Brigid Burke Technical Services and Digital Projects Librarian Fairleigh Dickinson University Presented at VALE conference, Jan. 5, 2011
Background on RDA Challenges presented by RDA Implementation strategy taken by FDU Madison
Resource Description and Access Replacement for AACR2 (Anglo-American Cataloging Rules) Published June 23, 2010 http://rdatoolkit.org Not a rewritten version of AACR2 Not designed for cataloging as we now know it
Written for the Semantic Web—not for MARC format (but is compatible with MARC) Moving from “closed” data structures to “open” ones not tied to format or records (From XML model to RDF model). Remove redundant data entry in cataloging tasks
FRBR Entities Work Expression Manifestation Item (Concept) (Object) FRAD Entities Person Family Corporate Body Place (Rules) (Agency)
Find Identify Select Obtain Understand (see RDA 0.4.2)
Attribute/value pair (as in XML, and MARC): Author=Twain, Mark Independent statements (RDF, Resource Description Framework) The author of Huckleberry Finn is Mark Twain, or Subject=Huckleberry Finn Predicate= hasAuthor Object=Mark Twain
RDA authorities are no longer about just differentiating names; now about completeness of names: 001 n 50009134 003 DLC 005 20101027131652.0 010: : |a n 50009134 035: : |a (OCoLC)oca00044656 040: : |a DLC |b eng |c DLC |d WlAbNL |d OCoLC |d DLC 100:1 : |a Evans, George Ewart 670: : |a His Ask the fellows who cut the hay, 1956. 670: : |a The new companion to the literature of Wales, 1998 |b (Evans, George Ewart (1909-1988), writer and oral historian) 700:14: |a Evans, George Ewart, |d 1909-1988
100 1_ |a Wilde, Oscar, |d 1854-1900 374 __ |a dramatist |a poet 375 __ |a male 377 __ |a eng 400 1_ |a Melmoth, Sebastian, |d 1854-1900 400 1_ |a Uaĭlʹd, Oskar, |d 1854-1900 400 0_ |a C. 3. 3, |d 1854-1900 400 0_ |a C. Three Three, |d 1854-1900 400 1_ |a Ṿild, Osḳar, |d 1854-1900 400 1_ |a Wilde, Oscar Fingall O’Flahertie Wills, |d 1854-1900 670 __ |a Wikipedia, 18 November 2010 |b (Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854-30 November 1900) was an Irish writer, poet) 700 14 |a Wilde, Oscar |q (Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills), |d 1854-1900
ISBD punctuation has been made optional Most abbreviations have been eliminated No more GMDs “ Relationship designators” added to persons/corporate bodies associated with the work e.g.– 100 1_ $a Twain, Mark, $d 1835-1910 $e author. Additional data about “content”, “media”, and “carrier” Linking fields for related works
“ ...there's a fundamental (and I think irreconcilable) difference between how AACR2 and RDA treat access points for works and expressions.” – Robert Maxwell (PCC-LIST e-mail) Problem of hybrid author/title strings: Alcinous, fl. 2nd cent . Didaskalikos. French (Louis) Alcinous, fl. 2nd cent . Didaskalikos. Greek (Whittaker) Red follows AACR2, Bold follows RDA
Concept, Object or Place rules—these have not been written yet. Only time subjects are affected are when the subjects are names of persons, corporate bodies, families, or places. Fictitious characters may now have name headings established for them.
New MARC fields for RDA: 336 (Content type) 337 (Media type) 338 (Carrier type) 380 (Form of work) 381 (Other distinguishing characteristics) 7XX $i –(relationship designation) All changes listed in OCLC Technical Bulletin 258 : http://www.oclc.org/us/en/support/documentation/worldcat/tb/258/default.htm
Fields 336-338 have controlled terminology developed in cooperation with ONIX Presumably...the idea is to make MARC data compatible with publisher data... ...and therefore allow us to import more data that we now re-enter for each record.
