Closing the GapSection 3:  Mental Factors<br />Chapter 12:  Motivation<br />Chapter 13:  Goal Setting<br />Chapter 14:  Di...
Closing the GapChapter 12:  Motivation<br />“Do you know what my favorite part of the game is?  The opportunity to play.”<...
Closing the GapChapter 12:  Motivation<br />What is Motivation? <br />Motivation is the ________you do something.<br />WHY...
Closing the GapChapter 12:  Motivation<br />Misconceptions About Motivation<br />Motivation is the same as Intensity….<br ...
Closing the GapChapter 12:  Motivation<br />Two Kinds of Motivations:<br />Extrinsic:  Caused by External Factors<br />* A...
  love the competition, playing, opportunity to improve oneself, mastering a skill is the driving force,  physical feeling...
Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation<br />Sam Bradford when asked what he did with his first million dollar paycheck:<br ...
Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation<br />The climate and it’s definition of “success” is the most important factor when ...
Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation<br />Class  & Journal Activity:<br />Please get in groups of 2 or 3.<br />You and yo...
 Share it.</li></li></ul><li>Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation<br />Pop Quiz:  CLICK HERE FOR VIDEO<br />
Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting<br />Goals will give a direction.<br />         “If you don't know where you are g...
Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting<br />  “An unwritten goal is only a wish”   -Unknown <br />CLICK HERE FOR VIDEO<br />
Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting<br /> Goals are tied to TIME & EMPHASIS<br />TIME:<br />Long Term Goals:  Aim to a...
Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting<br /> Goals are tied to TIME & EMPHASIS<br />EMPHASIS:<br />Outcome  Goals:    The...
Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting<br />Use both Time & Emphasis to Achieve your Goal<br />Outcome gives you directio...
Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting<br />Goals Should be:<br />Be measurable.<br />Be difficult, yet attainable.<br />...
Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting<br />Journal  Entry / Class Activity<br />Partner Up!<br />Fill Out SMART GOAL Wor...
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />Motivation is can be a great mystery since some have it, some lose ...
Determine “illness” or causes
Treat and Cure; find solution</li></ul>GROUP UP:  You are the Doctor:  Determine Cause & Treatment/Cure for  each disease....
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />LEARNED HELPLESSNESS:  <br />“learning” to be helpless<br />“What i...
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />LEARNED HELPLESSNESS for Athlete<br />Mostly attributed to  feeling...
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />FEAR OF FAILURE  <br />Most common, deals with a preoccupation with...
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />FEAR OF FAILURE<br />Symptoms:<br />Excuses before, during, and aft...
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />FEAR OF FAILURE   <br />Causes<br />Extrinsically motivated<br />Co...
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />FEAR OF FAILURE   <br />Cures<br />Unwrap identity from performance...
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />FEAR OF SUCCESS   <br />The Athlete focus’ on negative aspects of b...
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />FEAR OF SUCCESS   <br />Symptoms<br />Avoids competitive situations...
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />FEAR OF SUCCESS   <br />Causes<br />Unrealistic expectations from o...
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />PATHOLOGICAL PERFECTIONISM<br />LINK TO VIDEO<br />
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />PATHOLOGICAL PERFECTIONISM<br />Taking Perfectionism to the  extrem...
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />PATHOLOGICAL PERFECTIONISM<br />Symptoms:<br />NEVER satisfied<br /...
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />PATHOLOGICAL PERFECTIONISM<br />Cures<br />Positive associations wi...
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />UNDERACHIEVEMENT<br /> Naturally gifted person who still has a huge...
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />UNDERACHIEVEMENT<br />Causes<br />Everything comes easy; naturally ...
Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />Journal Activity<br />Write a reflection on a motivational disease ...
Closing the GapChapter 15: Intensity<br />“Some people run a race to see who is the fastest.  I run a race to see who has ...
Closing the GapChapter 15: Intensity<br />“Some people run a race to see who is the fastest.  I run a race to see who has ...
Closing the GapChapter 15: Intensity<br />Simple to understand; Extremely important to successful performance<br />Become ...
Closing the GapChapter 15: Intensity<br />How can you increase your intensity?<br /> <br />It is a matter of attitude<br /...
