LGBTQ Youth Issues:
Humboldt Park


Alana Aziz
Jenny Byelick
Ashley Dyer
Elena Grossman
Sara Lake
Overview
 Introduction   to LGBTQ
 Limitations
 Assessment   Methods
 Analytical Approach
 Findings: Emerging Themes
...
LGBTQ Introduction
L: Lesbian

G : Gay

B: Bisexual

T: Transgender

Q: Queer or Questioning
Estimated LGBTQ Population

 5-10%   of the population
  – How do we measure youth?

 What   are we trying to measure?
 ...
Demographics of Humboldt Park
        Race/Ethnicity                        Percentage
        Hispanic                   ...
Latino LGBTQ in the US




 Of      all Latino Same-Sex Couples:
     – 45% Mexican
     – 9% Puerto Rican


Negron-Munta...
Public Health Significance:
LGBTQ Youth in Humboldt Park

   Known marginalized
    population
   Sexual and racial
    ...
Limitations in Data Collection
   LGBTQ data not collected in US Census
    information
   Reliance on estimates
   Dif...
Methods
 Existing secondary data sources
 Windshield assessments
 Key informant interviews
 Partnership high school su...
Quantitative Data

       NAME OF STUDY               # OF PARTICIPANTS (N)

        Proyecto Latina
                     ...
Proyecto Latina Results
Proyecto Latina Results cont.
National vs. Chicago YRBSS

 CPS  students reported they were less
 likely to:
 – Drink alcohol and drive a vehicle
 – Sm...
National vs. Chicago YRBSS cont.
 Studentsin Chicago Public Schools
 (CPS) reported they are more likely to:
  –    Not a...
Leading Causes of Death
                  Ages 15-24 for Chicago 2004
                                                    ...
Chicago YRBSS:
Demographics Stratified by Sexual Orientation




Chicago YRBSS 2009; compiled by Child Health Data Lab, Ch...
Chicago YRBSS Results:
Stratified by Sexual Orientation
Chicago YRBSS Cont.:
Stratified by Sexual Orientation
STIs and HIV/AIDS




CDPH, Community Health Inventory 2004,
STIs and HIV/AIDS cont.




CDPH, Dept of Epidemiology, Office of HIV/AIDS Surveillance
Community Map 1 of 5
Community Map 2 of 5
Community Map 3 of 5
Community Map 4 of 5
Community Map 5 of 5
Qualitative Methods

   Participant Observation with focus group at
    partnership high school LGBTQ group
    (n = 5-9)...
Partnership High School:
LGBTQ Group Findings
 School-wide     survey (106 students)
  –   88 straight
  –   7 gay/lesbia...
LGBTQ Identify Issues
   Perceived perceptions:
    – Women
    – Latina women                ALL NEGATIVE
    – LGBTQ

...
Educational Activities
   Local HIV/AIDS organization conducted a sexual
    education session for the group
    – Shared...
Advocacy
   Students prepared for annual ‘Day of Silence’ event
    – Dedicated to hate crime victim Jorge Lopez Mercado
...
Survey Results
Survey: Bullying
5  out of 9 felt it was an issue
 4 out of 9 had personal experience with
  anti-LGBTQ bullying/harassm...
Survey: Places in the community for LGBTQ
Places students felt       Places students felt
comfortable being openly   unwel...
LGBTQ Support Group at Partnership
High School
 5  of 9 stated it was very important to
   have time to learn about LGBTQ...
Key Informant Interviews: Pride
in Identity
   Embracing sexual
    identity
    – “I’m a queer Puerto
      Rican y que!...
Key Informant Interviews:
Environment in Humboldt Park
     LGBTQ Presence              Homophobia
    – Pioneers pave p...
Key Informant Interviews: Community
Building and Recognition
   Preventing appointment
    of perceived
    homophobic Al...
Key Informant Interviews: Services
Needed for LGBTQ Youth
   Drop-in Centers – “Out and Proud”
   A community center
  ...
Analytical Approach
 Mixed methods: identifying relationships
 Quantitative
  – secondary: data statistics
  – primary: ...
Emerging Themes
Theme #1: Social Networks
Theme #2: Identity
                Identity is integral in
            understanding LGBTQ youth.




