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  • 1. LGBTQ Youth Issues: Humboldt Park Alana Aziz Jenny Byelick Ashley Dyer Elena Grossman Sara Lake
  • 2. Overview  Introduction to LGBTQ  Limitations  Assessment Methods  Analytical Approach  Findings: Emerging Themes  Forces and Trends  Suggestions
  • 3. LGBTQ Introduction L: Lesbian G : Gay B: Bisexual T: Transgender Q: Queer or Questioning
  • 4. Estimated LGBTQ Population  5-10% of the population – How do we measure youth?  What are we trying to measure? – Persons self-identifying as LGBTQ – Persons defined by: • Behavior • Attraction
  • 5. Demographics of Humboldt Park Race/Ethnicity Percentage Hispanic 48 Asian .4 Black 47.4 White 3.3 Other .3 Multiple .6 Health Status Index Series Vol XVI No V, pg. 55
  • 6. Latino LGBTQ in the US  Of all Latino Same-Sex Couples: – 45% Mexican – 9% Puerto Rican Negron-Muntaner, Frances and Antonio (Jay) Patrana Jr. (2010). Ahora: The State of the LGBT Latino Communities. Hispanics in Philanthropy.
  • 7. Public Health Significance: LGBTQ Youth in Humboldt Park  Known marginalized population  Sexual and racial minorities  Proven health disparities  Presence of population Images from QueerProm
  • 8. Limitations in Data Collection  LGBTQ data not collected in US Census information  Reliance on estimates  Difficulties in identifying LGBTQ (attraction, sexual behaviors, freedom of expression)  Focus on health issues mainly around HIV/AIDS, restricted to gay/bisexual male level data  Unit of analysis: Lacking community level data
  • 9. Methods  Existing secondary data sources  Windshield assessments  Key informant interviews  Partnership high school survey (n=9)  Participant observation – informal interviews  Community mapping
  • 10. Quantitative Data NAME OF STUDY # OF PARTICIPANTS (N) Proyecto Latina N=300 (Amigas Latinas Survey) 2007 US Youth Risk Behavior N=14,041 (YRBSS) N= 1,118 2007 Chicago Youth Risk Behavior Heterosexual =951 (CPS YRBSS) Bisexual=46 Gay/Lesbian=32 Questioning= 37
  • 11. Proyecto Latina Results
  • 12. Proyecto Latina Results cont.
  • 13. National vs. Chicago YRBSS  CPS students reported they were less likely to: – Drink alcohol and drive a vehicle – Smoke or use tobacco products – Use alcohol or drugs before intercourse
  • 14. National vs. Chicago YRBSS cont.  Studentsin Chicago Public Schools (CPS) reported they are more likely to: – Not attend school due to safety concerns – Be threatened with a weapon – Be injured in a physical fight – Be physically forced to engage in sexual intercourse
  • 15. Leading Causes of Death Ages 15-24 for Chicago 2004 NON-HISPANIC RANK HISPANIC MEXICAN PUERTO RICAN BLACK ALL GROUPS 1 Homicide (54) Homicide (9) Homicide (9) Homicide (184) Homicide (253) 2 Accidents (25) Accidents (21) Accidents (3) Accidents (52) Accidents (119) Heart Disease Heart Disease 3 Suicide (5) Suicide (4) Suicide (1) (14) (20) 4 Cancer (4) Cancer (3) * Suicide (8) Suicide (16) 5 Heart Disease (2) Heart Disease (2) * Cancer (6) Cancer (13) Influenza & Chr. Lwr. Resp Chr. Lwr. Resp. 6 Tuberculosis (1) Pneumonia (1) * Dis (5) Dis (6) Congenital Influenza & Influenza & 7 Influenza & Pneumonia (1) Abnormalities (1) * Pneumonia (3) Pneumonia Congenital Abnormalities Congenital 8 (1) * * Septicemia (2) Abnormalities (3) 9 * * * HIV (2) Septicemia (2) 10 * * * Diabetes (2) HIV (2) Bocskay KA, Harper DM, Thomas SD.Hlth Index Series: Vol. XV No. IVChicago, IL:CDPH, Dept. of Epidemiology, 2005.