Closing the GapChapter 15: Intensity<br />“Fatigue makes cowards of us all.”<br />                                        ...
Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip<br />Have you’ve ever felt like you’re done?  Don’t seem to have the same passio...
Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip<br />Should you Quit or Stick?<br />FACT: Most people quit.<br />Fighting throug...
Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip<br />Improvement levels or goes down in time.<br />One way to look at The Dip is...
Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip<br />Working Hard and there are no results<br />What to do?<br /><ul><li>Guard a...
Work the process; believe that it is helping you.
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Section III: Motivational Factors

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Closing the Gap: Applied Sport Psychology for High School

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Section III: Motivational Factors

  1. 1. Closing the GapSection 3: Mental Factors<br />Chapter 12: Motivation<br />Chapter 13: Goal Setting<br />Chapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />Chapter 15: Intensity<br />Chapter 16: Motivation Dip<br />
  2. 2. Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation<br />“Do you know what my favorite part of the game is? The opportunity to play.”<br /> Mike Singletary-Hall of Fame NFL Linebacker<br />
  3. 3. Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation<br />What is Motivation? <br />Motivation is the ________you do something.<br />WHY<br />REASON<br />It is what compels you to act and reason you act in a certain way…<br />
  4. 4. Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation<br />Misconceptions About Motivation<br />Motivation is the same as Intensity….<br />Intensity is an Action…Motivation is the “Why” he or she plays so hard!<br />Positive Thinking Solves Motivation Problems<br />More complex, deeper issues have be dealt with.<br />We are born with Motivation<br />Awareness can lead to learning and increase motivation. It can be changed!<br />
  5. 5. Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation<br />Two Kinds of Motivations:<br />Extrinsic: Caused by External Factors<br />* An Athlete views their participation as a means to an end. The driving force is the end; the performance result is paramount.<br />Intrinsic: Caused by Internal Factors<br /><ul><li>An athlete views their participation as the reward.
  6. 6. love the competition, playing, opportunity to improve oneself, mastering a skill is the driving force, physical feelings like the “runner’s high”</li></li></ul><li>Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation<br />Research shows that <br />Extrinsic Motivation WILL produce results….but…with some flaws. What happens when the “external” no longer is there? <br />Intrinsic Motivation leads to highest and most consistent levels of performance because the “fuel comes from within”. <br />Highest Performers have SELF motivation. External motivators are temporary and not long lasting. Motivation must come from within. Don’t Blame to Coach (or anyone else) for not motivating you. YOU need to motivate yourself.<br />
  7. 7. Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation<br />Sam Bradford when asked what he did with his first million dollar paycheck:<br />“I always wanted and bought a ping pong table” <br />Do you think he played football for the money?<br />Daniel Pink: “Drive”….money can actually decrease motivation. Once needs are met, money it causes a lack of motivation because there is the expectation/attachment. The driving force is the product, not the process.<br />
  8. 8. Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation<br />The climate and it’s definition of “success” is the most important factor when trying to increase motivation.<br />A mastery orientation (improve oneself) vs. performance orientation (improve for others/external factors)<br />Focusing on the joy & passion of performing your activity, ironically, is the best way to receive external rewards…even, though it is not the driving force.<br />
  9. 9. Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation<br />Class & Journal Activity:<br />Please get in groups of 2 or 3.<br />You and your partner are team/group leaders.<br />What would like for your teacher, coach, or boss to know about motivation.<br />Can you develop strategy (“game plan”) for them to follow that would best motivate your team. Please give rationales to support this a “marketing” strategy. <br /><ul><li>Form it & write it.
