Engl 214 fall 2010 week x.x enlightenment industrialism romanticism

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  • 1. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    3 terms
  • 2. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    Enlightenment
  • 3. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    Industrialism
  • 4. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    Romanticism
  • 5. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    Enlightenment
  • 6. ENGL 211, Summer 2010
    18th century Western movement in philosophy, politics, science
  • 7. ENGL 211, Summer 2010
    Galileo and Newton – 17th century
  • 8. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    René Descartes
    (“ergo cogito sum”: “I think therefore I am”)
  • 9. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    “Enlightenment is man's release from his self-incurred tutelage. ... Sapereaude! [Dare to know!] ‘Have courage to use your own reason!’- that is the motto of enlightenment.”
    -- German Philosopher, Immanual Kant - “What is Enlightenment?” (Was istÄufklarung?) (1784)
  • 10. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    Reason (science, philosophy) is the final authority, not theology or kings
  • 11. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    Industrialism
  • 12. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    steam engine
  • 13. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    James Watt, 1776
  • 14. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    spread of machinery in
    textiles, mining, transportation
  • 15. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    Romanticism
  • 16. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    literary and philosophical
    movement, @1770-1830s
  • 17. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    “Romance”
  • 18. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    “Romance”
    - mythic narrative, fantasy, imaginary writing, often involving a quest (Sir Walter Raleigh, King Arthur tales, Don Quixote)
  • 19. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    Philosophical Romanticism:
    German philosophy (Hegel, Schelling, Novalis)
    - stress on ‘organic’ principle, harmony between part and the whole
  • 20. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    Literary Romanticism:
    British Literature, especially poetry (Blake, Wordsworth, Keats, Coleridge)
  • 21. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    revolt against the ‘classicist’ rules of literary composition
  • 22. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    return to nature, esp. as source of goodness/innocence
  • 23. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    Importance of the sensual over the intellectual (sensuous language): revolt against Enlightenment logic and abstraction
  • 24. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    emphasis on the artist as individual creator and literature as expression of this individuality
  • 25. ENGL 214, Fall 2010
    William Blake: revolt against the book as a “machine”; mass reproducibility is an affront to the originality of art