Resource Description & Access (RDA)


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A brief introduction to the new cataloging standards to be adopted in the US as of 3/31/13.

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Resource Description & Access (RDA)

  1. 1. FRBR: What RDA is based onFRBR: Functional Requirements of Bibliographical Records Buzz Haughton ©2012
  2. 2. History of FRBR• 1990 Stockholm Seminar on Bibliographic Records (IFLA [International Federation of Library Associations] Universal Bibliographic Control and International MARC Programme and IFLA Division of Bibliographic Control)• “The purpose of this study is to delineate in clearly defined terms the functions performed by the bibliographic record with respect to various media, various applications and various user records. The study is to cover the full range of functions for the bibliographic record in its widest sense—i.e. a record that encompasses not only descriptive elements, but access points (name, subject, title, etc.), other “organizing” elements (classification, etc.) and annotations.• IFLA also began to define standards for subject headings and authority records, but those functions have not yet been enacted.
  3. 3. • Jo Rowling: Has an idea about a young wizard while riding the train from Manchester to London (1990s sometime)• “Harry Potter” = Work (the idea in Jo’s head)• From that come ideas for books (7), movies (8), chess and board games, video games, web pages (many), = Expressions• Manifestations = physical or electronic expressions of the idea of “Harry Potter”• Items = Individual items that we catalog; the bibliographic record is usually from the Manifestation level
  4. 4. • Scientists have a notion that the earth is warming (1970s-1980s sometime) due to human actions, based on observations• From that idea (Work) come various Expressions: ideas for books; web pages; journals; charts; maps• These manifest as books, web pages, journals, charts, maps (Manifestations)• We catalog Manifestations and Items therefrom
  5. 5. FRBR and Cataloging
  6. 6. •“Rule of three” in AACR2 is discarded, e.g. if there are twenty-five authors,the first author is the main entry, and the additional twenty-four are traced inthe 700 MARC field (subject to cataloger’s judgment); this parallels thearrangement in periodical databases, e.g. PubMed•Subfield e ($e = Relator term) will be used when appropriate, e.g. $e editor, $e compiler, $e illustrator, $e performer, $e director, $e producer, $e translator (Even though “author” as $e is okay per RDA, LC and other libraries don’t seem to use it)•Abbreviations will no longer be used, unless they appear as-is in the itembeing cataloged, e.g. 300 $b color illustrations; exception: cm•Latin terminology, used in AACR2 (e.g. s.l. or s.n. i.e. sine loco or sinenomine), will no longer be used, replaced by common English words, e.g.[Place of publication not identified] and [Publisher not identified]•Some terms will change, e.g. main entry (AACR2) will become primary accesspoint (RDA) and uniform (AACR2) titles (e.g. Bible, Koran, musical works) willbecome preferred (RDA) titles
  7. 7. • In RDA, even if something has many authors, the first author is the item’s primary access point• If there are 25 authors, unlike AACR2, the first author is the primary access point, and 24 added title entries will be entered (subject to cataloger’s judgment)
  8. 8. 245 04 The talented Mr. Ripley / $c an Anthony Minghella film.336 ## two-dimensional moving image $2 rdacontent337 ## video $2 rdamedia338 ## videodisc $2 rdacarrier110 2# Society of American Archivists.245 10 Describing archives : $b a content standard / $c Society ofAmerican Archivists.336 ## text $2 rdacontent337 ## unmediated $2 rdamedia338 ## volume $2 rdacarrier100 1# Nelson, Willie, $d 1933-, $e performer.245 10 Here we go again : $b celebrating the genius of Ray Charles / $cWillie Nelson, Wynton Marsalis ; featuring Norah Jones.336 ## performed music $2 rdacontent337 ## audio $2 rdacontent338 ## audio disc $2 rdacarrier
  9. 9. • In their decision to have US libraries adopt RDA, LC, NLM and NAL (including the British Library, Library & Archives Canada, Deutsche Nationalbibliothek (DNB) and the National Library of Australia) gave some provisos about its adoption:• The US RDA Test Coordinating Committee had mixed reaction as to whether to use RDA: 34% yes; 24% yes with changes; 24% ambivalent; 14% no.• Many of the objections to implementation had to do with MARC.• The language used in RDA must be simplified in parts into readily-understandable English.• This commencement date is not firm, i.e. it could be changed as conditions change.
  10. 10. a variant title for a work is associated with a particularexpression of the work, and the authorized access pointrepresenting the expression has been constructed usingthe preferred (AACR: uniform) title for the work and oneor more additions identifying the expression, construct avariant access point representing the expression usingthe authorized access point representing the person,family or corporate body followed by the variant titleassociated that expression.
  11. 11. • For an evaluation of the problems involved with using MARC in the bibliographic universe, see:• MARC has served the cataloging community well over the past fifty years, but some participants in the RDA test group said they thought we should adopt a different standard, e.g. XML or SQL• OCLC and other bibliographic utilities (like Millennium) are geared toward MARC, so conversion to another computer format would be problematic, if conversion were attempted