  10. 10. Share it.</li></li></ul><li>Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation<br />Pop Quiz: CLICK HERE FOR VIDEO<br />
  11. 11. Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting<br />Goals will give a direction.<br />      “If you don't know where you are going. How can you expect to get there?” <br />- Basil Walsh<br />Sun and stars used for direction…<br />Maps are used for direction…<br />Compass is used for direction…<br />GPS is used for direction….<br /> <br />Can you imagine being dropped off in a open ocean without the stars, compass, map or a GPS?<br />
  12. 12. Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting<br />  “An unwritten goal is only a wish” -Unknown <br />CLICK HERE FOR VIDEO<br />
  13. 13. Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting<br /> Goals are tied to TIME & EMPHASIS<br />TIME:<br />Long Term Goals: Aim to achieve over a long period of time.<br />Short Term Goals: Aim to achieve over a short period of time.<br />Start with “Long Term Goals”…then break them down into smaller chunks (Short Term Goals)<br />Procrastination may be attributed to not setting short term goals.<br />Start with the “today” and let them add up over time. JUST DO IT!<br />“The secret of getting ahead is getting started. The secret of getting started is breaking your complex, overwhelming tasks into small manageable tasks, and then starting on the first one.”<br /> - Mark Twain<br /> <br />“Eat that Elephant one bite at a time”<br /> -Unknown<br />
  14. 14. Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting<br /> Goals are tied to TIME & EMPHASIS<br />EMPHASIS:<br />Outcome Goals: The ultimate result of what you want to accomplish. “To be a champion”<br />Process Goals: Your path; what YOU will do. They are things you can control. “Working hard and implement practice plan (performance goal)”<br />* A goal that can be measured and tied to the process and outcome goal is called a “performance goal”. Performance goals can be measured.<br />Outcome Goal: Lose 10 lbs.<br />Performance Goal: 2000 daily calories or 6 servings of veggies a day.<br />Process Goals: Eat more veggies and fruits.<br />Focus on the Process Goal since you can control those elements.<br />
  15. 15. Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting<br />Use both Time & Emphasis to Achieve your Goal<br />Outcome gives you direction…Process moves you toward<br />
  16. 16. Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting<br />Goals Should be:<br />Be measurable.<br />Be difficult, yet attainable.<br />Be kept track of (recorded).<br />Have a deadline.<br />Be Visualized.<br />SMART Goals<br />S = Specific - not vague.<br />M = Measureable - can be counted.<br />A = Action Oriented – focus on the process of what you will do.<br />R = Realistic – difficult, yet attainable.<br />T = Timely-a deadline.<br />
  17. 17. Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting<br />Journal Entry / Class Activity<br />Partner Up!<br />Fill Out SMART GOAL Worksheet<br />Share with our class your plan for your goal!<br />
  18. 18. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />Motivation is can be a great mystery since some have it, some lose it, some never had it, and some don’t care.<br />Sometimes taking a Medical Approach to finding motivation problems will help us overcome motivation “diseases”:<br /><ul><li>Look at Symptoms
  19. 19. Determine “illness” or causes
  20. 20. Treat and Cure; find solution</li></ul>GROUP UP: You are the Doctor: Determine Cause & Treatment/Cure for each disease.<br />
  21. 21. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />LEARNED HELPLESSNESS: <br />“learning” to be helpless<br />“What is the use? I might as well not even try”<br />Phase 1: Dogs learned to jump over wall when light flashed followed by electric shock<br />Phase II: Dogs were strapped & could not jump over wall when light & shock were given.<br />Phase III: What happened when straps were removed? <br />Dogs continued to just take the shock.<br />
  22. 22. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />LEARNED HELPLESSNESS for Athlete<br />Mostly attributed to feelings of Loss of Control<br />Symptoms: Low intensity & effort, attributing loss to “luck” or opponent’s unfair skill, easily gives up, expects to lose.<br />Cause: <br />Loses often, often plays against higher skilled players, low maturation, success is only attributed to “win” or “lose”<br />Cure: <br />Redefine “Success”, Measure performance against self, Develop short term goals for small successes, succeed in daily practice.<br />
  23. 23. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />FEAR OF FAILURE <br />Most common, deals with a preoccupation with the “perceived” consequences of losing. <br />A feeling of anxiety due mainly to having a performance based identity. “I’m good if I win; I’m bad if I lose”<br />Winning & Losing defines the athlete as a person.<br />
