Class Website Class Syllabus “One Should Treat Others As One Would Like Others to Treat Oneself”
Sport psychology All of us are performing at home, school, or in our relationships every day. Sport Psychology can be referred to as Performance Psychology for Sport. It is the study of mental processes and behaviors that affect performance. Peak performers, in any endeavor: Maintain a positive attitude Maintain a high level of self motivation Set high, realistic goals Deal effectively with people Use positive self-talk Use positive mental imagery Manage anxiety effectively Manage their emotions effectively Maintain concentration & focus (Ohio Center of Sport Psychology) “Things will go wrong at times. You can’t always control circumstances. However, you can always control attitude, approach, and response. Your options are to complain or to look ahead and figure out how to make the situation better” - Tony Dungy (former Head Coach – Indianapolis Colts)
Sport psychology What do you think Sport Psychology is about? Show the Class how you can “Sum it Up in Three Words” Hyperlink to Video
Sport psychology What do you think Sport Psychology is about?
Sum it up in THREE WORDS only….
Closing the gapsection 1: Foundational factors Chapter 1: Intro to Sport Psychology Chapter 2: The Seven Pillars of Mental Excellence Chapter 3: Getting Physically Tough Part 1: Know Yourself and Get Fit Chapter 4: Getting Physically Tough Part 2: Act Tough & Recover Before Battle Chapter 5: Getting Mentally Tough
Chapter 1: Introduction to Sport Psychology What is sport? Continuum of Sport Play: Informal Recreation: May have defined purpose (exercising? Relaxation? Social? Games: Rules. Organized. Let’s Play H-O-R-S-E! Sport: Competitive. Formal rules. Highly structured. More at risk? Perceived as being “more important?”
Chapter 1: Introduction to Sport Psychology Brief History of Sports Pre-History: 30,000 years ago…carvings archery contests…foot races, wrestling. Why? Is achievement innate? Ancient Greece: Credited with “formalization”. Olympics. Wars would “pause” for competitions! Fitness and competitions were essential to human development. “The education of the body must precede that of the intellect.” Aristotle Mind, Body, and Spirit? Ancient Rome: Different than Greeks. Professionalism (not for everyone). Mainstream were spectators (Gladiators, coliseum) In Modern Sports today: Concept of “amateur” from Greek tradition. Concept of “professional” from Romans.
Chapter 1: Introduction to Sport Psychology What is Sport Psychology?
Study of mental factors (behaviors & cognitive processes) that influence performance in sport.
Application of this knowledge to improve performance.
Chapter 1: Introduction to Sport Psychology First Experiment: 1898 Psychologist Norman Triplett (Indiana University): Cyclists performed better when competing vs. riding alone. Coleman Roberts Griffith: Father of Sport Psychology, developed first scientific laboratory dedicated to studying sport in 1925. Why is Sport Psychology popular?
People wanted an edge.
Political pressure, national pride. Are there really any more amateurs?
Chapter 2: Seven Pillars of Mental Excellence Parthenon: Still standing when Greeks built in 5th Century BC. Why? Well designed, solid materials, firm foundation. Pillars.
Chapter 2: Seven Pillars of Mental Excellence Seven Pillars aim to Close the Gap Where do you fall? Very skilled student with mediocre work ethic? Minimally skilled student with great work ethic? Very skilled student with great work ethic?
Chapter 2: Seven Pillars of Mental Excellence Pillar 1: Excellence Being the absolute best you can be. Achieving your potential by YOUR standards.
Chapter 3: getting physicallY tough part 1: know yourself & get fit! “Know your enemy and know yourself. In a hundred battles you will never be in peril.” - General Sun Tzu We must know the “task” (enemy) We must know ourselves. Strengths and weakness assessment.
Chapter 3: getting physically tough part 1: know yourself & get fit! Know Yourself Rule 1: Divide and Conquer
What are the physical needs of your sport?
Strength, endurance, flexibility, timing? Rule 2: Be Analytical, Not Judgmental
Don’t get angry, emotional, or hopeless.
Act like a scientist & be emotionless. Look at things objectively.
”I need to work on my speed” versus this…”I’m slow and can’t keep up.”
Negativity only hurts your progress….be objective, NON judgmental.
Chapter 3: getting physically tough part 1: know yourself & get fit! Body and Mind are not separate. Keeping both healthy will help improve performance. Training: Two kinds of training. Inside-Out: train your beliefs, mindset…it enhances physical performance. Outside-In: training your body enhances mind set…it enhances performance.
Chapter 3: getting physically tough part 1: know yourself & get fit! Physical Toughness: Outside-In Training
Improve general fitness level.
Look and act confident on the outside (body language, eye contact)
Chapter 4: getting physically tough part 2: Act tough & recover from battle What can you do to help your performance? Fake it until you make it: Physically projecting confidence will make you feel better.
Cycles: Stage 1,2,3,4,3,2, REM (can wake up and remember dreams)
Study: 8 hours of sleep, but, deprived deep sleep led to bodies not physically recovered. Deprived REM and mental power diminished. Sleep cycles are creatures of habit….try to stay in same routine for best results.
Chapter 4: getting physically tough part 2: Act tough & recover from battle Carbohydrates are the fuel.
Being defensive and won’t take “coaching” or criticism
Should say “Thanks, coach”…I needed to hear that” and listen for the message. It will make you better.
Chapter 5: getting mentally tough How do you explain failure? This is connected to mental toughness. The Three “P”s Permanence “It just didn’t happen today” vs. “I always mess up.” Pervasiveness “This whole game stinks.” Vs. “We did some good things” Personalization “I’m a total loser” vs. “It’s not who I am, I just made a bad play.”
Say “I love <blank-something you’re struggling with>
Make yourself smile every time you are practicing a skill.
Chapter 5: getting mentally tough Class & Journal Activity (Can be found in Journal #2) Permanence Pervasiveness Personalization Can you paint the picture and come up with a statement for each “P”, each pair has both the mentally tough and the mentally weak perspective.
Chapter 5: getting mentally tough Class & Journal Activity Separating Identity from Results In each circle, put down a “role” that you play (ex. Daughter, friend) or a describe yourself in different areas.