Mental Health he250 2009


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Mental Health Team's Presentation

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Mental Health he250 2009

  1. 1. Reducing the Stigma Attached to Mental Illness
  2. 3. <ul><ul><li>Presenters continued… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liubov Kostenyuck </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chris Walke </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phobias </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing the stigma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What can you do? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><ul><li>BDD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A psychiatric disorder characterized by excessive </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>preoccupation with imagined defects in physical </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>appearance. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who is affected? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms show most commonly around </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>14 or 15 yrs of age </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Types </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Muscle Dysmorphia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Muscle Dysmorphia is a variant of </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>BDD in which individuals consider themselves to look </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>too small, when in fact they are quite large and muscular. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dysmorphophobia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals with BDD often are concerned about acne, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>wrinkles, paleness, scars, thinning hair, or the shape or </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>size of body parts such as the nose, lips, or face. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms & behaviors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Research estimates show that 7-15% of cosmetic surgery and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>12% of dermatological patients suffer from BDD. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><ul><li>Possible causes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Media, imaging, unrealistic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>             expectations </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Childhood trauma, family, abuse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Comments, stress, grudges </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In/out patient treatment  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  Medication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Behavioral Therapy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you suffer from BDD? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Questions to ask yourself  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 1-2% of the general population is affected by Body Dysmorphic Disorder. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(This estimate, however, is inaccurate due to a number of unreported cases.) </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia: is brain disorder characterized by a variety of different symptoms such as seeing things that are not there hearing things that are not there. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia: is more likely to affect  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>      people between 17 and 35 but can effect  </li></ul><ul><li>people as early  as 5 years old and as old 50 to  </li></ul><ul><li>70 years of age </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia affects men and women with equal frequency. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia affects  1% of the world population and 0.4% of the united states population. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia: is not curable at this time but is treatable. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia: does not mean the individual is a danger to others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warning Signs : social withdrawal an an increased desire to be alone, a decline in performance at school or work or other functions, loss of motivation and an inability to concentrate, increased irritability,depression, and or anxiety. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientists are still working on a clearer understanding of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>schizophrenia and treatment for the disease. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, incoherence and physical agitation. </li></ul><ul><li>It is classified as a &quot;thought&quot; and &quot;mood&quot; disorder . </li></ul>Schizophrenia Diagnosis & Risk Factors Presented by Liubov Kostenyuk
  8. 10. progress of disease <ul><li>Premorbid </li></ul><ul><li>Prodromal </li></ul><ul><li>Psychotic </li></ul><ul><li>Transitional </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic </li></ul>Schizophrenia Diagnosis & Risk Factors Presented by Liubov Kostenyuk
  9. 11. 1. Metabolic Syndrome It is a major factor for heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. 2. Pregnancy Genetic risk ( mother- baby ) 3. Drugs (marijuana) 4. Heart Disease (Lack of care) Risk factors Schizophrenia Diagnosis & Risk Factors Presented by Liubov Kostenyuk
  10. 12. <ul><li>Phobias is described as a persistent irrational fear of an object, situation, or activity that a person feels compelled to avoid. </li></ul><ul><li>CLASSES OF PHOBIAS: </li></ul><ul><li>Social : Fear of public speaking, meeting new people or other social situations </li></ul><ul><li>Specific : Its involves marked and persistent fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation   </li></ul><ul><li>Agoraphobia : it involves an intense fear and avoidance of any place or situation where escape might be difficult and help unavailable in event of a panic attack. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approximately 1.8 million American adults age 18 and over, or about 0.8 percent of people in this age group in a given year, have agoraphobia without a history of panic disorder. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>There are three types of Treatments: </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior Treatment is the most successful with specific one to use with specific phobias. they put you in controlled situation with your fear </li></ul><ul><li>Hypnosis is used where the person sees the reaction and suggestion is used to control the heart rate and breathing to relax the patient </li></ul><ul><li>Medication are used to control the panic attacks during the fear, as well as the anxiety. it is the first choice for social and agoraphobia in America. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approximately 19.2 million American adults age 18 and over, or about 8.7 percent of people in this age group in a given year, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>have some type of specific phobia. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. NAMI StigmaBusters is a  network of dedicated advocates across the country and around the world who seek to fight inaccurate and hurtful representations of mental illness. <ul><li>What is Stigma? </li></ul><ul><li>· An attempt to label a particular group of people as less worthy of respect than others </li></ul><ul><li>· A mark of shame, disgrace or disapproval that results in discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>· Not just a matter of using the wrong word or action – its about disrespect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Film and television shows depicting mental illness can help the public learn it is treatable and that suicide is preventable. . . they have a greater ability to disseminate information and attitudes than we (health workers) do alone.&quot; -- U.S. Surgeon General Dr. David Satcher. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The World Health Organization has reported that four of the 10 leading causes of disability in the US and other developed countries are mental disorders. By 2020, Major Depressive illness will be the leading cause of disability in the world for women and children. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of knowledge, fear of disclosure, rejection of friends, and discrimination are a few reasons why people with mental illness don’t seek help. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use respectful language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Put the person before the illness – use phrases such as “a person with schizophrenia”. Never use terms like </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>crazy, lunatic, psycho, retarded and correct people who do so. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>We hope you have gained some insight and further </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding of mental illness with tonight’s presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>We would like to take this time to encourage you to take a </li></ul><ul><li>Moment and think about what you can do to help with the </li></ul><ul><li>stigma problem associated with people who suffer from mental </li></ul><ul><li>illness. </li></ul><ul><li>Open for questions. </li></ul>