AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Gramm...
AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Gramm...
AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Gramm...
AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Gramm...
AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Gramm...
AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Gramm...
AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Gramm...
AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Gramm...
AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Gramm...
AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Gramm...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Total 2º3º periodos

54

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
54
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Total 2º3º periodos

  1. 1. AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Grammar 3Vocabulary / Grammar - 3It’s Consuming SocietyVocabulary“The philosophy behind much advertising is based on the old observation that every man is really two men – the man he isand the man he wants to be.” - by William Feather. However, in relation to adverts, “If it doesn’t sell, it isn’t creative.” - byDavid Ogilvy (http://www.directcreative.com/wise-and-witty-quotes-about-advertising.html)Consumerism is closely related to advertising. Let’s analyse some posters; use the vocabulary and ideas you havebeen discussing in class the following activities.A. Label the posters below.brand and logotarget public _teenagers_____________________________________image is grey expresses solemn and formalatmosphere; expression of man is serious and expresscourage______product________________slogan_______________red – dominant colour; represents the colourof the product and the origin (fruit); also refers topassion – for the productshape of the product; imitation of the productingredientBrandSlogan
  2. 2. AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Grammar 3Vocabulary / Grammar - 4Ads - never .... only if...GrammarAdvertising not only communicates an idea but also encourages, persuades and manipulates.You have already done some grammar activities both in class and at home. Nonetheless you should probably domore tasks. So, I suggest you go to the school library and look for more exercises in the grammar books. You canalso look for activities on the Internet. Below there are some examples / suggestions.You must look for exercises on: - A. conditional sentences type III (hypothetical conditional)- B. inversion of the subject and verbA. 1. Rewrite the following Conditional Sentences.a) We don’t have much money. We can’t buy better equipment.If we had had much money, we would have bought better equipment_________________________________b) I ate too much at the party. I felt sick afterwards.If I hadnt ate to much at the party I wouldnt felt sick afterwards_____________________________________c) Kim is always late. We don’t start on time.If Kim hasnt always late, we would have started on time___________________________________________d) I hit my head on the windscreen. I didn’t wear the seat belt.If I had worn the seat belt, I wouldnt have hit my head on the windscreen_____________________________e) “Don’t run fast, or you’ll be tired.”If you had run slowly, you wouldnt have been tired_______________________________________________f) I didn’t win the race. I didn’t start the training on time.If I had started the training on time, I would have won the race______________________________________B. 1. Use the Inversion of the Subject to complete the sentences below..a) If he had seen her, he would have recognized her.Had _____________________________________________________________________________________b) She has never succeeded.Never has she succeeded____________________________________________________________________c) Parents know little of what goes in their children’s minds.Little ____________________________________________________________________________________d) It could hardly be otherwise in a multiracial society like that.Hardly _could it be otherwise in a multiracial society like that.______________________________________e) He will never in his life make such a big profit.Never _will he make in his life such a big profit___________________________________________________f) It has at no time been more difficult to fight forest fires than nowadays.At no time _has forest fires been more difficult to fight than nowadays_______________________________
  3. 3. AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Grammar 3Vocabulary / Grammar - 5Culture and DiversityVocabulary“Do you think of cultural, racial and ethnic diversity as a melting pot, a mosaic or tapestry, tossed salad, vegetable soup, orsome other equally picturesque description? All of these descriptions are pleasant and colorful reminders of the richness thatcomes from differences.”http://www.pakeys.org/uploadedContent/Docs/ECMH/Focus%20on%20ECMH-Diversity.pdfDo the following activities on words.A. Match the words and their definitions1 multicultural 10 a) separation or isolation of a class, race or ethnic group2 social friction6 b) a strong feeling of dislike or fear of foreigners, theircustoms, their religions, etc.3 integration9 c) a document that legally allows a person from othercountry to live and work in the US4 discrimination2 