The state of cloud
computing
Three kinds of clouds
My mom’s definition
The technical definition
The business model definition
My mom’s definition


 Cloud
My mom’s definition


 Cloud   =   Web
My mom’s definition


 Cloud   =   Web   =   Internet
My mom’s definition


 Cloud   =   Web   =   Internet   =   Useless
http://img.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2008/04_01/tornadoDM3030a_800x533.jpg
The technical definition
http://www.flickr.com/photos/mynameisharsha/4092086880/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/h4ck/2413562108/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/stawarz/3538910787/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/swimparallel/3391592144/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/genewolf/147722350
http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinkmoose/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/avlxyz/389030408/
That’s the technical definition
 Virtualization
 Automation
 Self-service
 Elasticitly
 Usage tracking & billing
 Service-o...
The business model
definition
Clouds are a third-party utility
The cloud business model

Multitenant
Pay-as-you-go
Third-party
No upfront investment
Not entitled to an opinion on archit...
(I think this is inevitable.)
The argument from cost
IT server
  costs
Idle
             capacity,
              lack of
            automation,
                etc.
IT server
  costs
Idle
             capacity,
              lack of
            automation,
                etc.
IT server
  costs


       ...
Idle
             capacity,
              lack of
            automation,
                etc.
IT server
  costs
         ...
Idle
             capacity,
              lack of
            automation,
                etc.
IT server
  costs
         ...
The argument from leakage
Expense reports can no
     longer enforce IT
          policy.




Wiley GAAP 2010: Interpretation and Application of Gen...
Airfare


  DNS


 Cloud

 Public
 transit

Important
 research

  Hotel
http://www.flickr.com/photos/paulcross/4333070249/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/joconnell/
Bare
metal
Bare    Virtualization
metal
Bare    Virtualization Public/private
metal                  hybrid models
Bare    Virtualization Public/private
                                        IaaS
metal                  hybrid models
<script>
                                               Hello, world!
                                               </scr...
<script>
                                               Hello, world!
                                               </scr...
Data centers
                                                <script>
                                                Hell...
Contracts
                                               <script>
                                               Hello, wo...
Developers
                                                <script>
                                                Hello,...
<script>
                                               Hello, world!
                                               </scr...
The rest of the day
Panels, presentations, and discussions.
ECS opening remarks
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ECS opening remarks

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Opening remarks from the Interop Enterprise Cloud Summit held April 26, 2010 in Las Vegas

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  • I&amp;#x2019;m going to define some things.
  • When I explain cloud computing to someone, I ask them where their mail is stored. They say something like &amp;#x201C;in the cloud.&amp;#x201D; That&amp;#x2019;s a useless definition, because it&amp;#x2019;s synonymous with &amp;#x201C;web&amp;#x201D; and &amp;#x201C;internet.&amp;#x201D; But outside of this room, most people think it means this.
  • When I explain cloud computing to someone, I ask them where their mail is stored. They say something like &amp;#x201C;in the cloud.&amp;#x201D; That&amp;#x2019;s a useless definition, because it&amp;#x2019;s synonymous with &amp;#x201C;web&amp;#x201D; and &amp;#x201C;internet.&amp;#x201D; But outside of this room, most people think it means this.
  • When I explain cloud computing to someone, I ask them where their mail is stored. They say something like &amp;#x201C;in the cloud.&amp;#x201D; That&amp;#x2019;s a useless definition, because it&amp;#x2019;s synonymous with &amp;#x201C;web&amp;#x201D; and &amp;#x201C;internet.&amp;#x201D; But outside of this room, most people think it means this.
  • That&amp;#x2019;s ignoring the conversation I had at the airport.
  • But let&amp;#x2019;s talk about the technical definition.
  • The step-function nature of dedicated machines doesn&amp;#x2019;t distribute workload very efficiently.
  • Virtualization lets us put many workloads on a single machine
  • Once workloads are virtualized, several things happen. First, they&amp;#x2019;re portable
  • Second, they&amp;#x2019;re ephemeral. That is, they&amp;#x2019;re short-lived: Once people realize that they don&amp;#x2019;t have to hoard machines, they spin them up and down a lot more.
  • Which inevitably leads to automation and scripting: We need to spin up and down machines, and move them from place to place. This is hard, error-prone work for humans, but perfect for automation now that rack-and-stack has been replaced by point-and-click
  • Automation, once in place, can have a front end put on it. That leads to self service.
  • ATMs and expectations






  • The move towards the cloud business model has a lot to do with the economies of scale that exist when you can concentrate infrastructure, and put it near dams.
  • The move towards the cloud business model has a lot to do with the economies of scale that exist when you can concentrate infrastructure, and put it near dams.
  • The move towards the cloud business model has a lot to do with the economies of scale that exist when you can concentrate infrastructure, and put it near dams.
  • The move towards the cloud business model has a lot to do with the economies of scale that exist when you can concentrate infrastructure, and put it near dams.

