1
Virtual Classrooms
Use Cases and their Pedagogy
Virtual Classrooms
Use Cases and their Pedagogy
Tim Neumann
London Knowledge Lab
3
Overview
1. What are Virtual Classrooms?
2. Use Case Examples: The multiple faces of Elluminate
3. Use Case Details
4. S...
4
1 Definition
Virtual Classrooms
SAC =
Combination of
• real-time tools for
• visual interaction and
• textual interactio...
5
1 Definition
https://sas.elluminate.com/p.jnlp?psid=2010-02-
05.0757.M.A7D0B2B04AC025A4A7BD806D1AC312.vcr&sid=2007016
CD...
6
Benefits (General)
Elluminate…
• frees up time for academics,
• contributes to the green agenda,
• connects internationa...
7
Benefits (Distance Education)
• Add to the blend of learning technologies and pedagogic activities
• Enhance conversatio...
8
Some student feedback
I feel there is so much more ‘power’ in the use of the tool
In some ways, this was better than an ...
9
In the words of a distance education tutor:
Suddenly I understand the student better, because I have
talked to them, hea...
The Multiple Faces
of Elluminate
(presented at the Blackboard Teaching and Learning Conference 2010, Swansea)
11
What is Elluminate?
The MA in Media, Culture and Communication says:
A lecture recording system
✔ Time saving:
Resource...
12
What is Elluminate?
Several Professors say:
A tool for remote lectures, presentations and keynotes
✔ Time saving:
Less ...
13
What is Elluminate?
Several LKL Research Teams say:
An online meeting environment for dispersed teams
✔ Time saving:
Le...
14
What is Elluminate?
London Maths Challenge participants and organisers say:
The connection between two classrooms
✔ Lea...
15
What is Elluminate?
A National Research Centre says:
A way to generate income from our free resources
✔ Green agenda:
L...
16
What is Elluminate?
The IOE Doctoral School says:
A way to involve international students
✔ Learning quality:
More ways...
17
What is Elluminate?
The LKL Open Day organisers say:
An opportunity to address more people than architecture
allows
✔ G...
18
What is Elluminate?
The Online Master of Research says:
A means to enthuse, activate and retain students
✔ Learning qua...
3 Use Case Details
20
Framework
SMAP
Synchronous
Media
Attribution
Process
Custom framework to guide and outline
core issues in the MoSAIC pr...
Review of Pedagogical Theories
Which existing theories
are addressing
the specifics
of SAC?
(Paper)
Advanced thinkers may ...
22
Pedagogy
Useful theories for SAC
• Communities of Inquiry
• Conversational Framework
• Task Design
• Multimodal theorie...
Tutor and course designer
23
Pedagogy
CDE Conference 2010, University of London
MoSAIC Project
Six case scenarios
• Remote lectures
• F2F session recording
• Simulcasts
• Multiple venue linking
• Group ...
Use Case Details
Scenario Template Structure
• Scenario description
• Required skill levels
• Suggested activities
• Pedag...
26 CDE Conference 2010, University of London
Remote Lectures
27 CDE Conference 2010, University of London
Scenario
Template
Remote Lectures
Description Guest expert gives presentation...
28 CDE Conference 2010, University of London
Remote Supervision / Feedback
29 CDE Conference 2010, University of London
Scenario
Template
Remote Supervision / Assignment Feedback
Description Tutor ...
30 CDE Conference 2010, University of London
Group Meetings
31 CDE Conference 2010, University of London
Scenario
Template
Group Meetings
Description Students present own work to cla...
4 Staff Development
Issues to address
33
Staff Development
CDE Conference 2010, University of London
Technical
Skills
Cognitive
Challenges
Pedagogic
Approaches
...
34
Staff Development
CDE Conference 2010, University of London
Ways to encourage take-up
AwarenessRaising:
TechnologyTaste...
35
Any questions?
Tim Neumann
Contact:
t.neumann@ioe.ac.uk
people.lkl.ac.uk/neumann
Institute of Education
University of L...
Appendix (1)
References cited in this presentation
• Hofmann, J (2004). The synchronous trainer’s survival guide. San Fran...
Appendix (2)
Papers and presentations related to this project
Papers
• De Freitas, S and Neumann, T (2009). Pedagogic stra...
Appendix (3)
Background work hinted at in this presentation
Communities of Inquiry
• Garrison, D. R. & Anderson, T. (2003)...
Appendix (4)
Influential projects
• IOE TQEF: Staff Development – Final Report (PDF)
• IOE TQEF: Pedagogic Templates – WLE...
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RIDE 2010 presentation: Virtual Classrooms - use cases and their pedagogy

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Research in Distance Education: impact on practice conference, 27 October 2010. Presentation in Design for Learning Strand by Tim Neumann, London Knowledge Lab.

More details at www.cde.london.ac.uk.