   Culture,
  Gender...
Theme #3: Access to Resources
              Access to care and resources for
               LGBTQ youth are slow to gain.
...
Theme #4: Health Needs
               Health needs for LGBTQ youth
             include greater education, focusing
      ...
Forces and Trends

   Chicago Public School
    Closures on the West side
   Economic Recession
   Anti-Violence Resolu...
Suggestions
   Promote ongoing efforts of in-place community
    programs
   Increase data collection
   Enumerate the ...
Thank You
   Dr. Virgina Bishop      Zenaida Lopez
   Evette Cardona          Edward Negron
   Judy Diaz            ...
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431 final final presentation lgbtq.ppt

  1. 1. LGBTQ Youth Issues: Humboldt Park Alana Aziz Jenny Byelick Ashley Dyer Elena Grossman Sara Lake
  2. 2. Overview  Introduction to LGBTQ  Limitations  Assessment Methods  Analytical Approach  Findings: Emerging Themes  Forces and Trends  Suggestions
  3. 3. LGBTQ Introduction L: Lesbian G : Gay B: Bisexual T: Transgender Q: Queer or Questioning
  4. 4. Estimated LGBTQ Population  5-10% of the population – How do we measure youth?  What are we trying to measure? – Persons self-identifying as LGBTQ – Persons defined by: • Behavior • Attraction
  5. 5. Demographics of Humboldt Park Race/Ethnicity Percentage Hispanic 48 Asian .4 Black 47.4 White 3.3 Other .3 Multiple .6 Health Status Index Series Vol XVI No V, pg. 55
  6. 6. Latino LGBTQ in the US  Of all Latino Same-Sex Couples: – 45% Mexican – 9% Puerto Rican Negron-Muntaner, Frances and Antonio (Jay) Patrana Jr. (2010). Ahora: The State of the LGBT Latino Communities. Hispanics in Philanthropy.
  7. 7. Public Health Significance: LGBTQ Youth in Humboldt Park  Known marginalized population  Sexual and racial minorities  Proven health disparities  Presence of population Images from QueerProm
  8. 8. Limitations in Data Collection  LGBTQ data not collected in US Census information  Reliance on estimates  Difficulties in identifying LGBTQ (attraction, sexual behaviors, freedom of expression)  Focus on health issues mainly around HIV/AIDS, restricted to gay/bisexual male level data  Unit of analysis: Lacking community level data
  9. 9. Methods  Existing secondary data sources  Windshield assessments  Key informant interviews  Partnership high school survey (n=9)  Participant observation – informal interviews  Community mapping
  10. 10. Quantitative Data NAME OF STUDY # OF PARTICIPANTS (N) Proyecto Latina N=300 (Amigas Latinas Survey) 2007 US Youth Risk Behavior N=14,041 (YRBSS) N= 1,118 2007 Chicago Youth Risk Behavior Heterosexual =951 (CPS YRBSS) Bisexual=46 Gay/Lesbian=32 Questioning= 37
  11. 11. Proyecto Latina Results
  12. 12. Proyecto Latina Results cont.
  13. 13. National vs. Chicago YRBSS  CPS students reported they were less likely to: – Drink alcohol and drive a vehicle – Smoke or use tobacco products – Use alcohol or drugs before intercourse
  14. 14. National vs. Chicago YRBSS cont.  Studentsin Chicago Public Schools (CPS) reported they are more likely to: – Not attend school due to safety concerns – Be threatened with a weapon – Be injured in a physical fight – Be physically forced to engage in sexual intercourse
