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  • Define your topic - produce a list of keywords and phrases which you could use as search terms Identify potential sources of information Search selected resources - library catalogue, bibliographic databases, relevant websites, organisations etc Evaluate the information recovered Organise, apply and communicate the information - cite references, consider bibliographic reference management tools Iterative process 2-5
  • Define your topic - produce a list of keywords and phrases which you could use as search terms Identify potential sources of information Search selected resources - library catalogue, bibliographic databases, relevant websites, organisations etc Evaluate the information recovered Organise, apply and communicate the information - cite references, consider bibliographic reference management tools Iterative process 2-5
  • Define your topic - produce a list of keywords and phrases which you could use as search terms Identify potential sources of information Search selected resources - library catalogue, bibliographic databases, relevant websites, organisations etc Evaluate the information recovered Organise, apply and communicate the information - cite references, consider bibliographic reference management tools Iterative process 2-5
  • Define your topic - produce a list of keywords and phrases which you could use as search terms Identify potential sources of information Search selected resources - library catalogue, bibliographic databases, relevant websites, organisations etc Evaluate the information recovered Organise, apply and communicate the information - cite references, consider bibliographic reference management tools Iterative process 2-5
  • Define your topic - produce a list of keywords and phrases which you could use as search terms Identify potential sources of information Search selected resources - library catalogue, bibliographic databases, relevant websites, organisations etc Evaluate the information recovered Organise, apply and communicate the information - cite references, consider bibliographic reference management tools Iterative process 2-5
  • Define your topic - produce a list of keywords and phrases which you could use as search terms Identify potential sources of information Search selected resources - library catalogue, bibliographic databases, relevant websites, organisations etc Evaluate the information recovered Organise, apply and communicate the information - cite references, consider bibliographic reference management tools Iterative process 2-5
  • A good range results Look at the left-hand side – you can refine your search if there are too many or not quite the type you want
  • Look at the Advanced Options – you have more options to work on your search
  • Look at the Advanced Options – you have more options to work on your search

GeoMar2012 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. GeoSciences MSc•Literature Searching•Sources of information•Managing your references•Practical 1
  • 2. Searching the Research Literature I need to find information for my dissertation where do I start ...? 2
  • 3. Literature Searching• Define your topic produce a list of keywords and phrases which you could use as search terms• Identify potential sources of information• Search selected resources• Evaluate the information• Organise, apply and communicate the information cite references, consider bibliographic reference management tools 3
  • 4. First StepsJust type your title into Google or Web of ScienceMaybe… but this can give lots of irrelevant hits or no resultsSo… try to find a way to get the best information from a range of quality sources Construct a thoughtful and thorough search for sources 4
  • 5. What words will you use in your search?1. Identify the concepts2. Think of the relevant terms for each concept3. Think of alternative words, US spelling, acronyms, broader and narrower terms 5
  • 6. Brainstorming Aids Mind MapsSpider diagrams Inspiration – Univ softwareTables Which antihypertensives are safest in treating hypertension during pregnancy or childbirth? Major subjects antihypertensives hypertension pregnancy or childbirth Alternative spellings anti-hypertensive(s) high blood pressure Parturition related terms beta blockers toxemia Birth synonyms specific drug names preeclampsia Labour/ labor PIH 6
  • 7. Search Strategy - combining your terms can helpAND: to combine terms - will narrow your searchOR: between alternative words - will broaden your searchNOT: to exclude unwanted items 7
  • 8. Some more ways to improve your searchTruncation: allows you to search for variations geolog* = geology, geological climat* = climate, climaticPhrase: helps retrieve more relevant results “stem cell” “greenhouse gases” 8
  • 9. What are the effects of air travel on climate change?Could become:(air OR aviation OR plane)AND travelAND climat* change 9
  • 10. Sources of Information• The web  Google  Google Scholar  Relevant websites• The library  The library catalogue – books  Searcher – books, book chapters, journal articles  Databases• A recommended article can be a good startUse the search terms you’ve planned and be systematic 10
  • 11. Google Scholar• A good place to start but not always a good place to stop• Setting ‘Preferences’ can help you export to Endnote etc 11
  • 12. Using the Library - MyEd 12
  • 13. www.ed.ac.uk/is/library 13
  • 14. Searcher• Allows searches across a major selection of our resources• Results are academic, good quality and from reliable sources• You don’t have to know where to lookBear in mind• Not suitable for detailed literature searching but can indicate potentially useful sources 14
  • 15. SearcherGives you options to refine your search, also has additional features such as folders and alerts, to help you manage your results. 15
  • 16. 16
  • 17. 17
  • 18. Refining your search 18
  • 19. 19
  • 20. Organise …• You can set-up an user account• Therefore don’t have to repeat work already done• Save searches and results into folders to manage your searches 20
  • 21. Where to find (out about) databases A-Z list and databases by subjects 21
  • 22. Database records provide• Citation• Abstract• Subject headings• Catalogue lookup (Find it at Edinburgh)• Links to full text rather than the full-text (if we have a subscription or access is free) 22
  • 23. Bibliographic databases• Contain information about the contents of a range of academic publications (abstracts, journal articles, book chapters, reports etc)• Search details of millions of articles to find what publications exist about a topic - even if not held in our library• Can be subject specific – although you may need to use more than one• Can use sophisticated searches 23
  • 24. Database Access 24
  • 25. Database Access 25
  • 26. 26
  • 27. Information Assessment•Currency – Is there a date attached? Does it matter?•Relevancy - how close a fit is it to your search strategy/inclusion criteria?•Accuracy - Is there information included which you know is inaccurate?•Authority - Do you trust the author of the information?•Objectivity - Is there bias? 27
  • 28. Managing your references• Saves you time and tedious tasks• Use to construct and manage a database of references for your thesis• Will automatically build bibliographies to Word documents – Cite while you write• Can import references from a variety of different sources (WOK, Google Scholar etc)• Can share references 28
  • 29. EndNote(Web) Libraries 29
  • 30. EndNote Guides• Available for Windows or Mac• Search ISiskills: http://www.iskills.is.ed.ac.uk/• Keeping a Bibliography using EndNote http://www.docs.is.ed.ac.uk/skills/documents/3745/3745.pdf• Introduction to EndNote Web http://www.ed.ac.uk/schools-departments/information-services/services/help- consultancy/is-skills/catalogue/text/endnote-web-intro• Endnote Web  Just requires a web browser  Free with our Web of Knowledge (WoK) subscription  Registration http://www.myendnoteweb.com 30
  • 31. Summary• Think about your dissertation – search terms,• Remember truncation, boolean, building searches• Use Library resources• Refine your search• Save your results/searches• Export to Reference Management• Remember to cite the references you use appropriatelyHelp – on the webpage and from library staffwww.ed.ac.uk/is/librarywww.ed.ac.uk/is/helpIS.Helpline@ed.ac.ukAngela.Nicholson@ed.ac.uk, Tel: 50 5915 31
  • 32.  Go through all of the Web of Science exercise (even if you’ve used it before) Try another database that covers your area of interest If not, look at Searcher Register for Endnote Web Transfer a selection of records Try Cite will you write 32