the decade was characterized by the rise of radical political movements. Communism began attracting large numbers of followers .Communism began attracting large numbers of followers Rise of radical political movements such as communism and fascism, amid the economic andpolitical turmoil after World War I and after the stock market crash Turkish War of Independence Polish–Soviet War Irish Civil War Womens suffrage movement continues to make gains as women obtain full voting rights and in the United States in 1920; women begin to enter the workplace in larger numbers.
T H E 1 9 2 0 S WA S T H E D E C A D E T H AT S TA R T E D O N JA N UA RY 1, 1920 AND ENDED ON DECEMBER 31, 1929. IT ISS O M E TI M E S R E F E R R E D TO A S TH E ROA R I N G TW E N TI E S O R THE JAZZ AGE, WHEN SPEAKING ABOUT THE UNITED STATES, CANADA OR THE UNITED KINGDOM. IN EUROPE THE DECADE IS SOMETIMES REFERRED TO AS THE "GOLDEN TWENTIES" BECAUSE OF THE ECONOMIC B O O M F O L L OW I N G W O R L D WA R I .
PROHIBITION OF ALCOHOL OCCURS IN THE UNITED STATES. PROHIBITION IN THE UNITED STATES BEGAN JA N UA RY 1 6 , 1 9 1 9 , W I T H T H E R AT I F I C AT I O N O F T H E E I G H T E E N T H A M E N D M E N T T O T H E U. SC O N S T I T U T I O N, E F F E C T I V E A S O F JA N UA RY 1 7 , 1 9 2 0 , A N D IT CONTINUED THROUGHOUT THE 1920S.
ECONOMICS Economic boom endedby "Black Tuesday" (October29, 1929); the stock marketcrashes, leading to the GreatDepression. The market actuallybegan to drop on Thursday October24, 1929 and the fall continued untilthe huge crash on Tuesday October29, 1929.
• WORLD LEADERSPrime Minister Benito Mussolini (Italy)Emperor Hirohito (Japan)Vladimir Lenin, 1920Premier Vladimir Lenin (Russia) later (Soviet Union)Premier Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union)
SCIENCE Albert Einstein Sigmund Freud Alexander Fleming
ENTERTAINMENT Charlie Chaplin
. ARTSBeginning of the Art Deco movement. The Group of Seven (artists). The Museum of Modern Art opens in Manhattan, November 7, 1929, nine days after theWall Street Crash. Pablo Picasso paints Three Musicians in 1921 Beginning of surrealist movement.
Miscellaneous trends • YOUTH CULTURE OF THE LOST GENERATION;FLAPPERS, THE CHARLESTON, AND THE BOB CUT HAIRCUT.• FADS SUCH AS MARATHON DANCING, MAH-JONG, YAHTZEE, CROSSWORD PUZZLES AND POLE-SITTING ARE POPULAR.
FASHION AND LOOKS
The top fashion trends of the 1920s influenced society in many ways. Forthe first time a "look" was available to the masses. The Sexual Revolution of the 1920s Fashion and beauty are inseparable from sex. Throughout history, howpeople dress reflects how they are seen in society. The top fashion trends of the Victorian Age dressed women inbodices, crinolines and corsets. Accentuating a womans breasts and ass whilecrushing the waist within a frame of "masculine" control as Joshua Zietzwrites in Flapper. The corset, he continues, had a political proscriptive functionwhich determined how they were seen and how they functioned in society.Obviously a woman could not do much physically while wrapped beneath acrinoline which lessened their ability to breath and physically crushed theirinternal organs trends were influenced by the rich, social "elite" who had money to burn
Luxury was in season.As accessories, an animals tail, head, and often paws were often used as decorative elements on these coats. I remember a coat of my grandmothers that was constructed entirely from the bodies of about 30 minks, heads, tails, paws. . . the works. It was both appalling and intriguing. In the 1920s this look went out of fashion quickly, thankfully. Short Hemlines Another calling card of the top fashion styles of the 1920s were the rising hemlines of a womans dress that progressively got shorter and shorter as the decade went on. Finally reaching just above the knee in 1925 and staying there. Coco Chanel It would be hard to talk about the top fashions of the 1920s without mentioning Coco Chanel. As weve covered, she made a name for herself selling clothes for women that blurred the line between the "look" or "style" of man and woman. The flapper fashions that were heavily influenced by Chanels early designs set the stage for the entire flapper movement in America and worldwide. SEXY FLAPPER IN RETRO 1920S FASHION
It was a time of conservatism, it was a time of great social change. From the world of fashion to the world to politics, forces clashed to produce the most explosive decade of the century.In music, the three sounds were jazz, jazz, and jazz. The Jazz Age came about with artist like Bessie Smith and Duke Ellington. Youth ruled everything. From the young styles of dress to the latest celebrities. If it was young, it was the thing.
