over 50 Women
  20. 20. Risk Factors• Skin Cancer:- Fair skin that burns- To much sun exposure- Number and types of moles
  21. 21. Groups at RiskPeople who People in don’t use low protection latitudesPeople with People with outdoor fair skinoccupation
  22. 22. Injury• It affects all age groups• Places high burden on economic, social and physical aspects on both individual and the community.• It is preventable and is a major cause to Australia’s mortality and morbidity rates.
  23. 23. Extent of Injury
  24. 24. Extent of Injury
  25. 25. Extent of Injury
  26. 26. Risk Factors Social Competing groups objective Social and Complacencypsychological of impunity problems Lack of Overload judgement
  27. 27. Mental Health• Previously peoples level of health and wellbeing was underestimated• Its not until recently that the stigma of mental health has been removed which has allowed for improvement in these areas.
  28. 28. Extent of Mental Health
  29. 29. Extent of Mental Health
  30. 30. Extent of Mental Health
  31. 31. Risk Factors: Suicide Social isolation Depression Marginalisation Mental Illness of some groups Physical illness
  32. 32. Groups at risk: Suicide Young gay People with or lesbian depression people Previous suicide Elderly attempts Alcoholics
  33. 33. Diabetes• A conditional affecting the body’s ability to take glucose from the bloodstream to use it for energy. We need this to perform everyday activities.
  34. 34. Extent of Diabetes
  35. 35. Extent of Diabetes
  36. 36. Risk Factors: Type 2 Diabetes 45 years Family old with History HBP 45 years 45 years old and old and over overweight
  37. 37. Groups at riskS Being over 35 and being an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander.S Being over 35 and having a Pacific island, Indian or Chinese cultured background.
  38. 38. Asthma• Is a chronic disease of the respiratory systems.• It affects a person’s ability to carry air in and out of the lungs. The walls of the airways become narrow, making it hard to breath
  39. 39. Extent of Asthma
  40. 40. Extent of Asthma
  41. 41. Risk FactorsColds and Flu
  42. 42. Risk FactorsTobacco Smoke
  43. 43. Risk FactorsInhaled allergenssuch aspollens, animalhair, dust mites
  44. 44. Risk FactorsAir Pollution
  45. 45. Risk FactorsFood preservatives
  46. 46. Risk FactorsExercise
  47. 47. Arthritis andMusculoskeleta l conditions • Refers to a number of conditions that affect the joints of the body. • It affects a large number of Australians
  48. 48. Extent of Arthritis
  49. 49. Risk FactorsRepetitive use of a Age joint Obesity Gender

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