OCLC #682220613 >007 v $b d $d c $e s $f a $g i $h z $i k >040 STF $e rda $b eng $c STF $d OCLCA >020 1419878786 >020 9781419878787 >024 1 883929063857 >041 1 eng $a fre $a spa $a ita $a ger $a por $h eng $j eng $j fre $j spa $j ger $j ita $j dut $j por $j dan $j nor $j swe >042 pcc >046 $k 1939 >046 $k 1988 >046 $k 2009 >046 $k 1990 >046 $k 2004 >046 $k 1980 >046 $k 1992 >090 >049 FDUT >245 00 GONE WITH THE WIND. >246 1 $i Title appears on container as: $a DAVID O. SELZNICK'S PRODUCTION OF MARGARET MITCHELL'S GONE WITH THE WIND >250 THE SCARLETT EDITION.
>508 Gone with the wind: Music, Max Steiner; production designer, William Cameron Menzies; supervising editor, Hal C. Kern. >500 Gone with the wind adapted from the novel of the same title by Margaret Mitchell. Moviola: the Scarlet O'Hara War based on the book Moviola by Garson Kanin. >500 Gone with the wind: Dolby Digital 5.1 or mono, full screen 1.33:1; special features: stereo or mono, 1.33:1. >500 Disc 1 includes commentary track by Rudy Behlmer; disc 2 includes the international prologue and clips of scenes dubbed into French, Italian, and German. >505 0 Disc 1: GONE WITH THE WIND (1939) / Produced by DAVID O. SELZNICK ; Screen Play by SIDNEY HOWARD ; Photographed by ERNEST HALLER, A.S.C. ; Directed by VICTOR FLEMING -- Disc 2. THE MAKING OF A LEGEND: GONE WITH THE WIND (1988) / A TURNER ENTERTAINMENT Presentation in association with SELZNICK PROPERIES LTD. ; Executive Producers, DANIEL MAYER SELZNICK, L. JEFFREY SELZNICK ; Written by DAVID THOMSON ; Produced by L. JEFFREY SELZNICK ; Directed by DAVID HINTON. WARNER BROS. HOME ENTERTAINMENT PRESENTS 1939, HOLLYWOOD'S GREATEST YEAR (2009) / ; Produced by Constantine Nasr and Michael Crawford ; Written by Cary Leva and Constantine Nasr ; Gone with the Wind, The Legend Lives On (2009) ; Gable: The King Remembered (1975) ; Vivian Leigh, Scarlett and Beyond (1990) ; Melanie Remembers : Reflections by Olivia de Havilland (2004) ; The Supporting Players (2004?) ; Restoring a legend (2004) ; Dixie Hails Gone with the Wind ; The Old South (1940) / Metro Goldwyn Mayer presents a MINIATURE ; Directed by FRED ZINNEMAN ; Original Screen Play by HERMANN HOFFMAN (black and white). Atlanta Civil War Centennial ; 1939 Announcement Trailer ; 1961 Civil War Centennial Trailer ; 1967 70mm Reissue Trailer ; 1968 Reissue Trailer ; 1989 50th Anniversary Trailer ; MOVIOLA: THE SCARLETT O'HARA WAR (1980) / Director of Photography, GAYNE RESCHER, A.S.C. ; Producer, STAN MARGULIES ; Teleplay by WILLIAM HANLEY ; Directed by JOHN ERMAN -- Disc 3. MGM, WHEN THE LION ROARS (1992); Turner Pictures PRESENTS ; DIRECTED BY Frank Martin ; PRODUCED BY Toni Levin ; WRITTEN BY Frank Martin & Michael Henry Wilson ; DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY, Michael Lonzo (366 min.) >520 Gone with the wind: Focuses on the life and loves of the beautiful and selfish Scarlett O'Hara. The story begins on the O'Hara's Georgia plantation of Tara in antebellum days and moves through the Civil War and Reconstruction. The DVD extras and special features focus chiefly on the production of the film and the personalities and organizations involved.