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RIDE 2010 presentation: Virtual Classrooms - use cases and their pedagogy

  1. 1. 1 Virtual Classrooms Use Cases and their Pedagogy
  2. 2. Virtual Classrooms Use Cases and their Pedagogy Tim Neumann London Knowledge Lab
  3. 3. 3 Overview 1. What are Virtual Classrooms? 2. Use Case Examples: The multiple faces of Elluminate 3. Use Case Details 4. Staff Development Issues CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  4. 4. 4 1 Definition Virtual Classrooms SAC = Combination of • real-time tools for • visual interaction and • textual interaction • while talking CDE Conference 2010
  5. 5. 5 1 Definition https://sas.elluminate.com/p.jnlp?psid=2010-02- 05.0757.M.A7D0B2B04AC025A4A7BD806D1AC312.vcr&sid=2007016 CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  6. 6. 6 Benefits (General) Elluminate… • frees up time for academics, • contributes to the green agenda, • connects international students, and • improves both learning quality and experience. CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  7. 7. 7 Benefits (Distance Education) • Add to the blend of learning technologies and pedagogic activities • Enhance conversations between tutors and students • Facilitate pedagogically sound course design & teaching • Encourage uptake of 3rd to 5th DE generationmodels (link to paper) • Bring back lecturing for Distance Education students CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  8. 8. 8 Some student feedback I feel there is so much more ‘power’ in the use of the tool In some ways, this was better than an actual classroom I think the session was a great way of learning The session was fantastic CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  9. 9. 9 In the words of a distance education tutor: Suddenly I understand the student better, because I have talked to them, heard their voice, interacted with them. I get a sense of others, which improves the understanding of the course materials. CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  10. 10. The Multiple Faces of Elluminate (presented at the Blackboard Teaching and Learning Conference 2010, Swansea)
  11. 11. 11 What is Elluminate? The MA in Media, Culture and Communication says: A lecture recording system ✔ Time saving: Resource creation on-the-fly ✔ Learning quality: Availability of revision materials CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  12. 12. 12 What is Elluminate? Several Professors say: A tool for remote lectures, presentations and keynotes ✔ Time saving: Less travel, resource creation ✔ Green agenda: Less air travel CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  13. 13. 13 What is Elluminate? Several LKL Research Teams say: An online meeting environment for dispersed teams ✔ Time saving: Less travel ✔ Green agenda: Less travel, less paper CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  14. 14. 14 What is Elluminate? London Maths Challenge participants and organisers say: The connection between two classrooms ✔ Learning quality: Pupils challenging each other ✔ Learning experience: Discussions outside of usual classroom context CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  15. 15. 15 What is Elluminate? A National Research Centre says: A way to generate income from our free resources ✔ Green agenda: Less travel, less paper ✔ Business case: New income streams CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  16. 16. 16 What is Elluminate? The IOE Doctoral School says: A way to involve international students ✔ Learning quality: More ways to interact ✔ Student retention: Keeping in touch CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  17. 17. 17 What is Elluminate? The LKL Open Day organisers say: An opportunity to address more people than architecture allows ✔ Green agenda: Less travel ✔ Marketing & recruitment: Enhancing interaction with potential students / researchers CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  18. 18. 18 What is Elluminate? The Online Master of Research says: A means to enthuse, activate and retain students ✔ Learning quality: Improved understanding ✔ Student retention: Deep engagement and enhanced bonding CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  19. 19. 3 Use Case Details
  20. 20. 20 Framework SMAP Synchronous Media Attribution Process Custom framework to guide and outline core issues in the MoSAIC project. CDE Conference 2010
  21. 21. Review of Pedagogical Theories Which existing theories are addressing the specifics of SAC? (Paper) Advanced thinkers may add: “…or any other technology” 21 Pedagogy CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  22. 22. 22 Pedagogy Useful theories for SAC • Communities of Inquiry • Conversational Framework • Task Design • Multimodal theories • Exploratory Learning Model CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  23. 23. Tutor and course designer 23 Pedagogy CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  24. 24. MoSAIC Project Six case scenarios • Remote lectures • F2F session recording • Simulcasts • Multiple venue linking • Group meetings • Remote tutoring 24 CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  25. 25. Use Case Details Scenario Template Structure • Scenario description • Required skill levels • Suggested activities • Pedagogical mindsets • Related pedagogical models • Embedding scenario into the wider teaching strategy 25 CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  26. 26. 26 CDE Conference 2010, University of London Remote Lectures
  27. 27. 27 CDE Conference 2010, University of London Scenario Template Remote Lectures Description Guest expert gives presentation on particular topic Skills Teacher: Medium, Student: Low Activities Presentation, Recording Mindset Traditional, learning resource development Models Didactic Embedding Information resource as part of sequenced learning materials; one-off event LKL 5th Birthday 2009