  24. 24. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />FEAR OF FAILURE<br />Symptoms:<br />Excuses before, during, and after a performance<br />Preoccupied with what other think<br />Preoccupied with an opponent’s reputation or rank<br />Indecisiveness with strategy or skill<br />Feelings of non control<br />Psychosomatic illness (mentally develop an injury)<br />Performance anxiety<br />Susceptibility to sickness due to stress<br />
  25. 25. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />FEAR OF FAILURE <br />Causes<br />Extrinsically motivated<br />Conditional acceptance/love from parent and friends<br />Fear of being unworthy<br />Inappropriate use of rewards<br />Identity is based solely on activity/sport<br />Single sport vs. multi sport<br />Experiencing failure is a new experience<br />Fear of being ordinary<br />Perfectionism: failure is a sign of lack of discipline<br />
  26. 26. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />FEAR OF FAILURE <br />Cures<br />Unwrap identity from performance<br />Proper communication after a win or loss<br />The person is not the performance<br />Not a lesser or better person<br />Emphasize you still have value.<br />Learn from losing<br />Remove emotion and look at weaknesses as learning tool<br />Learn patience<br />Learn persistence<br />Learn from mistakes<br />Goal Setting<br />Emphasize process goals and not outcome/performance goals<br />
  27. 27. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />FEAR OF SUCCESS <br />The Athlete focus’ on negative aspects of being successful. For example, “people will expect me to win every time.”<br />“Pressure to win again, & again, & again.”<br />
  28. 28. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />FEAR OF SUCCESS <br />Symptoms<br />Avoids competitive situations<br />Letting up during competition<br />Losing focus<br />Narrow comfort zone<br />Uncomfortable with attention that comes with success<br />Happy with status quo (being mediocre)<br />Comfortable with being in second place<br />Mental barriers-cannot see self as a champion<br />
  29. 29. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />FEAR OF SUCCESS <br />Causes<br />Unrealistic expectations from others<br />Unrealistic expectations from self<br />Afraid of responsibility of being #1-role model pressure<br />Friends or teammates becoming jealous or envious<br /> <br />Cures<br />Adhere to personal goals, not expectations from others<br />Anticipate and prepare for being number 1<br />Expand the comfort zone. Image of self as #1<br />Fake it until you make it…Walk/Talk like a Champion<br />Play YOUR own game<br />Remove your “identity” from success.<br />You still are you (win or lose)<br />
  30. 30. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />PATHOLOGICAL PERFECTIONISM<br />LINK TO VIDEO<br />
  31. 31. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />PATHOLOGICAL PERFECTIONISM<br />Taking Perfectionism to the extreme. Someone who is obsessed with things always being perfect and in order that it becomes a detriment to them and those around them. Often called, “Type A” personality, or Anal Retentive.<br />
  32. 32. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />PATHOLOGICAL PERFECTIONISM<br />Symptoms:<br />NEVER satisfied<br />Over training<br />Burn out<br />Guilt associated with rest or happiness<br /> <br />Causes<br />Identity tied directly to performance<br />Others around you never satisfied with your performance<br />Irrational achievement orientation: “Nothing is EVER good enough”<br /> <br />
  33. 33. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />PATHOLOGICAL PERFECTIONISM<br />Cures<br />Positive associations with mental and physical rest<br />True value of training takes both work and rest.<br />Smell the Roses…appreciate what you have done and enjoy your successes<br />Focus on process and not the outcome<br />Enjoy getting there…enjoy the path-the daily grind<br />Keep visual indicators of progress, like charts, graphs, statements<br />Positive, rational self talk<br />Practice GRATITUDE<br /> <br />
  34. 34. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />UNDERACHIEVEMENT<br /> Naturally gifted person who still has a huge “gap” between ability and performance. They fall short because no real effort is given.<br />Symptoms<br />Lack of work ethic: Lazy<br />Lacks pride from accomplishing goals<br />Lives in past; fails to look toward the future<br />If we’re not moving forward, we actually moving backward<br />Unprepared for the next level of competition<br />Negative effect on teammates due to lack of commitment<br /> <br /> <br />
  35. 35. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />UNDERACHIEVEMENT<br />Causes<br />Everything comes easy; naturally gifted without effort<br />Successful without hard work<br />Could it be the competition?<br />Early physical maturation<br /> <br />Cures<br />Verbal commitment from person to change<br />Teach that effort = success<br />Emphasize process is more important than what is accomplished<br />Goal Setting: raise the bar much higher<br />Expand Time Orientation to include future<br />Emphasize competition is with self<br />Others may be too easy and encourage complacency<br />Emphasize to step up as a leader and be a contributor<br />Become TEAM oriented<br /> <br /> <br />