  • Because anyone can now launch sophisticated IT systems with a credit card and a personal email address, this doesn&amp;#x2019;t work any more.
  • These days, supercomputing is easier (and cheaper) than booking a flight.
  • But despite the title of Nick Carr&amp;#x2019;s book, the move to more efficient computing isn&amp;#x2019;t a Big Switch at all
    (emphasize that it&apos;s not a sudden transition, but rather a move to elastic, ubiquitous computing)
  • It&amp;#x2019;s not a matter of flipping a switch and magically moving to some new compute platform
  • It&amp;#x2019;s more of a spectrum.
  • A spectrum of clouds(from automated bare metal, through hybrid, IaaS, and PaaS)
  • A spectrum of clouds(from automated bare metal, through hybrid, IaaS, and PaaS)
  • A spectrum of clouds(from automated bare metal, through hybrid, IaaS, and PaaS)
  • A spectrum of clouds(from automated bare metal, through hybrid, IaaS, and PaaS)
  • A spectrum of clouds(from automated bare metal, through hybrid, IaaS, and PaaS)
  • A spectrum of clouds(from automated bare metal, through hybrid, IaaS, and PaaS)
  • A spectrum of clouds(from automated bare metal, through hybrid, IaaS, and PaaS)
  • A spectrum of clouds(from automated bare metal, through hybrid, IaaS, and PaaS)
  • A spectrum of clouds(from automated bare metal, through hybrid, IaaS, and PaaS)
  • A spectrum of clouds(from automated bare metal, through hybrid, IaaS, and PaaS)

  • ECS opening remarks

    1. 1. The state of cloud computing
    2. 2. Three kinds of clouds My mom’s definition The technical definition The business model definition
    3. 3. My mom’s definition Cloud
    4. 4. My mom’s definition Cloud = Web
    5. 5. My mom’s definition Cloud = Web = Internet
    6. 6. My mom’s definition Cloud = Web = Internet = Useless
    7. 7. http://img.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2008/04_01/tornadoDM3030a_800x533.jpg
    8. 8. The technical definition
    9. 9. http://www.flickr.com/photos/mynameisharsha/4092086880/
    10. 10. http://www.flickr.com/photos/h4ck/2413562108/
    11. 11. http://www.flickr.com/photos/stawarz/3538910787/
    12. 12. http://www.flickr.com/photos/swimparallel/3391592144/
    13. 13. http://www.flickr.com/photos/genewolf/147722350
    14. 14. http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinkmoose/
    15. 15. http://www.flickr.com/photos/avlxyz/389030408/
    16. 16. That’s the technical definition Virtualization Automation Self-service Elasticitly Usage tracking & billing Service-oriented article
    17. 17. The business model definition
    18. 18. Clouds are a third-party utility
    19. 19. The cloud business model Multitenant Pay-as-you-go Third-party No upfront investment Not entitled to an opinion on architecture
    20. 20. (I think this is inevitable.)
    21. 21. The argument from cost
    22. 22. IT server costs
    23. 23. Idle capacity, lack of automation, etc. IT server costs
    24. 24. Idle capacity, lack of automation, etc. IT server costs Private cloud costs
    25. 25. Idle capacity, lack of automation, etc. IT server costs Ping, power, pipe, Private efficiencies cloud costs
    26. 26. Idle capacity, lack of automation, etc. IT server costs Ping, power, pipe, Private efficiencies cloud costs Public cloud costs
    27. 27. The argument from leakage
    28. 28. Expense reports can no longer enforce IT policy. Wiley GAAP 2010: Interpretation and Application of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (By Barry J. Epstein, Ralph Nach, Steven M. Bragg)
    29. 29. Airfare DNS Cloud Public transit Important research Hotel
    30. 30. http://www.flickr.com/photos/paulcross/4333070249/
    31. 31. http://www.flickr.com/photos/joconnell/
    32. 32. Bare metal
    33. 33. Bare Virtualization metal
    34. 34. Bare Virtualization Public/private metal hybrid models
    35. 35. Bare Virtualization Public/private IaaS metal hybrid models
    36. 36. <script> Hello, world! </script> Bare Virtualization Public/private IaaS PaaS metal hybrid models
    37. 37. <script> Hello, world! </script> Mashup, Bare Virtualization Public/private IaaS PaaS RESTful metal hybrid models services
    38. 38. Data centers <script> Hello, world! </script> Mashup, Bare Virtualization Public/private IaaS PaaS RESTful metal hybrid models services
    39. 39. Contracts <script> Hello, world! </script> Mashup, Bare Virtualization Public/private IaaS PaaS RESTful metal hybrid models services
    40. 40. Developers <script> Hello, world! </script> Mashup, Bare Virtualization Public/private IaaS PaaS RESTful metal hybrid models services
    41. 41. <script> Hello, world! </script> Mashup, Bare Virtualization Public/private IaaS PaaS RESTful metal hybrid models services A cloud computing strategy crosses these disciplines
    42. 42. The rest of the day Panels, presentations, and discussions.
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