Rainforests and Climate Change: Making Sustainable Development Possible Indigenous Peoples' Rights and  International Law:...
 
Outline <ul><li>Climate Change, Justice, Equity and Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>International Human Rights Law and Indi...
Climate Change, Justice,  Equity and Human Rights <ul><li>Climate Change: evidence of how the past was mismanaged and how ...
Climate Change, Justice and Equity and Human Rights <ul><li>Allowing the poor and indigenous peoples to bear brunt of clim...
Climate Change, Justice and Equity and Human Rights <ul><li>Mass environmental displacement, the loss of livelihoods, risi...
Climate Change, Justice and Equity and Human Rights <ul><li>Global warming responsible for more than 160,000 deaths a year...
 
International Human Rights Law and Indigenous Peoples Rights <ul><li>1923 – Deskaheh: League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>...
International Human Rights Law and Indigenous Peoples Rights <ul><li>1957 – ILO Convention No. 107 on Indigenous and Triba...
 
Main elements of the Declaration <ul><li>19 preambular paragraphs </li></ul><ul><li>46 operational articles </li></ul><ul>...
UN DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES <ul><li>Article 3: Right to self-determination  </li></ul><ul><li>Arts....
Articles on Free, Prior and Informed Consent <ul><li>Article 10  – cannot be forcibly removed from lands, territories and ...
Articles on Free, Prior and Informed Consent <ul><li>Art. 28  – right to redress for lands, territories, resources, which ...
General Recommendations and Comments of UN Treaty Bodies <ul><li>Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CE...
Invoking the UNDRIP <ul><li>Belize Supreme Court Decision which invoked  UNDRIP in Maya vs. Govt. of Belize (Oct. 18, 2007...
UNDRIP as national law and as part of constitutions and guidelines <ul><li>-National laws on IP Rights and Constitutional ...
International Human Rights Law and Climate Change  <ul><li>2005: ICC petition in 2005 against the United States in the Int...
Implications for international climate change policies <ul><li>Human-rights based approach and ecosystems approach to clim...
Implications for international climate change policies <ul><li>- UNPFII's Reports on Oil Palm Plantations (2007) and on Im...
Ways Forward <ul><li>Active and effective engagement in CC processes; design of REDD,implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Capa...
Ways Forward <ul><li>Coherence of International Laws: HR, Environment, Trade and Finance and building of coherence at nati...
Ways Forward <ul><li>Stop criminalization of indigenous peoples and forest peoples' protests </li></ul><ul><li>Set up conf...
Ways Forward <ul><li>Full participation of indigenous peoples and forest-dwelling peoples in Forest and Climate Change pro...
 
Dakkel ay Iyaman! <ul><li>Maraming Salamat! </li></ul><ul><li>THANK YOU VERY MUCH! </li></ul><ul><li>www. tebtebba.org </l...
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Rainforest Foundation Norway, Rainforest and Climate Conference, Victoria Tauli Corpuz

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Rainforest Foundation Norway, Rainforest and Climate Conference, Victoria Tauli Corpuz