d) discord in society, characterized by unrest among socialclasses and immigrants5 creed7 e) when available goods and services, or social and culturalinfluences, gradually become similar in all parts of theworld6 xenophobia1 f) including people of several different races, religions,languages and traditions7 melting pot3 g) incorporation as equals into society of individuals ofdifferent ethnic cultural groups8 country11 h) a change in the cultural behavior and thinking of a personthrough contact with another culture9 green card14 i) the practice of treating somebody or a particular groupless fairly than others10 segregation7 j) a place where a variety of races, cultures or individualscome together and create a society11 acculturation 5 k) the basic beliefs of a person or group12 citizen13 l) a person who comes to a country to take up permanentresidence13 immigrant14 m) a person leaving his/her own country and settling downsomewhere else14 emigrant12 n) a person who was born or lives in a certain country for a longtime and has full rights15 globalization 8 o) the land of a person’s birth, residence or citizenship
  4. 4. AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Grammar 3B. Place the words in the box below in the table under one of the headings.Customs -1 Discrimination -2 Refugee -3 Food -1Migration -3 Language -1 Prejudice -2 Marriage -3Unemployment -3 Exploitation -3/2 Race -1 Creed -1multicultural aspects negative attitudes towards diversity reasons for cultural diversity1 2 3C. Find a synonymous expression or a definition for the words below. You may also write the Portugueseequivalent.1. prejudice - preconceito2. roots - ordens3. colour blind - não descriminar4. civil rights - direitos civis5. citizens - cidadãos6. immigrants - imigrantes7. emigrants - Emigrantes8. stereotypes - estereótipo9. assimilation - assimilação10. bias - parcial
  5. 5. AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Grammar 3MULTICULTURAL VOCABULARYDISCRIMINATION (1)behavior that treats people unequally because of their groupmemberships. Discriminatory behavior, ranging from slights to hatecrimes, often begins with negative stereotypes and prejudices.PREJUDICE (1)an opinion, prejudgment or attitude about a group or its individualmembers. A prejudice can be positive, but in our usage refers to anegative attitude. Prejudices are often accompanied by ignorance,fear or hatred. Prejudices are formed by a complex psychologicalprocess that begins with attachment to a close circle ofacquaintances or an "in-group" such as a family. Prejudice is oftenaimed at "out-groups."STEREOTYPE (1)an exaggerated belief, image or distorted truth about a person orgroup — a generalization that allows for little or no individualdifferences or social variation. Stereotypes are based on images inmass media, or reputations passed on by parents, peers and othermembers of society. Stereotypes can be positive or negative.BIAS (2)a personal and sometimes unreasoned judgmentETHNICITY (2)ethnic quality or affiliation; a particular ethnic affiliation or groupRACE (2) a category of humankind that shares certain distinctive physicaltraitsNATIONALITY (2)a people having a common origin, tradition, and language andcapable of forming or actually constituting a nation-state; an ethnicgroup constituting one element of a larger unitETHNOCENTRISM (2) characterized by or based on the attitude that ones own group issuperiorCULTURE (2)the customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a racial,religious, or social group; the set of shared attitudes, values, goals,and practices that characterizes an institution or organization; theset of values, conventions, or social practices associated with aparticular field, activity, or societal characteristicDIVERSE (2)Composed of distinct or unlike elements or qualitiesMINORITY (2) part of a population differing from others in some characteristicsand often subjected to differential treatmentXENOPHOBIA (2) fear and hatred of strangers or foreigners or of anything that isstrange or foreign(1)http://www.tolerance.org(2)http://www.merriam-webster.com/
  6. 6. AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Grammar 3Vocabulary / Grammar - 6Passive or Active Cultural DiversityGrammarCultural diversity creates a ... or has been created by...?You have already done some grammar activities both in class and at home. Nonetheless you should probably domore tasks. So, I suggest you go to the school library and look for more exercises in the grammar books. You canalso look for activities on the Internet. Below there are some examples / suggestions.You must look for exercises on: - A. passive voiceC. Put into the Passive Voice.1. John and Mary are reading the text about civil rights.The text about civil rights is being read by John and Mary___________________________________________2. They have given her a new passport.She was given a new passport_________________________________________________________________3. They suggest that immigrants find employment.It is suggested that immigrants find employment__________________________________________________4. People believed that immigrants were outsiders.Immigrants are believed to be outsiders.________________________________________________________