  • 16. Chicago YRBSS: Demographics Stratified by Sexual Orientation Chicago YRBSS 2009; compiled by Child Health Data Lab, Children's Memorial Hospital
  • 17. Chicago YRBSS Results: Stratified by Sexual Orientation
  • 18. Chicago YRBSS Cont.: Stratified by Sexual Orientation
  • 19. STIs and HIV/AIDS CDPH, Community Health Inventory 2004,
  • 20. STIs and HIV/AIDS cont. CDPH, Dept of Epidemiology, Office of HIV/AIDS Surveillance
  • 21. Community Map 1 of 5
  • 22. Community Map 2 of 5
  • 23. Community Map 3 of 5
  • 24. Community Map 4 of 5
  • 25. Community Map 5 of 5
  • 26. Qualitative Methods  Participant Observation with focus group at partnership high school LGBTQ group (n = 5-9)  Survey given to partnership high school group  Key Informant Interviews (n = 7) – 6 Community leaders and 1 medical provider  Windshield Assessment
  • 27. Partnership High School: LGBTQ Group Findings  School-wide survey (106 students) – 88 straight – 7 gay/lesbian – 9 bisexual – 0 transgender – 2 unsure  Partnership high school group: – Participatory research • attended 7 group meetings – Surveys (n=9)
  • 28. LGBTQ Identify Issues  Perceived perceptions: – Women – Latina women ALL NEGATIVE – LGBTQ  Community, peer and family issues with sexuality: – Often negative, not accepting – Passive acceptance  Issues of identity – “need” to label oneself based on sexuality: – Different perceptions/beliefs within LGBTQ community – Lack of support for bisexuality even within LGBTQ community
  • 29. Educational Activities  Local HIV/AIDS organization conducted a sexual education session for the group – Shared a variety of contraceptive /safe sex materials (condoms, female condoms, dental dams) – Allowed time for students to discuss, share and ask questions, safe, open and comfortable setting – Reported little sexual education regarding HIV/AIDS and STI’s prior to session  Created handouts regarding health issues among LGBTQ individuals – smoking, mental health issues, access to care, etc.  Importance on acceptance and respect - Reaching straight peers - Understanding challenges people face in coming out and feeling comfortable in their community
  • 30. Advocacy  Students prepared for annual ‘Day of Silence’ event – Dedicated to hate crime victim Jorge Lopez Mercado – Raised awareness about anti-LGBTQ bullying and harassment in schools – Created posters, handouts, announcements and ribbons for the event – Shared information on bullying and hate crime statistics in U.S., Chicago and Puerto Rico
  • 31. Survey Results
  • 32. Survey: Bullying 5 out of 9 felt it was an issue  4 out of 9 had personal experience with anti-LGBTQ bullying/harassment  7 out of 9 had seen someone bullied  Forms of bullying – Name-calling – Unnecessary comments – Harassment/comments
  • 33. Survey: Places in the community for LGBTQ Places students felt Places students felt comfortable being openly unwelcome: LGBTQ: • Home • Home • Library • School • Some family’s homes • Downtown • Church • Personal room • Restaurants • The park • Shoe stores • Street • Places with men (ie: bball • Best friend’s home court) • Partner’s home • Museums with kids • Neighborhoods in city • Hospitals • Local cafe • Barber shop • Local activities/events
  • 34. LGBTQ Support Group at Partnership High School 5 of 9 stated it was very important to have time to learn about LGBTQ issues and share feelings/thoughts 7 of 8 felt class was very important 7 of 8 felt class important to help them better understand and be proud of themselves
  • 35. Key Informant Interviews: Pride in Identity  Embracing sexual identity – “I’m a queer Puerto Rican y que!”  Family – Source of pride and anguish  Heritage – Source of pride and adversity Mural in Humboldt Park
  • 36. Key Informant Interviews: Environment in Humboldt Park  LGBTQ Presence  Homophobia – Pioneers pave path for – “Fag to Fag” safety and acceptance – “Get boys to work for – Role models them and they come out – Paseo Boricua Pageant: as little girls.” “Cacica Queen” – “You deserved it (HIV – Boricua Pride positive) for sleeping – New homeless shelter with men.” – New social/educational – “You’re a man! You’re program a man! You’re a man!” – “There is much violence in this neighborhood, some gay related.”
  • 37. Key Informant Interviews: Community Building and Recognition  Preventing appointment of perceived homophobic Alderman  Boricua Pride fundraiser at Institute of Puerto Rican Art and Culture  Boricua Pride  Vigil for Jorge Steven Lopez Mercado Participant during the vigil for Jorge Steven Lopez Mercado
  • 38. Key Informant Interviews: Services Needed for LGBTQ Youth  Drop-in Centers – “Out and Proud”  A community center  Transgender focused organizations  Organizations without HIV/AIDS association  Sexual & reproductive health for LGBTQ Youth participating in a fundraiser for Ambiente del Paseo’s new campaign, “Mas Color, Mas Poder,” which was launched to raise awareness of homophobia and transphobia in Humboldt Park. La Voz del Paseo Boricua, June 6, 2008.
  • 39. Analytical Approach  Mixed methods: identifying relationships  Quantitative – secondary: data statistics – primary: mapping, survey information  Qualitative – primary: interviewing, observation – ATLAS.ti®
  • 40. Emerging Themes
  • 41. Theme #1: Social Networks
  • 42. Theme #2: Identity Identity is integral in understanding LGBTQ youth. Culture, Gender, and Orientation More Youth ‘Out’ Identity and Comfortable Perceptions
  • 43. Theme #3: Access to Resources Access to care and resources for LGBTQ youth are slow to gain. Power Dynamics Access to Care Limited Outlets & Resources for Activity Social Networks
  • 44. Theme #4: Health Needs Health needs for LGBTQ youth include greater education, focusing on sexual behaviors and mental health. Potentiality for Risky Behaviors Social Health Needs Support Organizations Emphasize Needs in Services
  • 45. Forces and Trends  Chicago Public School Closures on the West side  Economic Recession  Anti-Violence Resolution  National Battle --> Same Sex Marriage  Immigration/Migration  Latino Unification  Generational Transition  IL SB 3266--Illinois Prevent School Violence Act Crowned Cacica Queen of 2008
  • 46. Suggestions  Promote ongoing efforts of in-place community programs  Increase data collection  Enumerate the LGBTQ population  Educate providers  Create additional housing and social services  Maintain and expand a comprehensive list of resources  Advocate for LGBTQ policy  Destigmatize mental health  Build more LGBTQ networking among the youth
  • 47. Thank You  Dr. Virgina Bishop  Zenaida Lopez  Evette Cardona  Edward Negron  Judy Diaz  Mona Noriega  Miguel Garcia  Aurora Pineda  David Fischer  Janeida Rivera  Gentrification  Shannon Sullivan Group LGBTQ Support Group Pedro Albizo Campos High School