  36. 36. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation<br />Journal Activity<br />Write a reflection on a motivational disease you may have had or currently have. What were your symptoms? What do you think caused it? What was the solution to improve your motivation?<br /> <br /> <br />
  37. 37. Closing the GapChapter 15: Intensity<br />“Some people run a race to see who is the fastest. I run a race to see who has the most guts.”<br /> <br />“To give anything less than your best is to sacrifice the gift.”<br /> <br />“Someone may beat me, but they are going to have to bleed to do it.”<br /> <br />Steve Prefontaine<br />
  38. 38. Closing the GapChapter 15: Intensity<br />“Some people run a race to see who is the fastest. I run a race to see who has the most guts.”<br /> <br />“To give anything less than your best is to sacrifice the gift.”<br /> <br />“Someone may beat me, but they are going to have to bleed to do it.”<br /> <br />Steve Prefontaine<br />
  39. 39. Closing the GapChapter 15: Intensity<br />Simple to understand; Extremely important to successful performance<br />Become Focused, determined.<br />Take Action.<br />
  40. 40. Closing the GapChapter 15: Intensity<br />How can you increase your intensity?<br /> <br />It is a matter of attitude<br />It is a matter of commitment<br />Make the decision to do it every day during preparation.<br />Draw upon your passion and love for the sport.<br />Plan to play hard, aggressive, and be competitive.<br />
  41. 41. Closing the GapChapter 15: Intensity<br />“Fatigue makes cowards of us all.”<br /> -Vince Lombardi<br />During the game: How to combat fatigue from draining the energy of intensity?<br />  Concentrate on the technical aspect of the performance<br /> Focus the mechanics of running and not the pain in the body<br /> Use Self Talk<br /> Remind yourself how hard you’ve work and you love this feeling<br /> During Training or Practice: How to give consistent, daily effort.<br /> Set Daily Goals<br /> Understand to practice “game like” and be competitive<br /> Understand the concept that one will play like they practice<br /> <br />
  42. 42. Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip<br />Have you’ve ever felt like you’re done? Don’t seem to have the same passion to drive you? You are probably experiencing a “Motivation Dip.”<br />This is natural for a person who is passionate about an activity.<br />“If it is worth doing, there is probably a “dip”<br /> - Seth Godin<br />
  43. 43. Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip<br />Should you Quit or Stick?<br />FACT: Most people quit.<br />Fighting through this motivational dip could be the difference in becoming a success since most DO quit.<br />A better understanding of what may be happening will better prepare you to make good decisions.<br />Three Kinds of Motivational Dips You May Experience.<br />
  44. 44. Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip<br />Improvement levels or goes down in time.<br />One way to look at The Dip is that it is your friend because:<br />** It shortens the field<br />**Is a great opportunity to test yourself<br />**It is natural and MUST happen and that great things are on the other side.<br />**Real accomplishment exists when not everyone can do it.<br />
  45. 45. Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip<br />Working Hard and there are no results<br />What to do?<br /><ul><li>Guard against view that it is a waste of time.
  46. 46. Work the process; believe that it is helping you.
  47. 47. Reflect if other things are getting in the way. Too much other stuff going on? FOCUS.</li></li></ul><li>Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip<br />Success Early and Then A Drop Off<br />Maybe the “uncontrollable” played a factor in early success and you are starting to level off.<br />
  48. 48. Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip<br />“Tennis has a Dip. The Difference between a mediocre club player and the regional champion isn’t inborn talent-it’s the ability to push through the moments where it is easier to quit.”<br />- Seth Goodwin<br />you are starting to level off.<br />Is “Failure” just the bottom of the dip?<br />
  49. 49. Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip<br />Quitting while in The Dip is usually a short term decision-and a bad one<br /> <br />Three Questions to Ask Before Quitting<br /> ** Why Am I Panicking?<br />** Who Am I Trying to Influence?<br />** What Sort of Measurable Progress Am I Making?<br /> <br />Try to remember the long term goal & the why…keep your eye on the prize.<br /> <br />Decide in Advance When to Quit. Make it on YOUR terms.<br />** What are the conditions that must exist for you to stop?<br />If you are making a snap judgment; it is probably the wrong one.<br /> <br />

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