  7. 7. AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Grammar 3Vocabulary / Grammar - 7Relative Pronouns in the FutureGrammar“Ten years ago, Facebook didnt exist. Ten years before that, we didnt have the Web. So who knows what jobs will be born a decade fromnow? Though unemployment is at a 25-year high, work will eventually return. But it wont look the same. No one is going to pay you just toshow up. We will see a more flexible, more freelance, more collaborative and far less secure work world. It will be run by a generation withnew values — and women will increasingly be at the controls.” (http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1898024_1898023_1898169,00.html)On the pages below you will find farther practice on Relative Pronouns and Relative Clauses. Do the tasks.A. Choose the correct relative pronoun.1. The lady who / where is sitting over here is my aunt.2. I don’t even know why / which she told me to wait for her.3. They have two sons who /whose are doctors and one daughter who / whose is a teacher.4. My friend Alan, who / whose father is a dentist, is coming here next week.5. Do you know when / which Carol is going to meet me?6. The house where / which they have lived for several years is in the centre of the city.7. The dog which / when you saw on the streets is mine.8. That’s the student who / whose project was brilliant.B. Complete the sentences with one of the following relative pronouns: who / which / why / whose / where / when.1. Do you know anyone ___who____ has got a three-legged dog?2. Do you know ___whose_______ book that is? Is it yours?3. He’s the boy ___who______ only wears Adidas sneakers.4. I’ve got a very warm coat ____which_______ I can wear in winter.5. She is the reason ____why_____ Peter is working harder now! He wants to impress her.6. She works in a factory ___which_____ makes cheap clothes.7. Is that the girl ____whose____ dog died last week?8. The school ___where____ I study is quite new and comfortable.9. She is the kind of girl ___who____ always looks good.10. That’s the boy ____whose_____ mother works at my school.11. September is the month __when____ school starts in Portugal.12. A coffee maker is a machine ___which________ makes coffee.13. I don’t like those jeans ___which____ have been washed before.14. There are restaurants _____where__ people can eat vegetarian meals.15. I don’t know ____why____ his room is always so untidy!C. Complete the sentences with who / which / whose. Decide if you can omit the pronoun to make a Contact Clause.1. Many teens ___who___ work part-time don’t have time to hang out with their friends.2. I like jobs ____which______ involve human contact.3. The job ____x______ I applied for was not very interesting.4. That’s the boy _____whose_________ parents don’t let him have a part-time job.5. A game designer is someone _____who___ creates games.6. Mr Brown offered Mary the position ___x____ she wanted.7. That’s the man ____x______ I was telling you about.8. The degree ______x_____ I told you about only exists in Lisbon.9. John is the boy _____whose_________ mobile phone disappeared.10. The book ____which_________ you offered me is very good!11. A screenwriter is a person _____who_______ writes scripts for films.12. That’s the restaurant ______which_______ has a fantastic lasagne.13. I have a dog _____whose_______ name is Homer.
  8. 8. AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Grammar 3DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSESD. Join the sentences by means of a relative pronoun: who / which / whose. Put the pronoun in brackets () when we canomit it.1. I am a member of a voluntary organization. It helps the poor._ I am a member of a voluntary organization which helps the poor.__________________________________________2. She is the teacher. She uses computers in her classes.__She is the teacher who uses computers in her classes._______________________________________________________3. Thats the boy. His mother works in the library._Thats the boy whose mother works in the library.___________________________________________________________4. I forgot the name of the game. You gave it to me last week.___I forgot the name of the game (which) you gave me last week._______________________________________________5. I know a man. He is a web designer.__I know the man who is a web designer._____________________________________________________________6. Most of the people are very nice. They work in Peter’s office.____Most of people who work in Peters office are very nice.___________________________________________________7. I’ve read the two magazines. I bought them yesterday.___Ive read the two magazines (which) I bought yesterday_____________________________________________________8. The Browns are the family. Their car has been stolen.__The Browns are the family whose car has been stolen._______________________________________________________9. I’ve lost all the books. You gave them to me.____Ive lost all the books (which) you gave to me____________________________________________________________10. The woman was wearing a yellow dress. She opened the door.____The woman who opened the door was wearing a yellow dress______________________________________________11. These are the shoes. I bought them in sales.___These are the shoes (which) I bought in sales_____________________________________________________________12. I don’t remember the name of the girl. Jane is meeting her tonight.