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Lightweight Messaging (Apache Retreat Hursley 2010)
 

Lightweight Messaging (Apache Retreat Hursley 2010)

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A discussion of MQTT presented at the Apache Retreat at IBM Hursley in 2010

A discussion of MQTT presented at the Apache Retreat at IBM Hursley in 2010

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  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • The image credit for slide 18 goes to Nick O'Leary borrowed from his Arduino library for MQTT page http://knolleary.net/arduino-client-for-mqtt/
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  • Thanks Ben. This was a cut-down version of a longer session I'd normally do, to fit the audience and Barcamp style - some background around Smarter Planet and the Internet of Things, and how MQTT extends the MQ ecosystem. I expect one of the longer versions will get posted before too long :-)
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  • a very good presentation, Andy!
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  • Who am I I want to talk about a very exciting new area and way in which IBM is extending its messaging middleware technology
  • http://mccabism.blogspot.com/2008/08/transistors-and-grains-of-rice.html 10^11 stars in the Milky Way galaxy, 10^14 cells in the human body, 10^15 grains of rice produced annually worldwide, and 10^17 ants on planet Earth, it seems that the annual world production of transistors exceeds all these figures, at 10 quintillion, 10^19. Not only that, but the cost of producing each transistor is about one-hundreth of the cost of producing each grain of rice!
  • As the world becomes instrumented, interconnected and intelligent, we have the opportunity to think and act in new ways—economically, socially and technically. INSTRUMENTED Support for event capture and filtering Sensor solutions Instrumentation for regulatory compliance (auditing and governance) INTERCONNECTED Flexible any-any connectivity with a range of “qualities of service” Extended reach ( Sensors, Remote locations; Business to Business) Unified operational Model for a globally connected infrastructure Dynamic Provisioning and Management Security and Governance Scale, performance Programming Model for a globally connected infrastructure Open Standards, Ease of solution construction INTELLIGENT Event Processing capabilities Business rules Integration with data and stream analytics Systems that automatically adjust to your business
  • MQTT has actually been around for a while already, but often I find that customers have not heard of it! It has had a few different names and has hidden away in different corners of the product family - known as SCADA (node in Message Broker), Mqisdp, pervasive Stable and widely used, 10 years old NOT MQLLM!
  • MQTT is really simple, lightweight, and easy to learn It has gained a lot of popularity in development communities
  • Separate purchase on top of QM as not all users need Telemetry Initial availability Windows and UNIX but should run on any platform supporting JVM – service may require recreation of issues on a formally supported platform No MQSC / PCF support initially Let's see how this looks in MQ Explorer
  • The MQ Telemetry support is fully integrated into MQ Explorer Connections to a queue manager are set up via a simple wizard and new Telemetry channels (default port 1883) MQ and MQTT publish and subscribe is interoperable – so MQ applications can publish to MQTT subscribers, and vice versa The test client is built-in. Similar to the GUI Utility shipped previously in the IA92 SupportPac (which will still work as the protocol is the same, but this is integrated into the Eclipse environment)
  • * performance report to be issued
  • For clients requiring better remote operations, buffering, concentrators then there are more topology options. The WMQT Daemon for Devices was formerly Really Small Message Broker available on alphaWorks MQTT is already available in Microbroker (a component of Lotus Expeditor)
  • Why do you think it might be important to secure TT clients? the devices are likely to be portable, and used in places that cannot be carefully controlled. WebSphere MQ security (OAM) also applies
  • For clients requiring better remote operations, buffering, concentrators then there are more topology options. The WMQT Daemon for Devices was formerly Really Small Message Broker available on alphaWorks MQTT is already available in Microbroker (a component of Lotus Expeditor)
  • VIEW/NOTES PAGE Mode – PRESS F5 or DOUBLE CLICK ON SLIDE TO VIEW SLIDE IN FULL SCREEN A national railway infrastructure company Synopsis: A country’s railway infrastructure utility improves information flow, reduces costs and increases flexibility with a sophisticated middleware solution designed and implemented by IBM Global Business Services Customer Background : The company has responsibility for the the country’s railways infrastructure , which involves running, maintaining and developing the country's railway tracks, signaling system, rail bridges, tunnels, level crossings, viaducts and key stations. Business Need: The company had difficulty integrating and sharing information throughout its organization. Key data was often needed in near real-time by the business but could not be provided quickly enough. Systems were joined on a point-to-point basis and this resulted in a plethora of nonstandard solutions that were expensive to implement and maintain. The company is implementing a new Information Management strategy, to improve information sharing throughout the organization. Both new and legacy systems need to communicate effectively with each other and the company wanted to achieve this by connecting systems in a consistent way, promoting corporate standards for integration and messaging as well as removing costly "point-to-point" integration. By