>630 00 Gone with the wind (Motion picture : 1939) >610 20 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. >655 0 Fiction films. >655 0 Documentary television programs. >655 0 Nonfiction television programs. >655 0 Feature films. >655 0 Made-for-TV movies. >655 0 Film adaptations. >655 0 Television adaptations. >655 0 Video recordings for the hearing impaired. >700 1 $i Motion picture adaptation of (work): $a Mitchell, Margaret, $q (Margaret Munnerlyn), $d 1900-1949 . $t Gone with the wind. >700 1 $i Motion picture adaptation of (work): $a Kanin, Garson, $d 1912-1999, $e author. $t Moviola. >700 1 Fleming, Victor, $d 1883-1949, $e film director. >700 1 Selznick, David O. $q (David Oliver), $d 1902-1965, $e film producer . >700 1 Howard, Sidney $q (Sidney Coe), $d 1891-1939, $e screenwriter. >700 1 Gable, Clark, $d 1901-1960 , $e actor. >700 1 Leigh, Vivien, $d 1913-1967, $e actor. >700 1 De Havilland, Olivia, $d 1916- $e actor. >700 1 Howard, Leslie, $d 1893-1943, $e actor. >700 1 Hinton, David, $e television director. >700 1 Erman, John, $d 1935- $e television director. >700 1 Curtis, Tony, $d 1925-2010, $e actor.
>700 1 Zinnemann, Fred, $d 1907-1997, $e film director. >700 1 Martin, Frank, $c producer, director, writer, $e television director. >710 2 Selznick International Pictures, $e production company. >710 2 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, $e film distributor. >710 2 Turner Pictures, Inc. $e production company. >730 02 $i Contains (expression): $a Gone with the wind (Motion picture : 1939). $l English. >730 02 $i Contains (expression): $a Gone with the wind (Motion picture : 1939). $l French. >730 02 $i Contains (expression): $a Gone with the wind (Motion picture : 1939). $l Spanish. >730 02 $i Contains (expression): $a Gone with the wind (Motion picture : 1939). $l German. >730 02 $i Contains (expression): $a Gone with the wind (Motion picture : 1939). $l Portuguese. >730 02 $i Contains (expression): $a Gone with the wind (Motion picture : 1939). $l Italian. >730 02 $i Contains (work): $a Making of a legend (Television program : 1988) >730 02 $i Contains (work): $a 1939, Hollywood's greatest year. >730 02 $i Contains (work): $a Gable, the King remembered. >730 02 $i Contains (work): $a Vivian Leigh. >730 02 $i Contains (work): $a Melanie remembers. >730 02 $i Contains (work): $a Old South (Motion picture)
>040 C3L $b eng $c C3L $d UBY $e rda >043 e-it--- >045 o0s9 >050 4 PQ4301 $b .A1 2009 >082 14 851 $2 21 >090 $b >049 FDUT >100 0 Dante Alighieri, $d 1265-1321, $e author. >240 10 Divina commedia >245 13 La commedia di Dante Alighieri : $b secolo XIV (ultimo quarto), Biblioteca nazionale marciana, It. IX, 276 (= 6902) / $c su concessione del Ministero per i beni e le attività culturali, direzione regionale per i beni culturali e paesaggistici del Veneto ; Biblioteca nazionale Marciana. >246 14 Divina commedia >260 Torino : $b UTET, $c 2009. >300 1 volume : $b color illustrations ; $c 45 cm in box 50 x 32 x 6 cm . >336 text $2 rdacontent >337 unmediated $2 rdamedia >338 volume $2 rdacarrier >500 Facsimile reproduction of manuscript Biblioteca nazionale marciana, It. IX, 276 (= 6902), reproduced in an edition of 399 copies, of which 299 are numbered in arabic numerals, 90 in roman numerals, and 10 hors commerce. >500 Poem. >650 0 Future life $v Poetry $v Early works to 1800. >600 00 Dante Alighieri, $d 1265-1321 $v Manuscripts $v Facsimiles.
>655 0 Italian poetry $y To 1400. >655 0 Manuscripts, Renaissance $v Facsmiles. >710 2 Biblioteca nazionale marciana. $k Manuscript $n It. IX, 276. >710 2 Italy. $b Direzione regionale per i beni culturali e paesaggistici del Veneto, $e issuing body. >710 2 Biblioteca nazionale marciana, $e issuing body. >710 2 Unione tipografico-editrice torinese, $e publisher.
