The “literature” is the written conversation between scientists about what they’ve found out (by reading or experimenting).Searching the literature is all about learning who the cool people are and where they hang out.
Research process is iterative – as you learn more, you constantly refine your strategies and even your research question.For the best research questions, the answer doesn’t exist yet! You’re looking for clues that will let you piece together the puzzle yourself.
Library website > Subject guides > a sample guide to show subject librarian (contact details and asklive) reference materials textbooks talk about papers from supervisors
Subject guide -> databases -> Web of Science looking up a known article title following citation trails looking at keywords keyword searching author searching finding full text button5 min free searching
FreeE-delivery journal articles; books longer
Manages your references – makes citing easy!Instruction at http://wiki.canterbury.ac.nz/display/LIBRARY/EndNoteTutorials available this weekEndNote X4 - install on your own computer
Find citations in a databaseExport to Endnote
Organise in EndnoteThousands of citation styles
Write your paper
Reminders:Subject guidesContacts linkAskLiveSlides will arrive on LibNews on Wednesday
Literature Searching For Your Summer Scholarship 2011 - Science and Engineering
Literature Searching For Your Summer Scholarship 2011
Our mission is… Look at what’s been done on the topic Find past papers and read them Some groups have been given papers by supervisors Literature review Learn health and safety, lab restrictions Write a report with references Doing the work – making models, synthesis, coding, designing systems, purifications, construction Find existing products (hardware, code) Find manufacturer’s information Find out if people have used components – what issues are there with them
We already know... Textbooks for fundamentals Catalogue Database searching (ScienceDirect, Scopus, Web of Science) Subject specific databases (PsycInfo, IEEEXplore, arXiv, Earthquake Engineering Abstracts) Manufacturers datasheets Structure of report Referencing Use of Endnote to store references
We need to know... What questions to ask LaTeX Endnote
The Research ProcessDefine your topic What information do you need? Who would have written about it? Where? Find information Judge it – is it reliable? relevant? – does it point in new directions? – is it enough? or do you still need more? Analyse and synthesise Cite all sources!
We would find info in... Google Google Scholar Wikipedia Library catalogue Library MultiSearch Library databases (Web of Science, SciFinder, Scopus, ACM) Supervisor, other people in the field Authors’ webpages, other archives Manufacturers’ datasheets
Using Endnote My Grand Chemical Engineering Research Project Thing
We’ve learned... About library subject guides. They seem useful and easy to use That reference material is linked to off the library website, not just databases Wikipedia is good I didn’t know the library had subscriptions to so many databases/journals To search multiple databases for a wider range of articles, rather than one or two How to use refinement options on databases The use of quotation marks to group terms in a topic search on the database
We’ve learned... Range of databases that can be used for searching The database search locations, with citation counts Finding relevant literature from Web of Science Scopus seems easier to use than Web of Science Scopus has resources related to my subject Can download all /selected texts as PDFs all at once, not just individually Science Direct is better than Scopus Found out about two databases (Scopus and Compendex) I will use in future IEEEXplore exists – seems useful
We’ve learned... Google Scholar finds results from open databases too Google has a code search facility Asklive - ability to talk to a librarian online Interloans to get material that’s not available online UC Research Repository for theses and other UC publications The library has standards eg ISO, BS Introduction to Endnote for managing references – Tutorials available
We still want to know... More specific information on [my subject] Check the subject guide at http://canterbury.libguides.com/ and talk to the subject liaison librarian Is there an easy way to compare results of two different databases? Alas no. Though you could download all the results from each into Endnote. Google Scholar http://scholar.google.com/ - visit the Preferences page and search for Canterbury under Library Links How to access article full text when it’s not available online Visit http://library.canterbury.ac.nz/interloans/
We still want to know... A handout of all the databases There’s too many for a handout but see http://library.canterbury.ac.nz/databases/ or your subject guide Search criteria to pick up more results Using fewer keywords, more generic keywords (eg “animal” instead of “cat”), or alternative terms (cat OR feline) will usually pick up more results – but your subject liaison librarian can help with your specific topic. How can I be sure I have found everything relevant? You’ll probably never have everything but when you’ve searched a variety of databases with a variety of search methods and keywords and you keep getting results you’ve already seen, you’ve probably got the most important stuff.
We still want to know... How to use Endnote properly Book a course at http://webapps.libr.canterbury.ac.nz/webdb/course.php?sum mary=1 (yes, this includes Macs) Endnote / Latex / BibTeX Latex uses BibTeX to format references (rather than working directly with Endnote). You can still use Endnote to manage references, then export: File > Export > Output style = BibTeX Export
We still want to know... How to formulate thesis questions / What makes a good article / Format of literature review These aren’t our specific areas of expertise but try... Learning Skills runs workshops: http://www.lps.canterbury.ac.nz/lsc/ We have books about writing in science/engineering: http://webapps.libr.canterbury.ac.nz/webdb/biblioplus.php?pa ge=el_techbks And search for review articles in databases to find examples in your field.