  1. 1. Rainforests and Climate Change: Making Sustainable Development Possible Indigenous Peoples' Rights and International Law: Implications for International Climate Policies Oslo, 18 June 2009 Victoria Tauli-Corpuz Chair, UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues Exec.Director, Tebtebba (Indigenous Peoples' International Centre for Policy Research and Education)
  2. 3. Outline <ul><li>Climate Change, Justice, Equity and Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>International Human Rights Law and Indigenous Peoples Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Implications for International Climate Change Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Ways forward </li></ul>
  3. 4. Climate Change, Justice, Equity and Human Rights <ul><li>Climate Change: evidence of how the past was mismanaged and how the future is being mismanaged. (Failure of development) </li></ul><ul><li>Justice and equity: between generations, between the developing and developed worlds; between rich and poor: (Historical debt) </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge: equitable distribution of responsibilities and rights underpinned by values of stewardship, cross-generational justice and shared responsibilit y. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Climate Change, Justice and Equity and Human Rights <ul><li>Allowing the poor and indigenous peoples to bear brunt of climate change problem they did not create = high level of tolerance for inequality and injustice. </li></ul><ul><li>A critical human rights concern and obligation under international law. </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge: think differently about human interdependence, development, living well </li></ul>
  5. 6. Climate Change, Justice and Equity and Human Rights <ul><li>Mass environmental displacement, the loss of livelihoods, rising hunger, and water shortages caused by climate change can unleash national, regional and global conflicts and security threats (Peru,Philippines, PNG,etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change poses a direct threat to a wide </li></ul><ul><li>range of universally recognized fundamental rights, such as the rights to life, food, adequate housing, health, and water. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Climate Change, Justice and Equity and Human Rights <ul><li>Global warming responsible for more than 160,000 deaths a year from malaria and malnutrition; a number that could double by 2020. (WHO, 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>The health of indigenous peoples' traditional lands and waters,plants and animals upon which they depend for survival gravely threatened, </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation, Adaptation, low-carbon, green development pathway also have human rights implications </li></ul>
  7. 9. International Human Rights Law and Indigenous Peoples Rights <ul><li>1923 – Deskaheh: League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>1945 – UDHR </li></ul><ul><li>1966 – International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR-1976) </li></ul><ul><li>1966 – International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR, 1976) </li></ul><ul><li>1965 – ICERD </li></ul>
  8. 10. International Human Rights Law and Indigenous Peoples Rights <ul><li>1957 – ILO Convention No. 107 on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent countries </li></ul><ul><li>1989 – ILO Convention No. 169 (ratified by 20 countries) </li></ul><ul><li>13 Sept. 2007: UNGA adoption of UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples </li></ul>
  9. 12. Main elements of the Declaration <ul><li>19 preambular paragraphs </li></ul><ul><li>46 operational articles </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum international standards to ensure survival and dignity of Ips </li></ul><ul><li>Does not create special rights for indigenous peoples, merely interprets IHL as it applies to indigenous peoples </li></ul>
  10. 13. UN DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES <ul><li>Article 3: Right to self-determination </li></ul><ul><li>Arts. 10,11, 19,28,29,32: Free, prior and informed consent </li></ul><ul><li>Arts. 26-31 – rights to lands, territories and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Article 32: right to determine and develop strategies and priorities for use of LTRs. </li></ul>
  11. 14. Articles on Free, Prior and Informed Consent <ul><li>Article 10 – cannot be forcibly removed from lands, territories and relocated without FPIC. </li></ul><ul><li>Article 11 - redress for IPs whose cultural, intellectual, religious and spiritual property taken without their FPIC </li></ul><ul><li>Article 19 – FPIC before adopting administrative policies and legislation </li></ul>
  12. 15. Articles on Free, Prior and Informed Consent <ul><li>Art. 28 – right to redress for lands, territories, resources, which were confiscated, taken, occupied, used or damaged without their FPIC </li></ul><ul><li>Art .29 – no storage or disposal of hazardous materials in IP lands without FPIC </li></ul><ul><li>Article 32- FPIC prior to approval of any project affecting their LTRs </li></ul>
  13. 16. General Recommendations and Comments of UN Treaty Bodies <ul><li>Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) General Recommendation No. 23:(1994) </li></ul><ul><li>4(c) indigenous peoples' pursue sustainable economic and social development compatible with their cultural characteristics; </li></ul><ul><li>(d) Ensure that no decisions directly relating to indigenous peoples' rights and interests are taken without their informed consent; </li></ul>
  14. 17. Invoking the UNDRIP <ul><li>Belize Supreme Court Decision which invoked UNDRIP in Maya vs. Govt. of Belize (Oct. 18, 2007): logging issue </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-American Court on Human Rights Judgement: Saramaka Peoples vs.Govt. of Suriname (Nov. 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to recognise and secure indigenous and tribal peoples’ rights to own and control their traditional lands, territories and resources, and active violation of those rights through grants of logging and mining concessions. </li></ul>
  15. 18. UNDRIP as national law and as part of constitutions and guidelines <ul><li>-National laws on IP Rights and Constitutional amendments: </li></ul><ul><li>-Bolivia – UNDRIP made a national law (Nov. 2008), New Constitution (passed in Feb. 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>-Ecuador's New Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>-UN Development Group (UNDG) Guidelines on Indigenous Peoples' Issues (2009) </li></ul><ul><li>A 2003 joint study by the World Health Organisation and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine states that global warming may already be responsible for more than 160,000 deaths a year from malaria and malnutrition; a number that could double by 2020. </li></ul>
  16. 19. International Human Rights Law and Climate Change <ul><li>2005: ICC petition in 2005 against the United States in the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights , </li></ul><ul><li>asserted that changes in the availability of traditional food sources and the increased risks from changing ice and weather conditions have violated their rights to life, family and privacy under the American Convention on Human Rights. </li></ul>
  17. 20. Implications for international climate change policies <ul><li>Human-rights based approach and ecosystems approach to climate change policies and programs including REDD </li></ul><ul><li>Such approaches brought human beings and biodiversity back to the centre of the discussion and enrich international efforts in addressing climate change . </li></ul><ul><li>UNDRIP and ILO Convention No. 169; frameworks to underpin climate change policies and programs affecting IPs </li></ul>
  18. 21. Implications for international climate change policies <ul><li>- UNPFII's Reports on Oil Palm Plantations (2007) and on Impacts of climate change mitigation measures on Indigenous Peoples (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>- OHCHR Report on Climate Change and Human Rights (2009) </li></ul><ul><li>- Use of CERD Early Warning and Urgent Action Procedure by AMAN to question R-Plan of Indonesia (2009) </li></ul>
  19. 22. Ways Forward <ul><li>Active and effective engagement in CC processes; design of REDD,implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building on HRBA and EA: IPs,Govt.,UN, NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Dialogues </li></ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Independent national and international independent monitoring bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Training on Treaty Bodies and grievance mechanisms of other bodies, e.g. WB, ADB,etc. </li></ul>
  20. 23. Ways Forward <ul><li>Coherence of International Laws: HR, Environment, Trade and Finance and building of coherence at national level </li></ul><ul><li>Role of UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues </li></ul><ul><li>UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Peoples </li></ul><ul><li>HRC Expert Mechanism on Indigenous Peoples' Rights. </li></ul>
  21. 24. Ways Forward <ul><li>Stop criminalization of indigenous peoples and forest peoples' protests </li></ul><ul><li>Set up conflict resolution and mediation processes and strengthen redress mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen indigenous peoples communities, organizations, movements and campaigns at all levels. </li></ul>
  22. 25. Ways Forward <ul><li>Full participation of indigenous peoples and forest-dwelling peoples in Forest and Climate Change processes, programmes and projects at all levels including REDD. </li></ul><ul><li>REDD as an integral part of wholistic low-carbon, green development pathway </li></ul><ul><li>should be underpinned by human rights and rights of Mother Earth. </li></ul>
  23. 27. Dakkel ay Iyaman! <ul><li>Maraming Salamat! </li></ul><ul><li>THANK YOU VERY MUCH! </li></ul><ul><li>www. tebtebba.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii </li></ul><ul><li>Email: vicky@tebtebba.org </li></ul>

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