implementing the correct middleware infrastructure, the company knew it would have the opportunity to introduce a service oriented architecture (SOA) that will provide an integrated information services environment and offer users the tools they need to improve their efficiency and effectiveness. The company needed a skilled and experienced partner to help it to achieve this goal. Solution Implementation: IBM Global Business Services was engaged to create generic enterprise middleware for the company that is capable of providing a core messaging backbone throughout the organization. Based on a "hub and spoke" model, it allows data to be sent from a single system to wherever it is needed within the enterprise. A set of core services have been built within WebSphere Business Integration Message Broker (WBIMB) enabling the middleware to be used in any client environment. The main messaging hub is in place and IBM is continuing to add legacy and new systems to it, enabling an increasing number of systems to exchange information. One of the first integration projects involves taking information from trackside assets - such as power supplies or devices that measure technical information like the state of the wheels on a train as it passes a certain point - and driving it through the enterprise infrastructure so that the company's operational centers can see what is happening on the track more easily and quickly. Any problems, alerts or warning messages can be picked up and responded to appropriately, enabling resources to be allocated more efficiently and increasing train reliability by improving management of the network. The messaging hub also handles the thousands of train information messages that the company receives from all over the UK every day. These messages relate to train times and delays from all the train operating companies that run services on the railway infrastructure and are used by the company to report on how each of the train operating companies is performing on a daily basis. IBM is currently working with the company on an external gateway that will enable appropriate information to be fed to external stakeholders such as the train operating companies and freight companies. This will help all stakeholders to work in a more integrated and efficient way, improving the performance of the rail system even further. Benefits: - Timely flow of information throughout the organization, providing governance and control. - IT environment has become far more flexible, allowing applications to be plugged into the messaging hub quickly and easily, reducing the cost involved in creating individual "point-to-point" data interfaces and facilitating reuse - Maintenance and operating costs reduced with the use of standardized code - Improved reliability of rail services and ultimately increased satisfaction for passengers and freight customers. Usage level : Win/Ongoing project/Completed project: Industry : External Complete Travel & Transportation The UK's railway infrastructure utility improves information flow, reduces costs and increases flexibility with a sophisticated middleware solution designed and implemented by IBM Global Business Services Back to top Client information Client name:Location: Network RailUnited Kingdom Industry: Travel & Transportation Focus area: Openness, Service Oriented Architecture Integrated/Aligned AccountGeography/IOT/GMU: Northeast Europe IOT Region/IMT/GMT: United Kingdom and Ireland IMT Client background: In October 2002, Network Rail took responsibility for the infrastructure on which the UK's railways depend. Its mandate involves running, maintaining and developing the country's railway tracks, signalling system, rail bridges, tunnels, level crossings, viaducts and 17 key stations. Britain's railway network carries 2.75 million passengers every day along with 79 percent of the UK's coal and coal products and 34 percent of the UK's metals. URL: http://www.networkrail.co.uk Project start: 04/2004 Project end: 03/2006 Back to top Special handling instructions The client has agreed to be a reference for sales situations. The status of any installation or implementation can change, so you should always contact the Primary Contact or Additional Contact named in the reference prior to discussing it with your client. Any public use, such as in marketing materials, on WWW sites, in press articles, etc., requires specific approval from the client. It is the responsibility of the person or any organization planning to use this reference to make sure that this is done. The IBM representative will, as appropriate, contact the client for review. You should not contact the client directly. Business need Network Rail had difficulty integrating and sharing information throughout its organization. Key data was often needed in near real-time by the business but could not be provided quickly enough. Systems were joined on a point-to-point basis and this resulted in a plethora of nonstandard solutions that were expensive to implement and maintain. Network Rail is implementing organizational changes that include the introduction of a new Information Management strategy. The overall aim of this strategy is to improve information sharing throughout the organization in order to enhance the way that Britain’s railways are run. To achieve this aim, both new and legacy systems need to communicate effectively with each other and Network Rail wanted to achieve this by connecting systems in a consistent way, promoting corporate standards for integration and messaging as well as removing costly "point-to-point" integration. By implementing the correct middleware infrastructure, Network Rail knew it would have the opportunity to introduce a service oriented architecture (SOA) that will provide an integrated information services environment and offer users the tools they need to improve their efficiency and effectiveness. Network Rail needed a skilled