Invited Symposium WERA Focal Meeting 2013

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Presentation to the WERA Invited Symposium on ‘Building Infrastructure and Capacity for Research Innovations Worldwide’ as part of the WERA 2013 Focal Meeting held as an integral part of the XII National Congress for Education Research, sponsored by the Consejo Mexicano de Investigacion Educativa (COMIE) (Mexican Society for Educational Research) and Guanajuato University, 19-22 November 2013.

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  • Interesting slide on contrasting knowledge systems. i liked the explicit acknowledgement of novelty, ambiguity and unpredictability involved in knowledge creation. Perhaps we should be more tolerant of the contradictions involved in the delivery of a new curriculum that seeks to stem from the bottom-up?
    cheers
    Laura
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Invited Symposium WERA Focal Meeting 2013

  1. 1. On the Role of Networking in Advancing Research in Teaching and Teacher Education Professor Brian Hudson WERA Invited Symposium on ‘Building Infrastructure and Capacity for Research Innovations Worldwide’ WERA Focal Meeting University of Guanajuato 21st November 2013
  2. 2. Outline of session  On the role of networking as an activity for innovation and as a process of innovation  Begin to address the advancement of research in relation to teaching and teacher education by starting with the case of the Thematic Network for Teacher Education in Europe (1996-99)  Trace the development of two current active networks in particular up to the present day in terms of innovations, outputs and impact  Highlight the importance of collaboration within interdisciplinary and international collaborative teams and the role of technology in supporting this process of advancement
  3. 3. On networking as an activity for innovation and as a process of innovation  A process of innovation on the part of by individuals, groups and wider learning communities and organisations  Innovation as a process of knowledge transformation  Lam, A. (1998) The Social Embeddedness of Knowledge: Problems of Knowledge Sharing and Organisational Learning in International High-Technology Ventures’, Danish Research Unit for Industrial Dynamics Working Paper No. 98-7, (DRUID), March.  Buchberger, F., Hudson, B., Laanpere, M. and El Gamal, A. (2005) Analysis of Success Factors in Network Building: Study of the European Research Network for ICT in Schools of Tomorrow (eRNIST) project, European Education Research Journal, 4, 3.
  4. 4. Contrasting knowledge systems  Knowledge as rationality  Knowledge of experience  Knowledge acquired by formal training  Knowledge acquired by action and experimentation  Rather abstract and theoretical, generic and specialized  Embedded in specific organisational routines and procedures  Relatively easy to diffuse, but not easy to apply to specific practical problems and difficult to integrate  Rather difficult to diffuse to different contexts, but more concrete, practical and integrative 4
  5. 5. Roots of these differences  Strong bias in the West in favour of codified and formalised knowledge at the expense of experiential and tacit knowledge (Nonaka, 1994)  These tacit components of knowledge live between people in communities of practice that are wired together in some way so as to create the organization. Such tacit knowledge is ‘mysterious’ and difficult to get at and change. Even bringing it to the surface is a major challenge (Seely Brown, 2005)  Seely Brown, J., Denning, S., Groh, K. and Prusak, L. (2005) Story Telling in Organizations: Why Storytelling Is Transforming 21st Century Organizations and Management, Elsevier ButterworthHeinemann, Oxford.
  6. 6. Networks that alter teaching    Involving the kind of problem solving which assumes that the process of learning, experimentation and change will be moderately complex, novel, ambiguous, contradictory and conflicting with particular attention given to the instructional design process: “These are, in effect, the ideal conditions for significant learning, be it for adults or for children ... Oftentimes, too, they can trigger selfdoubts in more than one sector at once: in one’s sense of content mastery, in one’s implicit theory of learning, in one’s comfort with instructional management.” (Huberman, 1995) Huberman, M. (1995) Networks that Alter Teaching: conceptualizations, exchanges and experiments, Teachers and Teaching: theory and practice, 1, 2, 193-211. 6
  7. 7. Thematic Network for Teacher Education in Europe (1996-99) http://tntee.umu.se
  8. 8. Innovation, outputs and impact from TNTEE  Innovation: First Thematic Network in the field to be funded by the EC  Outputs: TNTEE symposium the European Conference on Educational Research (ECER) in Frankfurt (1997); TNTEE Publications including Vol. 2, No. 1 (1999); TNTEE Conference, Lisbon (1999); Green Paper on TE in Europe (2000)  Impacts: Many through EERA and in particular EDIL/EUDORA networks.
