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Doctors Have Socially Constructed Power
The Rise (and Fall?) of the  Medical Profession• Doctors have a great amount of social  power, political power, and presti...
What Does It Mean to Be Sick?              Like many other           seemingly universal or              stable concepts, ...
The U.S. Health-Care System• Unlike many other industrialized  nations, the United States does not  offer universal health...
The U.S. Health-Care System• Technological advances in medicine have  allowed for:   • the detection of diseases, genetic ...
Technology and Medicinehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D7zbFzyactI
Discrepancies in Health Care      There are numerous health  discrepancies between races in theUnited States, with whites ...
Discrepancies in  Health Care• While some of the discrepancy is due  to differences in socioeconomic  status, there are st...
Discrepancies in  Health Care• There are three main theories that  attempt to explain why people with  higher socioeconomi...
Discrepancies in Health Care          Selection theory  the connection between low income andpoorer health – has mediating...
Discrepancies in Health Care    The drift explanationstates that there is a connectionbetween income and health. If you  h...
Discrepancies in Health CareSocial determinants theory   states that social status can determine a    person’s health.    ...
Discrepancies in Health Care• Married people tend to live longer, but  it is not clear whether marriage actually  benefits...
Discrepancies in Health Care• Large families and children born  close together are both associated  with higher child mort...
The Sociology of Mental Health• The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual  (DSM) provides a standard categorization  of mental...
The Sociology of Mental HealthThere has been a significant increase in the use   of pharmaceuticals to treat mental illnes...
Global Health• Health disparities between groups within  the United States are dwarfed by the  disparities that exist betw...
Bottled Water and World Healthhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Zn0qi80IIY
Chapter 11  health & society
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Chapter 11 health & society

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Chapter 11 health & society

  1. 1. Doctors Have Socially Constructed Power
  2. 2. The Rise (and Fall?) of the Medical Profession• Doctors have a great amount of social power, political power, and prestige for a variety of reasons: • They offer a universally valued product—health and longevity. • There is a limited number of doctors due to the extensive education and training and the strict regulation of the profession. 3
  3. 3. What Does It Mean to Be Sick? Like many other seemingly universal or stable concepts, illness is a social construct: what it means to be sick (or healthy) has changed throughout history and differs from one place to another. 4
  4. 4. The U.S. Health-Care System• Unlike many other industrialized nations, the United States does not offer universal health care. The four main types of health-care coverage in the United States are: 1. fee-for-service 2. health maintenance organizations (HMOs) 3. Medicare 4. Medicaid 5
  5. 5. The U.S. Health-Care System• Technological advances in medicine have allowed for: • the detection of diseases, genetic anomalies in fetuses which raise difficult ethical questions and have major social implications. • multiple births (often due to assisted reproductive technology) and premature births, which present further medical and ethical dilemmas. 6
  6. 6. Technology and Medicinehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D7zbFzyactI
  7. 7. Discrepancies in Health Care There are numerous health discrepancies between races in theUnited States, with whites having the best outcomes overall. The starkest differences can be found between whites and blacks. 8
  8. 8. Discrepancies in Health Care• While some of the discrepancy is due to differences in socioeconomic status, there are still significant differences between whites and blacks with the same income and education level, which implies that racism plays a role in people’s overall health. 9
  9. 9. Discrepancies in Health Care• There are three main theories that attempt to explain why people with higher socioeconomic status have better health: • selection theory • drift explanation • social determinants theory 10
  10. 10. Discrepancies in Health Care Selection theory the connection between low income andpoorer health – has mediating factors. For instance, other factors, like genetics, might affect both socioeconomic status and health. 11
  11. 11. Discrepancies in Health Care The drift explanationstates that there is a connectionbetween income and health. If you have poor health, you might be less likely to find gainful employment. 12
  12. 12. Discrepancies in Health CareSocial determinants theory states that social status can determine a person’s health. 13
  13. 13. Discrepancies in Health Care• Married people tend to live longer, but it is not clear whether marriage actually benefits a person’s health or if healthier people tend to get married.• Women live longer than men, which can be attributed in part to the types of illnesses each sex is more susceptible to as well as to how willing each sex is to seek medical care. 14
  14. 14. Discrepancies in Health Care• Large families and children born close together are both associated with higher child mortality rates, due to greater demands on parents’ financial and emotional resources. 15
  15. 15. The Sociology of Mental Health• The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) provides a standard categorization of mental disorders and their definitions. • Changes in this manual, particularly from its second to third editions, have strongly influenced how mental illness is understood and treated. • The DSM 5 argued over whether narcissism is a mental illness. 16
  16. 16. The Sociology of Mental HealthThere has been a significant increase in the use of pharmaceuticals to treat mental illness. Some negative aspects of this change include: • devaluation of the benefits of talk therapy • overprescribing or mis-prescribing of pharmaceuticals • stigma attached to taking medication for mental illness • increasing power of pharmaceutical companies. which have benefited from the growth of the diagnostic approach 17
  17. 17. Global Health• Health disparities between groups within the United States are dwarfed by the disparities that exist between the United States and developing countries.• Many developing countries are still struggling to provide their citizens with safe drinking water, sanitation, and basic health care. 18
  18. 18. Bottled Water and World Healthhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Zn0qi80IIY

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