  15. 15. Leading Causes of Death Ages 15-24 for Chicago 2004 NON-HISPANIC RANK HISPANIC MEXICAN PUERTO RICAN BLACK ALL GROUPS 1 Homicide (54) Homicide (9) Homicide (9) Homicide (184) Homicide (253) 2 Accidents (25) Accidents (21) Accidents (3) Accidents (52) Accidents (119) Heart Disease Heart Disease 3 Suicide (5) Suicide (4) Suicide (1) (14) (20) 4 Cancer (4) Cancer (3) * Suicide (8) Suicide (16) 5 Heart Disease (2) Heart Disease (2) * Cancer (6) Cancer (13) Influenza & Chr. Lwr. Resp Chr. Lwr. Resp. 6 Tuberculosis (1) Pneumonia (1) * Dis (5) Dis (6) Congenital Influenza & Influenza & 7 Influenza & Pneumonia (1) Abnormalities (1) * Pneumonia (3) Pneumonia Congenital Abnormalities Congenital 8 (1) * * Septicemia (2) Abnormalities (3) 9 * * * HIV (2) Septicemia (2) 10 * * * Diabetes (2) HIV (2) Bocskay KA, Harper DM, Thomas SD.Hlth Index Series: Vol. XV No. IVChicago, IL:CDPH, Dept. of Epidemiology, 2005.
  16. 16. Chicago YRBSS: Demographics Stratified by Sexual Orientation Chicago YRBSS 2009; compiled by Child Health Data Lab, Children's Memorial Hospital
  17. 17. Chicago YRBSS Results: Stratified by Sexual Orientation
  18. 18. Chicago YRBSS Cont.: Stratified by Sexual Orientation
  19. 19. STIs and HIV/AIDS CDPH, Community Health Inventory 2004,
  20. 20. STIs and HIV/AIDS cont. CDPH, Dept of Epidemiology, Office of HIV/AIDS Surveillance
  21. 21. Community Map 1 of 5
  22. 22. Community Map 2 of 5
  23. 23. Community Map 3 of 5
  24. 24. Community Map 4 of 5
  25. 25. Community Map 5 of 5
  26. 26. Qualitative Methods  Participant Observation with focus group at partnership high school LGBTQ group (n = 5-9)  Survey given to partnership high school group  Key Informant Interviews (n = 7) – 6 Community leaders and 1 medical provider  Windshield Assessment
  27. 27. Partnership High School: LGBTQ Group Findings  School-wide survey (106 students) – 88 straight – 7 gay/lesbian – 9 bisexual – 0 transgender – 2 unsure  Partnership high school group: – Participatory research • attended 7 group meetings – Surveys (n=9)
  28. 28. LGBTQ Identify Issues  Perceived perceptions: – Women – Latina women ALL NEGATIVE – LGBTQ  Community, peer and family issues with sexuality: – Often negative, not accepting – Passive acceptance  Issues of identity – “need” to label oneself based on sexuality: – Different perceptions/beliefs within LGBTQ community – Lack of support for bisexuality even within LGBTQ community
  29. 29. Educational Activities  Local HIV/AIDS organization conducted a sexual education session for the group – Shared a variety of contraceptive /safe sex materials (condoms, female condoms, dental dams) – Allowed time for students to discuss, share and ask questions, safe, open and comfortable setting – Reported little sexual education regarding HIV/AIDS and STI’s prior to session  Created handouts regarding health issues among LGBTQ individuals – smoking, mental health issues, access to care, etc.  Importance on acceptance and respect - Reaching straight peers - Understanding challenges people face in coming out and feeling comfortable in their community
  30. 30. Advocacy  Students prepared for annual ‘Day of Silence’ event – Dedicated to hate crime victim Jorge Lopez Mercado – Raised awareness about anti-LGBTQ bullying and harassment in schools – Created posters, handouts, announcements and ribbons for the event – Shared information on bullying and hate crime statistics in U.S., Chicago and Puerto Rico
  31. 31. Survey Results
  32. 32. Survey: Bullying 5 out of 9 felt it was an issue  4 out of 9 had personal experience with anti-LGBTQ bullying/harassment  7 out of 9 had seen someone bullied  Forms of bullying – Name-calling – Unnecessary comments – Harassment/comments
  33. 33. Survey: Places in the community for LGBTQ Places students felt Places students felt comfortable being openly unwelcome: LGBTQ: • Home • Home • Library • School • Some family’s homes • Downtown • Church • Personal room • Restaurants • The park • Shoe stores • Street • Places with men (ie: bball • Best friend’s home court) • Partner’s home • Museums with kids • Neighborhoods in city • Hospitals • Local cafe • Barber shop • Local activities/events