  9. 9. European Doctorate in Teaching and Teacher Education (EUDORA) (2000-05)  SOCRATES Advanced Curriculum Development projects  Europeisk Doctorat en Lärarutbildning (EDIL) project (2000-03)  European Doctorate in Teaching and Teacher Education (EUDORA) project (2003-05)
  10. 10. EUDORA – European Doctorate in Teaching and Teacher Education (2000-05) A. Sheffield Hallam University, UK B. University of Oldenberg, Germany C. Umeå University, Sweden D. University of Helsinki, Finland E. Tallinn University, Estonia F. University of Riga, Latvia G. University of Lödz, Poland H. Pädagogische Hochschule, Linz, Austria I. University of Graz, Austria J. University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
  11. 11. Innovation, outputs and impact from EUDORA  Innovation: First project in the field on such a scale to be funded by the Commission  Outputs: A range of associated Intensive Programmes as Summer Schools for doctoral doctoral students and publications based on students’ refereed papers  Impacts: Basis for establishing TEPE network and new EERA network 27
  12. 12. Intensive Programmes (2002-05)  Comparative Analysis of Education Policy (Bohinj, 2002; Kranska Gora, 2003 and Tolmin, 2004 - Slovenia)  e-Learning in Higher Education (Linz, 2002; Riga, 2003; Tallinn, 2004 and Viljandi, 2005)  Researching Social Inclusion and Exclusion in Education (Tolmin, 2004)  Mother Tongue Education (Bohinj, 2002 and Tolmin, 2004)  Researching the Teaching and Learning of Mathematics (Linz, 2003; Tolmin, 2004 and Viljandi, 2005)  Supported also through a National Teaching Fellowship project “Developing an international open and flexible networked learning community at doctoral level’ (2004-06), HEFCE/UK Higher Education Academy
  13. 13. Detailed outputs from Intensive Programmes  Researching the Teaching and Learning of Mathematics II (MATHED 2005) Linz: Universitätswerlag Rudolf Trauner.  Researching the Teaching and Learning of Mathematics I (MATHED 2003) Linz: Universitätswerlag Rudolf Trauner.  eLearning in Higher Education: Proceedings of Intensive Programme (eLEARN 2004) Linz: Universitätswerlag Rudolf Trauner.  Analysis of Educational Policies in a Comparative Perspective (EPAC 2005) Linz: Universitätswerlag Rudolf Trauner.  European Identities in Mother Tongue Education (IMUN 2005) Linz: Universitätswerlag Rudolf Trauner. Open access at http://tepe.wordpress.com
  14. 14. Development of EERA Network 27 on Didactics – Learning and Teaching  Grew out of TNTEE Network on Didatktik/Fachdidaktik  European Curriculum Research Network (ECUNET) Symposium on Didaktik: an International Perspective, ECER 2000, Edinburgh, September 2000. Discussant: Ian Westbury  Hudson, B. (2002) Holding complexity and searching for meaning - teaching as reflective practice, Journal of Curriculum Studies, 34, 1, 43-57.  Discussions with EERA President at ECER 2004 (Hamburg) and ECER 2005 (Dublin) - established at ECER 2006 in Geneva.  Innovation: First cross-national European network to address research in this field http://www.eera-ecer.de/networks/didactics/
  15. 15. Outputs from EERA Network Didactics – Learning and Teaching  Meyer, M.A., Hellekamps, St., and Wulf, Ch. (Eds.) (2012): Didactics in Europe. In: Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft, Vol. 15, No. 3.  Hudson, B. and Meyer, M. (2011) Beyond Fragmentation: Didactics, Learning and Teaching in Europe, Verlag Barbara Budrich, Opladen and Farmington Hills, 9-28.  Meyer, M. Hellekamps, S. and Prenzel, M. (2008) (Eds.) Perspektiven der Didaktik: Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft,  Hudson, B. and Schneuwly, B. (2007) (Eds.) Special Issue of the European Educational Research Journal (EERJ) on Didactics: Learning and Teaching in Europe, Vol. 6, No. 2, 106-108.