IT WAS THE AGE OF PROHIBITION, IT WAS THE AGE OFPROSPERITY, AND IT WAS THE AGE OF DOWNFALL. IT WAS THEAGE OF EVERYTHING, AND YOULL FIND [ALMOST] EVERYTHING HERE.
AutomobileIt brought America together, and in some ways tore it apart. Since the invention of the autotmobile, every aspect of American life would never be the same. Radio In the age without television, radio was the center of entertainment. Look at the little device that provided entertainment to the entire generation Airplane Fresh out of World War I, the airplane took the United States by storm. THE IMPACT OFTECHNOLOGY ON 1920S LIFE
MEN S FASHION SuitsWhile Americans were worshiping youthful sports heroes, the general dress of Americans was becoming more youthful looking. Men were abanding the hefty-looking, broad-shouldered suits for skinnier, unpadded, more boyish looking jackets. Suit pants also underwent a major change. Creases appeared on the front and the sides while cuffs replaced flat hems. Pants were fastened by buttons or hooks. Belts also started to replace the suspender as the device used to hold up pants.
Formal DressAs with all the female fashion during the 1920s, the evening dress progressed to display more of the body. While the skirts were still full length, the neckline in the speakeasy and the European nightclub became low-cut. Backless dresses also remained popular throughout the twenties.An important part of the evening gown during the twenties was the beading. The long straps of the backless dresses (if not the entire dress) featured beaded chiffon fabrics. FORMAL DRESS
The cloche hat (deriving its name from the French word for "bell") became a necessity for daytime wear. The small hat fit snuggly over short hair and almost reached to the eyebrows. It was often decorated with a pin in the front or a ribbon.The rest the world of accessories seemed like a collage from history. A craze for the styles of the World War I aviators took over theflapper world as girls donned leather helmets, colored scarfs, goggles, and leather jackets. Shoes and jewlery often reflected a craze of the court of King Tutankhamen, whose tomb was excavated in 1922. Earings, bracelets, and necklaces often were an example of the presence of the Art Deco, Cubtist, and African art movements. ACCESSORIES
The young flappers of the twenties felt no need to conform to the rigid models of feminity that their mothers accepted. During the 1920s, fashion for young women focused less female physical form.Dresses stopped at the knees, the hiplines were lowered, and there was less emphasis on the breasts. The look was basically "tubular," going from the shoulders straight down to the hem. THE TUBE
The worship of youth also brought about a following of the fashions wornof college campuses. For some reason, American men adopted extraordianry pants from Oxford University. These pants were baggy THE COLLEGIATE STYLES
While Americans were worshiping youthful sports heroes, the general dress of Americans was becoming more youthful looking. Men were abanding the hefty-looking, broad-shouldered suits for skinnier, unpadded, more boyish looking jackets. Suit pants also underwent a major change. Creases appeared on the front and the sides while cuffs replaced flat hems. Pants were fastened by buttons or hooks. Belts also started to replace the suspender as the device used to hold up pants. SUITS
Fashion fads for men were often based on the heroes of the moment, such as sports figures. Golfers Bobby Jones and Wlater Hagen, tennis player Bill Tilden, and swimmer Johnny Weissmuller provided youth with clothing styles as well as record-breakingperformances. Football players such as Red Grange and the Four Horsemen of Notre Dame promoted the fashions of coats, such asthe raccoon coat and camel hair polo coat. World famous aviator Charles Lindbergh inspired a craze of leather driving jackets. The young Prince of Wales, with is easy charm and good taste in suits, also became a symbol of male fashionability. YOUTH AND HEROES