  34. 34. LGBTQ Support Group at Partnership High School 5 of 9 stated it was very important to have time to learn about LGBTQ issues and share feelings/thoughts 7 of 8 felt class was very important 7 of 8 felt class important to help them better understand and be proud of themselves
  35. 35. Key Informant Interviews: Pride in Identity  Embracing sexual identity – “I’m a queer Puerto Rican y que!”  Family – Source of pride and anguish  Heritage – Source of pride and adversity Mural in Humboldt Park
  36. 36. Key Informant Interviews: Environment in Humboldt Park  LGBTQ Presence  Homophobia – Pioneers pave path for – “Fag to Fag” safety and acceptance – “Get boys to work for – Role models them and they come out – Paseo Boricua Pageant: as little girls.” “Cacica Queen” – “You deserved it (HIV – Boricua Pride positive) for sleeping – New homeless shelter with men.” – New social/educational – “You’re a man! You’re program a man! You’re a man!” – “There is much violence in this neighborhood, some gay related.”
  37. 37. Key Informant Interviews: Community Building and Recognition  Preventing appointment of perceived homophobic Alderman  Boricua Pride fundraiser at Institute of Puerto Rican Art and Culture  Boricua Pride  Vigil for Jorge Steven Lopez Mercado Participant during the vigil for Jorge Steven Lopez Mercado
  38. 38. Key Informant Interviews: Services Needed for LGBTQ Youth  Drop-in Centers – “Out and Proud”  A community center  Transgender focused organizations  Organizations without HIV/AIDS association  Sexual & reproductive health for LGBTQ Youth participating in a fundraiser for Ambiente del Paseo’s new campaign, “Mas Color, Mas Poder,” which was launched to raise awareness of homophobia and transphobia in Humboldt Park. La Voz del Paseo Boricua, June 6, 2008.
  39. 39. Analytical Approach  Mixed methods: identifying relationships  Quantitative – secondary: data statistics – primary: mapping, survey information  Qualitative – primary: interviewing, observation – ATLAS.ti®
  40. 40. Emerging Themes
  41. 41. Theme #1: Social Networks
  42. 42. Theme #2: Identity Identity is integral in understanding LGBTQ youth. Culture, Gender, and Orientation More Youth ‘Out’ Identity and Comfortable Perceptions
  43. 43. Theme #3: Access to Resources Access to care and resources for LGBTQ youth are slow to gain. Power Dynamics Access to Care Limited Outlets & Resources for Activity Social Networks
  44. 44. Theme #4: Health Needs Health needs for LGBTQ youth include greater education, focusing on sexual behaviors and mental health. Potentiality for Risky Behaviors Social Health Needs Support Organizations Emphasize Needs in Services
  45. 45. Forces and Trends  Chicago Public School Closures on the West side  Economic Recession  Anti-Violence Resolution  National Battle --> Same Sex Marriage  Immigration/Migration  Latino Unification  Generational Transition  IL SB 3266--Illinois Prevent School Violence Act Crowned Cacica Queen of 2008
  46. 46. Suggestions  Promote ongoing efforts of in-place community programs  Increase data collection  Enumerate the LGBTQ population  Educate providers  Create additional housing and social services  Maintain and expand a comprehensive list of resources  Advocate for LGBTQ policy  Destigmatize mental health  Build more LGBTQ networking among the youth
  47. 47. Thank You  Dr. Virgina Bishop  Zenaida Lopez  Evette Cardona  Edward Negron  Judy Diaz  Mona Noriega  Miguel Garcia  Aurora Pineda  David Fischer  Janeida Rivera  Gentrification  Shannon Sullivan Group LGBTQ Support Group Pedro Albizo Campos High School
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