Priority Areas for improving health• There are national health priority areas for Australia• They contribute significantly to the burden of illness in the community.• We can identify the risk factors and determinants, and modify behaviours to reduce the prevalence of these illnesses or conditions.
Cardiovascul ar Disease• One of the leading causes of sickness and death (36% of deaths in 2004).• Males more likely then females to die from CVD.• Can modify risk factors to reduce risk of CVD.
Risk Factors• Lung Cancer:- Smoking- Occupation- Air Pollution
Groups at risk: Lung Cancer ‘Blue Collar’ Occupational occupations hazards (environment) Cigarette Over the age Smokers of 50
Risk Factors• Breast Cancer:- Family History- Poor Diet- Obesity
Groups at risk: Breast Cancer Women who Family have never History given birth Women Obese over 50 Women
Risk Factors• Skin Cancer:- Fair skin that burns- To much sun exposure- Number and types of moles
Groups at RiskPeople who People in don’t use low protection latitudesPeople with People with outdoor fair skinoccupation
Injury• It affects all age groups• Places high burden on economic, social and physical aspects on both individual and the community.• It is preventable and is a major cause to Australia’s mortality and morbidity rates.
Risk Factors Social Competing groups objective Social and Complacencypsychological of impunity problems Lack of Overload judgement
Mental Health• Previously peoples level of health and wellbeing was underestimated• Its not until recently that the stigma of mental health has been removed which has allowed for improvement in these areas.