and experienced partner to help it to achieve this goal. Back to top Solution implementation IBM Global Business Services was engaged to create generic enterprise middleware for Network Rail that is capable of providing a core messaging backbone throughout the organization. Based on a "hub and spoke" model, it allows data to be sent from a single system to wherever it is needed within the enterprise. A set of core services have been built within WebSphere Business Integration Message Broker (WBIMB) enabling the middleware to be used in any client environment. IBM is involved from end to end on the project, helping Network Rail to develop its integration strategy, providing project management, designing and developing the middleware, and implementing a thorough architectural control and testing regime that has resulted in an almost fault free solution. The IBM team meets weekly with Network Rail to make sure the work stays on track and, due to the close working relationship that has developed, IBM is now seen as a trusted advisor. The main messaging hub is in place and IBM is continuing to add legacy and new systems to it, enabling an increasing number of systems to exchange information. One of the first integration projects involves taking information from trackside assets - such as power supplies or devices that measure technical information like the state of the wheels on a train as it passes a certain point - and driving it through the enterprise infrastructure so that Network Rail's operational centers can see what is happening on the track more easily and quickly. Any problems, alerts or warning messages can be picked up and responded to appropriately, enabling resources to be allocated more efficiently and increasing train reliability by improving management of the network. Two ruggedized hardware devices from IBM business partners Husky and Symbol were trialled as a central point for collecting status messages from multiple trackside devices and then routing them through to the messaging hub using WebSphere MQ Telemetry Transport (MQTT). The messaging hub is also used to handle the thousands of train information messages that Network Rail receives from all over the UK every day. These messages relate to train times and delays from all the train operating companies that run services on the railway infrastructure and are used by Network Rail to report on how each of the train operating companies is performing on a daily basis. Handling information consistently within Network Rail and basing it on open standards offers a wide variety of possibilities for improvement both now and into the future. For example, IBM is currently working with Network Rail on an external gateway that will enable appropriate information to be fed to external stakeholders such as the train operating companies and freight companies. This will help all stakeholders to work in a more integrated and efficient way, improving the performance of the rail system even further. Business Partner information: Husky United States The Second Business Partner information: Symbol United States Back to top Benefit of the solution The enterprise middleware system implemented by IBM supports Network Rail's Information Management strategy by improving the timely flow of information throughout the organization. Information can be transferred into common views for use in portal or other systems and there is now a standard way for integration to occur within the organization, providing governance and control. Any type of information can be processed whether asset information, passenger information or train information, supporting and providing value for the entire Network Rail organization. Network Rail's overall IT environment has become far more flexible since the introduction of enterprise middleware. Applications can be plugged into the messaging hub quickly and easily, reducing the cost involved in creating individual "point-to-point" data interfaces and facilitating reuse in multiple business processes across the enterprise. Maintenance and operating costs are also reduced with the use of standardized code. Applications are less dependent upon each other as they can use their own data formats and let the messaging hub deal with any integration issues. Once an application is ready to be retired it is simply unplugged and removed without affecting remaining systems. The enterprise middleware will continue to provide benefits for Network Rail into the future. It has the potential to provide exactly the right information, in the correct format, wherever it is needed, whether for Network Rail's use or its key stakeholders. Timely provision of the correct information will enable Network Rail to allocate resources more effectively in order to better manage the railway network. This improves the reliability of rail services and ultimately leads to increased satisfaction for train passengers and freight customers. Solutions/Offerings Services: IBM Global Services - Application Services (GBS-AIS and/or AMS): GBS Application Innovation Services: Enterprise Architecture and Technology Back to top Contact information Primary contact information: W (James) Chaloner Associate Partner (Travel & Transport) Global Business Services IBM Div 70 United Kingdom Telephone: 44-1252-558563 Fax: 44-1252-558001 James Chaloner/UK/IBM@IBMGB [email_address] Additional contact information: Mark Tikerpae Managing Consultant IBM Div 70 United Kingdom Telephone: 44-207-021-9015 Mark Tikerpae/UK/IBM@IBMGB mark.tikerpae@uk.ibm.com
  • Phone by bed monitors pacemaker Dial-up -> MQTT to WMB -> analytics engine Avoid regular clinic visits
  • Energy co can send small changes and commands to homes over mobile network, minor temp adjustments -> significant savings
  • HVAC stands for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. MQTT very popular with home hackers – home automation, weather stations, power monitoring at home