  16. 16. Teacher Education Policy in Europe (TEPE) Network  The Teacher Education Policy in Europe (TEPE) network is an academic network that builds on the work and community from the previous European collaborative projects in the field of teacher education policy such TNTEE and EUDORA. It was formally established at its inaugural meeting in Tallinn in February 2007 with an overarching aim to develop Teacher Education (TE) policy recommendations at the institutional, national and European level.  The central goals of the TEPE Network relate to:    Advancing research in and on Teacher Education Increasing mobility and extending the European Dimension in Teacher Education Enhancing quality through the renewal of evaluation cultures in Teacher Education http://tepe.wordpress.com
  17. 17. Innovation, outputs and impact from TEPE  Innovation: Unique in Europe as a trans-national academic network in the field independent of any government agency.  Outputs: Annual Conferences in Tallinn (2007), Ljublana (2008), Umeå (2009), Tallinn (2010), Vienna (2011), Warsaw (2012), Helsinki (2013). Colloquium at Dublin City University in 2010 in collaboration with EERA Networks on Teacher Education Research and Didactics – Learning and Teaching with support from the Council of the European Educational Research Association. Next conference in May 2014 to be held in Zagreb, Croatia which is the newest EU Member State.  Associated publications detailed on next slide.
  18. 18. Detailed outputs from TEPE network  Michalak, J., Neimi, H. and Chong, S. (Eds) (2012) Research, Policy, and Practice in Teacher Education in Europe, University of Lödz.  Harford, J., Hudson, B. and Niemi, H. (Eds.) (2012) Quality Assurance and Teacher Education: International Challenges and Expectations, Peter Lang (Oxford).  Harford, J., Sacilotto-Vasylenko, M. and Vizek Vidović, V. (Eds.) (2012) Special Issue of Reflecting Education: Research-Based Teacher Education Reform: Making Teacher Education Work, Vol 8, No 2, (2012)  Eisenschmidt, E. and Löfström, E. (2011) Developing Quality Cultures in Teacher Education: Expanding Horizons in Relation to Quality Assurance, Tallinn University.  Hudson, B., Zgaga, P. and Åstrand, B. (Eds.) (2010) Advancing Quality Cultures for Teacher Education in Europe: Tensions and Opportunities, University of Umeå.  Hudson, B. and Zgaga, P. (Eds.) (2008) Teacher Education Policy in Europe: A Voice of Higher Education Institutions. University of Umeå/University of Ljubljana. All available at or via: http://tepe.wordpress.com
  19. 19. Concluding remarks – some success factors in effective network building  A view of networking as a process of innovation on the part of by individuals, groups and wider learning communities and organisations has been central, as has the view of innovation as a process of knowledge transformation.  Collaboration within interdisciplinary and international collaborative teams has focussed on outputs as described i.e. courses, conferences and peer reviewed texts.  The role of technology has been central in supporting the processes of communication and collaboration through the sharing of texts in the process of creation and also in supporting open and accessible knowledge bases/archives.
  20. 20. References  Buchberger, F., Hudson, B., Laanpere, M. and El Gamal, A. (2005) Analysis of Success Factors in Network Building: Study of the European Research Network for ICT in Schools of Tomorrow (eRNIST) project, European Education Research Journal, 4, 3.  Lam, A. (1998) The Social Embeddedness of Knowledge: Problems of Knowledge Sharing and Organisational Learning in International High-Technology Ventures’, Danish Research Unit for Industrial Dynamics Working Paper No. 98-7, (DRUID), March.  Huberman, M. (1995) Networks that Alter Teaching: conceptualizations, exchanges and experiments, Teachers and Teaching: theory and practice, 1, 2, 193-211.  Nonaka, I. (1994) A dynamic theory of organizational knowledge creation, Organization Science, 5, 14-37.  Seely Brown, J., Denning, S., Groh, K. and Prusak, L. (2005) Story Telling in Organizations: Why Storytelling Is Transforming 21st Century Organizations and Management, Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford.
  21. 21. Next TEPE conference – Call for Papers on 25 November
  22. 22. Thank you for your attention

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