New RDA properties developed in cooperation with DCMI. Templates provided in the RDA Toolkit for download and use. Allows you to code your metadata with RDA properties and URIs. Provide some kind of standard for all library data, physical and digital (?)
RDA provides instruction for identifying “works” and “expressions” and cataloging their attributes. Current library ILSs not designed for this type of record structure.
MARC is not a good fit for RDA (Diane Hillmann). Still use MARC, and will continue for the foreseeable future. New RDA tags for MARC should aid in conversion to any new format. What about older records? New templates for any new formats should be developed for catalogers (Coyle, Hillmann)
Semantic Web does not yet exist How RDA would work is not demonstrable in a practical way Current RDA test only deals with existing format (i.e., MARC).
RDA test is a “live” test—bibliographic and authority records put into live OCLC file. Editing AACR2 authority records to include RDA forms. If RDA is accepted...will OCLC/LC “flip a switch” and make the 700s into 100s for all records? If they do...what does that mean to our authority files?
RDA has not been officially adopted...however... It is very likely that it WILL be adopted...but Also very likely it will be continually modified as it goes from theory to practice.
June 23, 2010—RDA Toolkit went live online. Sept. 1, 2010—free demonstration period of RDA ended. Oct.1, 2010—LC’s test of RDA with its 20 test partners from the PCC. Dec. 31, 2010—Test period ends. Jan. 1, 2011-May 31, 2011—Analysis of test. June 2011—LC makes decision on RDA.
Necessary to get beyond theory to hands-on experience. Controlled number of records and environment—will not affect other consortium sites. Professional development.
Only creating RDA records for new, original cataloging at FDU-Madison campus. Special collections records. Not yet adopting RDA authorities. Unable to experiment in Content DM without loading RDA schema. Don’t want to go too far until LC makes their official decision.
In Voyager: Updated tag tables for testers (i.e., myself) Maintain a copy of the older tag table. With our Authorities Vendor: No changes yet, as we have not adopted RDA authorities. However, vendors like LTI are giving the option of including RDA in profiles. With our Staff and Users: Notify all staff of in-house test, and show sample records. Solicit staff feedback.
>040 FDU $c FDU $e rda $d FDU >020 9780982692141 >020 0982692145 >090 HV8593 $b .L377 2010 >090 $b >049 FDUT >100 1 Larsen, Thomas, $d 1964- $e author . >245 14 The meeting with evil : $b Inge Genefke's fight against torture / $c Thomas Larsen ; introduced and translated by Thomas E. Kennedy. >246 30 Inge Genefke's fight against torture >250 1st Serving House Books edition. >260 [United States] : $b Serving House Books, $c 2010. >300 64 pages : $b illustrations ; $c 23 cm. > 336 text $b txt $2 rdacontent >337 unmediated $b n $2 rdamedia >338 volume $b nc $2 rdacarrier >505 0 Introduction: the sufferings of the tortured / by Thomas E. Kennedy -- The rehabilitation centers for torture victims -- Dr. Inge Genefke -- Professor Bent Sørensen -- Torture does not prevent terror--it creates terrorists : interview with Inge Genefke and Bent Sørensen / by Thomas E. Kennedy -- The anatomy of torture -- The dehumanization of torture -- In action against torture.
Small number of records, so not a large impact. Reference librarians like the RDA records, as they contain more information they find useful when searching. No impact on catalog view, as many RDA fields are not indexed and all are hidden. Impact on user searching has not been measured.
Reviewing RDA Core elements and definitions. Creating cross-walks between currently used DC and MARC fields of the schema elements we anticipate using. Discussion with OCLC about importing XML version of schema into Content DM for use. Sets up metadata background for future digital projects and data mining.
RDA Toolkit (subscription) http://rdatoolkit.org Library of Congress RDA Test http://www.loc.gov/bibliographic-future/rda/ RDA Carrier (MARC 338) http://www.loc.gov/standards/valuelist/rdacarrier.html RDA Media (MARC 337) http://www.loc.gov/standards/valuelist/rdamedia.html