___I dont remember the name of the girl whose Jane is meeting tonight._________________________________________NON- DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSESE. Join the sentences by means of a relative pronoun: who / which / whose. Don’t forget to add the commas!1. Arnold Schwarzenegger is an American actor and politician. His parents came from Austria.__ Arnold Schwarzenegger, whose parents came from Austria, is an American actor and politician._____________________2. Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland. It holds an annual drama festival.__ Edinburgh, which holds an annual drama festival, is the capital of Scotland._____________________________________3. Frankenstein was written by Mary Shelly. It has been made into several films.____ Frankenstein, which has been made into several films, was written by Mary Shelly. _____________________________4. Pluto is the ninth planet. It was discovered in 1930.__ Pluto, which was discovered in 1930, is the ninth planet.____________________________________________________5. Marie Curie won two Nobel prizes. She studied at Stanford University.__ Marie Curie, who studied at Stanford University, won two Nobel prizes.________________________________________6. Ms Prim is a dentist. She lives on the ground floor.__ Ms Prim who lives on the ground floor is a dentist. _________________________________________________________7. J. K Rowling was born in 1965. Her first name is Joanne.__ J. K Rowling, whose first name is Joanne, was born in 1965.__________________________________________________
  9. 9. AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Grammar 3Vocabulary / Grammar - 8Preparing the Future, Getting a JobVocabulary“Man is so made that he can only find relaxation from one kind of labour by taking up another.” (Anatole France in The Crime of SylvestreBonnard) Moreover “pleasure in the job puts perfection in the work.” (Aristotle) http://www.quotationspage.com/subjects/work/ (2013-05-21)Do the following activities on words.A. Match the words and their definitions1 Training N a) a manual / mechanic job, involving special training and skills2 rise (USA: raise)K b) all the people working or available to work, as in a nation,company, industry or on a project3 bonusH c) fixed compensation for services, paid to a person on a regularbasis4 wageD d) payment for labour or services to a worker, especiallyremuneration on an hourly, daily or weekly basis or by the piece5 workforceB e) a statement about a person’s qualifications, character anddependability6 staffM f) a move to a more important job or rank in a company or anorganisation7 employee J g) place where directors meet8 promotionF h) an extra amount of money that is added to a payment, especiallyto somebody’s wages as a reward9 salaryC i) a person or business that employs one or more people for wagesor salary10 workmateL j) a person who works for another in return for financial or othercompensation11 employer I k) an increase in salary or wages12 duties O l) a fellow worker, a colleague13 referenceE m) all the workers employed in an organisation considered as agroup14 trade A n) being taught how to do a job15 boardroom G o) tasks that are part of a jobB. Find the “odd one out”.1. an application - a post - a vacancy ____________________2. a candidate - an applicant - an interviewer ____________________3. a worker - an employer - an employee ____________________4. a strike - a lock out - an industrial dispute ____________________5. a labourer - a foreman - a union representative ____________________6. a trainee - an apprentice - a probationer ____________________7. a district - a department - a division ____________________8. fee - wages - salary ____________________
  10. 10. AGRUPAMENTO DE ESCOLAS DE CARVALHOSLanguage PortfolioMy Dossier (year 11)Language Portfolio (year 11) – Vocabulary / Grammar 3C. A benefit is something you receive from a job. A qualification is something you need to do a job. Look at thefollowing list of vocabulary items. Are they benefits of a job or qualifications for a job?-experience -references -licence -being well-spoken-medical insurance -salary -commissions -being hard-working-holiday-creativity-company car-BA / BSc / MA /MSc / PhD degree-wage-housing- rise-certificate-tips-bonus-promotion-company car-discount on goods-training courses-neat appearance/dressBenefits Qualificationsmedicalinsurancetips creativityholiday bonus MSc / PhD degreecompany car promotion certificatesalary being well-spokenwage being hard-workinglicence training coursescommissions neat appearance /dresspromotion experiencehousing referencesrise BA / BSc / MA /D. Match the verbs on the left with the nouns / expressions on the right.earn 1. d a) a meetingrun 2. c b) complaintattend 3. a c) a law firmadvise 4. e d) a salarydeal with 5. h e) clientswork in 6. f f) a restaurantwork for 7. g g) overtimebe in charge on 8. j h) marketingdo / work 9. b i) a self-employed architectbe 10, i j) a departmentE. Find a definition for the jobs below or write the Portuguese equivalent.11. administrative worker - administrativo12. blacksmith - ferreiro13. chef - chef14. mayor - presidente15. insurance agent - agente de seguros16. draughtsman - desenhador17. scrap merchant - sucateiro18. customs officer - funcionario da alfandega19. courier - carteiro20. forester - guarda florestak

×