  28. 28. 28 CDE Conference 2010, University of London Remote Supervision / Feedback
  29. 29. 29 CDE Conference 2010, University of London Scenario Template Remote Supervision / Assignment Feedback Description Tutor works with individual students on a selected piece/body of work. Skills Teacher: Medium-High, Student: Medium Activities Document sharing, whiteboard brainstorming, feedback via annotation Mindset Guide on the side, personal development Models Conversational framework Embedding Supervision session at essay draft stage, relation to selected piece of instruction and/or assessment (no permission to show examples)
  30. 30. 30 CDE Conference 2010, University of London Group Meetings
  31. 31. 31 CDE Conference 2010, University of London Scenario Template Group Meetings Description Students present own work to classmates, or students work through set activities with high levels of interaction. Skills Teacher: High, Student: Medium-High Activities Role play, online debate Mindset Learners assume responsibility and control of their own learning Models Community of Inquiry Embedding Virtual classroom sessions at selected points of a larger process, e.g. as initial briefing or capstone event. IOE Doctoral School Summer Conference 2010 (student presentations) Educate~ online workshops (interactive exercises)
  32. 32. 4 Staff Development Issues to address
  33. 33. 33 Staff Development CDE Conference 2010, University of London Technical Skills Cognitive Challenges Pedagogic Approaches Hoffman 2004 Finkelstein 2006 Hyder et al 2007 Hoffman 2004 Finkelstein 2006 Hyder et al 2007 Mayer 2005 Jewitt 2006 Mayer 2005 Jewitt 2006 Schullo et al 2005 Hampel 2006 Schullo et al 2005 Hampel 2006 Technology Media Pedagogy
  34. 34. 34 Staff Development CDE Conference 2010, University of London Ways to encourage take-up AwarenessRaising: TechnologyTasters SkillsTraining: Workshops MediaCompetence, PedagogicExpertise: Seminars StrategicPlanning: Consultancies Implementation: One-to-oneSupport Innovation: Revalidation Requirements PedagogicNeeds: CourseDesign Support http://www.lkl.ac.uk/LTU/events
  35. 35. 35 Any questions? Tim Neumann Contact: t.neumann@ioe.ac.uk people.lkl.ac.uk/neumann Institute of Education University of London 20 Bedford Way London WC1H 0AL Tel +44 (0)20 7612 6000 Fax +44 (0)20 7612 6126 Email info@ioe.ac.uk Web www.ioe.ac.uk
  36. 36. Appendix (1) References cited in this presentation • Hofmann, J (2004). The synchronous trainer’s survival guide. San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer. • Mayer, R E (2005). The Cambridge handbook of multimedia learning. Cambridge, MAL Cambridge University Press. • Schullo, S, Venable, M, Barron, A E, Kromrey, J D, Hilbelink, A & Hohlfeld, T (2005). Enhancing online courses with synchronous software, presented at the National Educational Computing Conference, June 27-30. Philadelphia, PA. • Finkelstein, J (2006). Learning in real time. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. • Jewitt, C (2006). Technology, literacy and learning. London: Routledge. • Hampel, R (2006). Rethinking task design for the digital age. ReCall, 18 (1), 105-121. • Hyder, K, Kwinn, A, Miazga, R & Murray, M (2007). The eLearning Guild’s Handbook on Synchronous e-Learning. Santa Rosa, CAL The eLearning Guild. 36 CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  37. 37. Appendix (2) Papers and presentations related to this project Papers • De Freitas, S and Neumann, T (2009). Pedagogic strategies supporting the use of Synchronous Audiographic Conferencing. British Journal of Educational Technology, 40 (6), pp 980-998. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8535.2008.00887.x • De Freitas, S and Neumann, T (2009). The use of ‘exploratory learning’ for supporting immersive learning in virtual environments. Computers & Education, 52 (2), 343-352. • Neumann, T and Carrington, A (2007). A mass collaboration approach to e-learning. ALT-N, April. Presentations • CDE Conference 2009 @ University of London: MoSAIC (Slideshare) • What is Synchronous Audiographic Conferencing? (animated Powerpoint, 6.5 MByte) • Ten Potential Use Cases for SAC (PDF) • ALT-C 2006 @ Heriot-Watt University: A Mass Collaboration Approach to E-Learning 37 CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  38. 38. Appendix (3) Background work hinted at in this presentation Communities of Inquiry • Garrison, D. R. & Anderson, T. (2003). E–Learning in the 21st century: a framework for research and practice. London: Routledge/Falmer. Conversational Framework • Laurillard, D. (2002). Rethinking university teaching: a conversational framework for the effective use of learning technologies (2nd ed.). London: Routledge Falmer. Multimodal Theories • The New London Group (1996). A pedagogy of multiliteracies: designing social futures. Harvard Educational Review, 66, 1, 60–92. Task Design • Hampel, R. (2006). Rethinking task design for the digital age: a framework for language teaching and learning in a synchronous online environment. ReCALL, 18, 1, 105–121. 38 CDE Conference 2010, University of London
  39. 39. Appendix (4) Influential projects • IOE TQEF: Staff Development – Final Report (PDF) • IOE TQEF: Pedagogic Templates – WLE Centre Occasional Paper 2 • Minimal Manuals Carroll, J M (1990). The Nuremberg Funnel: Designing minimalist instruction for practical computer skill. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. • LDSE – Website • London Pedagogy Planner – Website • Phoebe – Website 39 CDE Conference 2010, University of London

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